Computer Studies Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Form 4 End Term 2 2021

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INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  1. This paper consists of TWO sections A and B
  2. Answer ALL the questions in section A.
  3. Answer questions 16 and any other THREE questions from section B

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

SECTION

QUESTION

SCORE

A

1- 15

 
 

16

 

17

 

18

 

19

 

20

 
 

TOTAL SCORE

 


QUESTIONS

SECTION A (40 Marks)
Answer all the questions in this section

  1. Explain disk formatting (2mks)
  2.                                
    1. Explain why the following controls should be implemented for computer based system ( 2mks)
      (i) Data Back- ups
      (ii) Password
    2. List two examples of utility software in operating systems (2mks)
  3. Differentiate between source code and object code (4mks)
  4. The cells P3 to P20 of a worksheet contain remarks on students ’ performance such as very good, good, fair and fail depending on the average mark. Write a formula that can be used to count ALL students who have the remark “very good”. (3 mks)
  5. (a) State the purpose of registers in a computer system ( 1 mk)
  6. Give Three advantages of using GUI based operating system over a command line interface (3mks)
  7.      7A KJYGAUGFYDTGA                      
    1. Name the control structure depicted by the flowchart below ( 1 mk)
    2. Explain the following terms as used in system implementation ( 2 mks)
      (i) parallel running
      ii) Direct change over
  8. (a) Name two methods of representing signed numbers in computers (2 mks)
    (b) Identify the four types of storage media shown below. (2 marks)
    8B JKHBUAYGUYDGA
    (c) Compare the storage device (i) and (iii) above. (1 mark)
  9. Differentiate between Random and indexed-sequential file organization methods (2mks)
  10. Name two types of relationships that can be applied in database design. (2mks)
  11. Explain the following terms as used in word processing: (3 mks)
    a) Indenting
    b) Alignment
    c) Word wrap
  12. Outline two ways in which computers can be applied in hotels. (2mks)
  13. a) Explain binary coded decimal code of data representation. (1mk)
    b) Define the term firewall. (1 mark)
  14. Arrange the following data units in ascending order of size.
    BYTE, FILE, BIT, NIBBLE (2mks)
  15. State two health issues that may result from prolonged use of computers. (2mks)

SECTION B (60 MKS)
ANSWER QUESTION 16 AND ANY OTHER THREE QUESTIONS FROM THIS SECTION
16. a) State the stage of program development in which: (4mks)

  1. A flowchart would be drawn
  2. The programmer would check whether the program does as required program
  3. The user guide would be written
  4. The user guide would be written

Study the flowchart below and answer the questions that follow.
16 JKHGUTGFYTGAD
b) Translate the following flowchart into a pseudo code. (8 marks)
c) Assuming the following score are entered 0, 20 and 60 respectively what would be output from the flowchart. (3 marks)
17. a) Convert each of the following binary numbers to decimal equivalent given that the left most digit is a sign bit. (4 marks)

  1. 001011012
  2. 110010012

b) Convert the decimal number 0.42 to 6 bit binary notation. (4 marks)
c) Using two’s complement, subtract 1110 from 810, leaving your answer in binary notation. (3 marks)
d) Perform the following binary operation. (2 marks)

110012 + 11012 + 1012

e) Using place value method, convert 4510 to its binary equivalent. (2 marks)
18. a) What is virtual reality? (1 mark)
b) Explain the following interactive sensory equipment used in virtual reality. (2 marks)

  1. Head gear
  2. Body suit

c) What is Artificial intelligence? (1 mark)
d) State and explain three components of an expert system. (6 marks)
e) Explain method of information gathering in system development. (3 marks)
f) List two application area of virtual reality. (2 marks)
19. a) The following is an extract of a select query (QBE) in Microsoft Access about hospital database.
19 IKUHGUAYGYUAGD

  1. Other than select queries name two other queries used in databases. (2 marks)
  2. Write an expression that will return only those patients who are 20 years’ old. (3 marks)

b) Differentiate between bold and unbold controls as used in database forms. (2 marks)
c) Give two reasons why input screens are better data entry designs than entering data directly into a table. (2 marks)
d) The figure below is an extract of a worksheet containing information on household items. Use it to answer the following questions:

 

A

B

C

D

E

F

1

Item description

No of units

Cost per unit

Total cost

   

2

Maize flour

20

210

     

3

Tea leaves

64

185

     

4

Sugar

77

149

     

5

Salt

28

25

     

i) Write a formula to calculate the total cost of sugar. (1 mark)
ii) The prices of all items increased by 10% and the value 10% is placed in cell B8. Using cell addresses with absolute referencing only, write a formula to calculate the new unit of the salt.  (2 marks)
iii) Write a function to display the number of cells in which the cost per unit is equal to 25. (2 marks)
iv) Write a function to display the least total cost for all items. (1 mark)
20. A school computer laboratory is scheduled to undergo major renovations.
The lab is scheduled to receive new computer whose specifications are given below:-

  • Pentium IV 2.8GHz processor
    40GB HDD
    3½ FDD
    256MB RAM
    56 x CD ROM
    17”SVGA TFT monitor

The computers are going to be networked and will be able to browse the internet. 
a) Explain what is meant by the terms:- (2 marks)

  1. FDD
  2. HDD
  3. SVGA
  4. TFT

b) The computer is to be networked, name one extra device that should be fitted on every computer to enable this to happen. (1 mark)
c) The computer is to receive internet facilities through the server on a dial; up system. Name and describe the function of a special device that needs to be connected to the server to complete the connection. (1 mark)
d)

  1. The school has to apply star topology to link up the computer. List two advantages of this type of topology. (1 mark)
  2. Name the central device used to connect the computers in this topology. (1 mark)

e) List two other types of topologies that the school could have opted for. (1 mark)
f) List four advantages of using a network. (2 marks)
g)

  1. Data transmission via the internet is done using a mode known as packet switching. Describe this data transmission mode. (1 mark)
  2. Name two other modes of transmission. (1 mark)

h)

  1. The school’s LAN is done using UTP cable. List two advantages of using this type of cable. (1 mark)
  2. List two advantages of using fibre cable in networking. (1 mark)

i) Data flows in the school’s LAN in a duplex manner. Discuss two other types of data transmission in network giving examples. (2 marks)



MARKING SCHEME

SECTION A  (40 Marks)
Answer all the questions in this section

1.a) Explain disk formatting (2mks)

  • Process of preparing a new disk for use by imprinting empty tracks & sectors on the surface of the disk that can be recognized and access by a particular operating system
  • The preparation/ initialization of a disk for storage of data

2a). Explain why the following controls should be implemented for computer based system( 2mks)

  1. Back- ups    - Backups can be used to recover/ restore/ prevent lost data
  2. Password-  Passwords control access to computer systems/ facilities

(b) List two examples of utility software in operating systems  (2mks)                      

  • Text editors
  • Sort utility
  • Language translators
  • Merge utility
  • Loader
  • Copy utility
  • Linker
  • Dump utility
  • Diagnostic tools
  • Database management system

3. Differentiate between source program and object program (4mks)

  • Source code is the program as written by the programmer using an editor program either in high level or assembly language.
  • Object code is the program in machine code (or binary form) produced by a compiler or assembler after translating the source program, and can be readily and can be readily loaded into the computer.               

4. The cells P3 to P20 of a worksheet contain remarks on students ’ performance such as very good, good, fair and fail depending on the average mark. Write a formula that can be used to count ALL students who have the remark “very good”.  (3 mks)

                        =COUNTIF (p3:p20,’’Verry Good’’)

5. (a) State the purpose of registers in a computer system ( 1 mks)

  • They act as high speed storage locations. They are used to hold data and instructions temporarily just before and after processing.

6. Give Three advantages of using GUI based operating system over a command line interface (3mks)

  • User friendliness
  • Easy to learn & use even by those who do not have much knowledge about them
  • One does not need to master any commands
  • It is faster to work with than a command line interface as it only relies on clicking the icons by use of a pointing device

7. (a) Name the control structure depicted by the flowchart below ( 1 mk)

7 kgjaguydga
Selection control structure e.g., If-then-else
(b) Explain the following terms as used in program implementation             ( 2 mks)

  1. parallel running
    This is where both the existing and the new systems are run concurrently/simultaneously (at the same time) for a period of time until users have gained confidence in the new system. Data is processed on both systems in order to compare their performance, and also cross check the results.
  2. Direct change over
    This is a complete replacement of the existing system with the new system in one bold move. The existing system is stopped & abandoned and the new system starts operating immediately.

8. (a) Name two methods of representing signed numbers in computers             (2 mks)

  • Ones compliment
  • Twos compliment
  • Prefixing an extra sign bit

b). Identify the four types of storage media shown below (2marks)

  1. Floppy disk
  2. Zip disk
  3. Magnetic tape
  4. Compact disk / digital versatile disk

c). Compare the storage device (i) and (iii) above (1mark)

  • Floppy disk is fast in accessing data than the magnetic tape
  • Floppy stores data randomly while a tape store sereially
  • Floppy has a smaller capacity that magnetic tape

9. Differentiate between Random and indexed-sequential file organization methods       (2mks)

  • In random file organization, records are stored in the file randomly and accessed directly, while in indexed –sequential, the records are stored sequentially but accessed directly using an index.

10. Name two types of relationships that can be applied in database design. (2mks)

  • One to one
  • One to many/ Many to One
  • Many to Many    

11.Explain the following terms as used in word processing: (3 mks)
a) Indenting

  • It is moving of line/paragraph text away from the left or right margin
  • Leaving a space at the beginning of a line/paragraph of text from the margin

b) Alignment

  • Refers to how text is positioned/lined up in a paragraph relative to the left, right or centre of the page.

c) Word wrap

  • A facility that word processor use to automatically move the text cursor to the beginning of the next line when it reaches the right margin automatic rolling of text to the next line when you reach the end of the line.

12. Outline two ways in which computers can be used in hotels. (2mks)

  • Reservation/booking of rooms
  • Record keeping on sales and purchases (stock control)
  • Producing bills & payrolls
  • Marketing and advertising
  • Communication
  • Security

13. a) Explain binary coded decimal code of data representation. (1mk)

  • This is a data encoding system that uses 4 binary digits to represent an individual decimal digit.

b) firewall A software that filters requests of data from a remote location.
14. Arrange the following data units in ascending order of size.
BYTE, FILE, BIT, NIBBLE  (2mks)
14 jhgbjguyhd
15. State two health issues that may result from prolonged use of computers. (2mks)

  • Harmful radiations that cause damage to eyesight/eye problems
  • eyestrain/eye fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) i.e. arm strain, wrist strain
  • finger deformation
  • Back strain.

SECTION B (60 MKS)
16. a) State the stage of program development in which:   (2mks)

  1.  A flowchart would be drawn
    Program design
  2. The programmer would check whether the program does as required program
    Testing
  3. The user guide would be written
    Program testing
  4. The user guide would be written
    Program documentation

b) Translate the following flowchart into a pseudo code (7marks)

        Start
        Sum = 0
        Count = 0
        While scores are present do
        Read score
        Count = count +1
        Sum = sum +score
        If there are more scores then
        Average = sum/count
        Print average
        End if
        Else
        Print no record exist
        End while
        Stop

c) Assuming the following score are entered 0, 20 and 40 respectively what would be output from the flowchart (3marks)

Score

0

20

40

Sum

0

20

60

Count

1

2

3

Average

0

10

20

17. a)   Convert each of the following binary numbers to decimal equivalent given that the left most digit is a sign bit (4marks)

  1.  001011012
    01011012
    = (1*25) + (1*23) + (1*22) +1*20)
    = 32+8+4+1
    = 4510                                       +4510
  2. 110010012
    10010012
    = (1*26) + (1*23) + (1*20)
    = 64 + 8 +1
    = 7310                                    -7310

b) Convert the decimal number 0.42 to 6 bit binary notation            (4marks)

               0.42*2 = 0.84
               0.84*2 = 1.68
               0.68*2 = 1.36
               0.36*2 = 0.72
               0.72*2 = 1.44
               0.44*2 = 0.88
               = 0.0110102

c) Using two’s complement, subtract 1110 from 810, leaving your answer in binary notation (3marks)
               810 - 1110
               8       000010002                   00001000
               11     000010112                   11110101
                        111101002                  111111012
                                 + 1
                        11110101

d) Perform the following binary operation (2marks)
               110012 + 11012 + 1012

                                                1010112

e) Using place value method, convert 4510 to its binary equivalent (2marks)

Place value

26=64

25=32

24=16

23=8

22=4

21=2

20=1

Difference

45-64

-19

45-32

13

13-16

-3

13-8

5

5-4

1

1-2

-1

1-1

0

Digit

0

1

0

1

1

0

1

                                                                                                            = 010111012
18. a) What is virtual reality (2marks)

  • Is where a person gets psychologically immersed in an artificial environment generated by computer system

b) Explain the following interactive sensory equipment used in virtual reality (2marks)

  1. Headgear
    • Channels images and sound from the source to the eyes and ears of the wearer hence producing a 3 – D  effect in the virtual world.
  2. Body suit
    • Made of conductors wires that sense body movement and relay data into the virtual reality system

c) What is Artificial intelligence? (1mark)

  • Making computers perform task that could otherwise require intelligence if performed by human beings.

d) State and explain three components of an expert system (6marks)

  • Knowledge base:- store knowledge in the form of roles as facts concerning a certain subject interest
  • Interference engine – software which control how knowledge is searched and accessed from the knowledge
  • User interference:- enables the user to interact with the system

e) Explain method of information gathering in system development             (3marks)

  • Observation
  • Questionnaire
  • Record checking
  • Interview

f) List two application area of virtual reality (2marks)

  • Flight test simulation
  • Space station maintenance
  • Micro-surgery where it enables a tinny surgical device inserted in patience body to be controlled
  • Testing the design of building using computer simulation

19. a)

  1. Other than select queries name two other queries used in databases (2marks)
    • Make table query
    • Delete
    • Update table
    • Append
  2. Write an expression that will return only those patients who are 20 years’ old (3marks)
    • Age: 2016 – (Date of birth)
    • Condition = 20

b) Differentiate between bound and un bound controls as used in database forms (2marks)

  • Bound is linked to a table in the database and un bound is not

c) Give two reasons why input screens are better data entry designs that entering data directly into a  table  (2marks)

  • Deals with one record at a time
  • Computations can easily be done using command button

d) The figure below is an extract of a worksheet containing information on household items. Use it to  answer the following questions:

 

A

B

C

D

E

F

1

Item description

No of units

Cost per unit

Total cost

   

2

Maize flour

20

210

     

3

Tea leaves

64

185

     

4

Sugar

77

149

     

5

Salt

28

25

     

i) Write a formula to calculate the total cost of sugar          (1mark)

               = (B4*C4) or PRODUCT (B4,C4)

ii) The prices of all items increased by 10% and the value 10% is placed in cell B8. Using cell addresses  with absolute referencing only, write a formula to calculate the new unit of the salt. (2marks)

               = ($B$8*C5)+C5

 iii)   Write a function to display the number of cells in which the cost per unit is equal to 25.(2marks)

               = COUNTIF (C2:C5, = 25)

iv) Write a function to display the least total cost for all items (1mark)

               = MIN (D2:D5)

20. A school computer laboratory is scheduled to undergo major renovations. The lab is schedule to receive new computer whose specifications are given below:-
        Pentium IV 2.8GHz processor
        40GB HDD
        3½ FDD
        256MB RAM
        56 x CD ROM
        17”SVGA TFT monitor
The computers are going to be networked and will be able to browse the internet.
a) Explain what is meant by the terms:- (2marks)

  1. FDD - Floppy disk drive
  2. HDD - Hard disk drive
  3. SVGA - Super video graphic array
  4. TFT - Thin film transistor

b) The computer is to be networked, name one extra device that should be fitted on every computer to enable this to happen (1mark)

  • Network interface card

c) The computer is to receive internet facilities through the server on a dial; up system. Name and describe the function of a special device that needs to be connected to the server to complete the connection.     (1mark)

  • Modem

d) i) The school has to apply star topology to link up the computer. List two advantages of this type of topology (1mark)

  • A breakdown of one of the breakdown does not affect the other nodes
  • It’s easy to configure

ii) Name the central device used to connect the computers in this topology (1mark)

  • Server

e) List two other types of topologies that the school could have opted for (1mark)

  • Bus
  • Ring
  • Mesh

f) List four advantages of using a network (2marks)

  • Sharing of resources
  • Improved communication
  • Distributed process
  • Remote communication
  • Telecommuting
  • Reliability

g) i) Data transmission via the internet is done using a mode known as packet switching. Describe this data transmission mode (1mark)

  • Is where a packet is send across with an address

ii) Name one other modes of transmission (1mark)

  • Ethernet

h) i) The school’s LAN is done using UTP cable. List two advantages of using this type of cable.     

  • Cheap compared to fibre optic cable
  • Easy to configure

ii) List two advantages of using fibre cable in networking (1mark)

  • Faster in transmission
  • Higher bandwidth
  • Low attenuation

i) Data flows in the school’s LAN in a duplex manner. Discuss two other types of data transmission in  network giving examples (2marks)

  • Simplex
  • Half duplex

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