HISTORY PAPER 1 - KCSE 2019 MARANDA MOCK EXAMINATION

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SECTION A 25MKS

(Answer all questions)

  1. Identify two sources of information on Kenyan history.(2mks) 
  1. What is the significance of Rusinga Island to the history of Kenya.(1mk) 
  1. Name the dispersal area of the Eastern Bantu.(lmk)
  1. Give two social roles of the council of elders(NjuriNceke) of the ameru in the Pre-colonial period.(2mks)
  2. Name two groups that rivaled the Portuguese for the control of the Kenyan coast in the 16th(2mks)
  3. Identify two ways in which citizenship by birth can be revoked.(2mks)
  1. State the main reason why the second Lancaster house conference was held in 1962. (lmk)
  1. State two rights of a person who is detained or in custody.(2mks)
  1. Name two aspects of fair labour practices as contained in the constitution of Kenya 2010.(2mks)
  1. Identify two factors that enabled the white settlers to establish farms in the white highlands.(2mks)
  1. State one institution that may limit parliamentary supremacy in Kenya (lmk)
  1. State two ways in which the rule of law is applied in Kenya.(2mks)
  1. Give type of fund established by the constitution of Kenya in 2010.(1mks)
  1. Name one source of the principle of African socialism.(1mk)
  1. What is the main role of Ethics and Anti-corruption Commission in Kenya.(EACC)(1mk)
  1. Who was the first vice –president of the independent Kenya. (1mk)
  1. Give the meaning of the devolved government in Kenya.(1mk)

SECTION B

Answer any three questions.

  1.  
    1. State five economics activities of the Borana in the 19th (5mks)
    2. Discuss five results of the migration of the cushites into Kenya..(10mks)
  1.  
    1. State five factors which contributed to the development of trade between different Communities in the interior of Kenya. (5mks)
    2. Discuss five negative effects of the Portuguese rule at the coas of East African. (10mks)
  1.  
    1. Identify five problems faced by political parties in Kenya between 1992 and 2007 in Kenya.(5mks)
    2. Explain five factors that favored maumau freedom fighters in Kenya. (10mks)
  1.  
    1. Give five reasons why corruption is being discouraged in Kenya.(5mks)
    2. Explain five problems associated with Moi’s leadership as a president of Kenya.(10mks)

SECTIONC
Answer any two questions

  1.  
    1. State five peaceful methods of solving conflict.(5mks)
    2. Explain five economic factors that promote national unity in Kenya.(10mks)
  1.  
    1. State three non-military function of the Kenya DefenceForces (3mks)
    2. Explain 6 functions of the Supreme Court in Kenya.(12mks)        
  1.  
    1. Name three categories of members who make up the county assembly in Kenya.(3mks)
    2. Explain six obstacles facing county governments in Kenya.(12mks)


MARKING SCHEME

SECTION A

  1.  
    • Written
    • Unwritten
    • Electronic
  1. The remains of dryopithecusAfricanus were found there.
  2. Shugwaya
  3.  
    • (NjuriNceke) of the ameru in the Pre-colonial period.(2mks)
    • Blessed warriors before going to war
    • Presided over religious ceremonies.
  1.  
    • Egyptian
    • arabs
    • British
    • French
    • turks
    • Persians
    • dutch
  1.  
    • If obtained through fraud
    • If the nationality of the children parents is known
    • If it’s realized that the child was above the age of eight years when found.
  1. To draft the independent constitution
  2.  
    • Retention of all fundamental rights and freedom except freedoms incompatible and Being detained.
    • Right to human treatment as spelt out in parliamentary legislation
    • Treat in keeping relevant international human rights instruments
  1.  
    • Good renumeration
    • Reasonable working conditions
    • To join employers organizations
  1.  
    • Government policy and support
    • Transport/Railway and feeder roads
    • Favourable climate/ adequate rainfall
    • fertility of the soil
  1.  
    • International Criminal court-Presidency
    • Court of law
    • county Assembly
  2.  
    • Equality before the law
    • The judiciary work without fear or favour
    • The state exercises powers granted by the law.
  1.  
    • Consolidation
    • Contegencies
    • Equalization
    • Revenue
  1.  
    • Traditional African practices
    • values of African traditional society
    • Virtues borrowed from both capitation and communism.
  2. To investigate and reccommed for prosecution of corruption cases.
  1. Oginga-Odinga
  2.  
    • It’s a form of government in which power and authority is transferred or allocated From the central government to a local government.
    • Where the national government delegates certain power to lower level of Of administration

SECTION B

  1.  
    1.  
      • Trade
      • Fishing
      • Crop growing  
      • reared animals
      • Wearing baskets
      • Tool making
      • hunting and gathering
    2.  
      • Population increase
      • Increased warfare
      • Adoption of mixed farming from bant
      • Enhanced trade
      • Led to intermarriages
      • Adoption of cultural practices
      • Displacement of people
  1.  
    1.  
      • Uneven distribution of resources e.g iron
      • Skills learnt from other tribes
      • Production of surplus commodity by some communities
      • External demands four goods found in the interior e.g Ivory
      • Existence of well developed local trade provided a base for the intercommunity Trade.
      • Demand for foreign goods in the interior
      • Existence of good relation between communities
    2.  
      • Disruption of coastal trade
      • Undermined islam
      • Constant rebellion hence death
      • harshness leading to suffering of people
      • Loss of life and death
      • Destruction of property
      • Introduced guns hence increased warfare.
      • Intensified slave trading
  2.  
    1.  
      • In adequate funds
      • Harassment by police and provincial administration
      • Internal conflicts
      • Tribalism
      • Inexperinced leadership
    2.  
      • Oathing united the fighters
      • Use of guerilla warfare
      • Civilian population provided them with food and equipment
      • Strong leadership e.gdedanKimathi
      • Natural forest Mt.Kenya and aberdare ranges
      • fighters could access errads guns and ammunition.
  3.  
    1.  
      • To promote economic parity
      • To Promote peace and stability
      • To Promote National unity
      • To Promote fair distribution of national resources
      • To promote gain international confidence
      • To promote partriotism and ethical behavior
    2.  
      • Attempted coup in 1982
      • Constant critism of governance/one party rule
      • Freeze in donor funding
      • Opposition from political parties after 1992
      • corruption/land grabbing
      • Weak economu/poverty
      • HIV/AIDS
      • Strained poor relations with some neighbours
      • amine/Elnino rains

SECTION C

  1.  
    1.  
      • Medition
      • Arbitration
      • Diplomacy
      • Legisation
      • Use of elders
      • Religious Action
      • Community Policing
      • International Agreements.
    2.  
      • Equitable distribution of resources
      • National currency
      • Trade
      • Urbanisation
  1.  
    1.  
      • Entertainment during national holidays
      • Road and Bridge construction
      • Extinguishing uncontrolable fireurban areas
      • Locust control
      • Evacuation of civil population during natural calamities e.g floods.
    2.  
      • Hears and determines dispute related to election of office of the president.
      • Has an appellate juridisction to hear and determine appeal from court of appeal.
      • Listens to petitions on interpretation or application of the constitution.
      • Gives advising opinion at the request of national government,stateorgan,county Government.
      • Makes decisions which are binding to all other courts.
      • May review the certification of the court of appeal on matters of general public interest. 
  2.  
    1.  
      • Elected ward representatives/members of county assembly
      • Nominated members
      • Speaker who is an ex-official
    2.  
      • Inadequate funding from national government
      • Inadequate personnel in key departments
      • Embezzlement of fund/Misuse of funds by corrupt court officials
      • Delay in remittance of funds by national government
      • Natural calamities e.g drought/floods
      • Duplication of roles from national government
      • Underdeveloped transport and communication.
      • Interference from the national government
      • Wrangles among leaders
      • Large population growth stretching the available resources.

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