CRE Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Sukellemo Joint Mock 2020/2021

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Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education

2 ½  HOURS

Instructions to Candidates

  • This paper consists of 6 Questions
  • Each question carries equal marks
  • Answer any 5 questions
    1. Outline Seven literary forms used in the writing of the Bible.(7marks)
    2. Give reasons why the Bible was written after the death and ascension of Jesus Christ (7marks)
    3. How do Christians use print media to spread the gospel?(6marks)
    1. Describe the background to the call of Abraham (Gen 11:27-32)(6marks)
    2. State the promises God made to Abraham during the making of the covenant. (Gen 15:1-9)(7mark)
    3. Identify Seven ways in which the promises of Abraham were later fulfilled.(7marks)
    1. Explain four ways in which King Solomon fulfilled Samuels prophecy against kingship in Israel. (8marks)
    2. State the achievements of Solomon as the King of Israel. (7marks)
    3. How do Christians in Kenya demonstrate their faith in God today?(5marks)
    1. Discuss how prophetic messages were written.(6marks)
    2. Give Seven reasons why Amos proclaimed Gods judgement on Israel and Judah(7marks)
    3. What is the relevance of Amos teachings on Remnant and Restoration to Christians today. (7marks)
    1. State Seven occasions Nehemiah prayed.(7marks)
    2. Describe the stages Nehemiah followed in dedication of the Jerusalem wall. (Neh 12:27-47)(7mark)                                                               
    3. Outline Six ways in which the government of Kenya supports Church leaders in their work. (6marks)
    1. Explain Seven roles performed by Ancestors in Traditional African communities.(7marks)
    2. What changes have taken place in land ownership in Kenya today?(6marks)
    3. Give reasons why there is late marriages among the youths in Kenya today.(7marks)


    1. Outline seven literally forms used in the writing of the Bible. (7 Marks)
      • The use of Poetry - e.g. Psalms
      • Religious epics e.g. Exodus
      • Legal expressions/legislative texts e.g. Leviticus
      • Prophetic speeches e.g. Jeremiah
      • The use of prayers e.g. Nehemiah
      • The use of Wise sayings e.g. Proverbs
      • Philosophical essays e.g. Job
      • The use of love songs e.g. song of songs
      • Epistles/Letters e.g. Romans
      • Biographies/ Gospel e.g. St. Luke

    2. Give reasons why the Bible was written after the death and ascension of Jesus Christ.
      • The Bible was written after the death and ascension of Jesus Christ because there was need to have an orderly account for Jesus
      • There was need for a text to combine both old and new testaments
      • There was rapid expansion of the church/increased number of believers who needed a text to refer on Jesus teachings
      • It was intended to counter the rise of false teaching which confused the Christians
      • Christians had waited for long for the second coming of Jesus Christ which was not forth coming
      • The death of many eye witnesses led to the need to write so that we preserve Jesus teachings
      • The writing materials on which the work was recorded was available
      • They had the Holy Spirit which inspired them to write 
      • To reach out to the Jews in diaspora

    3. How do Christians use print media in spreading the gospel (6mks)
      • Christians use print media in spreading the gospel by having printed prayer books/cards
      • Selling magazines with Christian messages
      • Advertising Christian issues in newspapers/printing Christian newspapers.
      • Distributing Christian pamphlets /newsletters/giving the printed material free.
      • Having Christian calendars that have Christian themes
      • Use of encyclopedia to explain /interpret Christian terminologies, bible dictionary.
      • Displaying posters/bill boards with Christian messages.
      • Imprinting Christian messages on various objects/items/clothes
      • Translating a piece of Bible message in print media into local languages to reach most people
      • Having printed Christian messages on Church walls

    1. Describe the background of the call of Abraham (Gen.11:27-32). (6mks)
      • Abraham lived in the city of Ur in the land near river Euphrates.
      • His people were Semites – Semi nomadic.
      • The community where he came from worshipped moon gods.
      • He was son of Terah, brother to Haran and Nahor.
      • He had a wife called Sarah and a nephew Lot (Son of Hara)
      • Sarah was barren until much later when God blessed her with a son Isaac.
      • His father Terah moved to Haran together with his son Abraham, his grandson Lot and his daughter in law Sarah
      • Terah died in Haran at the age of 205yrs

    2. The promises God made to Abraham during the making of the covenant. (Gen.15:1-19)
      • I am your shield, God promised to reward him; ‘shall be great’.
      • God promised Abraham his own son who will be his heir
      • God promised Abraham many descendants as the stars in the sky.
      • He was promised land/descendants to possess.
      • God promised Abraham long life/ good old age and die in peace
      • His descendants were to be sojourners/slaves in a foreign land for over 400 years.
      • God promised Abraham that his descendants shall come out with great possessions
      • God will deliver them/pass judgement on the nation that enslaved Abraham descendants

    3. Seven ways in which the promises of Abraham were later fulfilled (7mks)
      • God gave him and his descendants a land of Canaan.
      • God blessed all nations through Jesus Christ.
      • Through Jesus, an everlasting covenant was instituted (New covenant)
      • His descendants suffered slavery in Egypt for 400 years but were later released.
      • God gave him many descendants who today are Christians.
      • Abraham died in peace at the age of 175 years.
      • He was given a son.
      • God blessed Abraham with many descendants and wealth.
      • Kings such as David, Solomon came from his lineage.
      • Great name – God is referred to as the God of Abraham.

    1. Four ways in which king Solomon fulfilled Samuels prophecy against kingship in Israel. (8mks)
      • King Solomon introduced forced labor to people of Israel a prophecy that was prophesied by Samuel against kingship.
      • Solomon overtaxed the people of Israel hence fulfilling Samuels prophecy that king will introduce high taxation in Israel.
      • Solomon grabbed peoples land/vineyard for his personal use hence fulfilling
      • Samuels prophecy that king will grab the land of Israel.
      • King Solomon extravagant way of life and misuse of the wealth of Israel led to oppression /harsh rule/suffering and pain to Israelite hence fulfilling Samuel prophecy against hereditary kingship in Israel.
      • Introduction of idol worship by king Solomon eventually led to loss of Israel identity as a covenant nation which was prophesied by Samuel.

    2. The achievements of Solomon as the king of Israel. (7mks)
      • Solomon built magnificent temple for God/ brought the ark of the covenant to the temple
      • Solomon composed provers/ songs that were used to praise God
      • He settled disputes among the people wisely
      • He promoted trade with neighboring countries/ had a navy of merchant ship
      • Solomon initiated industrial activities within the Kingdom/ exploited copper mines at Edom
      • He established a strong army for defense of his nation
      • Solomon reorganized the country into districts for effective administration
      • He initiated a building programme/ built the city of Megiddo/ royal places/ fortified the city of Jerusalem
      • He established good diplomatic relationships with other nations inter marriages

    3. Ways in which Christians demonstrate their faith in God today. (5mks)
      • Christians worship and pray to God for their needs
      • Christians compose and sing Christians hymns to praise God
      • Christians obey and practice the teachings of Gods commandment
      • Christians holds crusades and fellowship to spread the word of God
      • They condemn all forms of idol worship in the society
      • Christians observe the Sabbath day and keep it holy
      • Christians read the Bible as the word of God and follow its teachings
      • Christians give tithes and support the church as required by church lawsBy leading holy lives according to Gods will
      • Christians support the needy in their society as required by church teachings

    1. Discuss how prophetic messages were written (6mks)
      • The prophetic messages were either written down by the prophets themselves or dictated to a scribe e.g Jeremiah to Baruch
      • Some of the prophetic messages were preserved as oral tradition by the disciples of prophets
      • God dictated to the prophets what was to be put down
      • The collection, compiling and writing of the prophetic messages was accomplished over a long period of time
      • The scribes re-organized the prophets teaching according to subject matter
      • The disciples of the prophets preserved their master’s teachings as oral traditions and passed it over to subsequent generations
      • The disciples of the prophets treasured recollections of the prophet’s life as well as their oracle's and Incorporated them in the historical books of the Bible

    2. Seven reasons why Amos proclaimed Judgement and Punishment on Israel and Judah (7mks)
      • Amos proclaimed judgement and punishment on Israel and Judah because of
        Cheating in business among the traders of Israel; they tampered with the standard weighing scale.
      • Greed and excessive luxury- selfish women of Samaria oppressed the poor and were drinking too much wine
      • Bribery and corruption in the law courts in Israel that were done by the elders
      • They practiced idolatry and hypocrisy
      • They practiced sexual immorality
      • Robbery and violence where the rich acquired a lot of wealth through unfair means such as exploiting the poor
      • Self-indulgence and false sense of security by the powerful leaders of Israel who thought God could not punish them
      • High interest charges were being levied on loan borrowed by the poor.

    3. What is the relevance of Amos teachings on Remnant and Restoration to Christians today? (7marks)
      • Christians learn only the righteous will be granted eternal life as a reward.
      • Christians are the remnants through whom God makes his will known to the world
      • Christian are encouraged that God will preserve a faithful remnant, through whom He will fulfill his promises to human- kind.
      • Christian learns that God is universal and uses anyone called by His name out of the sin of a nation since there is hope for those who repent.
      • Christians realize that God is merciful and forgives those who repent.
      • Christians get encouraged when they know that the righteous will be spared.
      • Christians are the remnant through whom God fulfills His purpose for the world
      • God always preserves a faithful remnant through whom He fulfills His promises to humankind
      • Christians being the remnants of the people of God today, are encouraged to strive to do what is right in the eyes of God and shun evil.

    1. Seven occasions that Nehemiah prayed. (7mks)
      • Before asking King Ananias to let him go back to Judah.
      • When he learnt that the Jews in Judah were suffering and the temple of Jerusalem was in ruins.
      • When his enemies made fun of the Jews and discouraged them from building the wall of Jerusalem.
      • When the enemies conspired to attack Jerusalem to stop the construction work.
      • After he condemned the leaders for opposing the poor.
      • When his enemies planned to harm him.
      • When he was frightened by Shemaiah to hide in the temple claiming that there was a plot to kill him.
      • When he was frightened by Shemaiah to hide in the temple claiming that there was a plot to kill him.
      • When he cleansed and reorganized the temple for worship.
      • After warning the people of Judah against violating the Sabbath law.
      • When he had chased away son-in-law of sanbalat.
      • After cleansing the Israelites of foreign influence.

    2. The stages followed by Nehemiah during the renewal of the covenant. (7mks)
      • The people gathered at the public in Jerusalem
      • The priest (Ezra) read the law to the people
      • They performed repentance gestures of raising/lowering their hands
      • The people constructed makeshift tents/shelters to celebrate the feasts of the booths
      • There was national day of confession/feasting as they wore sack clothes.
      • Ezra led people in prayer of confession
      • They sealed the covenant by singing an agreement under the leadership of Nehemiah and the priest
      • The people promised to keep the mosaic law/we will obey all that the Lord has said
      • The redistribution of the people to settle in Jerusalem and others in country side/ other towns

    3. Six ways that the government of Kenya support church leaders today (6mks)
      • The government of Kenya issue the church leaders with license to practice their ministry
      • By offering land and title deeds to church leaders
      • Some government leaders also take part in church projects
      • The government promote international rights and freedoms of worship
      • The government maintains law and order giving church leaders ample time to concentrate with church matters
      • The government continues to develop and improve infrastructures which makes the work of evangelization easier for the church leaders
      • When the church leaders hold public crusades the government provides security to them
      • The government act as a watch dog to church leaders to ensure transparency and accountability.

    1. Roles performed by ancestors in Traditional African communities. (7mks)
      • The ancestors acted as mediators/intercessors between the living and God
      • Ancestors monitor, oversee what is happening in the community
      • They bring punishment to wrong doers/blessings to the righteous
      • Ancestors give instructions/directions on what should be done by members of the community
      • They rebuke/give a warning of the coming punishment for wrong doers
      • Ancestors give guidance on how rituals should be conducted
      • They safeguard traditions/ethics in their community
      • Through the ancestors, the living have sense of belonging/identity
      • Ancestors welcome the dead to the spiritual world
      • They avert the consequences of curses from the community members
      • Ancestors provide a reservoir of people’s names

    2. Changes that have taken place in land ownership in Kenya today (6mks)
      • Today women can own their land by inheritance or through land division from their parents/husbands
      • Children have the right to own the land unlike olden time when they could not
      • Today land ownership is evidenced by a tittle deed or land allotment letter issued by the government
      • Today some land is set apart by government for public use like establishment of game park.
      • Land can be transferred/converted to another form of assets
      • There is individual ownership of land from communal apart from nomadic areas where there is still communal land ownership
      • Due to individual land ownership, it has contributed to some cases of landless to some people which was not the case in African Traditional times
      • Today one can buy a land and live a place of his/her choice and not in ancestral land

    3. Reasons why there is late marriages among the youth today. (7mks)
      • Some youths are so occupied by the desire for higher education hence getting late for their marriage
      • Economic factor, where some youths holds the believe that they will get married when they become rich
      • Peer influence from other youths who holds marriage as optional in their life
      • Some careers like being a pilot contributes to late marriage, e.g. a lady pilot.
      • Misuse of drugs and alcohol among youths leads to late marriages among some youths
      • Influence from some non-religious sects like illumunati which influences the youths negatively on marriage
      • Technology and social media which influences youth negatively on self-worth× and value of marriage
      • Poor role models from their families or society among the married people, fights/separations that create phobia among the youths in their future marriage
      • Cultural erosion by postmodern lifestyle that has eroded the values and sacredness of marriage
      • Child molestation has led to some of the youths have late marriages
      • Frustrations among the youths who get into early relationship can lead to late marriage 

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