Biology Questions and Answers - Form 2 Mid Term 2 Exams 2021

Share via Whatsapp

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:

  • Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.
  1. Below is a diagram representing a longitudinal section of a human tooth.
             F2 Bio Q1 MT2 2021
    1. Name the type of tooth.
    2. Give a reason for your answer in (a) above
    3. Name structures P, Q, and R and give their functions. (6 marks)
    4. State four ways of keeping teeth healthy. (4 marks)
  2. The diagram below shows circulation of blood in a mammal.
             F2 Bio Q2 MT2 2021
    1. Name the type of circulation represented above (1 mark)
    2. Give reason for your answer (1 mark)
    3. Name the blood vessel labeled A, B, C ,D (4 marks)
    4. State two roles of blood capillaries (2 marks)
    5. Name other two types of blood vessels beside capillaries (2 marks)
    6. State two functional differences between the blood vessels you have named above (2 marks)
    7. State two roles of the red blood cells (2marks)
    8. Name the three types of immunity (3 marks)
  3.  
    1. What is gaseous exchange? (1 marks)
    2. Name the mineral element and vitamin required for blood clotting (2 marks)
  4. The diagram below represents a transverse section of a plant part
             F2 Bio Q4 MT2 2021
    1. Identify the class from which it is obtained (1 mark)
    2. Name parts G and H (2 marks)
    3. Give one role of J (1 marks)
    4. Name the three types of transpiration (3 marks)
    5. Give one difference between xylem vessels and xylem trancheids (2 marks)
    6. Name the strengthening material in vessels (1 marks)
  5. The diagram below shows an organelle in plants
             F2 Bio Q5 MT2 2021
    1. Identify the organelle (1 marks)
    2. Name the parts E and F (2 marks)
    3. Give one role of part E (1 marks)
    4. Name two requirements for photosynthesis (2 marks)
    5. Explain what happens during the light stage of photosynthesis.
  6. Discuss the factors that affect rate of enzyme action.
  7. Discuss the forces involved in the absorption and transport of water and mineral salts. (10 marks)


MARKING SCHEME

  1. Below is a diagram representing a longitudinal section of a human tooth.
             F2 Bio Q1 MT2 2021
    1. Name the type of tooth.
      • Molar
    2. Give a reason for your answer in (a) above
      • Have two roots
      • Broad surface
      • Ridged with cusps
    3. Name structures P, Q, and R and give their functions. (6 marks)
      • P - Enamel
        protect the inner parts from bacterial infection; provide harrd biting surface
      • Q - Nerve fibre
        Detects heat, cold and pain
      • R - Blood capillaries
        provide nutrients and oxygen to the living tissues; remove waste products
    4. State four ways of keeping teeth healthy. (4 marks)
      1. Regular brushing/ cleaning
      2. Avoid eating too much sugary foods
      3. Eating hard foods like carrots
      4. Eating diet rich in calcium, phosphorus and regular visit to the dentist for check-up
  2. The diagram below shows circulation of blood in a mammal.
             F2 Bio Q2 MT2 2021
    1. Name the type of circulation represented above (1 mark)
      • Double circulation
    2. Give reason for your answer (1 mark)
      • blood flows into the heart twice for every complete circulation
    3. Name the blood vessel labeled A, B, C ,D (4 marks)
      1. A - Pulmonary artery
      2. B - pulmonary vein
      3. C - Hepatic portal vein
      4. D - Renal artery
    4. State two roles of blood capillaries (2 marks)
      1. Exchange of nutrients and works between tissue and blood
      2. formation of tissue fluid
    5. Name other two types of blood vessels beside capillaries (2 marks)
      1. Arteries
      2. Veins
    6. State two functional differences between the blood vessels you have named above (2 marks)
      1. Arteries transport oxygenated blood except pulmonary artery while veins transport deoxygenated blood except pulmonary vein.
      2. In arteries blood flows rapidly under pressure while in veins it flows smoothly and slowly under low pressure.
    7. State two roles of the red blood cells (2marks)
      1. Transport of oxygen
      2. Transport of Carbon (IV) Oxide
    8. Name the three types of immunity (3 marks)
      1. Natural immunity/ Inmate immunity
      2. Naturally acquired immunity
      3. Artificially acquired immunity
  3.  
    1. What is gaseous exchange? (1 marks)
      • The process by which the respiratory gases (oxygen and carbon (IV) oxide ) are passed across the respiratory surface
    2. Name the mineral element and vitamin required for blood clotting (2 marks)
      Mineral element - calcium ion ( Ca2+)
      Vitamin -
  4. The diagram below represents a transverse section of a plant part
             F2 Bio Q4 MT2 2021
    1. Identify the class from which it is obtained (1 mark)
      • Dicotyledonae
    2. Name parts G and H (2 marks)
      1. G - xylem
      2. H - Schlerenchyma
    3. Give one role of J (1 marks)
      • Stores water and food substance
    4. Name the three types of transpiration (3 marks)
      1. Stomatal
      2. Cuticular
      3. Lenticular
    5. Give one difference between xylem vessels and xylem trancheids (2 marks)
      • Trancheids have tapering/ chisel-shaped ends with perforated cross walls while vessels cross walls disintegrate to form a hallow tube with no tapering.
    6. Name the strengthening material in vessels (1 marks)
      • Lignin
  5. The diagram below shows an organelle in plants
             F2 Bio Q5 MT2 2021
    1. Identify the organelle (1 marks)
      • Chloroplast
    2. Name the parts E and F (2 marks)
      1. E - Inner membrane
        F - granum
    3. Give one role of part E (1 marks)
      • Bind the internal pigments and molecules
    4. Name two requirements for photosynthesis (2 marks)
      1. Light
      2. carbon (IV) oxide
      3. Water
    5. Explain what happens during the light stage of photosynthesis.
      • Cholorophyll molecules absorb light energy, which is used to split water molecules (photolysis); into oxygen and hydrogen atoms; some energy from light is used to from A.T.P, oxygen is released.
  6. Discuss the factors that affect rate of enzyme action.
    1. Temperature; enzymes work best within a narrow range of temperatures, high temperatures denature enzymes while low temperature inactivates them;
    2. PH; enzymes work best at a given PH (ophmum PH), majority work best at a PH close to 7 while some work best in acidic or alkaline medium. i
    3. Specificity: enzymes are specific in nature i.e. a particular enzyme will only act on a particular substrate;
    4. Substrate concentration and enzyme concentration; rate of reaction increases with increase in substrate concentration till all the active sites in enzymes become the limiting factor;
    5. enzyme inhibitors, competitive inhibitors shows down the reaction as they compete for the active sites while non-competitive prevents enzymes from interacting with the substrate i.e. stops the reaction processes.
  7. Discuss the forces involved in the absorption and transport of water and mineral salts. (10 marks) 
    1. Transpiration pull; as water vaporizes from spongy mesophyll cells into sub-stomach air spaces, osmotic pressure of the spongy mesophyll increases: it then draw water forin surrounding cells which in turn take water form the xylem vessels;
    2. cohesion and adhesion force; water molecules attract one another thus sticking together, as the same time its attracted to walls of xylem vessels; this maintains a thin but high columns of water in xylem vessels up the plant;
    3. capillarity; This is the rise of water column n the xylem vessels because the vessels are narrow; and there is attracting force between walls of the xylem and water;
    4. Root pressure; This is the force in the roots that pushes water up the stem; this is due to active pumping of water across the endodermisto xylem vessels.

Download Biology Questions and Answers - Form 2 Mid Term 2 Exams 2021.


Tap Here to Download for 50/-




Why download?

  • ✔ To read offline at any time.
  • ✔ To Print at your convenience
  • ✔ Share Easily with Friends / Students


Join our whatsapp group for latest updates
.
Subscribe now

access all the content at an affordable rate
or
Buy any individual paper or notes as a pdf via MPESA
and get it sent to you via WhatsApp

 

What does our community say about us?

Join our community on:

  • easyelimu app
  • Telegram
  • facebook page
  • twitter page
  • Pinterest