Christian Religious Education Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Kangundo Subcounty Pre Mock Exams 2021/2022

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INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES.
This paper consist of six questions
Answer any five questions in this paper

QUESTIONS

  1.      
    1. State how the learning of Christians Religious Education in secondary schools promotes the goals of National development. (6marks)
    2. Describe the second creation accounts. (Gen 2:4-23) (6marks)
    3. State reasons why we have two creation stories. (8marks)
  2.      
    1. Describe how the Israelites broke the covenant they had made with God at Mt.Sinai (Exodus 32:1- 32) (7marks)
    2. Identify seven ways in which God demonstrated his love to the Israelites during the Exodus. (7marks)
    3. Give the lessons Christians learn from the incident in which the Israelites broke the covenant at Mt. Sinai. (6marks)
  3.      
    1. State the reasons for kingship in Israel. (6marks)
    2. Explain the significance of David as an ancestor of Jesus to Christians today. (8marks)
    3. State six lessons that Christians learn from the failure of King Saul. (6marks)
  4.      
    1. Outline six characteristics of true prophets in the Old Testament. (6marks)
    2. State eight ways in which the rich oppressed the poor during the time of Prophet Amos. (8marks)
    3. Give six reasons why Christians find it difficult to help the needy in society today. (6marks)
  5.      
    1. Describe the political background to Nehemiah. (5marks)
    2. Explain the circumstances that led the Israelites to be taken to exile in Babylon during the time of Prophet Jeremiah. (7marks)
    3. Identify ways in which the government of Kenya supports church leaders in their work. (8marks)
  6.    
    1. Give seven reasons why pregnancy before marriage is rare in traditional African communities. (7marks)
    2. State the importance of bride wealth in traditional African communities. (5marks)
    3. Explain the social-cultural changes that have taken place in traditional African communities in


MARKING SCHEME.

  1.    
    1. How the learning of Christian religious education in secondary schools promotes the goal of national development.
      • Christian religious education encourages the learner to have a positive attitude towards work/hard work is encouraged/laziness is discouraged.
      • Learning Christian religious education helps the learner to acquire virtues/moral values which promotes economic development.
      • Christian religious education discourages vices which hinder national development.
      • Learners are equipped with knowledge/skills which led to career development/employment.
      • Learners are taught their duties /responsibilities as human beings/the need to develop the environment/Nation.
      • Leaners are taught the need to use their talents for the development of self/others /nation.
      • Christian religious education stresses the importance of peace/love/unity which contributes to a favorable working environment.
      • Learners are taught to appreciate their culture and that of others to promote national
    2. The second creation story (Gen 2:4-23)
      • The creation of heaven and earth is assumed to have taken place.
      • God created man out of the dust of the earth and breath “the breath of life” into his Nostrils.
      • He planted the ground of the garden in Eden.
      • Out of the ground of the garden God made to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food.
      • He also planted a tree of knowledge of good and evil in the midst of the garden.
      • He made four rivers to water garden.
      • God took the man he had created and put him in Garden of Eden.
      • God commanded man to eat of every tree of the garden but not of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
      • God said it is not good for man to man to stay alone, he will make a helper fit for him then he formed the beast (animal) and bird of the air.
      • God commanded man to give names to the animals and the birds he had created.
      • But there was no helper fit for man, therefore God caused a deep sleep to fall on man.
      • While he was a sleep, he took one of his ribs and closed it up its place with flesh.
      • He took the ribs he had removed and made a woman and brought to man.
    3. reasons why there are two creation alleged.
      • Oral tradition(information was passed orally)
      • The accounts were written by different authors.
      • They were written at different times.
      • The information was from different sources
      • The different places of compilation.
        (The first 4 points: 4 x 2 = 8marks)
  2.    
    1. How the Israelites broke the covenant they made with God at mount Sinai/Exodus 32:1-30.
      • Moses had gone up the mountain to seek God’s guidance/instructions.
      • Aaron had been left in charge of the people.
      • Moses delayed in returning/the people became impatient.
      • Israelites asked Aaron to make them a god that would lead them.
      • Aaron yielded to the demands of the Israelites/made them a golden calf to worship.
      • Aaron built an alter to the foot of the mountain.
      • God was annoyed with them and wanted to punish them.
      • Moses pleaded with God to forgive them and God changed his mind.
      • When Moses returned, he become angry and threw the store tablets down breaking it.
      • He then burnt the Golden calf and ground it into powder.
      • He mixed it with water and made the Israelites to drink the content.
      • Moses ordered for the killing of those who worshipped the golden calf.
      • About three thousand people were killed.
    2. Identify seven ways in which God demonstrated his love for the Israelites during the Exodus.
      • God made a passage /way in the red sea for the Israelites to cross.
      • He provided them with water/purified the bitter water for them.
      • He provided them with food/manna/squalls/break.
      • God gave them the Ten Commandments to guide them.
      • God defeated their enemies/Amalekites.
      • He provided them with a cloud to lead them during the day/pillar of fire at night.
      • God dwelt among the Israelites through the Ark of the Covenant.
      • God guided and protected the Israelites through a pillar of fire during the night and a pillar of cloud during the day.
    3. Six lessons Christians learn from the incident in which the Israelites broke the covenant at Mt.Sinai.
      • Christians acknowledge that God is more powerful than the other gods/idols.
      • Christians should be patient.
      • Christians should be merciful/show mercy to others/leaders showed take their roles seriously/should be responsible.
      • Christian learn that disobedience can result into suffering/punishment.
      • They learnt that they should worship God alone/Christians should confidence evil.
      • They should exercise self-control.
      • Christian should repent/ask for forgiveness/forgive others.
  3.    
    1. State six reasons for kinship in Israel.
      • Samuel’s son, Joel and abijah were corrupt and took bribes.
      • They wanted a warrior King to led them to war and bring victory.
      • The Israelites wanted a king like the other nations around them who had kings.
      • The Israelites wanted a stable political government ruled by law and order.
      • They wanted a steady political government complete with law and order.
      • They wanted a stable hereditary leadership.
      • Samuel was old.
      • They had forgotten that God /Yahweh /was their unseen king.
    2. Explain the significance of David as an ancestor of Jesus to Christians today.
      • The promises that God made to David pointed to the mission of Jesus in the world to save sinners.
      • Through Jesus a descendant of David, Christians are blessed/protected/have peace.
      • Through David, Jesus came to establish a spiritual kingdom/the church David recognized the divinity of Jesus as lord/savior who Christians also recognize as lord /savior.
      • David an ancestor of Jesus established proper worship of God in Israel which has been emulated by Christian.
      • David the ancestor of Jesus made preparations to build a temple for God which has been realized in the late of Jesus.
        (4 x 2 = 8mks)
    3. State six lessons Christians learn from the failures of King Saul.
      • Christians need to be patient for the fulfillment of Gods promises.
      • They should be obedient and have faith in God.
      • Political leaders need to listen to the advices from church leaders.
      • They should be more accommodative to people who hold different views and ideas from their own.
      • Should be sincere in their worship of God.
      • They should have in faith in God/trust in the saving power of God alone.
      • They should respect people anointed to do the will of God /church leaders.
      • Should not be greedy/selfish.
      • Should be responsible/true to their duties. (6 x 1 = 6mks)
  4.    
    1. Outline seven characteristics of true prophets in the Old testaments
      • Prophets were called by God.
      • They received revelation from God through dreams/visions/direct command/familiar objects.
      • They were obedient.
      • They faced opposition/rejection from the people because of their uncompromising attitude.
      • They commanded God’s message to the people.
      • The prophets spoke with authority/were fearless.
      • They acknowledged one God who was universal/monotheism.
      • They understood the nature of the prophesies.
      • They preached about God’s judgment for sin/hope for restoration.
      • Their prophesies were fulfilled.
      • They did not prophesy for material gains.
      • They lead holy lives. (First 7 x 1 = 7mks)
    2. State seven ways in which the rich oppressed the poor during the time of prophet Amos.(7mks)
      • The rich people’s garment in pledge.
      • The poor were robbed of their food/gains/belongings.
      • Merchants overcharged the poor when selling them anything.
      • The poor were sold for a piece of silver/pair of shoes as they were considered useless.
      • The goods sold to the poor were unfit for human use/consumption /expired.
      • The poor were cheated in business deals as the rich used faulty scales/measures.
      • The poor were sold into slavery when they were unable to pay their debts to the rich.
      • The poor were denied justice in the law courts because they could not bribe the judges.
      • The cases taken to the courts by the poor were thrown out /not listened to.
        (first 7 x 1 =7mks)
    3. Give reasons why Christians find it difficult to help the needy in society today. (6mks)
      • There are too many needy cases.
      • Tribal/ethics feelings may hinder one from giving assistance to the needy.
      • Political learning/affiliations influence Christians against helping those who do not belong to their camp.
      • Lack of what to share/inadequacy.
      • Indifferences of some Christians to the light of the needy.
      • Denominational differences where some Christians are not ready to share with those who do not belong to their group.
      • Poor communication/infrastructure in some parts of the country that make impossible to reach the needy.
      • It is difficult to identify the genuine needy cases.
      • Misappropriation of resources meant for assisting the needy discourages Christians from contributing.
        (any 6 x 1 = 6mks)
  5.    
    1. Describe the political background to Nehemiah. (6mks)
      • The kingdom of Judah had been taken over by Babylon.
      • The Babylonians had destroyed the walls of the city/the temple/Jerusalem.
      • The king/royal court officials/able people were deported/exiled to Babylon.
      • Persia conquered Babylon/Jews came under the control of Persians.
      • The Persians kings ruled the subjects through governors.
      • The conquered people were to pay tribute/taxes to Persia.
      • The Persian kings/Cyrus allowed the Jews to return to Judah in three stages.
      • Nehemiah led the third group of Jews back to Judah.
      • The Jews in exile returned to Judah in 3 stages.
        (any 6 x 1 = 6mks)
    2. Explain the circumstances that led the Israelites be taken to exile in Babylon during the time of prophet Jeremiah.
      • The Israelite had forsaken the covenant way of life.
      • They had forsaken the religion of their fore fathers/worshiped idols.
      • Israelites had persecuted/rejected the prophets of Yahweh.
      • They ignored the message of the true prophets.
      • Their rulers were weak/did nothing to return the Israelites to the covenant way of life.
      • Nebuchadnezzar had defeated the Egyptians/made it easy for his army to match to the North.
      • Their king surrendered leading to their deportation to Babylon as exiles.
      • There were intermarriage with foreigners.
      • There were false prophets/priests who spoke lies.
      • The Israelites did not repent their sins as warned by prophet Jeremiah.
        (7 x 1 = 7mks)
    3. Identify five ways in which the government of Kenya supports church leaders in their work.(5mks)
      • The government gives financial/material assistance for development.
      • The government supports church-sponsored institutions.
      • By setting land aside for construction of church facilities.
      • The government allows hosting church workshops/seminars/conferences.
      • By including CRE in the curriculum.
      • By employing some of them as chaplains in educations institutions and in the armed forces/collection of facilities.
      • Organizing national prayer days.
      • Supporting leaders in conducting their charitable service.
      • Through the development of the infrastructure.
      • The government has granted permission to the church to operate electronic /media.
      • The government recognizes the church calendar/church days.
  6.    
    1. Give reasons why pregnancy before marriage is rare in traditional African communities.
      • The youth are told the consequences of irresponsible sexual behavior.
      • In traditional African communities free mixing of boys and girls is restricted.
      • Girls and boys are taught to respect each other.
      • During social occasions young people are supervised to prevent misbehavior.
      • There is severe punishment if a girl became pregnant/a man impregnates a girl before marriage.
      • There are taboos on sexual relationship.
      • Early marriages are encouraged after initiation.
      • Virginity is highly valued/rewarded at marriage.
      • The parents are held responsible for children’s misconduct.
    2. State the importance of bride wealth in the traditional African communities.
      • Bride wealth is given as a sign of commitment by the groom.
      • It is a way of thanking / appreciating the bride’s family for taking good care of the girl.
      • Bride wealth acts as an out ward seal of the marriage/cements marriage.
      • It is a form of compensation to the bride’s parent/family for the loss of the girl’s services.
      • Giving bride wealth is the evidence of the grooms’ ability to take care of the wife/family.
      • Bride wealth initiates a long-lasting friendship between the two families.
    3. Explain the social –cultural changes that have taken place in traditional African communities in Kenya today.
      • The mode of dressing has charged.
      • There is introduction of new forms of worship/Christians /Islam.
      • Ancestors are no longer considered part of the family/not involved in the activities of the community.
      • There is individual ownership of land rather that communal ownership.
      • Some rites of passage are no longer carried out/have been dropped.
      • Removals of teeth /female circumcision/tattooing/ear looping are not there.
      • People have migrated to urban centres/ free inter-mingling of people weakened family /clan ties.
      • People can plan for the number of children to have/ introduction of modern contraceptives.
      • Home of the aged have emerged new diet has been introduce/modern food.
      • New forms of government have emerged replacing the roles of elders/specialists.
      • Modern forms of technology /infrastructure have transformed modern life.
      • Introduction of formal education.

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