Agriculture Questions and Answers - Form 2 Term 1 Opener Exams 2022

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AGRICULTURE

Instructions:

  • Answer all the questions in the spaces provided

Questions

  1. What are farm records? (1mk)
  2. State five uses of farm records (5mks)
  3. List four characteristics of a dairy cow. (4mks)
  4. Give five ways in which soil loses fertility (5mks)
  5. Name three types of organic manure. (3mks)
  6. Name the tool used for; (3mks)
    1. Shooting solid drugs through the mouth of an animal.
    2. Lifting seedlings from the nursery
    3. Checking the vertical straightness in construction
  7. State three main sources of water on the farm (3mks)
  8. List four reasons for treating water (4mks)
  9.          
    1. What are the functions of the following in preparation of compost manure?(3mks)
    2. what is the importance of the stick that is driven into the compost heap during preparation (1mk)
  10. Name various breeds of: (3mks)
    1. Beef cattle:
    2. Rabbit:
    3. Dairy goats:
  11. State the six stages in treatment of water in an orderly manner (6mks)
  12.      
    1. What is opportunity cost? (1mk)
    2. Give two instances when opportunity cost is zero (2mks)
  13. List four aspects of rainfall (4mks)
  14. Give four characteristics of crops used for green manure preparation (4mks)
  15. State four reasons for preparing land before planting (4mks)
  16.        
    1. Name five farm records kept by a farmer (5mks)
    2. List two types of labour records (2mks)
  17. Name two categories of plant nutrients (2mks)
  18. List six biotic factors affecting agricultural production (6mks)

Marking Scheme

  1. What are farm records? (1mk)
    • Are documents kept in the farm showing farm activities over a given period of time?

  2. State five uses of farm records (5mks)
    • Showing history of the farm
    • Help in planning and budgeting of farm operating
    • Help detect losses or theft on the farm
    • Make it easy to share the profits and losses in partnership
    • Show whether the farm business is making profits or losses
    • Help in settling disputes among heirs
    • Help in the assessment of income tax
    • Help determine the value of the farm
    • Help to compare the performances of different enterprises within the farm

  3. List four characteristics of a dairy cow.(4mks)
    • Bodies are wedge/triangular shape
    • Straight top line
    • Have well set apart hindquarters to allow room for the big udder
    • Have large and well developed udders
    • Have prominent milk veins
    • Lean bodies with little flesh
    • Large stomach capacity
    • Are docile with mild temperament

  4. Give five ways in which soil loses fertility (5mks)
    • Leaching
    • Soil erosion
    • Mono-cropping
    • Continuous cropping
    • Change in soil PH
    • Burning of vegetation
    • Accumulation of salts

  5.  Name three types of organic manure.(3mks)
    • Green manure
    • Farm yard manure
    • Compost manure

  6. Name the tool used for; (3MKS)
    1. Shooting solid drugs through the mouth of an animal
      • Bolus gun

    2. Lifting seedlings from the nursery
      • Garden trowel

    3. Checking the vertical straightness in construction
      • Plumb bob and line

  7. State three main sources of water on the farm (3mks)
    • Rain
    • Underground
    • Surface

  8. List four reasons for treating water (4mks)
    • Kill disease causing micro-organisms
    • To remove chemical impurities
    • Remove sediments of solid particles
  9.          
    1. What are the functions of the following in preparation of compost manure? (3mks)
      • Top soil: introduce micro-organism for decomposition of organic manure
      • Wood ash: improve the level of phosphorous and potassium
      • The layer of manure: provide nutrients to the micro-organism

    2. what is the importance of the stick that is driven into the compost heap during preparation (1mk)
      • Check temperature within the heap

  10. Name various breeds of: (3mks)
    1. beef cattle: Aberdeen angus, Galloway, Hereford beef shorthorn and Charolais.
    2. Rabbit: New Zealand white, California white, Flemish giant, chinchilla, ear lops
    3. dairy goats: Saanen, Toggenburg, British alpine, Anglo-Nubian, Jamnapari

  11. State the six stages in treatment of water in an orderly manner (6 mks)
    • Filtration at the intake
    • Softening of water
    • Coagulation and sedimentation
    • Filtration
    • Chlorination
    • Storage
  12.          
    1. what is opportunity cost? (1mk)
      • Is the return from the best alternative foregone

    2. give two intances when opportunity cost is zero (2mks)
      • no alternative
      • when goods are for free

  13. list four aspects of rainfall (4mks)
    • Rainfall reliability
    • Rainfall distribution
    • Amount of rainfall
    • Rainfall intensity

  14. give four characteristics of crops used for green manure preparation (4mks)
    • Higly vegetative
    • Fast growth rate
    • High nitrogenous content
    • Rot quickly
    • Hardy

  15. state four reasons for preparing land before planting (4mks)
    • Kill weeds
    • Incorporate manure and other organic matter
    • Destroy different stages of crop pests
    • Aerate the soil
    • Encourage penetration of roots in the soil
    • Make subsequent operations possible
    • Encourage ware infiltrationby into the soil.

  16.        
    1. name five farm records kept by a farmer (5mks)
      • Production records
      • Inventory
      • Field operation records
      • Breeding records
      • Feeding
      • Health
      • Marketing
      • Labor

    2. list two types of labour records (2mks)
      • Muster roll
      • labour utilisation analysis

  17. name two categories of plant nutrients (2mks)
    • Macro- nutrient
    • Micro-nutrient

  18. Biotic factors
    • Nitrogen fixing bacteria
    • Pest
    • Parasite
    • Decomposers
    • Pathogens
    • Predators
    • Pollinators

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Read 214 times Last modified on Tuesday, 22 March 2022 06:43
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