Thursday, 10 November 2022 12:12

Creeping Crops - Agriculture CBC Grade 6 Notes

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CREEPING CROPS

  • Creeping crops are plants that naturally spread their weak stems horizontally on the ground rather than vertically.
  • As stems of these plants spread, they produce new plants along the stem.
  • Creeping crops can serve as good cover crops.

Identifying creeping crops

  1. Sweet potatoes
  2. Strawberries plant
  3. Watermelon plant
  4. Pumpkin plant
  5. Cucumber plant
  6. Calabash plant

Planting materials for creeping plants
Identifying planting materials

  1. Seeds e.g. cucumbers, pumpkins, melons
    • The seeds are obtained from mature fruits of some creeping crops
    • Seeds can also be bought from reputable seed suppliers – agricultural research stations
  2. Vegetative materials e.g. splits and vine cuttings
    • Planting materials for some creeping crops are mainly obtained from living parts of the same plants.
    • Vegetative planting materials can be obtained from farmers, agricultural training centres

Pupils activity

Collecting planting materials
Slasher/panga/jembe/rake/a shovel/manure

Pupils activity

Planting creeping crops

  • A planting site should be prepared before planting the crops.
  • Before planting the creeping crops, we should also prepare the planting materials for better establishment.

Preparing a seedbed

  1. Clear any vegetation on selected site
  2. Dig the land to loosen the soil and remove all weeds.
  3. Break all the large soil clods to obtain fine soil
  4. Spread well rotten manure over the surface of the land. Mix the manure with soil
  5. Level the seedbed

Preparing planting materials from seeds
Knife/water/open container/mature fruit of a creeping crop

  1. Cut a ripe fruit into two parts
  2. Scoop out the seeds
  3. Clean the seeds with cold water to remove pulp
  4. Spread the seeds in an open container and dry them in the sun for a few days.
  5. Select the good seeds for planting and store them in cool dry place.

NOTE : Seeds selected for planting should be clean, whole, free from insect damage, big in size and of uniform colour.

Preparing other planting materials

  • To raise new strawberry plants, a strawberry with many crowns is lifted from the soil and then broken into several parts called splits
  • Each split has some roots, stem and leaves. It grows into a new plant once it is planted in a hole.
  • Young vines of sweet potatoes are cut into several pieces each measuring 30 cm.
  • Each of the vine cuttings will develop roots when the bigger part of it is buried in the soil.

Planting
Pupils activity

Care for young creeping crops

  1. Watering or irrigating the crops.
    • Water the crops when the weather is dry
    • Best time for watering the crops is early in the morning or in the evening when it is cool
    • Ensure that the soil is most and not too wet
    • Avoid applying water directly on the leaves
    • Drip irrigation should be encouraged since it does not over wet the soil and leaves which can lead to fast spread of diseases.
  2. Mulching the crops
    • Helps to conserve moisture as well as reduce weed growth
    • Also helps to obtain clean fruits since fruits do not touch the soil
  3. Weeding
    • Remove weeds from time to time throughout the growing season.
    • When using tools to weed do not damage the roots, vines of the crop.
  4. Protecting the crop from physical damage.
    • Make a structure to protect the creeping crops from damage by humans and animals.
  5. Shading
    • Provide a shade in case it is very hot and dry during the growing season.
    • It helps to reduce wilting of crops due to too much evaporation an transpiration.
  6. Top dressing with manures
    • Apply organic manure around each crop at the base from time to time
    • You can use compost manure from animals
    • Adequate nutrients help creeping crops to grow fast and produce big leaves and fruits
  7. Training the crops
    • Build structure to support your vine crop to grow upwards.
    • You can also train the young crop by moving the tip of the trailing vines to the desired place.
    • Helps the plant to receive adequate sunlight and occupy small space within a given environment

Conservation project
Managing creeping crops
Pupils work

Responsibilities and care for creeping crops
Pupils work

Harvesting creeping crops

  • Creeping crops should be harvested when the produce is mature and ready for consumption or marketing.
  • Harvesting the crop at the right stage is important because harvesting leads to wastage of the produce.y

How to identifying the right stage of harvesting crops
Pupils activity

How to harvest creeping crops

  • Produce from creeping crop should be harvested appropriately to avoid wastage
  • Poor harvesting may lead to loses during harvesting

Pupils activity

Harvesting and disposal of creeping crops produce
Pupils activity

Value of creeping crops in our environment

  • Creeping crops are important because they provide food for our communities
  • Watermelons, strawberries provide vitamins which protect us against diseases
  • They are good sources of fibre which improves digestion
  • Creeping crops protect the soil against erosion due to their trailing growth habit
  • Creeping crops can be grown any time of the year. Many of them have no seasons. They can provide food security for our community.

Pupils activity

For pupils activity list visit/download Pupil's Activity for Agriculture (all activities) - Agriculture CBC Grade 6 Notes


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