History Paper 2 Questions and Answers - Mathioya Mock 2021 Exams

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INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  • The paper consists of three sections A, B and C
  • Answer all questions in section A, three questions from section B and two questions from section C.
  • Answers to all questions must be written in the booklet provided.

FOR EXAMINER’S USE ONLY

 

QUESTION

MAXIMUM SCORE

CANDIDATES SCORE

SECTION A

1-17

25

 

SECTION B

18

15

 

19

15

 

20

15

 

21

15

 

SECTION C

22

15

 

23

15

 

24

15

 

QUESTIONS

SECTION A 25 MARKS
(Answer all questions from this section).

  1. Define the term pre history. (1mk)
  2. Identify the method used to plant cereals when early Agriculture began. (1mk)
  3. Give one reason why early people moved from the forest to settle in grasslands. (1mk)
  4. Identify two uses of steam as a source of energy during the industrial revolution. (2mks)
  5. State one way in which Africans participated in Trans Atlantic trade. (1mk)
  6. What was the main contribution of William Morton in the field of medicine? (1mk)
  7. Give two means of water transport used during the ancient times. (2mkS)
  8. State functions of Sazza chiefs among the Baganda in the 19th Century. (2mks)
  9. Identify the main aim of the Berlin conference in 1884-85. (1mk)
  10. Name one colony of Britain in West Africa. (1mk)
  11. State the reasons why Nationalism developed in Ghana during the colonial rule. (2mks)
  12. Give two European countries that formed triple Alliance before the outbreak of first world war. (2mks)
  13. Name two principal organs of the United Nations. (2mks)
  14. Identify two duties performed by the Secretary General of the new East African Community established in 2001. (2mks)
  15. Name two weapons used during cold war. (2mks)
  16. Give the main reason why the league of Nation was formed in 1919. (1mk)
  17. State one condition that a country should fulfil to become a member of non-Aligned movement. (1mk)

SECTION B 45 MARKS.
ANSWER ANY THREE QUESTIONS FROM THIS SECTION.

  1.                      
    1. Give five ways in which archaeologists identify an archaeological sites. (5mks)
    2. Describe the way of life of early man during the late stone age period. (10mks)
  2.                  
    1. Outline five challenges faced by factory workers in Europe during the industrial revolution. (5mks)
    2. Describe the organisation of the Tran-Saharan trade. (10mks)
  3.                    
    1. State the problems European colonialists faced as they established their rule in Africa in the second half of the 19th century. (5mks)
    2. What were the results of the collaboration between Lewanika of the Lozi and the British. (10mks)
  4.                  
    1. State five methods used by Nationalists in South Africa in the struggle for independence (5mks)
    2. Explain five factors that contributed to the success of the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique(FRELIMO) in their struggle for independence. (10mks)

SECTION C
ANSWER ANY TWO QUESTIONS FROM THIS SECTION.

  1.                            
    1. Give three reasons why the United States of America did not join the first world war until 1917. (3mks)
    2. Explain six results of the Versailles treaty. (12mks)
  2.                      
    1. State three common characteristics of the Commonwealth member states. (3mks)
    2. Describe six causes of the cold war after 1945. (12mks)
  3.                  
    1. State three functions of the Court of Justice of Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa(COMESA) (3mks)
    2. Explain six challenges facing the African union. (AU). (12mks)

MARKING SCHEME.

  1. Define the term pre history. (1mk)
    • Refers to the period when history was not recorded in writings.
  2. Identify the method used to plant cereals when early Agriculture began. (1mk)
    • Broadcasting method.
  3. Give one reason why early people moved from the forest to settle in grasslands. (1mk)
    • There were more wild animals in the grasslands/Availability of food.
    • The climate in the grasslands was warmer.
    • Grasslands provided much needed water.
  4. Identify two uses of steam as a source of energy during industrial revolution. (2mks)
    • It was used to drive heavy machinery in factories.
    • To turn turbines that generated power for industries.
    • Used for pumping water out of coal mines.
    • Used in steam-powered locomotives and ships.
    • To open massive doors in Egypt.
  5. State one way in which Africans participated in Trans Atlantic trade. (1mks)
    • They acted as middlemen between Europeans and merchants and interior communities.
    • They raided slaves.
    • Rulers sold their own subjects.
    • They marched slaves to the Coasts.
    • Transported trade items to the coasts.
  6. What was the main contribution of William Morton in the field of medicine? (1mk)
    • He discovered the use of ether/Anesthetic to relieve pain during surgery
  7. Give two means of water transport used during the ancient times. (2mks)
    • Sailing Boats/ Oar driven boats.
    • Rafts logs.
    • Canoes
    • Sailing ships/dhows
  8. State functions of Sazza chiefs among the Baganda in the 19th Century. (2mks)
    • To maintain law and order.
    • To collect taxes.
    • Recruit men for military services.
    • Settle disputes.
    • Members of Lukiko.
  9. Identify the main aim of the Berlin conference in 1884-85. (1mk)
    • To divide up Africa among European nations peacefully.
  10. Name one colony of Britain in West Africa. (1mk)
    • Ghana
    • Nigeria
    • Sieraleone.
  11. tate the reasons why Nationalism developed in Ghana during the colonial rule. (2mks)
    • Loss of independence.
  12. Give two European countries that formed triple Alliance before the outbreak of first world war. (2mks)
    • Germany 
    • Italy 
    • Austria
    • Hungary
    • Romania
  13. Name two principal organs of the United Nations. (2mks)
    • Trusteeship council
    • General Assembly
    • Secretariat
    • International court of justice.
    • Economic and social council
  14. Identify two duties performed by the Secretary General of the new East African Community established in 2001. (2mks)
    • Is the head of secretariat.
    • Authorises expenditure on behalf of the members.
    • Is the secretary to the summit/take minutes.
    • Keep records of the proceedings.
    • Implements decision adopted by East African community.
    • Prepares agenda for the meeting.
  15. Name two weapons used during cold war. (2mks)
    • War of words/propagandas.
    • Economic sanctions.
    • Military Assistance
    • Financial/Technical aid.
  16. Give the main reason why the league of Nation was formed in 1919. (1mk)
    • To promote peace and security in the world.
  17. State one condition that a country should fulfil to become a member of non-Aligned movement. (1mk)
    • A county should be independent/sovereign.
    • Should be a member of either NATO or Klarsaw
  18.                      
    1. Give five ways in which archaeologist identify a pre historic site. (5mks)
      • Existence of a collection of artefacts.
      • Evidences of burial sites.
      • Evidences of ruins of settlements/visions.
      • Evidences of art/painting
      • Historical research and circumstances.
      • Use of experience and skills.
    2. Describe the way of life of human being during the late stone age period. (10mks)
      • He used microlithic tools for farming, hunting and defence.
      • He lived in a more permanent shelter made of tree branches\leaves\grass which protected against harsh climate conditions.
      • He practised Agriculture.
      • Led a more sedentary life style.
      • Develop a system of government.
      • Developed religious beliefs/practices
      • Practised art/craft/Basketry/ weaving.
      • Buried the dead.
      • They developed a language of communication.
      • Decorated their bodies with red ochre.
  19.                    
    1. Outline five challenges faced by factory workers in Europe during industrial revolution.(5mks)
      • They were paid low wages.
      • They worked for long hours.
      • They were exposed to accidents.
      • Accidents victims were laid off without compensation.
      • Inadequate housing/slums.
      • Long working hours made workers neglect their homes leading to family breakups.
    2. Describe the organisation of Tran- Saharan trade. (10mks)
      • It involved the Berbers/Arabs from North Africa who traded with people of Western Sudan.
      • There were middlemen who coordinated trading activities between the two region.
      • Tuaregs guided/protected the traders from possible attacks.
      • Camels were used as the main mean of transport across the desert.
      • Traders were organised into caravans.
      • Barter/silent trade was used due to language barrier.
      • Trade goods include salt, horses, guns, clothes and mirror from North Africa.
      • Kings/chiefs maintained law and order.
  20.                  
    1. State problems which European colonialist faced as they established their rule in Africa in the second half of the 19th century. (5mks)
      • Inadequate personnel to administer.
      • Inadequate finances to administer the colonies.
      • Poor means of communication and transport.
      • Hostile communities.
      • Attack by pests and diseases.
      • Competition rivalry between European powers.
    2. What were the results of the collaboration between Lewanka of Lozi and the British in the 19th Century. (10mks)
      • Lewanka lost his kingdom and independence.
      • Lozi anstocracy was broken and the royal class reduced to position of tax collectors.
      • Lewanika political powers were reduced to that of mere figure head.
      • Cecil Rhode company exploited mineral resources in Baroste land.
      • Lozi rulers were given authority over Baroste land but under European administrator and supervision.
      • The British were able to use their foothold in Baroste land to control surrounding communities.
  21.                  
    1. State five methods used by Nationalists in South Africa in the struggle for independence (5mks)
      • Negotiation.
      • Establishing political parties.
      • Peaceful demonstrations.
      • Strikes and job boycotts.
      • Defiant campaigns.
      • Mass media- news papers ,radios.
      • Sabotage.
      • Combat (guerrilla warfare).
      • Hunger strikes.(5mks)
    2. Explain five factors that contributed to the success of the front for the liberation of Mozambique(FRELIMO) in their struggle for independence. (10mks)
      • The local people supported the fighters thereby inspiring them.
      • FRELIMO cultivated their own food.
      • FRLIMO were familiar with the terrain.
      • Support by communist countries/USSR/China inform of weapons/Ammunation/finance.
      • Supported by the OAU to the FRELIMO encouraged the nationalist to continue with the struggle.
      • FRELIMO used querilla warfare/tactics.
      • Recognition of the role of women by FRELIMO e.g mobolised community support.
      • Elimination of ethnicity among fithers.
      • Frelimo strategy of attacking from different points at the same time.
      • Large army which out-numbered the Portuguese soldiers. (Any five) 5x2 =10)
  22.                
    1. Give three reasons why the united states of America did not join the first world war until 1917. (3mks)
      • The Monroe doctrine prohibited USA involvement.
      • She had commercial/trade relations with both alliances.
      • The war had not interfered with her interest before 1917.
      • Fear of revolt by her citizen of German descent/stirring a civil war in the country.
    2. Explain six results of the Versailles treaty. (12mks)
      • Germany lost her overseas territories to the league of Nations.
      • Germany was blamed for the outbreak of the war.
      • Germany has to pay huge war indemnity.
      • Germany was to reduce arm.
      • Union between Germany and Austria was forbidden.
      • It led to creation of new states eg Yugo slavia.
      • Turkey lost her territory to the league.
      • An independent state of Hungary was created.
      • It led to creation of the league of Nations.
  23.                            
    1. State three common characteristics of common wealth member states. (3mks)
      • They use English as the official language.
      • The English Monarch/king/Queen is recognised as head.
      • They cooperate in sport/games.
      • They have close economic ties.
      • Most states have similar legal/Administration system.
      • They have a common military tradition.
      • Have same education system with similar structures. 
    2. Describe six causes of the cold war after 1945. (12mks)
      • Ideological differences between USA and USSR.
      • Disagreement over disarmament between USA and USSR/Arm race between the two.
      • Economic Rivalry between USA and USSR came up with marshal plan to assist countries in Europe, USSR came up with COMENCON.
      • Formation of military alliances e.g USA and her allies formed NATO and Russia formed WARSAW PACT.
      • UN Domination by Western powers UN was pro –USA and USSR detested it.
      • The iron curtain policy adopted by USSR occupied Eastern Europe and sealed off Eastern Europe from West.
  24.                  
    1. State three functions of the Court of Justice of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). (3mks)
      • It interprets the provision of the treaty.
      • It ensures proper application of the treaty.
      • It arbitrates disputes among members.
    2. Explain six challenges facing the African union. (AU). (12mks)
      • Resolving the recurrent conflicts among African Nations.
      • Tackling the issue of regional powers e.g Nigeria and South Africa.
      • Ethnic religious and regional rivalries/divisions have rapidly increasing in African states.
      • Poverty and conflicts over scares resources.
      • Few African leaders who hinders democracy.
      • Poor transport and communication means.
      • Most AU members have foreign debts.
      • .Most AU members are still dependent on developed countries for aid.
      • Divided loyalty members of AU are also members of the regional organisation.

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