History Questions and Answers - Form 2 End Term 1 Exams 2022

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QUESTIONS

INSTRUCTIONS

  • Answer all questions in section A (25mks)
  • Answer all the questions in section B (45MKS)

 

  1. Define ethnology(2mks)
  2. State three importance of studying history and government(3mks)
  3. Highlight 2 characteristics of woodland apes(2mks)
  4. List two factors that led to the development of early agriculture(2mks)
  5. Name the person who invented the steel plough(1mk)
  6. Apart from the Akamba name other two highland bantu(2mks)
  7. Name two early visitors to the coast(2mks)
  8. List any two exports from the east coast of Africa(2mks)
  9. State any two principal trade routes during the long distance trade (2mks)
  10. Name the two types of trade(2mks)
  11. List three traditional forms of transport(3mks)
  12. Highlight two traditional forms of communication(2mks)

SECTION B (45MKS)

  1.                    
    1. List three sources of energy during the industrial revolution(3mks)
    2. explain six effects of the industrial revolution in Europe(12mks)
  2.                      
    1. Name any 3 highland bantu(3mks)
    2. discuss six positive impacts of modern communication(12mks)
  3.                    
    1. State three methods used in obtaining slaves(3mks)
    2. explain six reasons why seyyid said shifted his capital to Zanzibar in 1840(12mks)

MARKING SCHEME

  1. Define ethnology(2mks)
    • it’s a branch of anthropology that helps historians to identify a people with a culture and political organization of the particular race or community.
  2. State three importance of studying history and government(3mks)
    • it is cultural medium, thus helps us to appreciate and respect other people’s values and cultures.
    • It fosters empathy
    • Helps us appreciate why we need a government
    • It instills in us a sense of patriotism and national pride.
    • It helps to gain a wide range of educational skills.
    • It enables us to get solutions and present problems after learning lessons from past human deeds.
  3. Highlight 2 characteristics of woodland apes(2mks)
    • had quadrupedal movement
    • Smooth forehead
    • Projecting face.
    • Had long canine teeth for eating fruit, tearing flesh and stripping backs of trees.
  4. List two factors that led to the development of early agriculture(2mks)
    • population increase
    • climatic changes.
    • Inadequate wild food.
    • Unreliability of hunting and gathering.
    • Natural calamities.
  5. Name the person who invented the steel plough(1mk)
    • John Deere
  6. Apart from the akamba name other two highland bantu(2mks)
    • Agikuyu
    • Ameru
    • Aembu
    • Mbeere
  7. Name two early visitors to the coast(2mks)
    • greeks
    • Indians
    • Egyptiansmal
    • Romans
    • Chinese
    • Turks
    • Syrians
    • Persians
    • Arabs
    • People from Burma-thailand
    • spice island
    • malasyia
    • malsive islands
    • srilanka
  8. List any two exports from the east coast of Africa(2mks)
    • Ivory
    • Slaves
    • Gold
    • Frankincense
    • Copper
    • Rhinoceros horn
    • Tortoise shells
    • Copal
    • Palm oil
    • Cinnamon
    • Iron
    • Beautiful skin of leopard and other animals
  9. State any two principal trade routes during the long distance trade (2mks)
    • From Mombasa-mijikenda area onto taitataveta where it branced into two i.e Kilimanjaro and to the Victoria region.
    • The other proceeded northward from taitatavetaacross the galena river into kamba-land,to mount Kenya region and western part of Kenya.
    • From kilwa to yao, where it branched southwards to sewa in Zimbabwe.
    • From baamoyo to tabora, where it branched northwards to baanda,with the western branch proceeding to ujiji and then to zaire.
  10. Name the two types of trade(2mks)
    • local trade
    • regional trade
  11. List three traditional forms of transport(3mks)
    • land transport
    • animal transport
    • water transport
  12. Highlight two traditional forms of communication(2mks)
    • fire and smoke
    • drum beats
    • Horn blowing
    • messengers/runners
    • screams/cries/shouts
    • Visitors and traders
    • Flags
    • Bells
    • whistles
  13.                      
    1. List three sources of energy during the industrial revolution(3mks)
      • coal
      • petroleum/oil
      • steam
      • electricity
    2. Explain six effects of the industrial revolution in Europe (12mks)
      • contributed to population growth inEurope
      • Rural-urban migration.
      • It led to collapse of cottage industries.
      • it created new social groups.
      • caused emergence and spread of new patterns of housing.
      • Poor working conditions emerged with the industrial revolution.
      • unemployment
      • there were new forms of disputes
      • led to scrambles of colonies in Africa
      • improved transport and communication
      • Led to development of international trade.
      • There was pollution of the environment from industrial emissions and factory
  14.                        
    1. Name any 3 highland bantu(3mks)
      • aembu
      • mbeere
      • akamba
      • agikuyu
      • ameru
    2. Discuss six positive impacts of modern communication(12mks)
      • improved communication between countries
      • provision of mass entertainment
      • reduction of distances through use of satelites
      • spread of ideas and information worldwide
      • Promotion of trade and business transactions throughout the world.
      • Improvement of security systems.
      • Used in weather forecasting
      • enhancing accessibility of remote areas.
      • Transmission of live scenes thereby brining reality to viewers.
      • generating employment opportunities.
      • Promotin economic development
      • Used in navigation
  15.                
    1. State three methods used in obtaining slaves(3mks)
      • slave raids
      • chiefs sold criminals to slave traders.
      • kidnapping of children and lone travelers to slave raiders.
      • defenseless and helpless people were taken as captives.
    2. Explain six reasons why seyyid said shifted his capital to Zanzibar in 1840(12mks)
      • in order to control his east african dominions more effectively.
      • Zanzibar was centrally located
      • zanzibar had a cool pleasant climate compared to muskat which was hot and dry.
      • Zanzibar had sufficient rainfall and fertile soils,favourable for ariculture,especially the cultivation of cloves.
      • Its position made it more easy to safeguard.
      • zanzibar had a good harbors,with deep waters and could be an international part of call for lare vessels.
      • zanzibar had fresh clean water.
      • He found Zanzibar of immense strategic importance which he would use to control

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