Music Paper 3 Questions and Answers - Mincks Group of Schools Mock Examinations 2022

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Instructions to Candidates

  1. Write your name and admission number in the spaces provided
  2. Sign and write the date of the examination in the spaces provided
  3. Answer all the questions in this paper
  4. In question 4 choose any two of the questions (a) (b) (c) or (d)
  5. Answer all questions in English



  1. Melody
    1. Starting the given opening, compose a melody of sixteen bars for voice, modulating to the relative minor and returning to tonic. Incorporate tempo variation. (9mks)
      1 aadada
    2. Compose a melody and set it to the text given below. Use the treble stave and add a key of your choice and phrase marks (6mks)
      Mwanafunzi tenda mema, Kila mtu akupende
  2. Harmonize the soprano melody below for SATB. Choose appropriate chords from I, ii, iv, v and vi. Use cadential 6 and passing note. (15mks)
    2 adadda


  1. Name the community that performs the following dances (2mks)
    1. Kilumi ___________________________
    2. Teroburu _________________________
    3. Mwomboko ______________________
    4. Eunoto __________________________
  2. Outline three factors that influence the naming of traditional African Instruments (3mks)
    1. Name the community that plays the Kayamba (1mk)
    2. Explain how the Kayamba is played (1mk)
    3. Ekegogo is an African Instrument found in Kenya,
      1. Name the community which plays it (1mk)
      2. Classify it in its classification of African Instruments (1mk)
      3. Name 3 parts and function of each part in the above instrument (3mks)
      4. Why is music important in an African traditional dance (2mks)

4. WESTERN MUSIC (Answer any of the following questions a, b, c and d)

    1. What is a concerto (1mk)
    2. State any four characteristics of Vivaldi (4mks)
      1. What type of work is L’ estroamonica? (1mk)
      2. For what purpose was L’estroarmonica composed (1mk)
    1. What type of work is Jupiter? (1mk)
    2. State any two factors that influenced Mozart to compose music for the church (2mks)
    3. Name any four music genres Hormes Mozart for (4mks)
    1. State two ways in which Robert and Clara influenced Brahms musical career (2mks)
    2. State any two appointments Brahms got while in Court of Detmold (2mks)
    3. What is a requiem mass? (1mk)
    4.  Outline any two characteristics of requiem mass by Brahms (2mks)
    1. Outline any two characteristics of Britten English Operas different from the Operas. (2mks)
    2. Name any two operas by Britten (2mks)
    3. What is Sonnet? (1mk)
    4. Name any two choral works by Britten (2mks)

A Pokot folksong by Ortum Boys from PPMC

  1. Identify 3 characteristics of African folksong evident in the recording (3mks)
  2. Describe 3 styles call and response has been presented in the recording. (3mks)
  3. Explain 2 ways harmonic effects have been rendered (2mks)
  4. State 2 ways variations have been used (2mks)


Choral fantasia in (c minor, op, 80 finale Allegretto, ma non troppo)

  1. What is unique about this fantasia? (1mk)
  2. Name three articulation marks and where they are found in the piece (3mks)
  3. What is antiphony? (1mk)
  4. Using bar numbers, show where antiphony has been used (1mk)
  5. What is the key of the music at bar 2 (1mks)
  6. Explain two ways in which contrast has been achieved in the music (2mks)
  7. During which period was the piece composed (1mk)

Use the melody below to answer the questions that follow
7 adada

  1. By use of bar numbers identify the form of this music (2mks)
  2. For what instrument is this music scores (1mk)
  3. Name the tonic key of this music (1mk)
  4. Name the key to which the music moderates at bar 17 (1mk)
  5. Write any two commonly used rhythmic motifs in the melody (1mk)


  1. Apart from exposition name other two sections of sonata form (2mks)
  2. State two ways of tuning African drums (2mks)
  3. List 2 ways of playing the string instruments of the Orchestra (2mks)
  4. Explain four roles of music in the business industry (4mks)
  5. Define the following terms (6mks)
    1. Transverse flute
    2. Polyphonic texture
    3. Lamella phone
    4. Oratorio
    5. Chorale
    6. Motet


    1. Melody
      16 bars melody 1mk
      Modulation to the relative minor 1mk
      Syncopation 1mk
      Varied tempo 1mk
      2 cadences, final inclusive 2mks
      Lyricism 2mks
      Phrasing as a whole 1mk
      (total 9mks)
    2. Text
      Syllabic division 2mks
      Speech rhythm 1mk
      Cadences, final indusive 1mk
      Lyricism 1mk
      Phrasing 1mk
  2. Harmony
    - Chords ½ mark for each 6mks
    Voice leading ½ mark each 1 ½ mks
    2 cadences 1mk each 2 mks
    Voice range ½ each 1 ½ mks
    Cadential 6 1mk
    Passing note 1mk
    Progression 2mks
    1. Kilumi – Kamba
      - Terobusu – Luo
      Mwomboko – Gikuyu
      Eunote – Maasai
      4x ½ (2mks)
    2. – Shape of instrument
      - Material used in making the instruments
      - Mode of playing
      Any 3x1 = (3mks)
      1. Digo, Giriama, Chongi 1mk
      2. By shaking with both hands back and forth (1mk)
        • Ekegogo – Kuria
        • Chordophone – fiddle
        • Resonator – Amplifies sound
        • Bridge – raising the strings for quality sound production
        • strings – Producing sound
        • Turning peg – Tightening or loosening the strings
      1. Dance is an organized body movement in response to music (1mk)
        • Music determines the dance speed
        • Music cues the dance
        • Music supplies the melody to the dance
        • Music gives the dance rhythm
        • Adds harmony and gives meaning to the dance
  4. WESTERN MUSIC (Composers)
    1. Antonio Vivaldi
      1. Concerto – A musical composition for instruments in which a sole instrument is set off against an orchestra ensemble. (1mk)
      2. Characteristics of Vivaldi’s Concerto
        • Marked with clear forms
        • Are scored for solo and orchestra
        • Slow movements are aria like
        • Have memorable melodies
        • Employed the violin as the common solo instrument
        • Have rhythmic energy
        • Most are in three movements
        • Have masterful contrasts of sonority and texture
        • Most outer movement is fast and Ritornello form
          ( 4mks)
      3. L’estroarmonica – Is a set of 12 concerts for stringed instruments
        - Published in honor of Grand Prince Ferdinand of Tuscany a patron of many composers from Scarlatti to Handel. (1mk)
    2. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
      1. A symphony (1mk)
      2. – His father was a musician for the Archbishop of Salzburg
        - Mozart also worked as a musician for Archbishop of Salzburg
        - His acquaintance with Padre Marini
      3. Opera Organ Music Chamber music
        Molets Concerto Symphonies
        Masses Piano Music
    3. Johannes Brahms
      1. – They promoted his music
        - They composed music together with Brahms that shaped Brahms musical career
        - Brahms composed and played music for Clara to distract her from stress which influenced Brahms to compose music
      2.  – He taught the piano
        - Conducted a choral society
        - Conductor of a women’s choir
      3. Requiem mass – Music setting of the mass for the dead
      4. Characteristics of requiem mass by Brahms
        - It is not like the Italian masses
        - It is for soprano and baritone soloists, chorus and orchestra
        - The work is based on a theme which consitst of the first 3 notes sung by sopranos. These three notes are dominant, leading note and tonic.
    4. Benjamin Britten
      1. – They had recurring theme
        - He introduced elements of atonalism
        - Orchestral scoring varies to fit the nature of each set of characters.
      2. Operas by Britten
        - Paul Bunyan
        - Peter Grimes
        - The rape of Lucretia
        - The Borough
        - The Rape of Lucretia
        - Albert Herring
        - Billy Budd
        - Gloriana
        - The turn of the screw
        - A midsummer Night’s Dream
      3. A little song
      4. The war Requiem
        – For choir and orchestra base on the Latin requiem mass text and the poem of Wilfred Owen, who was killed in the World War I
        - Hymn to St. Cecilia
        - Ceremony of Carols
        - Rejoice in the lamb
        - St. Nicholas
        - Spring Symphony
        - Voice for today – Written for UN’s 20th Anniversary.
    Pokot forksong by Ortum Boys from PPMC
    1. Characteristics of African folksongs evident in the recording
      - Call response
      - Short and repetitive
      - Accompanied by instruments
      - Polyrhythmic in nature
      - Overlapping elements
      - Unison
    2. Overlapping
      - Soloist taking short phrases and response taking long phrases
      - Soloist taking long phrases and response taking short phrases
      - Both soloist/response taking short phrases
    3. Use of music instruments
      - Overlap between voices
    4. Change of mater
      - Change of speed
      - Different call/response styles
    Choral Fantasy
    1. It has both orchestra and chorus
    2. – Pause
      - Ties
      - Staccato
      - Slurs
      - Marcato
      - Pizzicato
    3. Solo/response
    4. 97-99
    5. F Major
    6. – Use of different instruments in different parts
      - Use of different voice parts
    7. Classical Period
    1. The music is in binary form (AB)
      - Bar 1 to 16 forms the first section A, while bar 17-32 forms the second section B.
    2. Scored for keyboard (piano)
    3. The tonic key of this music is A minor
    4. The music modulates to the relative major key C major
    1. – Development
      - Recapitulation
    2. – Warming near fire
      - Wetting
      -Tightening and loosening straps
      - Waxing
      - Airing under the sun
    3. – Bowing
      - Plucking (pizzicato)
      - Double stopping
      - Striking
      - Strumming
    4. – To advertise products
      - To brand products
      - To entertain customers
      - To capture the attention of the customer
      1. Transverse flute – African wind instrument played held horizontally
      2. Polyphonic texture – Two or more melodies running co-currently
      3. Lamellaphone – Plucked melodic idiophone instrument made of bicycle spokes
      4. Oratorio – A large vocal work accompanied by orchestra based on biblical themes
      5. Chorale – Hymn tune sung mostly in the Lutheran church
      6. Motet – A polyphonic work with four or five voice parts singing one religious text

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