Agriculture Paper 2 Questions - Maseno Mock Examinations 2022

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QUESTIONS

  1. What is a zoonotic disease? (1mark)
  2. State the role of caecum in ruminants (1 mark)
  3. Give the meaning of the following terms as used in livestock Health.
    1. Vector organisms (1mark)
    2. Intermediate host (1 mark)
    3. Primary host (1 mark)
  4. State three sources of water in the animal body. (1 ½ marks)
  5. What is a balance ration? ( 1 mark)
  6. Name the four meat breeds of sheep. (2 marks)
  7. Distinguish the following terms as used in cattle breeds. (1 mark)
    1. Bullock and a steer
    2. Heifer and a calf
  8. List four tools used for laying concrete blocks when constructing a wall. (2 marks)
  9. What do the following terms mean?
    1. Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN) (1 mark)
    2. Starch Equivalent (SE) (1 mark)
    3. Digestible Crude Proteins (DCP) (1 mark)
    4. Dry matter (DM) (1 mark)
    5. Crude Fibre (CF) (1 mark)
  10. Give three methods of controlling cannibalism in a flock of layers in deep litter system.(1 ½ marks)
  11. Give four conditions that can reduce the quality of eggs for hatching. (2 marks)
  12. Give three ways of stimulating milk let-down in a dairy cow. (1 ½ mark)
  13. Differentiate between Homogenization and Pasteurization in milk production. (2 marks)
  14. Explain how the power transmitted from a tractor engine is made available for use on the farm under the following sub-headings.
    1. Propeller shaft (2 marks)
    2. Power take off shaft (P.T.O) (2 marks)
  15. Give one function of calcium in dairy cow. ( ½ mark)

SECTION B (20 MARKS)

  1. The diagrams labeled A and B below show the teeth arrangements in hand workshop tools
    1
    1. Identify the tools represented with teeth arrangements A and B (2 marks)
    2. State one functional difference between tools represented by the teeth arrangement. (2 marks)
  2. A farmer is required to prepare 200kg of dairy meal containing 18% digestible crude protein (DCP). Using the Pearson’s square method calculate the quantity of sunflower seed cake (34% DCP) and maize germ (71%DCP) the farmer would require for the dairy meal. (5 marks)
  3. The diagram below is an illustration of an egg. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow.
    2
    1. Name the parts labele B,C,D and F. (2 marks)
    2. State the qualities of part labeled A that should be considered when selecting egg for incubation. (1 mark)
    3. What is the function of the part labeled E in a fertilized egg. (1 mark)
  4. The diagram below illustrates a tractor drawn implement.
    3
    1. Identify the implement (1 mark)
    2. Name the part labeled (1 mark)
    3. State one function of the part labelled K. (1 mark)
    4. Explain why the implement is suitable for ploughing areas with hidden stones. (1 mark)
  5. The diagrams below illustrated a practice carried out on livestock. Study the diagrams and answer the questions that follow.
    4
    1.      
      1. Identify the practice in Q and R. (½ mark)
      2. Name the method carried out in Q and R. (1 mark)
    2. State one advantage of R or Q. ( ½ mark)

SECTION C: (40 MARKS)
Answer any two questions.

  1.      
    1. Describe the different methods of collecting bull’s semen. (5 marks)
    2. Discuss the desirable features of a calf pen. (5 marks)
    3. Write short notes on Trypanosomiasis. (10 marks)
  2.    
    1. Describe short term tractor servicing. (10 marks)
    2. Describe the factors considered in siting farm structures on farm. (10 marks)
  3. Describe the management of dairy calf using artificial rearing method from birth to weaning. (20 marks)

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