Form 4 End Term 1 2022 Exams Questions and Answers

Form 4 End Term 1 2022 Exams Questions and Answers (29)

This category contains Form 4 End Term 1 2022 Exams Questions and Answers. These 2022 Form 4 End Term 1 exams are from national high schools like alliance high school, maranda high school, kabarak high school, mang'u high school, kenya high school. They can also be downloaded as pdf.

07
April

Questions

  1. Give two uses of starch in laundry work. (2mks)
  2. State three points on choice of good ironing surfaces (3mks).
  3. Give two dangers of poor sanitation (2mks)
  4. Give two ways in which snake bites can be prevented. (2mks)
  5. State two points on importance of child immunization (2mks).
  6. Explain why a waiste bond is interfaced. (2mks)
  7. Give two advantages of using electricity as a source of fuel. (2mks)
  8. Define ante-natal care. (1mk)
  9. State three general rules to be followed when repairing clothes. (3mks).
  10. Suggest two desirable qualities that make polyester a suitable fabric for soft furnishing (3mks)
  11. Give two ways in which kales may be stored in the absence of a refrigerator for at least one day. (6mks)
  12. State two uses of vinegar in laundry work. (2mks).
  13. Mention two advantages of using the roasting method of cooking. (2mks)
  14. List four traditional methods of preserving food. (2mks).
  15. Giving examples, state three reasons for using soft furnishing. (3mks)
  16. Give two examples of a west-made cuff. (2mks)
  17. Give two reasons why it is important to dry white clothes outdoor in the sun. (2mks).
  18. List three examples of decorative stitches (3mks)
  19. Give one reason why clothes should be folded before storage. (1mk)

SECTION B: COMPLSORY (20MKS)

  1. Your parents are away and you have been left in charge of the home, using knowledge and skills learnt in home science,
    1. Explain how you would launder your mother’s viscose rayon dress. (10mks)
    2. Describe how you would clean your younger sister’s leather shoes.

SECTION C (40 MARKS)
Answer any two questions in this section

  1.          
    1. Mention five nutritional disorders that are associated with lifestyle. For each disorder mention and give points on how to manage it. (10 mks)
      1. Gout –
      2. Obesity-
      3. Hypertension –
      4. Anorexia nervosa
      5. Diabetes
    2. State and explain five points to be considered in planning and preparing meals for manuals worker. (10mks)
  2.        
    1. Discuss four disadvantages of supplementary feeding. (10mks)
    2. Give five examples of conditions at home that may interfere with a mother’s lactating ability. (5mks)
    3. State five reasons why it is advisable for women to deliver in the hospital. (5mks)
  3.          
    1. Explain five advantages of using convenieve foods. (10mks)
    2. Give three points on storage of reheated foods. (3mks)
    3. Mention seven things to consider in the choice of soft furnishing. (7mks)

Marking Scheme

  1. Give two uses of starch in laundry work. (2mks)
    • it is used to stiffen clothes and house hold articles.
    • It makes the articles smooth and glossy.
    • It makes the article easy to iron.

  2. State three points on choice of a good ironing surfaces (3mks).
    • It should be stable
    • It should be of comfortable height to suit the user.
    • The ironing surface should be well padded.
    • It should be smooth but not slippery.

  3. Give two dangers of poor sanitation (2mks)
    • it causes water borne diseases
    • water pollution
    • unsightly environment
    • breeding of pests.

  4. Give two ways in which snake bites can be prevented. (2mks)
    • clear bushes around the homes.
    • Cover holes and destroy ant hills around the home.
    • Keep doors vents and draining pipes closed or covered
    • Keep the compound and the house clean to keep away rats and other rodents.
    • Do not play with pet snakes.

  5. State two points on importance of child immunization (2mks).
    • to boost immunity
    • to reduce child mortality rate.
    • Reduce and prevent deformity caused by diseases such as poliomyelities.
    • to promote a healthy nation through strong and productive citizens.

  6. Explain why a waiste bond is interfaced. (2mks)
    • To stiffen the waisteband
    • To add strength
    • To reinforce and prevent stretching.

  7. Give two advantages of using electricity as a source of fuel. (2mks)
    • It is quick to light and use.
    • It requires no storage space.
    • It is environmentally clean.
    • It can be easily regulated.

  8. Define ante-natal care. (1mk)
    • This care given to an expectant woman and the unborn baby. ( before the child has been born).

  9. State three general rules to be followed when reparing clothes. (3mks).
    • Repair as soon as possible.
    • Repair should be done before washing to avoid enlarging the tear.
    • It should be made as inconspicuous as possible using matching thread.

  10. Suggest two desirable qualities that make polyester a suitable frabrick for soft furnishing (3mks)
    • It is resistant to sunlight.
    • It drapes well.
    • It is strong.

  11. Give two ways in which kales may be stored in the absence of a refrigerator for at least one day. (6mks)
    • Store them loosely wrapped in perforated polytene papers.
    • Stand the kales stalks in a bowl of cold water.

  12. State two uses of vinegar in laundry work. (2mks).
    • To brighten colours
    • To remove excess blue
    • To remove alkaline based stains.

  13. Mention two advantages of using the roasting method of cooking. (2mks)
    • It produces attractive and appetizing dishes.
    • It requires little attention when done in the oven.
    • It is done in the oven, several dishes could be cooked at the same time.
    • The extracts from the food such as meat, can be used to make gravy when roasting in a pan.

  14. List four traditional methods of preserving food. (2mks).
    • Sun – drying
    • Smoking/drying over the fire.
    • Use of salt
    • Use of ash

  15. Giving examples, state three reasons for using soft furnishing. (3mks)
    • Used for decorative purposes for e.g wall hangings.
    • For privacy. E. curtains
    • Reduction of noise and provision of warmth. E.g Carpets.
    • Used for protection, e.g loose covers
    • For comfort. E.g foot rest.

  16. Give two examples of a west-made cuff. (2mks)
    • It should be well neated.
    • It should be flat
    • It should be in the same shape and size in both cuffs.
    • If attached without a sleeve opening, it should be large enough for the hand to slip in and out comfortably.
    • It should have good knife edges or well-rounded corners.

  17. Give two reasons why it is important to dry white clothes outdoor in the sun. (2mks).
    • Sun disinfects clothes
    • It bleaches white articles making them whiter.

  18. List three examples of decorative stiches (3mks)
    • Chain stiches
    • Stem tiches
    • Cross stiches
    • Faggotting stiches
    • Satin stiches

  19. Give one reason why clothes should be folded before storage. (1mk)
    • To prevent creasing
    • To ensure that the items fit properly in the storage space.
  20. Your parents are away and you have been left incharge of the home, using knowledge and skills learnt in home science,
    1. Explain how you would launder your mother’s viscose rayon dress. (10mks)
      • Shake to remove loose dirt
      • Wash in warm soapy water using kneading and squeezing method.
      • Use a mild detergent.
      • Rub lightly the heavily soiled parts such as the collar and the cuffs.
      • Rinse in warm water to remove soak and dirt
      • Finally rinse in cold water into which fabric conditioner has been added to relax the fibre.
      • Drip dry under a shade.
      • Use a moderately horn iron and iron it while still damp.
      • Air to remove moisture.
      • Fold and store appropriately.

    2. Describe how you would clean your younger sister’s leather shoes.
      • Collect the equipment needed.
      • Protect the working area with a newspaper.
      • Dust with a dry duster, incase of mud remove using a stick.
      • Wipe with a soft cloth wrung out of warm soapy water.
      • Clean both outside and inside. Pay special attention to the sole and heel.
      • Rinse by wiping with a cloth wrung out of clean warm water.
      • Wipe to dry with a dry non-fluffy cloth. Leave in a cool and airly place for complete dryness.
      • Apply polish springly using a soft brush, leave for a while and buff to shine.
      • Stuff with old newspaper and store in a shoe rack.

  21. Mention five nutritional disorders that are associated with lifestyle. For each disorder mention and give points on how to manage it. (10 mks)
    1. Gout –
      • reduce intake of alcohol and roast meat.Drink plenty of water
      • Exercise to reduce excess weight.
      • Give pain killers.
    2. Obesity-
      • Reduce intake of carbohydrates.
      • Avoid snacks.
      • Reduce fat intake
      • Exercise the body regularly.
    3. Hypertension –
      • Avoid and manage stress.
      • Reduce intake of salt
      • Exercise the body to reduce weight
      • Discontinue family planning methods which may cause high blood pressure.
    4. Anorexia nerrosa
      • Take a balances diet
      • Seek guidance and counselling
      • Take small quantities of food at regular intervals.
    5. Diabetis
      • Limit the intake of carbohydrates and refined foods
      • Increase intake of fluids and high fibre foods.
      • Check blood sugar levels regularly and take the necessary action.
      • Do regular exercise.
      • Follow doctors dietery instructions.
      • Avoid sugary stuff.
        1. State and explain five points to be considered in planning and preparing meals for manuals worker. (10mks)
          • The meals should be balanced with higher amount of energy giving foods.
          • Provide a lot of fluids to replace that which is lost through sweating.
          • Provide plenty of vitamin B1 to release of energy.
          • Serve large amount of food.
          • Provide snacks in between meals.
          • Season food well.
  22.                     
    1. discuss four disadvantages of supplementary feeding. (10mks)
      • The baby may not be given the right proportion of nutrients.
      • The baby may develop some allergic reactions to the introduced foods.
      • Bonding between the mother and the child is interfered with.
      • It takes time, energy and money to prepare the foods.
      • The baby may reject the food.

    2. give five examples of conditions at home that may interfere with a mother’s lactating ability. (5mks)
      • Stress/anxiety
      • Too much work leading to fatigue
      • Sickness e.g in a coma
      • Lack of a balanced diet
      • Inadequate intake of fluids

    3. State five reasons why it is advisable for women to deliver in the hospital. (5mks)
      • For special care – hospitals have adequate staff and facilities to cater for emergencies.
      • Hospitals offer a sense of security for the pregnant mother.
      • After delivery, the mother and the baby are checked for any complications.
      • The baby is given the first immunization of B.C.G and polio.
  23.          
    1. explain five advantages of using convenieve foods. (10mks)
      • ensure availability of foods that are not in season.
      • They are handy for unexpected guests and picnics.
      • They save on time and energy in menu planning and meal preparation.
      • They help busy homemakers to provide the family with suitable meals.
      • They help those without cooking skills to produce attractive suitable meals.
      • They save on fuel
      • The colours added during processing improve the appearance of the food.
      • They are cheaper at times than fresh foods.

    2. Give three points on storage of reheated foods. (3mks)
      • Store in clean covered containers to prevent bacterial contamination.
      • Store in a cool well ventilated dry place.
      • Do not store for long.

    3. Mention seven things to consider in the choice of soft furnishing. (7mks)
      • The fabric they are made with should be easy to launder.
      • The cost should be within the buyers financial means.
      • The colour should match with the rest of the colour scheme in the room.
      • Choose crease resistant and shrink resistant fabrics to maintain size and shape.
      • The fabric should be colour fast
      • The curtain materials should be resistant to sunlight and should drape well.
      • Choose good quality materials to last long.
      • Choose an attractive design to enhance decoration 
07
April

Questions

SECTION A (40 MARKS)

  1. What is meant by
    1. Analogue data
    2. Digital data (4mks)
  2. Distinguish between transcription and transposition types of errors and give an example of each (4mks)
  3.    
    1. what are peripheral devices? (1mk)
    2. Give two examples of peripheral devices (1mk)
  4.        
    1. What meant by the term user-friendly as used in software development? (1mk)
    2. Distinguish between the terms single-tasking and multi-user as used in operating systems (2mks)
  5. What actions should be taken in case of a fire outbreak in the computer laboratory? (4mks)
  6.      
    1. What is an Internet Service Provider? (1mk)
    2. An employee in a business company is charged with the responsibility of putting the company advertisements on the Internet.
      1. State the professional title of the employee. (1mk)
      2. Give an example of software used by this employee to carry out the above task. (1mk)
  7. Differentiate between COM ports and LPT ports (2mks)
  8. Explain two ways in which ICT can enhance commerce. (2mks)
  9. Explain the following software terms:
    1. Portability (1 mk)
    2. Modularity (1 mk)
  10.      
    1. State two application areas of a desktop publishing software. (2mks)
    2. Explain the following graphic terms:
      1. Rotate (1 mk)
      2. Crop (1mk)
  11.        
    1. List two arithmetic operations that can be performed on a row of numeric data in a word processing table. (1 mk)
    2. In each case of (a) above, write the expression used. (2mks)
  12. List two methods of gathering information during system development process.(2mks)
  13. Name three types of optical disks. (3mks)
  14. The diagram below shows a formatted plate surface of a storage disk.
    Shade and label:
    1. one sector ( 1mk)
    2. One block
  15. The diagram below shows a formatted plate surface of a storage disk.
    CompForm4ET122p1qa15
    Shade and label:
    1. One sector
    2. One block

SECTION B (60 MKS)
Answer question 16 and any other three questions from this section in the space provided

  1.          
    1. Study the flowchart below and answer the questions that follow
      CompForm4ET122p1q16
      1. Name the control structures used in the flowchart (2mks)
      2. Determine the values of M, N, P and Q. (4 mks)
      3. Write the pseudo code for the flowchart (7mks)
    2. List four functions of an assembler (2 mks)
  2.     
    1. Distinguish between the following sets of terms as used in spreadsheets. (2mks)
      1. Worksheet and workbook
      2. Filtering and sorting
    2. State one way in which a user may reverse the last action taken in a spreadsheet package. (1 mk)
    3. The following is a sample of a payroll. The worksheet row and column headings are marked 1, 2, 3, and A, B, C. respectively
        A B C D E F G H
      1 Name Hours
      Worked
      Pay Per
      Hour
      Basic
      Pay
      Allowances Gross
      Pay
      Tax
      Deductions
      Net
      Pay
      2 Korir 12 1500          
      3 Atieno 28 650          
      4 Mutiso  26 450          
      5 Asha 30 900          
      6 Maina 18 350          
      7 Wanjiku 22.5 250          
      8 Wayama 24.5 250          
      9 Olesane 17 180          
      10 Moset 33 700          
      TOTALS              

      Use the following expressions to answer the questions that follow:
      • Basic pay = hours worked x pay per hour
      • Allowances are allocated at 10% of basic pay
      • Gross pay = basic pay + allowances
      • Tax deductions are calculated at 20% of gross pay
      • Net pay = Gross pay – tax deductions.
        Write formulae using cell references for the following cells;(5mks)
        1. D2
        2. E4
        3. F10
        4. G7
        5. H5
    4.             
      1. State three ways of moving round the page in a Desktop Publishing window. (3mks)
      2. State two ways on how information & Communication Technology (ICT) can be used to reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS (2mks)
  3.                  
    1. Describe the following terms with reference to security of data: (2mk)
      1. Log files
      2. Firewalls
    2. A student‟ database comprises of students‟ details table and fees received table as shown below:
      Student's details table
      Surname
      Middle name
      First Name
      Admission Number
      Course

      Fees Received Table
      Date
      Amount
      Receipt No.

      1. State the primary key field for each table. (2mks)
      2. State the field, which should serve as the linking field for the two tables
    3. Describe the following terms with respect to computer security:
      1. Logic bombs (2mks)
      2. Physical security (2mks)
      3. Tapping (2mks)
    4. List three functions of antivirus software. (3mks
  4. Define the following web related terms:
    1.  
      1. Web browser (1mk)
      2. Hyperlink (1mk)
      3. Hypertext document (1mk)
    2. List six activities performed on the web (3mks)
    3. Below is an email address:
      ggitau    @moest   .edu.ke
          ↓                ↓            ↓ 
          A                B           C
      Name the parts labeled:
      1. A
      2. B
      3. C
  5. A computer C directory has folders for form 1, form 2, Form 3 and form 4. Each class has student‟s folders labeled according to their number. The students create their own folder for the subject the are studying based on the table shown below
    Form 1 Form 2 Form 3 Form 4
    OS SP Pr. ADB
    WP DTP
    DB
    Internet  

    1. Assuming there is one student per class, draw the corresponding directory tree structure. (6mks)
    2.            
      1. a form four student wants to create a folder to store her project.
        State the path for that project folder. (2 mks)
      2. Suggest how the student can ensure that
        1. Work is not lost in case the hard disk fails. (1mk)
        2. The project is not copied by other students. (1mk)
    3.              
      1. Other than I/O devices, list other three devices under the control of the operating system. (3mks)
      2. Explain any one of the devices named in C (i) above (1mk)
    4. Define the term trouble shooting (1mk)
    5. State and explain three ways that can be followed to replace the current system (6mks)

Marking Scheme

  1. What is meant by:
    1. Analogue data: Data that is based on physical variations such as loudness and
      pitch, electoral voltages etc
    2. Digital Data- Data, which use the computer‟s binary number systems 0 and 1

  2. Distinguish between transcription and transportation types of errors and give an example of each
    • A transcription error is a specific type of data entry error that is commonly made by human operators or by optical character recognition (OCR) programs
      E.g. Name: Stamley (wrong) instead of Stanley (Correct)
    • A transposition error is an error caused by reversing two or more digits of an amount while posting transactions. These are almost always human in origin
      An Example is ZIP code: 57429 (wrong) instead of 54729 (correct)
  3.       
    1. What are peripheral devices? (1mks)
      • Any device connected externally to the CPU

    2. Give two examples of peripheral devices (1mk)
      • Mouse, Monitor, Keyboard, printer etc
  4.           
    1. What is meant by the term user – friendly as used in software development?
      • Software that is easier to use or work with (1mk)

    2. Distinguish between the terms single- tasking and multi- user as used in operating systems (1mks)
      • Single tasking – the O/S allows one program to be processed at a time
      • Multi – user an O/S that allows several tasks/ programs to be simultaneously

  5. What actions should be taken in case of a fire outbreak in the computer laboratory? (4mks)
    • Switch off main electrical supply
    • Vacate the room
    • Inform master in charge
    • Call for help
    • Try to extinguish using the appropriate fire extinguisher (not water)
  6.     
    1. What is an internet service provider?
      • A company that provides internet services. Connects users to the internet
    2. An employee in a business company is charged with the responsibility of putting the company advertisement on the internet
      1. State the professional title of the employee (1 mk)
        • Web administrator, web designer
      2. Give an example of software used by this employee to carry out the above task (1 mk)
        • HTML, Dream weaver, MS Front Page

  7. Differentiate between COM ports and LTP ports
    • COM port also known as a serial port transmits data bit by bit
    • LTP port also known as a parallel port transmits multiple bits simultaneously at a time.

  8. Explain two ways in which ICT can enhance commerce
    • Through better advertisement on the internet
    • Through better services in retail shops via point of sale terminals
    • Through electronic funds transfer

  9. Explain the following software terms
    1. Portability (1mk)
      • Ability of a software to work/ function in several computer hardware and O/S platforms (
    2. Modularity
      • Ability of software to be broken down into several sections for easier understanding and maintenance.

  10.          
    1. State two applications areas of desktop publishing software. (2mks)
      • Posters
      • Book publishing
      • Card design

    2. Explain the following graphic terms
      • Rotate- to turn an image through an angle (1mk)
      • Crop – to trim the edges of an angle (1mk)

  11. Distinguish between margins and borders as used in word processing (2mks)
    • A border is a decorative frame that surrounds a page or elements on a page. The border can be a simple rule line or an elaborate set of lines and curves. A border can be composed of repeating graphic elements. Borders can be used to set apart, draw attention or unify disparate elements.
    • Margin The blank space that surrounds the text on a page or the boundary line or the area immediately inside the boundary or the blank space that surrounds the text on a page.

  12.               
    1. List two arithmetic operations that can be performed on a row of numeric data in a word processing table
      • +,-,x,/

    2. In each case of (a) above, write the expression used (2mks)
      • = Function name (left) or = function name (right) e.g. = sum (left) (2mks)

  13. List two methods of gathering information during system developments process. (2mks)
    • Observations - Interviews
    • Automatic data capture - Studying reports

  14. Name three types of optical disks ( 3 mks)
    • CD- ROM
    • CD- RW
    • CD- R
    • CD – W
  15.           
    CompForm4ET122p1q15
  16. Study the flowchart below and answer the questions that follow
    1. Name the control structures used in the flowchart.
      • Selection
      • Sequencing
    2. Determine the values of M, N, P and Q.
      M………17………………..N……………….17…………………..
      P………..17………………..Q……………….17………………….
    3. Write the pseudo code for the flowchart
      START
      Initialize M=6, N=17
      P= M-N
      Q= N+M
      IF P>Q THEN DO
      N=M
      Q=N
      P=M
      ELSE
      M=N
      Q=M
      P=N
      PRINT N,M,P,Q
      STOP
  17.          
    1. Distinguish between the following sets of terms as used in spreadsheets
      1. Worksheet and workbook
        • Worksheet – The working area in an electronic spreadsheet on which a user enters the spreadsheet data.
        • Workbook – A spreadsheet file. A workbook can obtain severalworksheets
      2. Filtering and sorting
        • Data filtering is a way of organizing spreadsheet data for ease of analysis.
        • Often spreadsheet filters are used to “hide” rows of data that do not meetcertain specified criteria. This allows you to analyze (e.g. count, observe etc) only certain “Filtering” groups of data.
          Data sorting: Is a way of arranging record according to one of the fields in either ascending or descending order.
    2. State one way in which a user may reverse the last action taken in a spreadsheet package (1 mks)
      • Use the undo command (ctrl + z)
    3. The following is a sample of a payroll. The worksheet row and column headings are marked 1, 2, 3, and A, B, C respectively.
      Write formulae using cell references for the following cells
      1. D2 = B2 * C2
      2. E4 = 10% * D4 or 10% * (B4 * C4)
      3. F10 = D10 + E10
      4. G7 = 20% * F7
      5. H5 = H5 – G

    4.        
      1. State three ways of moving round the page in desktop publishing window (3 mks)
        • Use cursor keys
        • use mouse scroller
        • Use scroll buttons (horizontal and vertical)

      2. State two ways on how information & communication technology (ICT) can be used to reduce the spread of HIV/ AIDS ( 2 mks)
        • Through advertisements on the Internet
        • Through creation of posters
        • Through discussion groups on the internet
  18.                 
    1. Describe the following terms with reference to security of data:
      1. Log files
        • A file that lists actions that have occurred. For example, web servers maintain log files listings every request made to the server. With log file analysis tools, its possible to get a good idea of where visitors are coming from, how often they return and how they navigate through a site.
      2. Firewalls. (1mark)
        • A firewall is an information technology (IT) security device which is configured to permit, deny or proxy data connections set and configured by the organization's security policy. Firewalls can either be hardware and/or software based.
        • A firewall!\s basic task is to control traffic between computer networks with different zones of trust. Typical examples are the Internet which is a zone with no trust and an internal network which is (and should be) a zone with high trust. The ultimate goal is to provide controlled interfaces between zones of differing trust levels through the enforcement of a security policy and connectivity model based on the least privilege principle and separation of duties
    2.                        
      1. State the primary key field for each table.
        • Student table- Admission Number
        • Fees Received table - Receipt Number

      2. State the field, which should serve as the linking field for the two tables.
        • Admission number
          (Note: Make Admission Number a foreign key in the fees table

    3. Describe the following terms with respect to computer security:
      1. Logic bombs (2 Marks)
        • A computer virus that is activated after a series of event/commands/date
      2. Physical security (2 Marks)
        • Threats that threaten the physical nature of computer equipment e.g. Fire,
        • Lightening water, building access etc
      3. Tapping. (2 Marks)
        • Telephone tapping (or wire tapping/wiretapping) is the monitoring of telephone and Internet conversations by a third party, often by covert means. The telephone tap or wire tap received its name because historically, the monitoring connection was applied to the wires of the telephone line of the person who was being monitored and drew off or tapped a small amount of the electrical signal carrying the conversation

    4. List three functions of antivirus software.
      • Identify a virus/Warn
      • Heal/Clean a virus
      • Prevent/Protect infection
      • Quarantine infected file
  19.                    
    1. Define the following web related terms:
      1. Web browser (1 mark)
        • A browser is an application program that provides a way to look at and interact with all the information on the World Wide Web.

      2. Hyperlink (1 mark)
        • This is the clickable link in text or graphics on a Web page that takes you to another place on the same page, another page, or whole other site.

      3. Hypertext document (1 mark)
        • A document usually web document (file) where the user interacts with the whole document using hyperlinks

    2. List six activities performed on the web (3 marks)
      • Browsing for information
      • Communication via email and chat groups
      • Electronic commerce.
      • Advertising of goods and services.
      • Transfer of information thro' FTP

    3. An institution has ten stand alone computers.
      1. Suggest with reasons the most appropriate topology required to interconnect the computers. (3 marks)
        1. Bus
          Reason: Easy to set up, Low cost in terms of cabling QR
        2. Star
          Reason: Speed of data transmission is high, Easy to troubleshoot via central hub or switch

      2. State the necessary steps required to connect the computers to the Internet. (4 marks)
        • Connect server to modem (router) and telephone/or use satellite dish/or radio
        • Get an ISP to configure the Internet protocol
        • Configure the rest of the computers to Internet access through a peer-topeer configuration or a client-server configuration.

    4. Below is an email address:
      Name the parts labeled:
      1. The local-part of the address/username
      2. host name domain-part
      3. generic (organizational) top level domain
      4. country code top level domain

  20.                     
    1.        
         CompForm4ET122p1qa20  
    2.    
      1. A form four student wants to create a folder to store to project State the path for flat project folder. (2 marks)
        C:\FORM4\STUDNO\ADB\PROJECT

      2. Suggest how the student can ensure that: -
        1. work is not lost in case the hard disk fails. (1 mark)
          • Keep backup copies of the project on offline secondary storage media.
        2. The project is not copied by other students. (1 mark)
          • Use passwords for opening and modifying the project

    3.          
      1. Other than I/O devices, list other three devices under the control of the operating
        • Main memory
        • CPU/Processor
        • Secondary storage
        • Communication device
      2. Explain any one of the devices named in c(i) above. (1mrk)

    4. Define the term trouble shooting
      • Systematic approach to locating the cause of a fault in an electronic circuit or system
07
April

Questions

INSTRUCTIONS:

  • Answer any five questions

 

  1.          
    1. Explain five benefits of direct production. (10marks)
    2. Explain five differences between private limited company and partnership forms of Business units. (10marks)
  2.      
    1. Discuss five factors that Nakuru county government may consider before spending county Funds. (10marks)
    2. The following information relates to Maralal Traders for the month of May 2014.
      May 1: Balance brought forward:
                  Cash Shs. 180,000
                  Bank Shs. 450,000 (Cr)
              3: Received a cheque of 1,500,000 from Mpasha, a debtor
              7: Cash sales Shs. 280,000
              11: Jolloimat, a creditor of Shs.600, 000 was paid by cheque of sh 400,000 and the balance by cash.
              14: Received commission in cash sh. 150,000
              17: A debtor, Leteipa, paid his account of 185,000 by cheque less 2% cash discount.
              19: Paid the following expenses by cheque:
                    Rent Shs. 75,000
                    Electricity Shs. 32,000
                    Water Shs. 25,000
              21: Withdrew Shs. 100,000 from bank for personal use
              24: Paid cash Shs 133,280 to Kinai after deducting a cash discount of 2%
              25: Received a cheque of sh. 200,000 from Kiyapi, a debtor
              28: Paid Salaries Shs. 120,000 by cheque.
              31: Banked all cash except sh. 50,000.
      Required:
      Record the above transactions in a three column cash book. (10mark)
  3.      
    1. Describe five types of unemployment. (10marks)
    2. Explain five internal factors that may encourage the achievement of business goals. (10 marks)
  4.        
    1. The following information was extracted from the books of Umeme Traders as at 31st December 2009.
      Item Shs.
      Bank loan
      Bank loan interest
      Capital
      Closing stock
      Creditors
      Debtors
      Discount allowed
      Electricity
      Furniture
      Furniture repairs
      Gross profit
      Maintenance on premise
      Motor vehicle
      Motor vehicle maintenance
      Premise
      Rent received
      Sundry expenses
      567,000
      1,440
      1,680,000
      87,000
      272,400
      140,280
      170,400
      30,240
      489,804
      86,436
      624,720
      72,000
      1,080,000
      360,000
      648,000
      144,000
      122,520
      Prepare;
      1. Profit and loss account for the year ended 31st December 2009
      2. Balance sheet as at 31st December 2009. (10 marks)
    2. Explain any five challenges that an under populated country may experience. (10 marks)
  5.        
    1. Explain five reasons why the government imposes taxes in the economy. (10 marks)
    2. Explain five ways in which the central bank controls the money supply in the country. (10 marks)
  6.      
    1. Explain five measures that a wholesaler would take to ensure the smooth running of his warehouse. (10marks)
    2. Explain any five circumstances under which an increase in National income may not lead to improved standards of living. (10 marks)

Marking Scheme

  1.            
    1. Explain five benefits of direct production.(10mks)
      • Cost is affordable as the capital required for one to produce goods for one’s own consumption is less compared to indirect production.
      • No wastage as one produces what he/she can produce what he or she can consume alone hence no extras which can get spoilt.
      • Variety of goods and services as one can produce different types of goods at the same time.
      •  Involves use of locally available simple tools hence one may not necessarily need advanced technology which could be expensive to acquire.
      • Independence; as production is self-sufficient and producers produce enough for their own use. 
    2.  Explain five differences between private limited company and partnership forms ofBusiness units. (10 mks)     
      Private limited company Partnership 
      Have a minimum of 2 shareholders to 50 members. The business is owned by two or more persons with a maximum of twenty for ordinary partnership.
      The business can be managed by one director or two if big. The business is managed by active partners jointly.
      Do not allow the transfer of shares. They do not deal with shares but members contribution.
      All members have limited liabilities. One partner has unlimited liability except others who have limited liabilities.
  2.                
    1. Discuss five factors that Nakuru county government may consider before incurring any expenditure.(10mks)
      1. Economy;
        County expenditure must be incurred in the most economical way by avoiding any possible waste from occurring.
      2. Maximum social benefit;
        Any county expenditure must be incurred in such a way that majority of people are able to reap maximum benefit out of it.
      3. Flexibility;
        County expenditure should be adaptable to any future unforeseen occurrence and economics situations in the county.
      4. Sanctions;
        County expenditure must be approved by the county assembly to avoid embezzlement and misuse.
      5. Proper financial management;
        County funds should be well managed through maintenance of proper records and auditing as required.
    2. The following information relates to Maralal Traders for the month of May 2014.
      Required:
      Record the above transactions in a Three column cash book. (10mks)
      DR CR
      Date Details L.F Disc
      Rcvd
      Cash Bank Date Details L.F Disc
      allwd
      Cash Bank
      2014      2014
      May 1
      May 3
      May 7
      May 14
      May 17
      May 25
      May 31


      Balance
      Mpasha
      Sales
      Commission
      Leteipa
      Kiyiapi
      Cash


      b/f












      3700




       180,000

      280,000
      150,000




      .

      1,500,000


      181,300
      200,000
      226,720
      .

      May 1
      May 11
      May 19
      May 19
      May 19
      May 21
      May 24
      May 28
      May 31
      Balance
      Jolloimat
      Rent
      Electricity
      Water
      drawings
      Kinai
      Salaries
      Bank
       c/f














      2720

      .

      20,000




      133,280

      226,720
      450,000
      40,000
      75,000
      32,000
      25,000
      100,000

      120,000
      .
                  May 31  Balance  c/f   50,000 906,020
              610,000 2,108,020         610,000 2,108,020
      Jun 1 Balance b/f 50,000 906,020              
  3.                
    1. Describe five types of unemployment.10marks
      • Involuntary unemployment; it occurs when people are actively looking for jobs at the existing wage rate but cannot get them.
      • Disguised unemployment; occurs when the number of people employed exceeds those that are required and workers full capabilities are not fully utilized
      • Frictional unemployment; it occurs when people lose jobs and go looking for new ones
      • Residual unemployment; affects people who are physically or mentally challenged as employers may find it difficult to employ them
      • Structural unemployment; occurs when demand for labor declines do to either changes in the method of production or a decrease in supply of goods and services
    2. Internal factors that may encourage the achievement of business goals.
      • Proper human resource management.
      • Well laid down business structure allows proper flow of instructions and team work within the organization.
      • Adequate financial/proper finance management allows acquisition of assets/stock/expansion of business.
      • Adequate physical resources such as buildings, machines/furniture.
      • Developed business culture with proper values.
      • Well set-out objectives of the business to guide activities in the organization.
      • Committed/qualified/experienced owner who are able to make sound decisions, provide resources etc. (Any 5 x 2 = 10 marks)
  4.                         
    1. Umeme Traders profit and loss account.

      1. Umeme Traders
        Profit and loss account
        For the year ended 31st Dec, 2009
           Shs   Shs
        Expenses
        Bank loan interest
        Discount allowed
        Electricity
        Furniture repairs
        Maintenance on premise
        Motor vehicle maintenance
        Sundry expenses

        1,440
        170,400
        30,240
        86,436
        72,000
        360,000
        122,520
        Gross profit b/d
        Rent received
        Net loss a c/d 






        624,720
        144,000
        74,316






        Net loss b/d 74,316
          843,036   843,036
        (10 x ½ = 5 marks)
      2.    
           Umeme Traders
        Balance sheet
        As at 31st Dec, 2009 ✓
          Shs Shs   Shs Shs
        Assets
        Fixed assets
        Premises 
        Motor vehicles
        Furniture
        Current assets
        Stock
        Debtors


        648,000
        1,080,000
        489,804

        87,000
        140,280




        2,217,804


        227,280
        Capital & liability
        Capital 
        Less net loss


        Liabilities
        Bank loans
        Creditors

        1,680,000
        74,316



        567,000
        272,400 


        1,605,684




        839,400
            2,445,084     2,445,084
        (10 x ½ = 5 marks)
    2. Problems that a country which is under populated may experience.
      • Limited labour supply – A small population may not provide enough labour for production.
      • Limited market – A small population may not provide enough market for goods and services. Some business may end-up closing down.
      • Underutilization of resources – Resources in the country may be left idle because of lack of people to use them.
      • Uneconomical to provide public utilities – The available population may be scattered all over the country making it uneconomical for the government to provide public utilities.
      • Lack of specialization – People in an under populated country may not engage in specialization leading to production of poor quality goods.
      • Reduced phase of economic development for under populated countries, there is less resources. This reduces peoples creativity and innovation that may retard economic growth and development. (Any 5 x 2 = 10 marks)

  5.                 
    1. Explain five reasons why the government imposes taxes in the economy. (10 marks)
      • To raise revenue for the government.
      • Discourage consumption of certain products such product are highly taxed to make it unaffordable / expensive
      • Discourage importation of certain products / protect infant industries from competition
      • Reduce income inequality – those with high incomes are highly taxed
      • Control inflation direct taxes used to reduce inflation that is caused by too much money in supply.
      • Correct unfavourable balance of payments. More tax on imports reduces the level of imports into the country. protect home industries to protect strategic industries that offer employment
        No splitting of marks.
        5 well explained pts
    2. Explain five ways in which the central bank controls the money supply in the country. (10 mks)
      • Determining banking rates: The central bank can reduce the money supply by increasing the bank rate. Commercial banks will in turn increase their lending rates to customers which reduces the demand for loans. To increase money supply, the central Bank reduces bank rate
      • Open market operations (o.m.o): To increase money supply, the CB buys government countries from the public and sells the same to reduce money supply.
      • Cash/liquidity ration requirement: To increase many supply, cash/liquidity ratio is reduced and to reduce money supply, c/l ratio is increased.
      • (Increasing/ reserves) Compulsory deposit requirements: To increase many ss, compulsory deports are reduced and they are increased to reduce many supply.
      • Selective credit control: To reduce money ss. The CB can instruct commercial banks to give credit to some sectors and restrict for others. For an expansionary policy, such restrictions on lending can be removed.
      • Directives: The CB may instruct commercial banks on the lending rates to charge and the margin required depending on the prevailing economic conditions.
      • Requests: - The Central Bank can persuade or appeal to the commercial banks to increase or decrease credit facilities without giving specific instructions on what to do. (Moral suasion/persuasion)
      • Reduce / stop printing of currency Any 5 well explained pts.

  6.             
    1. Explain six measures that a wholesaler would take to ensure the smooth running of his warehouse. (12 mks)
      • It should be spacious enough to accommodate as many goods as possible.
      • It should appropriate equipment and facilities that will facilitate quick receipt and movement of the goods.
      • It should have adequate safety facilities to ensure adequate protection of goods against damage of goods.
      • It should be located near good transport network to facilitate faster movement of goods in or out of the warehouse.
      • It should have appropriate staff (skilled) to manage the receipt and recording activities of the warehouse.
      • It should have the necessary special facilities’ for the storage of goods
      • It should have proper recording of activities that take place to ensure adequate monitoring of stock movements.
      • It should conform to the existing government requirements for warehousing.
    2. Explain any five circumstances under which an increase in National income may not lead to improved standards of living. (10 marks)
      • Increase in income
      • Where the increase in national income is distributed to a small percentage of the population / unevenly distributed
      • Where the general price levels of products in the country has increased / inflation being experienced
      • Where the increase has been as a result of long periods of working / under poor conditions / strain on peoples health
      • Where the increase in national income has been spend on products that have no social welfare implications e.g. military products or projects undertaken may have been of long term nature.
      • Where the increase has been at the expense of people’s leisure
      • Where government may have imposed policies e.g. taxation that reduces peoples disposable income.
07
April

Questions

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  • Write your name and adm. no in the spaces provided above.
  • Sign and write the date of examination in the spaces provided above.
  • Answer ALL the questions.
  • Candidates should answer all the questions in English

 

  1. State four elements that may comprise external environment to a business. (4mks)
  2. Outline four differences between goods and services. (4mks)
  3. Highlight four responsibilities of an effective a business accountant (4marks)
  4. State four reasons why consumers have to make a choice between competing needs. (4mks)
  5. The following are some policies issued under marine insurance, fleet policy, composite policy, voyage policy and time policy. Identify the policy that suits the description listed below. (4mks)
    DESCRIPTION MARINE POLICY
    a) Covers a ship within a specified period of time  
    b) Covers a ship on a particular journey  
    c) Different insurers covers a ship for the same risks.  
    d) Covers many vessels against losses under one policy.  
  6. Highlight four reasons why the government requires businesses to obtain licences. (4mks)
  7. Fill the levels of production in the diagram below. (3mks)
    BsForm4ET122p1q7
  8. Give four disadvantages of government involvement in business activities. (4mks)
  9. Give four measures that a government may take to reduce the mortality rate in a country. (4mks)
  10. Highlight four services that a wholesaler may offer to a manufacturer. (4mks)
  11. The following information was extracted from the books of Jupiter traders.
    Rate of turnover 3 times
    Mark-up 20%
    Opening stock sh. 160,000
    Closing stock sh. 200,000
    REQUIRED
    1. Gross Profit (2mks)
    2. Sales (2mks)
  12. The conditions given below are for a monopoly firm or a firm operating under perfect competition. Write the correct market structure against each of the conditions in the spaces provided. (4mks)
    CONDITIONS MARKET STRUCTURE
    a) Market structure determines price for the product.  
    b) There is free entry and exit  
    c) Product involved is homogeneous  
    d) Market structure regulates supply of the product  
  13. Outline four reasons that can lead to dissolution of a sole proprietorship. (4mks)
  14. Bahari enterprises had capital balance of sh 525,000 on 1st July 2006 and sh. 80,000 on 30th June 2007. Drawings and net profit in the year ending 30th June 2007 were sh 225,000 and sh. 175,000 respectively. Determine the additional capital during the year. (4mks)
  15. Highlight four functions of a proforma invoice. (4mks)
  16. Identify the books of original entry used in recording each of the following transactions of Turkwel Traders. (4mks)
    TRANSACTIONS BOOKS OF ORIGINAL ENTRY
    a) Sold goods on credit to Atieno for sh. 30,000  
    b) Bought goods on credit from Chantal Traders for sh. 40,000  
    c) Zuma returned goods worth. 8,000  
    d) Turkwel returned goods worth sh 11,000 to Simba traders  
  17.  Highlight four benefits that would accrue to a firm located near other existing firms. (4mks)
  18. Give four factors that limit the use of containers as a method of transporting goods in developing country.
  19. Give four reasons why a business person may wish to keep money in a fixed deposit account instead of a savings account. (4mks)
  20. The following information was obtained from the records of Jakayo traders as at 1st July 2010
    FURNITURE SH 20,000
    Stock sh, 8,000
    Creditor sh 7,000
    Cash at Bank sh 12,000
    Long term loan sh. 10,000
    Prepare Jakoyo is Balance sheet as at 1st July 2010
  21. Highlight four obstacles that could be ineffective communication between the principal and the students during an assembly. (4mks)
  22. Give four factors that influence the level of National income. (4mks)
  23. Give four benefits of expanding a businesses. (4mks)
  24. The diagram belows a shift in demand for a certain commodity.
    BsForm4ET122p1q24
    Highlight four factors that may have caused the shift from dy to dx
  25. From the following information, prepare a three column cash book duly balanced. (5mks)
    2014
    May 1 : Balances brought forward; Bank sh. 2,000(Cr) Cash sh. 1,000
    May 5: Received sh. 7,800 cash from Olive Traders after deduction of 2 ½% cash discount.
    May 14 Deposited sh. 8, 800 from the cash till to the bank.
    May 24: Paid wages for sh 800 by cheque.

Marking Scheme

  1. Elements that comprise external environment to a business. (4mks)
    • Political climate
    • Demographic factors
    • Economic situation
    • Technological factors
    • Legal and legislative framework
    • Social-cultural factors
    • Markets competition
    • Aerographical /physical factors
    • Nature of customers
  2. Differences between goods and services. (4mks)
    GOODS SERVICE
    Are tangible and invisible Are in tangle and invisible
    They are separable from the owners/providers They are inseparable from the Owners/provides
    Their quality can be standardized. Their quality cannot be standardized.
    Payment for goods is for ownership/exchange Payment for services is for experience received
    Goods are not always perishable Services are always highly perishable
  3. Responsibilities of an effective business accountant. (4mks)
    • Keeping records of books of account
    • Receiving invoices and making payments
    • Preparing the annual final accounts
    • Preparing the payroll.
    • Controlling the creditors accounts
    • Analysing the final accounts before presenting to the owners of the business.
    • Keeping records of the business assets
  4. Reasons why consumers have to make choice between competing wants. (4mks)
    • Due to different prices of goods
    • Limited resources or income
    • Due to different tastes or preferences of the consumers
    • Due to unlimited needs of the consumer
    • Due to government policy on goods and services or restriction through total ban
  5. Marine policies. (4mks)
    • Time policy
    • Voyage policy
    • Composite policy
    • Fleet policy
  6. Reasons why the government require businesses to obtain licences. (4mks)
    • To control illegal business in the country.
    • To control the type of goods entering or leaving the country.
    • To raise revenue for the government
    • To regulate the number of businesses in a country
    • To ensure that those engaged in professional activities meet the requirements of their professions.
    • To ensure that traders engage only in licensed business
  7. Levels of production. (3mks)
    • Primary
    • Secondary
    • Tertiary
  8. Disadvantages of government involvement in business activities. (4mks)
    • Mismanagement in government enterprises due to political influence and corruption
    • Too much government involvement may discourage private investors since it can pose unfair competition.
    • Its involvement is at times a burden on the tax payer since losses incurred by its firm are from the exchequer.
    • Conflict of some interest where some industry regulators are also service providers.
    • Too long licensing processes are not conclusive for business prosperity.
    • Government interventions interfere with pricing mechanism in areas of commodity prices, interest rates and exchange rate
  9. Measures the government may take to reduce the mortality rate in a country. (4mks)
    • Availability of better health care
    • Food security
    • Minimizing internal conflicts and wars.
    • Improving environmental sanitation
    • Sensitization on public and personal hygiene
    • Disaster preparedness e.g. floods, fire, collapse of buildings etc.
    • Apply measures to reduce road accidents
    • Control of drugs and alcohol
  10. Services that a wholesaler may offer to a manufacturer. (4mks)
    • Link the manufacturer with the retailers
    • Breaks bulk on behalf of manufacturer/preparing goods for sale.
    • Provides working capital when they pay for the goods
    • Assist in the distribution of goods/offering transport
    • Promotes the product on behalf of the manufacturer.
    • Relieves the manufacturer of some risks e.g. price fluctuations, expiring of goods etc.
    • Offers valuable information about goods
  11.          
    1. Gross profit (2mks)

      Coast of sales= rate of stock turnover
      Average stock

      Cost of sales = 3
      160,000 + 200, 000
              2
      Cost of salaries = 3
      180,000
      Cost of sales= 540,000
      Gross profit= 20/100 x 540,000
      = 108,000

    2. Sales (2mks)
      Sales= Cost of sales + Gross profit
      = 540,000 + 108,000
      = 648,000

  12. Market structure. (4mks)
    • Monopoloy
    • Perfect competition
    • Perfect competition
    • Monopoly
  13. Reasons for dissolution of a sole proprietorship. (4mks)
    • Death, insanity or bankruptcy of the owner
    • If the business is always operating at a loss
    • If the business is unable to pay its debt
    • The owner may choose to close it down.
    • If the activities has been out lawed
    • Lack of raw materials/inputs/depletion of basic inputs eg. Quarry.
    • Lack of market due to stiff competition/customer low income/instruction of a better substitute.
    • Poor financial management/lack of working capital
  14. Additional investment= closing capital-Opening capital-Net profit + drawings.
    • 800,000-525,000- 175,000 + 225,000 = 325,000
  15. Functions of a proforma invoice(4mks)
    • To request for payment before goods are delivered.
    • If the seller does not have enough finances
    • To caution the buyer that seller does not intend to sell on credit.
    • To show the prospective buyer the amount he/she will be expected to pay when goods are finally delivered
    • The buyer can use it to seek funds to finance the purchase.
    • It can serve the same purpose as a quotation.
    • To enable a retailer (buyer) to calculate the expected profit from the stock he intends to buy.
    • If goods are custom made
  16. Books of original entry. (4mks)
    • Sales journal/ debtor journal/daybook
    • Purchases journal/creditors journal.
    • Sales return journal/return outward journal
    • Purchases returns journal/return outward journal
  17. Benefits that would accrue to a firm located near other existing firms. (4mks)
    • Access to market
    • Access to security
    • Social amenities
    • Access to raw materials
    • Collaboration with existing firms e.g in development and research.
    • Enjoyment of existing infrastructure
    • Auxiliary services.
  18. Limitation in use of container as a method of transporting goods.
    • Specialised equipment which are expensive
    • Volume of business may not be large enough/warrant the heavy investment/volume of business may be low
    • Organisation personnel/talents/training/operational management skills needed for the method may be lacking /training may be expensive.
    • Initial capital needed for the system not easily affordable expensive.
    • The method requires re- degrading of existing ports reconstructing parts which is quite expensive.
    • General resistance to change by stakeholders
  19. Advantages of fixed deposit account. (4mks)
    • Interest earned is higher than saving account.
    • It is an investment for money which is not required immediately.
    • The fixed deposit may be used as collateral security for loan and other credit facilities.
    • He may be dealing in seasonal goods and he would keep his money more profitably in a fixed deposit a/c until he requires it.

  20. JAKAYO TRADERS
    BALANCE SHEET
    AST AT 1ST JULY 2010  
    Furniture
    Stock
    Cash at Bank
    20,000
    8,000
    12,000
    Capital 
    Long term loan 
    Creditors 
    23,000
    10,000
    7,000
      40,000   40,000
    8 x ½ = (4mks
  21. Ineffective communication. (4mks)
    • Language barrier
    • Prejudgement
    • Poor listening skills
    • Emotional problems
    • Poor timing
    • Noise
  22. Factors that influence the level of national income. (4mkjs)
    • Natural resource endownment
    • Availability of capital or man made resources.
    • Human resources in terms of quality of labour force.
    • Social-cultural attitudes that have a bearing on development of entrepreneurs.
    • Technological advancement in production process.
    • Availability of foreign investment.
    • Political sanity, certainty ,stability and security.
    • Country’s infrastructural development eg. Road, electricity, railway net work etc.
  23. Benefits of expanding a business. (4mks)
    • Can reduce cost of production
    • Can borrow money more easily/to raise more capital
    • Can buy/sell in large quantities
    • Can enjoy large discounts
    • Can be able to buy modern cost cutting equipments
    • Can reduce cost of selling goods.
    • Can be able to hire experts/specialization
    • Can afford to carryout research
    • Can afford advertisement.
  24. Factors that cause a decrease in demand. (4mks)
    • Decrease in the price of the substitute
    • Increase in price of complimentary good.
    • Decrease in consumers income
    • Negative tastes, preference or not fashionable
    • Future expectation of a decrease in prices
    • Decrease in the general population
    • The government might have increased the taxation on that commodity
    • Seasonal changes not favouring the commodity
    • Unfavourable terms of sale
  25. 3 column cash book
    DR CR
    Date Details Discount Cash Bank Date Details Discount Cash Bank
    2014         2014        
    May 1
    May 5
    May 14

    Balance b/d
    Olice
    Cash(c)

    200

    1,000
    7,800




    8,800

    May 1
    May 14
    May 24

    Balance b/d
    Bank (c)
    Wages
    Balance c/d
      8,800

    2,000

    8,00
    6,000
        200 8,800 8,800       8,800 8,800
07
April

Questions

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:

  • This paper consists of three sections A, B and C.
  • Answer all the questions in section A and B.
  • Answer any two questions in section C.
  • Answers should be written in the spaces provided.

SECTION A: (30 MARKS)

  1. Name two exotic breeds of dairy goats. (1 mk
  2. State four advantages of natural method of rearing calves. (2 mks)
  3.          
    1. Name livestock commonly attacked by keds. ½ mk)
    2. Give three signs of attack by keds on livestock named in 3(a) above. 1½ mk
  4. State four disadvantages of a hedge in a farm. (2 mks)
  5.  Name a tool used in carrying out each of the following practices:
      1. Cutting galvanized iron sheet - ½ mk)
      2. Cutting wood along the grains - ½ mk)
      3. Marking lines parallel to the edge of stock - ½ mk)
      4. Placing mortar between construction stones - ½ mk)
  6. State four maintenance practices carried out on a jack plane. (2 mks)
  7. State four signs of parturition in a cow. (2 mks)
  8. Explain how the following methods help in controlling livestock diseases:
    1. Mass slaughter ½ mk)
    2. Proper feeding - ½ mk)
    3. Quarantine - ½ mk)
    4. Vaccination - ½ mk)
  9. Give two uses of litter in a brooder. (1 mk)
  10. State two reasons for dehorning in cattle. (2 mks)
  11. Give four essentials of clean milk production in a herd. (2 mks) 
  12. Give four predisposing factor of pneumonia in cattle. (2 mks)
  13. State four factors that determine digestibility of a feed. (2 mks)
  14. Give four methods of preserving fish. (2 mks)
  15. Give four disadvantages of using thatch in construction of farm buildings. (2 mks)
  16. State four reasons for swarming in bees. (2 mks)

SECTION B: (20 MARKS)

  1.              
    1. A farmer was advised to prepare 180kg of calf ration containing 20% DCP. Using pearsons square method, calculate the amount of maize containing 10% DCP and sunflower containing 40% DCP the farmer needs to use. Show your working. (4 mks)
    2. State two factors considered when formulating a livestock ration. (2 mks)
  2. Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow.
    AgrForm4ET122p2q18
    1. Name the type of identification illustrated above. (1 mk)
    2. Give the identification number of the pig illustrated above. (1 mk)
    3. Using a diagram, illustrate how animal number 83 can be identified using the above method. (2 mks)
    4. What is the use of metal rails in a farrowing pen. (1 mk)
  3. The diagrams below shows the behaviour of chicks in a brooder in response to heat.
    AgrForm4ET122p2q19
    1. Explain the behaviour of chicks in brooder;
      E – (1 mk)
      F – (1 mk)
      G – (1 mk)
    2. Explain why the brooder is rounded. (1 mk)
  4. The diagram below shows the structure of the udder of a cow. Study it then answer the questions that follow.
    AgrForm4ET122p2q20
    1. Identify parts labeled K and L. (2 mks)
      K –
      L –
    2. Name two hormones that control milk let-down in a dairy cow. (2 mks)
    3. Name one disease that attacks part labeled L. (1 mk)

SECTION C: (40 MARKS)

  1.      
    1. Describe the physical characteristics of a good dairy cow for breeding. (10 mks)
    2.        
      1. State five functions of water in the body of livestock. (5 mks)
      2. Explain the advantages of a four stroke cycle engine. (5 mks)
  2.      
    1. Explain five factors that affect milk composition in dairy cattle. (5 mks)
    2. Describe five factors that may lead to failure of a cow to conceive after service. (5 mks)
    3. Explain the factors that a farmer should consider when selecting materials to construct a zero grazing unit. (10 mks)
  3.      
    1. Describe milk fever under the following sub-headings:
      1. Animal affected. (1 mk)
      2. Cause of disease. (1 mk)
      3. Symptoms. (5 mks)
      4. Control measures. (3 mks)
    2. Outline the advantages of artificial insemination in cattle. (10 mks)

Marking Scheme

  1. Exotic breeds of dairy goats
    • Toggenburg
    • Jamnapari
    • Saanen
    • Anglo Nubian
  2. Advantages of natural method of rearing calves
    • Calf takes milk at body temp
    • Milk is free from contamination
    • Problems of scouring are minimized
    • Calf gets adequate milk for its nutritional requirements
  3.    
    1. Sheep
    2.      
      • Cause irritation under heavy infestation
      • Damage wool due to scratching
      • Results in retarded growth in lambs
      • Animals becomes anaemic
  4.     
    • Not suitable for paddocking as they occupy a lot of space
    • Act as hiding place for vermins and thieves
    • Thorny species can injure livestock and human beings
    • Take long to establish
    • Require regular trimming and gapping hence expensive
    • Show irregular growth leaving gaps
  5.    
    • Tinsnip
    • Rip saw
    • Mortise gauge 
    • Mason’s trowel
  6.     
    • Cleaning after use
    • Lubricating the adjustable screw
    • Replace broken parts
    • Tightening loose nuts and screws
    • Replace broken parts
    • Sharpening plane iron
  7.     
    • Restlessness
    • Enlargement or swollen vulva
    • Clear mucus discharge from vulva.
    • Slackening of pelvic muscles
    • Full and distended udder
    • Thick milk from teats
    • Water bag appear just before birth.
  8.   
    • Mass slaughter: killing all infected animals to prevent spread of disease.
    • Proper feeding: makes animal resistant to diseases controls nutritional diseases
    • Quarantine: Prevents introduction or spread of disease from one area to another.
    • Vaccination – Prevents infection of the disease
  9.     
    • Absorbs moisture
    • Keeps the brooder warm
    • Keeps birds busy/scratching
  10.   
    • Prevents injury to other animals and human beings
    • Prevents destruction of farm structures
    • Make the animal beautiful
    • To calm the animal
    • Enhances economic use of space
    • Improves growth rate
  11.     
    • Clean cows
    • Clean milking shed
    • Healthy milking herd
    • Clean milking utensils
    • Healthy and clean milkman
    • Milk filtration, cooling and storage
  12.    
    • Poor ventilation of livestock houses
    • Age of the animal
    • Dampness and chilliness in livestock houses
    • Overcrowding
    • Effects of diarrhea and other illness
  13.    
    • Animal species
    • Chemical composition of the feed
    • Form in which the food is given to the animal
    • Quantity of food present in the digestive system
    • Energy to protein ratio in the feed.
  14.      
    • Freezing
    • Smoking
    • Salting
    • Sun drying
  15.    
    • Harbours vermin
    • Catch fire easily
    • Require regular maintenance
    • Can leak if not well placed
  16.    
    • Shortage of food and water in their surrounding
    • Outbreak of diseases and parasites
    • Damage to brood combs
    • Lack of adequate ventilation
    • Dampness and bad smells
    • Sick or infertile queen
    • Overcrowding

  17.               
    1. Maize = 20 x 180 = 120kg
      30
      Sunflower = 10 x 1180 = 60kg
      30
      • Age of the animal
      • Cost of feedstuff
      • Type of animal whether ruminant or non-ruminant
      • Nutrient requirement of the animal
      • A vailability of feedstuff
  18.               
    1. Ear notching
    2. 5 + 3 + 2 + 50 + 30 + 20 = 110 (must show the working)
    3. (Any other combination unacceptable)
    4. Prevents sow from crushing the piglets

  19.           
    1. E – There is draught from the side directly opposite where the chicks have crowded.
      F – Its very cold in the brooder chicks crowd around heat source
      G – Too much heat making chicks move far away from heat source
    2. To avoid overcrowding at one point which may lead to suffocation.

  20.     
    1. K – alveoli L – gland cistern
    2. Oxytocin Adrenalin
  21.     
    1.        
      • Wedge/Triangular shaped.
      • Big stomach to store more food
      • Large well developed udder and teats
      • Well set hind quarters to allow room for big udder
      • Long thin neck and small head
      • Lean body with little flash
      • Large milk veins and milk wells
      • Straight top line
      • Long thin legs
      • Prominent pin bones
    2.    
      1. Regulates body temp
        • Transportation of nutrients
        • Component of body cells and fluids
        • Make cells turgid
        • Used in biochemical reactions
        • Helps in excretion of waste products
        • Forms part of animal products.
      2.      
        • Produce high power
        • Have efficient fuel and oil utilisation
        • Performs wide range of farm operations
        • Engines are efficiently cooled with water
        • Exhaust gases are effectively expelled
  22.              
    1.     
      • Age of the animal: old animals produce milk with low butter fat content
      • Stage of lactation: butter fat content is high in the middle phase of lactation
      • Completeness of milking: Last drawn milk from udder has higher butter fat content.
      • Season of the year: butter fat content increases during cold season.
      • Type of food eaten: food rich in roughages is richer in butter fat content.
      • Animals health: mastitis reduce butter fat content leading to watery milk
      • Breed – Jersey produce milk with more butter fat content
      • Physiological condition: Last stage of pregnancy has milk with lower butter content
      • Nutrition: Mexican marigold and silage taints milk if fed before milking.
    2.         
      • Wrong timing of service
      • Low quality/expired semen
      • Poor skilled veterinary officer
      • Infertile cow
      • Blocked fallopian tubes/oviduct
      • Hormonal imbalance
      • Disease infection e.g. brucellosis
    3.     
      • Cost of the material
      • Durability
      • Workability
      • Toxicity of materials to workers/animal
      • Farmers taste and preferences
      • Type of zero-grazing unit
      • Availability of skilled labour
      • Capital available
      • Suitability
      • Environmental conditions
  23.                 
    1.      
      1. Cows/Nannies/sows that have recently given birth
      2. Low calcium levels in blood leading to increase in magnesium and sugar levels.
      3.        
        • Muscular twitching causing animals to tremble
        • Staggering as the animal moves
        • Animal lies down on its side and whole body stiffens/neck twisted
        • Body functions eg urination stops
        • Stomach contents drawn to the mouth
        • Complete loss of appetite/anorexia
        • Dullness
        • Animal falls down and becomes unconscious
      4. Control
        • Partial milking for first 10 days
        • Intravenous injection with calcium salts
        • Feed the animal with diet rich in calcium and phosphorus
        • Giving high doses of vitamin D
      5. AI
        • Semen of a bull can be used even after its death
        • Heavy bulls can produce semen to serve
        • Controls breeding diseases
        • Prevents inbreeding
        • Eliminates dangerous bulls in the farm
        • Useful as a research tool
        • Easier and cheaper to transport semen that a bull
        • Quicker method to obtain a proven sire
        • Semen from one superior bull can serve many cows
        • Saves costs of rearing a bull
        • Controls breeding 
07
April

Questions

SECTION A: (30MKS)

  1. State four advantages of using farm yard manure. (2mks)
  2. State four merits of minimum tillage in crop production. (2mks)
  3. Mention four practices carried out to maintain grass pastures. (2mks)
  4. State four disadvantages of nomadic pastoralism. (2mks)
  5. Mention four cultural methods of used control in crop production. (2mks)
  6. State four ways of overcoming extremes of temperature in crop production. (2mks)
  7. List five precautions observed in harvesting tea to ensure high quality produce. (21/2mks)
  8. List three ways in which primary cultivation can be achieved. (11/2mks)
  9. An agriculture student was advised to apply complete fertilizer 40:30:10 in a (20x10) M plot and at the rate of 40kg per hectare.
    1. Calculate the percentage of P2O5 in the complete fertilizer. (2mks)
    2. Calculate the amount of fertilizer the student would require for the plot. (2mks)
  10. State four divisions of livestock farming. (2mks)
  11. List four methods commonly used for applying nitrogenous fertilizers. (2mks)
  12. Name four factors influencing soil formation. (2mks)
  13. A farmer owns one hectare on which he can grow maize whose yield is 15 bags/hectare but has chosen to grow sorghum whose yield is 20 bags/hectare. If maize is sold at shs 1200 per bag while sorghum is sold at shs 700 per bag. Calculate the opportunity cost. (2mks)
  14. State four characteristics of plants used for preparation of green manure. (2mks)

SECTION B (20MKS)

  1. Students in an agriculture class set out to investigate the constituents of soil sample from school. They carried out a series of tests on various portions of the sample. They then prepared a table a shows below:
    Description  Quantity 
    Mass of an empty evaporating disk
    Fresh soil on evaporating disk
    Mass of dried soil at 105oC on evaporating disk
    Vol. of water in the tin
    Vol. of water and soil after stirring
    Mass of empty silica disk
    Mass of silica disk and soil after ignition
    Mass of silica disk and dried soil before ignition
    Volume of water and soil before stirring
    10g
    35g
    28g
    250cm3
    410cm3
    15g
    45g
    65g
    500cm3

    1. Calculate the percentage of soil water in the sample. (1mk)
    2. Why was soil heated at 105oC? (1mk)
    3. Calculate the percentage of soil air in the sample? (1mk)
    4. Calculate the percentage of soil organic matter in the sample. (1mk)
    5. Name one other soil constituent not tested above. (1mk)

  2. The diagram below shows a construction on farm. Use it to answer the questions that follow.
    AgrForm4ET122p1q15e
    1. Identify the above structure. (1mk)
    2. State four areas where water in the channel is directed to: (4mks)
  3. The diagram below shows a field practice in crop production.
    AgrForm4ET122p1q16b
    1. Identify the practice. (1mk)
    2. State two advantages of the practice named in (a) above to Irish potatoes. (2mks)
    3. Name two other crops that require the above practice. (2mks)
  4. Use the diagram below to answer the questions.
    AgrForm4ET122p1q17c
    1. Identify the sorghum variety shown above. (1mk)
    2. State two bird pests that commonly attack the crop. (2mks)
    3. Name two other varieties commonly grown by farmers. (2mks)

SECTION C (40MKS)

  1.          
    1. Outline the procedure for soil sampling. (8mks)
    2. Give five reasons for ridging sweet potatoes. (5mks)
    3. Outline seven properties of nitrogenous fertilizers. (7mks)
  2.      
    1. Discuss five benefits of weeds to the farmer. (10mks)
    2. Discuss five importance of draining a waterlogged area. (10mks)
  3.       
    1. Discuss five factors influencing crop rotation. (10mks)
    2. Discuss five government policies that regulate production, marketing and distribution of agricultural products. (10mks)

Marking Scheme

  1.          
    • Improves soil structure/ water -holding capacity
    • Supply variety of soil nutrients
    • Locally/easily available
    • Long residual effect
    • Promotes microbial activity
    • Buffers soil pH
  2.              
    • Reduce cost of production
    • Control soil erosion
    • Maintain soil structure
    • Prevents exposure of humus
    • conserve moisture
    • Pr events disturbance of roots
  3.          
    • Top dressing
    • Controlled grazing
    • Topping/ cutting back
    • Re-seeding
    • Control of pests eg moles
    • Control of weeds
    • Irrigation
  4.      
    • Low production
    • uncontrollable mating
    • Difficult to control parasite and diseases
    • Leads to overgrazing and soil erosion
  5.              
    • Mulching
    • Cover cropping
    • Crop rotation
    • Timely planting
    • Use of clean seeds
    • Proper spacing
    • Clean seedbed
    • Flooding.
  6.             
    • Planting crops adaptable
    • Planting early maturing crops
    • Irrigation
    • Timely planting
    • Planting drought resustant crop varieties
    • Growing crops under greenhouses
  7.              
    • Pick two leaves and  a bud
    • Put in woven basket
    • Do not compress leaves
    • Keep under shade as pickign continues
    • Deliver to factory same day
  8.               
    • Hand digging
    • Mechanical cultivation
    • Use of an ox-plough   
  9.                  
    1. Total Ratio= 40 + 30 + 10 = 80
      30/80 x 100 = 37.5%

    2. 1 hac = 10,000m2
      Area of plot = 20 x 10= 200 m2
      1 hac = 10,000m2 = 40kg
      200→  40 x 200  = 8kg
                  10,000
         
  10.           
    • Pastoralism(mammalian livestock keeping)
    • Fish farming
    • Poultry farming
    • Bee keeping

  11.           
    • Broadcasting
    • Side dressing
    • Folier spraying
    • Drip
    • fertigation

  12.        
    • Parent rock
    • Living organism
    • Time
    • Climate
    • Topography

  13.              
    • Returns for maize = 15 x 1200 = 1800
      Returns for sorghum = 20 x 700 = 14000

  14.         
    • Highly vegetative/ leafy
    • Fast growth rate
    • High N2 content
    • High rate of decomposition
    • Hardy

  15.           
    1.  7/35 x 100 = 20%

    2. to evaporate/ expel the moisture

    3. 90/250 x 100= 36%

    4. 20/50x100=40%

    5. Soil living organisms
      Soil mineral matter/ inorganic

  16.              
    1. Cut- off drain/ diversion ditch

    2.    
      • Natural water  ways eg river
      • non-erodable story/ rock ground
      • grass land with grass cover
      • artificial water way.   

  17.           
    1. Eating up 

    2.        
      • Improves tuber formation
      • Promotes production of seeds
      • Improves drainage
      • Provides support
    3.           
      • Cassava
      • Groundnuts
      • Sweet potatoes
  18.          
    1. Compact paricle
    2.          
      • Sudan Dioch
      • Weavers
      • Starlings
    3.       
      • Open paricle
      • Goose necked

  19.            
    1. Procedure of soil sampling
      • Clear the vegetation from sampling spot
      • Make a vertical cut 15-25cm from crop land and 5cm fro pasture land
      • Take a slice from vertical cut using a spade/ soil auger.
      • Put the soil in clean suitable container
      • Repeat the above steps in 15-20 spots
      • Soil from all the spots is mixed, dried and crushed.
      • A sub-sample from the mixture is taken
      • Its clearly labelled and taken to the laboratory for testing.

    2. Reason for ridging
      • Allows tuber expansion
      • Allows easy harvesting
      • Prevents greening of tubers
      • Conserve moisture
      • Controls drainage
      • Prevents pest attack.

    3.  Properties of nitrogenous fertilizers
      • Highly soluble in water
      • Easily leached to lower horizons
      • Have short residual effect
      • Have scorching effect/ burning effect
      • Are highly corrosive
      • Are highly volatile hence applied on moist soils
      • Are hygroscopic hence absorb moisture from atmosphere

  20.                 
    1. Benefits of weeds
      • Some weeds are edible to man and livestock eg pigweed. They are used as food.
      • Some weeds have medicinal value. Weeds are known to provide gherbal medicine to man and livestock eg sodom apple.
      • Weed acts as soil cover, preventing loss of moisture , soil capping and impact of raindrops
      • Weeds add organic matter to the soil when they decompose hence enriching soil humus/ soil nutrients.
      • Leguminious weeds fix nitrogen in the soil hence enriching soil with nitrates. [students to give proper explanation]

    2. Importance of drainage 
      • To increase soil volume: Soil around the root zone increases making it easy for plants to get nutients
      • To reduce soil erosion: This increases  water holding capacity and infiltration
      • To increase microbial activities: Drainage increases aeration in soil ⇒ to increase in number of micro-oragnisms
      • To remove toxic substances: Salts such as those of sodium increase in waterlogged conditions.
      • To raise soil temp: improves the rate at which soil warms up.
      • To increase soil aeration: When excess water is removed, plant roots get enough air for proper growth. 
07
April

Questions

Answer any five questions

  1.        
    1. Outline Nathan’s prophecy concerning the coming of the messiah. (6mks)
    2. Describe the birth of John the Baptist according to Luke 1:57-79. (7mks)
    3. Give seven reasons why Christians sing in church today. (7mks)
  2.      
    1. Outline seven teachings of Jesus from the sermon on the plain on true discipleship. (7mks)
    2. Using examples give four reasons why Jesus faced opposition from the Jewish, religious leaders in Galilee. (8mks)
    3. Outline five ways in which the church leaders are preparing in the society for the second coming of Jesus. (5mks)
  3.     
    1. Narrate the parable of the great feast. (7mks)
    2. Identify seven teachings of Jesus on eschatology according to Luke 21:5-38. (7mks)
    3. State six reasons why Christians celebrate the last supper today. (6mks)
  4.       
    1. Give seven instructions Paul gave to the church in Corinth on how to use Spiritual gifts. (7mks)
    2. Explain how the unity of believers is expressed in the image of the bride Rev.2:1-22 cor11:2. (6mks)
    3. Outline the importance of the Holy Spirit to Christians today. (7mks)
  5.     
    1. Outline seven moral duties of employers to employees. (7mks)
    2. Mention seven factors that determine a just wage. (7mks)
    3. Show how retrenchment of workers affect their families. (6mks)
  6.     
    1. Identify seven sources of wealth in traditional African society. (7 marks)
    2. State the reasons why there is need for cooperation between the government and the church in Kenya today. (7 marks)
    3. What role should Christians play in trying to control pollution of the environment? (6 marks)

Marking Scheme

  1.        
    1. Outline Nathans prophecy concerning the coming of the Messiah . (6mks)
      • He will be a descendant of David
      • During his reign, God would deliver / save people of Israel from their enemies / they will dwell in peace
      • God will support such a king
      • God will ensure that the kingdom of David would be everlasting
      • He will be like the son of God
      • God will keep his kingdom strong.

    2. Describe the Birth of John the Baptist according to Lk 1:57-79. (7mks)
      • Now the time came for Elizabeth to be delivered, and she gave birth to a son
      • And her neighbors and kinsfolk heard that the Lord had shown great mercy to her, and they rejoiced with her.
      • And on the eight day, they came to circumcise the child and they would have named him Zechariah after his father but his mother said “Not so; he shall be called John”
      • And they said to her “None of your kindred is called by this name”
      • And they made signs to his father, inquiring what he would have him called
      • And he asked for a writing tablet, and wrote His name is John,” And they all marveled
      • And immediately his mouth was opened and his tongue loosed and he spoke blessing God
      • And fear came on all his neighbours . And all these things were talked about through all the hill country of Judea.
      • And the child grew and became strong in spirit and he was in the wilderness till the day of his manifestation

    3. Give seven reasons why Christians sing in church today. (7mks)
      • It is an opportunity to praise / adore God ii) Christians pass messages / pray through singing
      • Singing removes tension / makes worshippers relax
      • Singing creates an atmosphere of worship
      • Singing removes boredom because of the varied activities during the service
      • God given talents are portrayed / enhanced during singing
      • Non members are attracted to the church through singing
      • Those who feel depressed are encouraged through singing
      • Singing whites / brings worshippers together as they all join in a chorus / song / harmony

  2.                 
    1. Seven teachings of Jesus from the sermon on the plain on true discipleship (7mks)
      • To love their enemies / do good to those who hate them
      • Bless those who curse them
      • Pray for those who mistreat them
      • Not to revenge by striking back
      • To share what they have with the needy
      • To do good always
      • To be merciful just as the Father is merciful
      • Not judge nor condemn others
      • Do Self criticism and their evil ways before criticizing others
      • Forgive and they will be forgiven
      • Practice the teachings of Jesus xii) Be obedient to Christ’s teaching / have unwavering faith in Jesus

    2. Using examples give four reasons why Jesus faced opposition from religious leaders (8mks)
      • Jesus touched a man with leprosy which was against Jewish law
      • He forgives sins which the Pharisees knew God only would do / Blasphemy when the healed the paralyzed man
      • He mixed and ate with tax collectors known to be sinners. He divided Levi and went to his house.
      • He broke the law of the Sabbath day / His disciples broke the Sabbath day law by plucking corn on the bath / He healed the man with a paralyzed hand on a Sabbath day
      • The question of fasting; the Pharisees were annoyed that this disciples did not fast.
      • He made it clear that he had not comment to call the righteous but the sinners; they accused of mixing with sinners when He called Levi
      • He challenged them to change from the old traditional order to the new one He had brought; they accused Him of washing hands before eating

    3. Five ways in which church leaders are preparing the society for the second coming of Jesus
      • Encourage people to pray and fast
      • Urging people to repent their sins
      • Encouraging people to forgive others
      • Mediating those seeking reconciliation
      • Spreading the Good News / Gospel
      • Encouraging members for participate in the sacramental life of th church
      • Encourage the people to give thanks to God for His blessings
      • Encouraging the people lead / live exemplary lives
      • Encouraging them to practice works of charity
      • Encouraging them to read the Bible for spiritual guidance
      • Encourage them to endure suffering and persecution for the sake of the Gospel
      • Encourage the people to fellowship together

  3.             
    1. Narrate the parable of the great feast Lk 14:15-24 (7mks)
      • A certain man was preparing a great feast and invited many guests
      • At the time of the banquet, he send his servant to tell the guests that the feast was ready
      • They all failed to turn up by giving excuses
      • The first one said he had just bought some land
      • The second said that he had bought oxen and try them
      • The third one said he had just gotten married
      • The owner of the feast become angry
      • He ordered his servant to go to the streets in town and bring all the poor, the crippled, blind and lame
      • The servant did as commanded but there was still room for more
      • The master ordered the servant to go and bring more people to the feast until the room is full
      • The master said that none of those who had been invited earlier would attend the feast

    2. Identify seven teachings of Jesus on eschatology according to Lk 21:5-38 (7mks)
      • The temple of Jerusalem would be destroyed
      • False prophets would arise claiming to be the messiah
      • Wars between nations
      • Natural calamities such as families, earthquakes
      • Strange beings would appear from the sky
      • Disruption in the sea
      • People fainting from fear of witnessing the signs
      • Disciples would be persecuted
      • The son of man would appear in glory

    3. Give six reasons why Christians celebrate the last supper (6mks)
      • In order to strengthen their faith
      • A sign that their sins are forgiven
      • Strengthening their unity and relationship with God
      • A way of acknowledging God’s love for them
      • To emulate Jesus
      • To show that they believe in death and resurrection
      • It symbolizes unity among Christians
      • It was a commemoration of what happed during the last supper

  4.             
    1. Give seven instructions Paul gave to the church in Corinth on how to use spiritual gifts
      • In a meeting not more than two or three should speak
      • Speakers to speak one at a time not at the same time
      • In case of speaking in tongues there should be an interpreter to explain the message
      • If there’s no interpreter then the person who has the gift of speaking in tongues should speak in privacy
      • They should prefer to have the gift of prophesy because of its great benefit to the church
      • He advised believers to assess what’s being said313/1 & 2 Page | 79
      • If one receives revelation, he should be given a chance to speak while the others listen

    2. Explain how the unity of believers is expressed in the image of the bride Rev:2:1-2 , 2 cor 11.2
      • The bride is referred to as new Jerusalem who is married to Christ
      • John saw the new Jerusalem as a bride dressed beautiful ready to meet her husband
      • The bride bridegroom relationship is a life-long union
      • The destiny of the bride was foreseen by John as emerging triumphant in the end time
      • The brides’ patience in the union with Christ will not be in vain / God will wipe every fear from his people eyes / there will be no death pain/ mourning
      • Paul describes the bride as God’s own choice / a pure bride for one husband / God cannot tolerate any rival
      • The relationship between the bride and groom is based on faithfulness / not corrupted by sin

    3. Outline the importance of the holy spirit to Christians today (7mks)
      • The holy spirit counsels/advice/guides
      • Reveals hidden truths
      • Gives Christians company so that they don’t feel lonely
      • Teaches Christians the spiritual reunion in the relationship between Jesus and God His Father
      • Reminds Christians the teachings of Jesus
      • Make Christians aware of their sins convicts them of their sin
      • Empowers them to witness of Jesus
      • Reveals to them what is yet to come
      • Gives them power to forgive sins
      • Enables them to discern / expose the evils

  5.              
    1. Outline seven moral duties of employers to employees (7mks)
      • Provision and payment of a just wage
      • Provision of acceptable and favourable working conditions
      • Providing equal opportunities for promotion
      • Rewarding employees with a share of their profits
      • Taking care of their employees welfare e.g providing medical cover and pension schemes
      • Providing employees with leave or time off duty so as to enable them relax and have time with family
      • Avoid closure of the organization that may render employees jobless
      • Providing effective, free, fair means of communication

    2. Mention seven factors that determine a just wage (7mks)
      • Availability of the employer to pay
      • Academic qualification of the employee
      • Profit returns of the enterprise
      • Risks involved in the job
      • The experience of the worker
      • The amount of work to be done
      • The number of working hours
      • The efficiency of the workers
      • The needs of the employees
      • Terms of employment

    3. Show how retrenchment of workers affect their families. (7mks)
      • It may lead to separation
      • May lead to overstretching of family resources
      • May lead to immorality
      • may lead to ill health/death
      • May lead to irresponsibility
      • May lead to denial rights
      • Children may lack role models
      • May lead to prosperity of funds if well invested

  6.            
    1. Identify seven sources of wealth in traditional African society. (7 marks)
      • Inheritance of property from parents.
      • Gifts/presents/fines - Payment of bride wealth
      • Farming/livestock rearing.
      • Exploitation of natural resources.
      • Barter trade.
      • Marrying many wives/Having many children
      • Through raids/expeditions.
      • Through use/exploitation of skills/talents.

    2. State seven reasons why there is need for cooperation between the government and the church in Kenya today.
      • To facilitate social development of health/education.
      • For the state to be able to account on how taxes paid by Kenyans is spent.
      • So as to solve problems as the church provides divine intervention.
      • To be able to condemn immorality/social injustice/exploitation.
      • So that political/economic/spiritual needs are met.
      • To fight poverty/enhance fair distribution of natural resources.
      • In order to come up with a good constitution for the country.
      • It helps faster patriotism/curb crime/security.
      • To promote national development.
      • To be able to campaign /create awareness on issues affecting the society.
      • To promote the fight for human rights. - In order to provide basic services e.g. shelter.
      • Both are service providers for the citizens.

    3. What role should Christians play in trying to control pollution of the environment? (6 marks)
      • Advocate for strict environmental laws/policies.
      • Help in developing/using environmentally friendly products e.g. unleaded petrol.
      • Support policies/institutions that protect/preserve the environment e.g. NEMA.
      • Sensitize people on the importance of preserving/conserving the environment e.g. through good agricultural practices.
      • Participate in conservation projects that protect land/air/water.
      • Set good examples/role models by avoiding destructive activities e.g. dumping waste in water sources. - Reporting to authorities those who break environmental laws/being good stewards of God’s creation. (6x1=6 mks)
07
April

Questions

Answer any five questions

  1.        
    1. Give the differences in two accounts of creation in Genesis 1 and 2 (8mks)
    2. State seven effects of sin on Adam and Eve in Genesis 3 (7mks
    3. Outline five causes of evil in Kenya today (5mks)
  2.       
    1. Describe the call of Abraham Genesis 12:1-9 (7mks)
    2. Give seven similarities between the Jewish and Traditional African practice of circumcision (7mks)
    3. Identify six lessons that Christians learn about God from the call of Abraham (6mks)
  3.     
    1. State the failures of king Solomon (6mks)
    2. Explain the importance of the temple in Jerusalem to the Israelites (8mks)
    3. Give six reasons why Kenyans are attracted to church (6mks)
  4.        
    1. Identify eight characteristics of True prophets of Yahweh (8mks)
    2. State the differences between traditional African prophets and Old Testament prophets (6mks)
    3. Outline the qualities of an Evangelist in Kenya today (6mks)
  5.       
    1. Outline the problems that Nehemiah encountered in the rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem (8mks)
    2. In what ways did Nehemiah demonstrate the qualities of a good leader during his time (7mks)
    3. Identify the problems Christians face in their work today (5mks)
  6.        
    1. Identify six places in which sacrifices are carried out in T.A.C (6mks)
    2. Give seven reasons why sacrifices are made in traditional communities (7mks)
    3. State seven roles of elders in traditional African communities (7mks)

Marking Scheme

  1.          
    1. Give the differences in two accounts of creation in Genesis 1 and 2 (8mks)
      • In the first account creation is out of nothing while in the second account God used material e.g. man was created form dust and woman was created form man’s rib
      • In the first account, God gives names to what he orders to be while in the second account man is made to give names to all that God created - In the first account, human beings are created last while in the second account human beings are created first
      • Male and female are created at the same time in the image of God in the first account while in the second account man is made first from dust and woman later from the man’s rib
      • In the first account human beings are to subdue the earth while in the second account God confines them in the garden of Eden
      • In the first account God appreciated everything as good while in the second account he said it is not good for man to be alone
      • In the first account God created human beings for procreation while in the second account they were created for companionship
    2. State seven effects of sin on Adam and Eve in Genesis 3 (7mks)
      • They started dying yet they were to live forever
      • They became afraid of God/they hid when he called them
      • They were lost authority over other creations
      • Man was to rule over woman/inequality set between man and womanThe woman was to be in pain when giving birth -
      • There developed enmity between human beings and the serpent
      • They became embarrassed because of their nakedness
      • They were expelled out of the garden of Eden/separated from
      • There developed mistrust between man and woman
    3. Outline five causes of evil in Kenya today (5mks)
      • Poverty/affluence/wealth
      • Corruption/greed/selfishness/lust/desire
      • Disobedience/rebellion
      • Inability to forgive others
      • Influence from media/foreign culture
      • Wrong choices/lack of vision/peer pressure
      • Unemployment - Permissiveness/too much freedom

  2.             
    1. Describe the call of Abraham Genesis 12:1-9 (7mks)
      • Abraham was called when he was 75years old
      • God called and commanded him to leave home and relatives in Haran
      • He was told to go to a land where God would show him
      • Abraham obeyed God’s call and set out on his journey form Haran to Canaan
      • He took with him his wife Sarai, nephew Lot and their possessions and his servants
      • God appeared to Abraham at a placed called Shechem and made a promise of land to Abraham’s offspring
      • Abraham moved to Bethel put up an altar to God and called upon the name of the Lord
      • Abraham later on moved to Negeb
    2. Give seven similarities between the Jewish and Traditional African practice of circumcision (7mks)
      • In both it promotes one into full membership of the community
      • In both it is carried out on male children
      • In both cases it unites the members to the ancestors
      • In both cases circumcision has a religious significance
      • In both cases special people/religious leaders/head of the communities carryout the operation - In both cases the rite is carried on from generation to generation
      • In both cases members receive new names
      • In both cases the ritual is a communal affair
      • In both cases it involves the cutting of the foreskin
    3. Identify six lessons that Christians learn about God from the call of Abraham (6mks)
      • God demands faith/obedience from people
      • God is the provider/sustainer/giver
      • God blesses/curses - God is the protector
      • God is the controller of the world
      • God is a spirit/present everywhere
      • God is to be worshipped
      • God guides people
      • God speaks/makes promises/fulfils promises
        God cares for his people
  3.                
    1. State the failures of king Solomon (7mks)
      • He married many foreign wives thus breaking the law of God
      • He joined his wives in the worship of foreign gods
      • He broke God’s law by interacting with foreigners e.g. marrying foreign wives and allowing idolatry in Israel
      • King Solomon led a lavish life
      • had a large team of servants and a large army which consumed a lot of resources
      • King Solomon was selfish
      • he constructed his palace for thirteen years but only took seven years to construct the temple of God - He killed his own half brother
      • Adonijah whom he suspected would challenge him to the throne
      • King Solomon practiced nepotism
      •  he exempted his own tribesmen (Judah and Benjamin) from forced labour
      • King Solomon used forced labour on the people of Israel (Israelites) which was against the covenant law that forbids enslavement of Israelites (1kings 9)
      • He sold part of his territory
      • king Solomon sold 20 towns of Galilee to the king of Tyre as payment of a debt he was unable to settle
    2. Explain the importance of the temple in Jerusalem to the Israelites (8mks)
      • The temple was the centre of worship for all the Israelites
      • It was God’s dwelling place and symbolized God’s presence
      • It acted as a symbol of unity in Israel
      • The Israelites conducted different ceremonies and festivals in the temple
      • Important religious functions were carried out in temple
      •  It was a residential place for the prophets and priests of God
      • It served as the political and a religious headquarter for the leaders
      • It was a symbol of Yahweh’s choice of the Israelites as his own people
      • It was a business centre
      • It also acted as a school for religious instructions
      • It was the judicial court in Israel
      • Gifts and offerings were kept in the temple
    3. Give six reasons why Kenyans are attracted to church (6mks)
      • Being members of a church gives the belonging/identity
      • Some go to church as a form of leisure/routine/habit
      • To worship and join others worship
      • Some go to church to make friends/meet friends/socialize
      • Others go to church to look for material help
      • For spiritual growth/development/nurture
      • To some it is prestigious to go to church/seek popularity/recognition
      • To fulfill an obligation/a sense of duty
      • To seek comfort and consolation
      • To seek forgiveness and correction
      • To receive physical and spiritual healing
      • To seek God’s blessings
      • To provide good education for their children/get them Christian schools
      • To cover up for their sins/crimes/wrong doing/hypocrisy
      • To follow the religion of their parents
  4.                   
    1. Identify eight characteristics of True prophets of Yahweh (8mks)
      • They were God’s mouth piece/spokes people/mediators
      • They responded to God’s call in faith/they obeyed - They were called by God
      • They were given specific tasks to carryout
      • They communicated God’s message with authority/without fear
      • They spoke the truth in all circumstances
      • Their prophecies came true/were fulfilled
      • They never worked for material gain/were not paid for their work
      • They called people to come back to the covenant way of life
      • They pronounced God’s punishment/judgment to the people
      • They were persecuted for their work
      • They led exemplary lives/role models
    2. State the differences between traditional African prophets and Old Testament prophets (7mks)
      • The traditional African prophets inherited their work from the ancestors while the Old Testament received their call from God
      • The traditional African prophets got their power from God through the living dead/spirits while the Old Testament prophets received their power/guidance directly from God
      • The traditional African prophets were confined to their ethnic communities while the Old Testament prophets spoke to the nations God sent them to
      • The traditional African prophets were respected leaders in their communities while the Old Testament prophets faced opposition from their people
      • The traditional African prophet’s messages/traditions were passed through oral traditions while in the Old Testament their work (prophets) was recorded and preserved in written
      • In some traditional African communities prophets recognized many gods/goddesses while in the Old Testament prophets practiced the work of one God/Monotheism
    3. Outline the qualities of an Evangelist in Kenya today (6mks)
      • Should be knowledgeable in/conversant with God’s word
      • Should be obedient to God’s commandments
      • Have their faith/trust in Jesus - Preach the gospel/win others to the kingdom of others
      • Be exemplary/be salt and light of the word/be role models
      • Be ready to suffer for Christ/self denial - Guide and counsel others
      • Pray all the time - Condemn evil in the society
  5.                 
    1. Outline the problems that Nehemiah encountered in the rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem (7mks) - The officials of the Tekoa did not cooperate with him (Neh 3:5)
      • He was ridiculed by sanballt and Tobiah (Neh 2:17-19, 4:2-3) - He received threats of violence from the enemies (Neh 4:7-8)
      • There was a plot to kill him (Neh 6:2-3)
      • False prophets tried to discourage him (Neh 6:14)
      • Opposition from the Jewish nobles (Neh 4:18)
      • False accusation from the enemies (Neh 6:5-9)
      • Insecurity from the enemies (Neh4:11-12)
    2. In what ways did Nehemiah demonstrate the qualities of a good leader during his time (7mks)
      • He was hardworking/committed to his work
      • Faced opposition/challenges courageously
      • He prayed and consulted God in all situations
      • He had vision/foresight for his nation/Jews
      • He recognized other people’s abilities/allowed them to perform different duties
      • He was concerned about the life of his people
      • He was patriotic
      • He made wise/firm decisions in difficult circumstances
      • He was honest
      • He served as a role model/participated in the rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem
      • He endured persecution
    3. Identify the problems Christians face in their work today (5mks)
      • Opposition from political leaders/society
      • Lack of cooperation from members of the church/lack of unity among Christians
      • False prophets/cultic affiliation/hypocrisy/black magic/witchcraft
      • Misinterpretation of the scriptures - Drug abuse among the members
      • Lack of adequate time for pastoral care
      • Poor infrastructure that make it impossible to research some areas
      • Insecurity in some parts of the country
      • Lack of resources to enable do their work effectively/spread good news/poverty
      • Lack of professional training to enable them do their work effectively
      • Permissiveness/moral/decadence which has become the order of the day
      • Negative influence from mass media/ponography

  6.             
    1. Identify six places in which sacrifices are carried out in T.A.C (6mks)
      • Under trees/forests
      • In caves
      • At river banks/sea sore/lake shores
      • Near rocks
      • On mountain/hill tops
      • At waterfalls
      • In shrines/temple
      • In home
      • Grave sides
    2. Give seven reasons why sacrifices are made in traditional communities (7mks)
      • It is an act of worship
      • It enables the people to maintain good relationship with God/human beings
      • As a way of asking for protection
      • To appease ancestors/spirits/God for any wrongs done e.g. cleansing, forgiveness
      •  In order to seek God’s intervention in times of trouble
      • It is a way of acknowledging God as the source of life
      • Thanks giving to the ancestors/spirits/God
      • To invite ancestors/spirits/God in the function/event
      • To ask for blessings
    3. State seven roles of elders in traditional African communities (7mks)
      • They are custodians of community property and make decisions on how property is to be shared among members
      • They are custodians of community traditional values and customs
      • They educate the young people on the History and values of the community
      • They also train them on how to perform their responsibilities in the society
      • They offer guidance and counseling services to all members of the community
      • They preside over religious functions such as offering sacrifices
      • They console the community in times of distress such as famine
      • They are consulted before family and community decisions are made
      • They settle disputes within the community and negotiate for peace with other neighboring communities
      • They pick dates for community ceremonies and rituals such as initiation ceremonies
07
April

Questions

SECTION A (25 Marks)
Answer all the questions in this section.

  1. State one limitation of using electronics as a source of information of History and Government. (1mark)
  2. Identify two classes of monarchial government. (2marks)
  3. Identify two ways in which early man used tools. (2marks)
  4. Identify two uses of copper in Africa during the 19th century. (2marks)
  5. State one type of trade. (1mark)
  6. State two ways in which slaves were acquired during the Trans-Atlantic trade. (2marks)
  7. Give two negative impacts of internet today. (2marks)
  8. Give two factors that led to the decline of Kilwa town. (2marks)
  9. Give two categories of chiefs in the Buganda Kingdom. (2marks)
  10. Name the leader of the British South African Company (BSACO.) in the 19th century. (1mark)
  11. Identify two methods of colonial administration used by the British in Africa. (2marks)
  12. Name one treaty signed by Lobengula and the British during the process of colonization. (1mark)
  13. State one way through which the United Nations Organization contributed to the growth of African Nationalism.
    (1mark)
  14. State the main cause of the Cold War. (1mark)
  15. Give one factor that led to the failure of Ujamaa policy in Tanzania. (1mark)State the main function of the International Court of
  16. Justice. (1mark)
  17. State one way in which one can become a member of the House of Lords in Britain. (1mark)

SECTION B (45MKS)
Answer three questions from this section

  1.        
    1. Give five changes that led to Agrarian Revolution in Britain. (5marks)
    2. Explain the effects of Agrarian Revolution in Britain. (10marks)
  2.        
    1. Give three factors that led to the development of urban centres in Africa during the pre-colonial period. (3marks)
    2. Explain six consequences of urbanization in Europe during the 19th C. (12marks)
  3.     
    1. Give three social reasons that led to the scramble and petition of Africa in the 19thC by European powers. (3marks)
    2. Explain six impacts of European partition of Africa. (12marks)
  4.     
    1. Give three reasons why the Ndebele were defeated by the British in 1893-1894. (3marks)
    2. Briefly describe the results of the Anglo-Ndebele war of 1893-1894. (12marks)

SECTION C (30MKS)
Answer two questions from this section.

  1.      
    1. Outline five grievances of Africans against Apartheid in South Africa. (5marks)
    2. Explain five challenges faced by African Nationalists in the struggle for majority rule in South Africa. (10marks)
  2.     
    1. Identify five achievements of Pan Africanism. (5marks)
    2. Describe five factors undermining the activities of African Union (AU) since its formation in 2001 (10marks)
  3.     
    1. State three functions of political parties in the United States of America (USA) (3marks)
    2. Explain six duties of the president of the United States of America (USA) (12marks)

Marking Scheme

  1. State one limitation of using electronics as a source of information of History and Government.
    • May contain biased information
    • Exaggeration of some information e.g. acted films
    • Some are censured and may leave out same important information
    • It is expensive (2 x 1 = 2 marks)

  2. Identify two classes of monarchial government.
    • Constitutional monarchy
    • Absolute monarchy (2 x 1 = 2 marks)

  3. Identify two ways in which early man used tools.
    • For protection against enemies
    • For hunting and gathering
    • For digging roots
    • For constructing shelter
    • For skinning/scrapping/peeling
    • For cutting/chopping
    • For making containers/curving
    • For sharpening (2 x 1 = 2 marks)

  4. Identify two uses of copper in Africa during the 19th century.
    • Decoration
    • Making utensils
    • Medium of exchange
    • Storing of wealth

  5. Item of trade (2 x 1 = 2 marks)
    • State one type of trade.
    • Local
    • Regional
    • International

  6. State two ways in which slaves were acquired during the Trans-Atlantic trade.
    • Some African leaders sold their citizens as slaves
    • People who failed to pay debts were sold to slave dealers
    • Lonely travellers were captured and sold
    • Prisoners of war and criminals were sold
    • Chiefs and traders organized raids on unsuspecting villages and sold the captured
    • The weak in the society, for example orphans and widows were sold to slave dealers
    • Children were enticed with sweets and later sold as slaves (2 x 1 = 2 marks)

  7. Give two negative impacts of internet today.
    • Addiction
    • Cyber-crime
    • Moral erosion e.g. pornography. (2 x 1 = 2 marks)

  8. Give two factors that led to the decline of Kilwa town.
    • Disruption of the gold trade due to civil wars
    • Constant rebellion by states weakened the city state
    • The conquest and attack by the Portuguese
    • Dynastic rivalries due to powered struggle by some royal families led to its decline (2 x 1 = 2 marks)

  9. Give two categories of chiefs in the Buganda kingdom.
    • Mugema (senior chief)
    • Saza chiefs
    • Bataka chiefs
    • Miluka
    • Gombolola
    • Abatongole (in charge of conquered states) (2 x 1 = 2 marks)

  10. Name the leader of the British South African Company (BSACO.) in the 19th century.
    • Cecil Rhodes

  11. Identify two methods of colonial administration used by the British in Africa.
    • Direct rule
    • Indirect rule

  12. Name one treaty signed by Lobengula and the British during the process of colonization.
    • Moffat treaty
    • Rudd concession

  13. State one way through which the United Nations Organization contributed to the growth of African Nationalism.
    • The U.N charter which advocated for self –determination among the colonized people

  14. State the main cause of cold war.
    • Ideological differences

  15. Give one factor that led to the failure of Ujamaa policy in Tanzania.
    • Villages were established in less productive lands
    • Shortage of labour as a result of rural-urban migration
    • People in agriculturally rich areas like the Mt. Kilimanjaro region preferred individual farming because it was more profitable
    • Demoralization of workers.

  16. State the main function of the International Court of Justice.
    • To settle international disputes

  17. State one way in which one can become a member of the House of Lords in Britain.
    • Nomination
    • Inheritance
    • By virtue of office

  18.            
    1. Give five changes that led to the Agrarian Revolution in Britain. (5marks)
      • Use of machines
      • Use of fertilizers
      • Breeding of modern livestock
      • Abolition of fallows
      • Crop rotation
      • Fencing and hedging
      • Scientific methods of food preservation

    2. Explain the effects of the Agrarian Revolution in Britain. (10marks)
      • Increased food production leading to population increase
      • Expansion of Agro-based industries increased trade
      • Need for labour caused slave trade in Africa
      • Development of infrastructure e.g. roads and railways
      • Many inventions to boost farming e.g. mechanical reaper by Cyrus Mac Cernic
      • Migration of British people to new land e.g. America
      • Led to rural-urban migration

  19.                    
    1. Give three factors that led to development of urban centres in Africa during the pre-colonial period. (5marks)
      • Existence of trade routes which linked various places lead to the development of towns and major cross roads
      • Administration/royal centres later developed into towns
      • Development of centres of learning later became urban centres
      • Development in agriculture led to availability of food which in turn encouraged people to establish permanent settlements
      • Religious centres developed into towns e.g. Kumasi
      • Places that were secure attracted population and later developed into towns
      • Ports and harbours which were used as calling stations for replenishment developed to urban centres
      • Place were water was available developed with urban centre
      • Trading activities led to the rise of convergent centres which later developed into towns (5 x 1 = 5 marks)

    2. Explain six consequences of urbanization in Europe during the 19th century
      • Expansion of trade
      • Promoted social interaction among Europeans nations.
      • Poor health resulting from poor working conditions and inadequate health facilities.
      • Landless peasants migrated to urban centres in search of employment
      • Pollution of environment by untreated industrial waste.
      • Outbreak of epidemics such as cholera and typhoid due to poor sanitation.
      • Increased immorality inform of alcoholism, prostitution and crime.
      • Led to improvement of transport and communication.
      • Starvation resulting from inadequate food supply to the large urban population.
      • Strained social facilities/recreational facilities. (6x2=12mrks)

  20.                    
    1. Give three social reasons that led to the scramble and the partition of Africa in the 19th century by European powers.
      • Christian missionaries wanted to spread Christianity.
      • The humanitarians wanted to stop slave trade.
      • Wanted to spread their superior culture.
      • Exploration and adventure of new lands. (3x1=3mrks)

    2. Explain six impacts of partition of Africa by European powers
      • Boundaries were drawn without considering peoples wishes
      • Division of communities such as the Maasai of Kenyans and Tanzania, Somalis of Somali and Somalis of Kenya.
      • Collapse of some kingdoms.
      • Boundary disputes led to conflicts between states.
      • It led to culture erosion of African practices in the process of adopting European culture.
      • Loss of many lives during military resistance.
      • Destruction of property, homes and farmlands.
      • Abolition of slave trade and subsequent introduction of legitimate trade.

  21.                 
    1. Give three reasons why the Ndebele were defeated by the British in 1893 – 1894
      • The British army was well equipped with horses and modern weapons like Machine guns
      • The Ndebele used inferior weapons
      • Ndebele warriors had been weakened by small pox
      • The company forces were well trained and well led. Dr. Lieder Star Jameson was a tough and ruthless commander
      • The British were supported by the Mashona
      • The death of Lobengula greatly demoralized the Ndebele warriors who surrendered.

    2. Briefly describe the results of the Anglo-Ndebele war at 1893-1894.
      • The Ndebele lost their independence to the British
      • The British took away Ndebele cattle as a war fine
      • The British government recognized company rule in Matabeleland
      • The defeat of the Ndebele opened the way for massive land alienation
      • The Ndebele were pushed to the dry and unproductive Gwaai and Shangani reserves
      • The Ndebele were subjected to forced labour and taxation
      • The Ndebele system of government was dismantled and the age-set organization broken. Many Indians were killed and those who remained were not recognized

  22.              
    1. Outline five grievances of Africans against Apartheid in South Africa
      • Africans were not allowed to vote for black representatives in the government
      • They were not allowed to live in the same urban areas with the whites
      • They were prohibited from sharing same facilities with the whites like buses, toilets and schools.
      • The pass laws restricted African movement
      • Africans were confined into black homeland (reserves) called Bantustans
      • The labour laws denied them equal employment opportunities
      • Low quality educations prepared Africans for low cadre jobs
      • Wanted better education for the Africans
      • Peoples freedom and liberties were restricted
      • The land Acts gave whites exclusive rights over land

    2. Explain five challenges faced by African Nationalists in struggle for majority rule in South Africa
      • Some were arrested and detained by the apartheid government
      • The political parties were banned by the government making it difficult for the nationalists to coordinate their activities.
      • They lacked unity, rendering their struggle less effective
      • Pass laws restricted the movement of Africans thus hampering their interactions
      • They lacked adequate funds to finance he struggle thus slowing down their operations
      • The government banned African newspapers making it difficult to spread their ideas
      • They lacked advanced weapons to fight effectively against the Apartheid police
      • Ideologies differences among leaders ie moderates, communists and radicals created a loophole which was exploited by the Apartheid government to divide the nationalists
      • Some nationalists were killed, breaking the morale of other freedom fighters
      • The apartheid government was too harsh and cruel. It used brutal methods against the Africans
      • The government frequently declared states of emergency in South Africa and always ran a police state. This threatened African nationalists.
      • Use of divide and rule policy to divide the Africans.

  23.                 
    1. Identify five achievement of Pan-Africanism
      • It encouraged Africans to unite against colonial injustices thereby promoting African nationalism.
      • It restored African dignity by demanding respect for African values
      • It lead to the formation of Organization of African unity (O.A.U)
      • It made Africans aware of their status in society and their rights
      • It created a sense of unity among the people of African descent
      • It campaigned against the apartheid regime in South Africa
      • It encouraged the formation of nationalist movements to liberate Africans from colonial rule

    2. Describe five factors undermining the activities of the African Union (A.U) since its formation in 2001.
      • Political instability and civil wars in many countries makes it difficult to execute some of its programmes.
      • Border disputes between member countries creates disunity in the continent
      • Lack of democracy in some countries has contributed to inability to end human rights abuses and violations
      • Poor means of transport is a hindrance to economic development in Africa
      • Interference of African affairs by western countries undermines the union effort to implement its policies
      • Due to Neo-colonization. The members are more attached to their former colonial masters at the expense of the union
      • Ideological differences between some African states creates division within the union
      • The A.U lacks a standing army making it ineffective in pushing its decisions
      • National interests are given priority at the expense of the unions interests
      • There is divided loyalty based on other regional bodies
      • Inadequate funds makes it difficult for the union to fulfill its obligations since most African countries are poor and indebted
      • There occurs personal differences between leaders
      • The western countries are still against total unification of Africa hence interferes with AU leadership like the killing of Gaddafi of Libya in 2010 who was one of the founders of AU
      • Terrorists groups are an increasing threat to peace and stability in Africa, like Al-shabaab and Boko-Haram

  24.                  
    1. State three functions of political parties in USA (3marks)
      • Parties make electoral politics coherent without political parties, each candidate would operate as one’s own agent hence making the exercise chaotic
      • The party label makes voters sort through the candidates as parties usually stand for different principles and politics
      • The political party system provides accountability, when the policies of a party fail, the voters can held its candidates accountable at election time
      • Parties help to put the desires of the people on the government policy agenda
      • Parties also provide outlets for citizens to express their sentiments about nominees

    2. Explain six duties of the president of the United States of America (USA) (12marks)
      • He is the head of state, re[presents the country abroad and welcomes foreign dignities
      • He is the chief executive, he executes laws and policies passed by congress
      • The US president is the chief diplomat. He gives the congress information of international developments
      • He is the chief legislator who initiates bills, appeals to legislators to support him. He can also veto powers to pass bills
      • The president is commander in chief of the armed forces
      • He is the head of the ruling party
      • He appoints with approval of senate top officials in government
      • The US president is the national voice of the people of U.S.A 
07
April

Questions

SECTION A (25 MARKS)
Answer all questions in this section

  1. Give the branch of History that deals with peoples culture (1mk)
  2. Identify two social practices introduced to the Bantu by the cushites (2mks)
  3. Mention the basic social unit among the Luo in pre-colonial Kenya (1mk)
  4. Identify two main items of trade from the interior of Kenya during the long distance trade? (2mks)
  5. Give the reason why Ludwig Krapf was unable to establish a misson station in Kitui (1mk)
  6. Mention two communities in Kenya whose ancestors settled in Mt. Elgon area before migration to the present homeland (2mks)
  7. Other than public bill name the other type of bill debated in the national assembly (1mk)
  8. Name two levels of government in Kenya today (2mks)
  9. State the chief executive officer incharge of the county (1mk)
  10. Name the First African in Kenya to serve in the Legislative council in colonial Kenya (1mk)
  11. Give importance of the Mace in parliament (1mk)
  12. Mention the constitutional commission that conducts and supervises elections in Kenya (1mk)
  13. Name two political activists assassinated in Kenya up to 1978 (2mks)
  14. Give two changes introduced by the Mackay Commission in education sector in Kenya (2mks)
  15. State two pillars of Nyayoism (2mks)
  16. Identify two principles of devolved government. (2mks)
  17. Define public revenue. (1mk)

SECTION B (45MARKS )
Answer any three questions in this section

  1.          
    1. State five economic activities of the Borana during the pre-colonial period (5mks)
    2. Describe the social organization of the Maasai (10mks)
  2.    
    1. State three reasons for the coming of the Portuguese to the Kenyan coast in the 15th Century (3mks)
    2. Explain six factors that led to the development of plantation agriculture along East African Coast. (12mks)
  3.       
    1. Identify three methods used by the British to establish their rule in Kenya (3mks)
    2. Explain six results of the Nandi resistance (12mks)
  4.      
    1. State five reasons why the government of Kenya adopted the sessional paper No. 10 of 1965 (5mks)
    2. Discuss five ways in which the Harambee philosphy has promoted development of education in Kenya since independence (10mks)

SECTION C (30 Marks)
Answer Any Two Questions in this Section

  1.                 
    1. Give three internal factors that led to introduction of multi-party democracy in Kenya in the early 1990’s ( 3 mks)
    2. Describe six achievements of Multi-party democracy in Kenya (12mks)
  2.      
    1. Give three superior courts in Kenya ( 3 mks)
    2. Explain six measures taken by the government to improve the correctional services in Kenya (12mks)
  3.     
    1. Mention three national security organs (3mks)
    2. Explain six functions of the attorney general in Kenya (12mks)

Marking Scheme

  1. Social History (1 x 1 = 1mk)
  2.      
    • A taboo against eating fish
    • Age - set systems
    • Circumcision (2 x 1 = 1 mk)
  3. Family (1 x 1 = 1mk)
  4.    
    • Ivory
    • Slaves (2 x 1 = 2mks)
  5. The Akamba became unfriendly when chief Kivoi was killed (1 x 1 = 1mk)
  6.      
    •  Abagusi
    • Abaluhyia
    • Abakuria
      NB Luo Abasuba not in the list as they came later (2 x 1 = 2mks)
  7. Private bill (1 x 1 = 1mk)
  8.        
    • National
    • County (2 x 1 = 2mks)
  9. Governor (1 x 1 = 1mk)
  10. Eliud Mathu (1 x 1 = 1mk)
  11.  Its a symbol of Authority (1 x 1 = 1mk)
  12. Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission
    NB Reject Abbreviation (1 x 1 = 1mk)
  13.      
    • Pio Gama Pinto
    • Jm Kariuki
    • Tom Mboya (2 x 1 = 2mk)
  14.      
    • Introduction of 8-4-4- system
    • Establishement of second Public Univeristy (Moi University
    • Vocational subjects e.g Art Craft, Music, Agric and Home science be given more emphasis in the curriculum
  15.      
    • Peace
    • Love
    • Unity (2 x 1 = 2mk
  16.      
    • Based on democratic principles and separation of powers
    • Gender balance in powers therein representative bodies
    • Have reliable sources of revenue to enable them deliver (2 x 1 = 2mks)
  17. Funds raised by Government for expenditure (1 x 1 = 1mk)
  18.        
    1.    
      • Trading
      • Livestock keeping
      • Hunting and gathering
      • Craft industries
      • Fishing
      • Cultivation of food crops
      • Iron working (5 x 1 = 5mks)
    2.    
      • The basic social unit was the family made up of father, wife /wives and children
      • Several related families formed a clan
      • The Maasai were organized into age groups /age sets made up of people who were circumcised at the same time
      • They believed in one supreme God called Enkai
        NB: Must state Enkai to score full mark
      • Had a religious leader called Laibon who mediated between the community and Enkai
      • They offered sacrifices to God in sacred places and other cermonies eg Eunoto
      • The believed in ancestral spirits
  19.                 
    1.       
      • To find a sea route to India
      • Wanted to spread Christianity/reduce the muslim influence
      • Take part in coastal trade
      • To control strategic points on the East African Coast from other European rivals
      • Desire for exploration/ Adventure (Any 3x 1=`3mks )
    2.       
      • Adequate rainfall and suitable climate
      • Existance of fertile soils
      • Presence of settlers from Oman and Zanzibar willing to invest in plantation agriculture
      • Availability of labour form slaves
      • Availability of large tracks of land suitable for large scale agriculture
      • There was market for crops in countries like Zanzibar and Arabia
  20.              
    1.     
      • Signing of treaties/collaboration
      • Use of military attacks against unfriendly communities /use of force
      • Administrative stations/operational bases
      • Treachery/offering of gifts
      • Use of missionaries to pacify Africans through preaching (3x 1=3mks )
    2.      
      • The land belonging to the Nandi was allienated
      • The Nandi lost therin independence
      • The Nandi were resettled in reserves
      • The Nandi were forced to live as squatters on European farms
      • Loss of life during raids
      • Destruction of property
      • The Nandi lost their military superiority
      • The Nandi warriors were conscripted into the colonial security forces (6 x 2=12mks)
  21.                       
    1.    
      •  Encourage various forms of property ownership
      • Ensure equal opportunities for all citizens
      • Promote democracy
      •  Ensure that resources are used to benefit the society and its members
      • Promote freedom of conscience and human dignity
      • Promote freedom from diseases, ignorance and poverty (5 x 1=5mks )
    2.     
      •  Raising school fees for the needy through harambees
      • Construction of schools through harambees
      • Development projects like building domitories and buying school buses through harambee
      • Some private schools have been built through harambee
      • Students from Kenya have been able to pursue education outside the country through Harambee
  22.            
    1.      
      •  Alleged rigging of the 1988 electrons/discontent ith the queing system
      • KANU’s failure to accomodate peoples divergent views
      • Pressure from the church/civil society /lawyers intellectuals /rampant corruption
      • Recommodations of the Saitoti review committee ( 3 x 1=3mks )
    2.       
      • It enhances checks and balances as opposition parties point out government excesses
      • Opened up democratic space as people air their views without fear of intimidation
      • Mobilized more people to take place in democratic processes
      • Facilitated provision of civic education to the people empowering them to make informed decisions
      • Promoted members of different ethnic groups join political parties of their choice
      • Creation of many political parties has provided training grounds for political leaders
      • Has enabled provision of atlernative, approach to the management of government affairs
      • Opposition debates issues the government may be silent on (6x 2=12mks)
  23.                
    1.        
      •  High court
      • Court of appeal
      • Supreme court (3 x 1=3mks)
    2.      
      • Introduction of community service for petty offenders to decongest prisons
      • Improving the living conditions for prisoners by providing medical services, clothing, beddings & diet
      • Release of petty offenders
      • Allocating more funds to facilitate the corrected services
      • Employment and training of more personnel in charge of prisoners
      • Construction of better houses for the warders
      • Better remuneration for the prison staff (6 x 2=12mks)
  24.              
    1.           
      • Kenya Defence forces
      • National intelligence services
      • National Police service (3x 1=3mks)
    2.            
      • Principal legal advisor to the government
      • Represent national government in court or any other legal proceeding
      • Promotes and upholds the rule of law
      • Defends public interest
      • Appears as a friend of the court in any civil proceeding to which government is not party
      • Takes part in drafting public bills 
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