Business Studies Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Kangundo Subcounty Pre Mock Exams 2021/2022

Share via Whatsapp

Instructions
Answer all questions on the provided spaces.

  1. State Four internal (Micro) environment factors that influence the business positively. (4mks)
  2. Outline Four disadvantages of division of labour (4mks)
  3. Your neighbour intends to start a business and has come to you for advice on how to identify a business idea. Highlight four sources she can use. (4mks)
  4. Name Four machines/equipments found in a general office. (4mks)
  5. Outline Four factors to consider when intending to buy office furniture (4mks)
  6. State Four challenges facing small scale businesses in Kenya (4mks)
  7. Give Four instances when a seller may send a proforma invoice to a buyer (4mks)
  8. Identify Four Clauses of a memorandum of association (4mks)
  9. Outline Four benefits Kenyan traders have enjoyed from globalization (4mks)
  10. State Four advantages of transporting oil by pipeline rather than road. (4mks)
  11. Highlight Four ways in which warehousing is useful to a trader. (4mks)
  12. Highlight Four ways that the government may put in place to create a favourable business environment. (4mks)
  13. Outline Four advantages of audio-visual communication (4mks)
  14. State Four policies covered under general insurance (4mks)
  15. Name Four types of advertising (4mks)
  16. Explain Four factors that may lead to the shift of the supply curve to the right (4mks)
  17. Highlight Four ways in which the production activities of firms in your country affect the environment negativity. (4mks)
  18. Fill in the missing figures in the table below. (4mks)
      Fixed asset Current Assets Capital Liabilities
    275 500   315 000  115 500
    182 000 108 700   217 100
    c   76 400 123 100 91 900
    d 313 450 211 340  189 170  
  19. The following balances were extracted from the books of Raji Enterprises on 1st July 2019
                        Shs.
    Capital      550,000
    Motor Van 185,000
    Debtors       68,000
    Cash         200,000
    Stock          50,000
    Furniture   160,000
    Creditors     95,000
    Bank Loan 18, 000
    The following transactions took place during the month.
    1. Sold some of the old furniture for sh. 50,000 for which sh. 45, 000 was paid by cash and the balance to be settled later.
    2. The owner took sh. 8,500 cash from the business to cater for family shopping
    3. Bought goods for resale for cash sh. 59, 800.
      Required:
      Prepare Raji Enterprises balance sheet as at 30th July 2019 (4mks)
  20. Record the transaction given below in their relevant ledger A/cs. (4mks)
    2018
    May 1 Started business with Ksh. 400,000 cash.
    3 Purchased office furniture by cash sh. 90,000
    5 Paid Wages by Cash sh. 3,000.
    10 Bought stock of goods by Cash sh. 190,00
  21. The following information relates to Ali General Stores for the year ended 31st Dec 2018.
    Opening stock shs. 24,000
    Carriage on Sales shs. 12,000
    Purchases shs. 370,000
    Sales shs. 442,500
    Closing Stock shs. 40, 000
    Expenses 10% on gross profit
    Prepare Trading profit and loss account for the year ended 31st Dec 2018 (5mks)
  22. Apex traders provided you with the following .
    Margin 25%
    Cost of Sales 15,000
    Opening Stock 2,000
    Closing Stock 1,000
    Operating expenses 2% of Capital
    Sales and capital are in ratio of 1:4
    Calculate
    1. Rate of Stock turnover (2mk)
    2. Purchases (1mk)
    3. Return on Capital (1mk)
  23. Give Four roles played by the Central Bank of Kenya in the economy (4mks)
  24. Name Three sources of public finance (3mks)
  25. Give Four benefits one gets from self –employment (4mks)


MARKING SCHEME

  1. State internal (Micro ) environment factors that influence the business positively
    • Good management style by owner
    • Availability of / a lot / adequate financial / capital
    • Well laid out business structure
    • modern bus facilities/adequate/sufficient facilities
    • effective communication systems
    • motivated workers/human resource
    • progressive business culture
  2. Outline disadvantages of division of labour
    • social problems
    • create monotony and boredom
    • create unemployment
    • difficult to know who to identify with the final product
    • converts man into a machine like creature
    • makes man dependent on only one trade
  3. Your neighbor intends to start a business and has come to you for advice on how to identify a business idea. Highlight four sources she can use
    • Print media e.g. newspapers
    • Electronic Media E.G Television
    • Vocational Training
    • Hobbies/talents
    • Shows and exhibitations / trade fairs
    • Business seminars / workshops / Training
    • Listening to what people say
    • Brainstorming with friends and relatives
  4. Name four machines /equipments found in a general office
    • computers
    • Paper punch
    • Stapler / stapling machine
    • Telephone
    • Staples remover
    • Paper shredder
    • Guillotine
  5. Outline four factors to consider when intending to buy office furniture
    • Compatibility with the intended use and place
    • Affordability
    • Size of the firm
    • Durability
    • Adaptability to future needs
    • Availability of spare parts
    • Possibility of hiring rather than buying
    • Effect on staff morale
  6. State four challenges facing small scale business in Kenya
    • Small capital – limited sources of capital
    • May lack division of labour and specialization
    • Limited managerial skills
    • Lacks continuity since it depends on the life of the owner
    • Lacks skills to choose a viable investment
  7. Give four instances when a seller may send a proforma invoice to a buyer
    • When terms of sale are cash with order (C.W.O) or cash on delivery (C.O.D)
    • When it acts as a quotation
    • When the seller is selling through agents
    • When goods are custom made
    • When buyer needs it to seek for funds from financial institutions to pay for the goods
    • When seller does not wish to sell on credit
    • When buyer needs to prepare for custom clearance in foreign trade
  8. Identify four clauses of a memorandum of association
    • Name clause
    • Liability clause
    • Objects clause
    • Declaration clause
    • Capital clause
    • Situation clause
  9. outline four benefits Kenyan traders have enjoyed from globalization
    • Job creation worldwide
    • Easy transfer of technology from developed countries
    • Wider flow of information on business activities e.g better production skills, new techniques
    • Wider market for Kenyan goods and services
    • Easy access to goods and services from other countries
    • Interdependence among countries create better understanding, peace and harmony in the world conducive for business operations.
    • Sharing of research findings globally
    • Access to information on available raw materials
  10. State four advantages of transporting oil by pipeline rather than road.
    • Transport cost is reduced
    • Reduced environmental pollution
    • Loss through accidents on the road is reduced
    • Cases of theft of oil are reduced
    • Fast transportation
    • Regular/reliable supply
  11. Highlight four ways in which warehousing is useful to a trader.
    • Stabilizes supply of goods to the market
    • Goods are protected against damages caused by weather e.g. rains, sunlight
    • Protects goods from theft
    • Trader can prepare goods for resale while in the warehouse
    • Prices of goods are stabilized as they are released steadily as need arises
    • Some goods improve in quality while stored e.g. wine and bananas thus earning /fetching higher prices
  12. Highlight four ways that the government may put in place to create a favorable business environment
    • Provide security
    • Political stability
    • Favourable legislation
    • Provide basic infrastructure
    • Provide credit finance
    • Giving subsidies/reducing taxes
    • Providing an enabling environment
  13. Outline four advantages of audio –visual communication
    • Reach a large audience at the same time
    • Have entertainment valu
    • Enhances the impact made by oral and written communication
    • Draws quick attention
    • Suitable for illiterate receivers
    • Increases the audience’s concentration span
  14. State four policies covered under general insurance
    • Motor vehicle policies
    • Workmen compensation scheme
    • Aviation policies
    • Personal accident cover
    • Fidelity guarantee
    • Constructors liability
    • Bad debts
    • Crops and livestock cover
    • Fire and related perils
    • Terrorism
    • Riots cover
    • Cash in transit and goods in transit
  15. Highlight four types of advertising
    • Primary demand
    • Institutional advertising
    • Informative
    • Persuasive
    • Celebrity
    • Corrective
  16. Explain four factors that may lead to the shift of the supply curve to the right.
    • Improved technology / use of modern techniques
    • Decrease in cost of production
    • Favourable government policies e.g. reduced taxation
    • Expectation of a fall in price of the commodity
    • Favourable climatic / weather conditions for an agricultural product
    • Absence of industrial strikes
    • Entry of more firms in the industry
    • Fall in price of substitute product
      NB: Increase in price of the product is wrong
  17. Highlight four ways in which the production activities of firms in your country affect the environment negatibity
    • Depletion of production resources
    • Degradation of environment leading to climate change
    • Pollution of air and water which is detrimental to human and animal life
    • Problem of solid and plastic waste disposal which may result in spread of diseases
    • Noise pollution which may cause hearing problems to human beings
  18. Fill in the missing figures in the table below
      Fixed asset Current Assets Capital Liabilities
    275 500 115 000 315 000  115 500
    182 000 108 700 73 600 217 100
    c 138 600 76 400 123 100 91 900
    d 313 450 211 340  189 170 335 620
  19. The following balances were extracted from the books of Raji Enterprises on 1st July 2019
    Raji Enterprises
    Balance Sheet
    As at 30th July 2019

    Fixed assets      Shs     Shs
    Motor van                   185000
    Furniture                     110000
    TFA                             295000
    Current assets
    Stock             109800
    Debtors           73000
    Cash             176700
                                       354500
                                       664500
                                 shs
    capital                550000
    drawings                8500
    net capital          541500
    Current liabilities
    Bank loan             18000
    creditors              95,000



  20. Record the transactions given
    DR                              CASH A/C                                      CR
    2018                        Shs.
    May 1 capital A/c  400000

     
    2018                                      Shs.
    May 3 Office Furniture A/c  90000
    May 5 Wages A/c                 3000
    May 10 Purchases A/c      190000

    DR     CAPITAL A/C                 CR
                    2018                        shs.
    May 1 Cash A/c 400000

    DR        OFFICE FURNITURE A/C    CR
    2018 shs.
    May 3 cash A/c 90000 
                               

    DR              WAGES A/C     CR
    2018 shs.
    May 5 Cash A/c 3000
                   

    DR         PURCHASES A/C        CR
    2018 shs.
    May 10 Cahs A/c 190000
                   
    24 ticks X 1/6 = 4mks
    NB :
    1. If there is no A/c heading do not mark
    2. If there is no year do not mark the date
  21. Prepare Trading profit and loss account for the year ended 31st Dec 2018
    ALI GENERAL STORES
    TRADING, PROFIT AND LOSS A/C
    FOR YOUR ENDED 31ST DEC. 2018

                                                    Shs.
    Opening stock                        24000
    Purchases                            370000
    Cost of goods available       394 000
    Less closing stock                 -40000
    Cost of goods sold               354000
    Gross profit C/d                      88500
                                                  442500 
    Carriage on sales                   12000
    Expenses                               88500
    Total expenses                       20850
    Net profit c/d                           67650
                                                  88500 
                                    Shs.
    sales                  442500





                               442500
    Gross profit b/d  885000



                                 88500
    10 ticks x ½ = 5mks
  22. Calculate
    1. ROSTO = Cost of sales = 15000 / (2000 + 1000)
                          AV Stock                             2
      = 15000 = 10 times
          1500
    2. Purchases = COS – O.P stock + CR stock
      = 15000 – 2000 + 1000
      ksh = 14000
    3. Return on capital sales = G.P + C.O.S
      Mark up = ¼ -1 = 1/3 = 5000 + 15000
      = 20000
      Capital = 20000 x 4
      = 80000
      Gross profit = 1/3 x 15000 = 5000 expenses = 2/100 x 80000
      = 1600
      Net profit = gross profit – expenses
      5000 – 1600
      = 3400
      ROC = Net Profit x 100 = 3400 x 100 = 4.25%
                         Capital               80000
  23. Give four roles played by the central bank of Kenya in the economy.
    • Issue of currency
    • Banker to commercial banks
    • Banker to government
    • Controls foreign exchange
    • Control commercial banks / supervises the banks
    • Advisor to the government on monetary policies
    • Controls money supply / credit control using various tools e.g. bank rate
    • Lender of last resort to commercial banks
    • Managing public debt
    • Clearing house for all commercial banks cheques
    • Custodian of foreign currency reserves
    • Collection of statistics and conducting research on monetary policies
  24. Name three sources of public finance
    • taxes
    • Licenses
    • Court fines
    • Fees for government services
    • Rent and rates for use government property
    • Escheats
    • Interest earned on loans
    • Government borrowing
    • Proceeds from the sale of government property
    • Surplus from public corporations
  25. Give four benefits one gets from self -employement
    • independence
    • Enjoys all the profits
    • Job security
    • Personal satisfaction
    • Enjoys stus and pride

Download Business Studies Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Kangundo Subcounty Pre Mock Exams 2021/2022.


Tap Here to Download for 50/-




Why download?

  • ✔ To read offline at any time.
  • ✔ To Print at your convenience
  • ✔ Share Easily with Friends / Students


Join our whatsapp group for latest updates
.
Subscribe now

access all the content at an affordable rate
or
Buy any individual paper or notes as a pdf via MPESA
and get it sent to you via WhatsApp

 

What does our community say about us?

Join our community on:

  • easyelimu app
  • Telegram
  • facebook page
  • twitter page
  • Pinterest