HISTORY PAPER 2 - 2019 LAINAKU JOINT MOCK EVALUATION EXAMINATION

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SECTION A

Answer all questions in this section

  1. Give the two examples of monarchical type of government. (2marks)
  2. State two aspects of oral tradition as asource of information in history.           (2marks)
  3. Give two stages in evolution according to Charles Darwin.            (2marks)
  4. Name one pre-historical site in Tanzania. (1mark)
  5. State two stages of the Stone Age period.                                                              (2marks)
  6. State one advantage of the currency system.                       (1mark)
  7. Name one use of pipeline asa mean oftransport. (1mark)
  8. Give twoexamples of print media.                     (2marks)
  9. Identifytwo early sources of energy .                                                           (2marks)
  10. State one way in which the industrial revolution in Europe promoted colonialism. 1mark)
  11. State one way in which Africans responded to European rule(1mark)
  12. State the main aim of Berlin conference of 1884-1885.                                           (1mark)
  13. State two types of nationalism in South Africa in the first two decades of the 20th        (2marks)
  14. Give the two war methods employed in the First World War. (2marks)
  15. Name the main cause of the cold war . (1mark)
  16. Name the African head of state who spearheaded the formation of the African union.       (1mark)
  17. Identify one political antagonist in the 1960 Congo crisis. (1mark) 

SECTION B

Answer any three questions from this section

  1.  
    1. Give three contributions of archeology to the study of history. (3marks)
    2. Explain six limitations of using archeology as a source of information on History and Government. (12marks)
  2.  
    1. State three slave treaties signed by the British and SeyyidSaid that led to abolition of slave trade.                                                                                     (3marks)
    2. Explain six factors that led to the decline of Trans-Saharan trade(12marks)
  3.  
    1. Identify the five water vessels developed since the 18th (5marks)
    2. Discuss five disadvantages of water transport. (10marks)
  4.  
    1. State five causes of Franco- Mandinka war of 1891-1898. (5marks)
    2. Explain five reasons why the Shona and the Ndebele were subdued by the British (10marks)

SECTION C

Answer any two questions from this section

  1.  
    1. Give five reasons why the British employed direct rule in Zimbabwe. (5marks)
    2. Explain the effects of the British rule in Zimbabwe. (10marks)
  2.  
    1. List down three official languages used in United Nations Organization (U.N.O)                                                                                                                      (3marks)
    2. Explain six challenges facing United Nations organization today.                   (12marks)
  3.  
    1. Give three ways in which the policy of nationalism slowed down economic development in Tanzania during the reign of Julius Nyerere.                                (3marks)
    2. Describe six social challenges that have faced Tanzania since independence.( 12marks)

MARKING SCHEME

SECTION A

ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION

  1. Give the two examples of monarchical type of government (2marks)
    Absolute government
    Constitutional government
  1. State two aspects of oral traditions as a source of information on history (2marks)
    Folk tales
    Myths
    Legends
    Tongue twisters
    Myths
    Poems
    Riddles
  1. Give two stages in evolution according to Charles Darwin (2marks)
    Mutation
    Natural selection
    Isolation and adaptation
  1. Name one pre-historical site in Tanzania (1mark)
    Garusi
    Olduvai Gorge
    Eyasi/Simila
    ApisRock
    Mumba
    Laetoli
    Nasera
  1. State two stages of the stone age period (2marks)
    Old Stone Age (Lower Palaeolithic)
    Middle Stone Age (Middle Palaeolithic
    New Stone Age (Upper Palaeolithic)
  1. State one advantage of the currency system (1mark)
    It’s not bulky
    Money is a store of value or wealth
    Its easily divisible into smaller units
    Its durable
    It’s a measure of value of goods
  1. Name one use of pipeline as a mean of transport (1mark)
    Transport liquid
    Gases
    Solid liquid
  1. Give two examples of print media (2marks)
    Periodicals
    Newspapers
    Magazines
    Books
    Leaflets
    Booklets
    Journals
  1. Identity two early source of energy (2marks)
    Wood
    Wind
    Water
  1. State one way in which the industrial revolution in Europe promoted colonialism                                                             (1mark)
    Colonies produced raw material for industries
    Colonies acted as markets for manufactured goods
    Colonies acted as outlets where European countries could invest surplus capital
  1. State one way in which Africans responded to European rule (1mark)
    Resistance
    Collaboration
  1. State the main aim of Berlin Conference of 1884-1885 (1mark)
    To divide Africa among Europe nations by setting rules
  1. State two types of nationalism in south Africa in the first two decades of the 20th century                                                                                           (2marks)
    Afrikaner Nationalism
    British Nationalism
    African Nationalism
  1. Give the two war methods employed in the first world war (2marks)
    Use of poison gas by the Germans
    Aeroplanes were used for the first time to bomb enemy camps in 1915
    In 1916 the British began to use tanks
  1. What was the main cause of the cold war (1mark)
    The ideological differences between Capitalist West and the Communist East
  1. Name the African head of state who spearheaded the formation of the African union(1mk)
    Muammar Gadaffi of Libya
  1. Identify one political antagonist in the 1960 Congo Crisis (1mark)
    Patrick Lumumba
    Joseph Kasavubu
    MoiseTsombe

SECTION B

Answer any three questions from this section

  1.  
    1. Give three contributions of archaeology to the study of history (3marks)
      It provides information on peoples ways of life
      It helps people to locate historical sites
      It provides information on the chronological order historical events
      It provides information on the origin of human beings
      Any 3×1= (3mks)
    2. Explain six limitations of using archeology as source of information on History and Government                    (12marks)
      It is a time consuming method as the researcher needs a lot of time to prepare for an excavation
      It is an expensive source to excavate and analyze artifacts
      Some artifacts and fossils are fragile and can easily break thus misleading the analyst
      Archeological information could be inaccurate
      There are very few archeological experts and facilities for interpreting evidence in Kenya
      It is sometimes difficult for archeologists to locate an archeological site
      One cannot study present materials
      It may not be easily to accurately determine the date when the events took place.
      Any 6×2= (12mks)
  1.  
    1. state three slave treaties signed by the, British and SeyyidSaid that led to abolition of slave trade                                                                                           (3marks)
      Moresby Treaty – 1822
      HammertonTreaty – 1845
      Frere Treaty – 1873
      3x1= (3mks)
    2. Explain six factors that led to the decline of trans- Saharan trade               12 marks
      The exhaustion of the main trading commodities such as salt and gold
      Insecurity experienced in the region due to the collapse of western sudan kingdom
      The ottoman turks activities in north Africa
      Invasion of Moroccan port along the Atlantic ports by portugal and Spain
      The Moroccan invasion of western sudan disrupted trade
      The growth of trans-Atlantic trade undermined trans-saharan trade as traders shifted their focus to the new trade
      The anti- slave trade crusaders led to abolition of slave trade
      Colonization of Africa made north and west Africa to come under European domination
      The European penetration of west Africa made them to take up the roles of middlemen in this trade
      Establishment of commercial ports was preferred by the traders due to use of water transport
      Any 6x2 = (12mks)
  1.  
    1. Identify the five water vessels developed since the 18th Century (5marks)
      Steamships
      Freight vessels
      Military vessels
      Ferries
      Motor driven ships
      Motor boats
      Modern passenger liners
      Hydrofoils and hovercrafts
      Any 5x1= (5mks)
    2. Discuss the five disadvantages of water transport                         (10marks)
      Water vessels are expensive to build and maintain
      In the event of accidents, many lives are lost and goods destroyed
      It causes pollution on water bodies
      It is only possible where there are water masses
      It is slow compared to road and air transport
      It requires to be supplemented by road and railway transport
      Any 5x2 = (10mks)
  1.  
    1. State five causes of Franco Mandinka War of 1891-1898 (5marks)
      SamoriTourewanted to safeguard independence
      He resisted the French style of acquiring colonies
      He could not tolerate the French who were non-Muslims
      He was upset by the French ammunition
      He was determine to keep the rich Bure mines
      He was confident of his military powers
      He had tried to use diplomacy by playing off the British against French
      Any 5 points x1 = (5mks)
    2. Explain five reasons why the Shona and Ndebele were subdued by the British   (10marks)
      There was disunity between the Shona and Ndebele
      The British soldiers were well trained and organized
      The economy of the Africa was too weak to support the military
      The execution of the African leaders demoralized the people
      British got reinforcement from Botswana and South Africa
      The religious belief worked against the people
      The Ndebele social class contributed to division
      Cecil Rhodes was quite determined to suppress the revolt
      Any 5x2 = (10mks)

SECTION C

Answer any two questions from this section.

  1.  
    1. State five reasons why the British employed direct rule in Zimbabwe (5marks)
      Indigenous or local political institution based on Induna system had been destroyed during the process of conquest
      The British wanted complete control over African communities
      European were many in Zimbabwe thus filled administrative posts
      1896-1897 Shona Ndebele war eroded confidence in local administration
      They desired to control the economy of Zimbabwe to maximize profits
      BSACo had enough finance to pay administrators
      BSACo personnel on the spot were familiar with the area and British system
        Any 5x1 = (5mks)
    2. Explain the effects of British rule in Zimbabwe
      African traditional chiefs lost their power
      African traditional economy was undermined
      Land was alienated from Africans
      Africans were subjected to heavy taxation
      Africans were subjected to forced labour in mines
      African culture was undermined with introduction of Christianity
      Racial discrimination in government economic and social matters
      African freedom of movement was curtailed by being confined in reserves and introduction of pass laws
      Any 5x2 = (10mks)
  1.  
    1. List three official languages used in United Nations Organization                                                                                                                               (3marks)
      English
      Chinese
      French
      Russia
      Spanish
      Arabic
      Any 3×1= (3marks)
    2. Explain six challenges facing United NationsOrganization today
      Inadequate funding and commitment
      Lack of permanent army to implement policies
      Poverty and levels of development
      Arm race or terrorism attack
      Reliance and interference from colonial masters
      Global warming
      Afro-Asia-Latin American blocks resist the big 5 with veto powers
      Any 6x2 = (12mks)
  1.  
    1. Give three ways in which the policy of nationalism slowed down economic development in Tanzania during the reign of Julius Nyerere (5marks)
      Many Tanzanians developed negative attitudes to work/relied on government support
      Some industries collapsed
      Most foreign investors withdrew from the country
      3x1 = (3mks)
    2. Describe six social challenges that have faced Tanzania since independence (12marks)
      Lack of basic amenities such as housing, education, health and water supplies
      Unemployment has led to increased rural-urban migration
      Provision of free primary education has proved expensive
      The insistence of one-man one job as per Arusha declaration has left many school leavers unemployed
      Government efforts to provide basic services have been frustrated by rising population
      Nationalism and Africanisation of economy was frustrated by inadequate human resource and economic resource
      The idea that Tanzania could develop with minimal international support greatly undermined her objectives for national development
      Any 6x2 = (12mks)

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