# Physics Questions and Answers - Form 2 Mid Term 1 Exams 2023

Instructions

• Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.
1. The figure below shows the scale of a verniercallipers which was being used to measure the internal diameter of a tin. The verniercallipers has a zero error of +0.22 cm.

1. Record the actual diameter of the tin. (3 marks)
2. State one advantage of the above measuring instrument over a micrometer screw gauge.(1 mark)
2. State the Pascal’s Principle of transmission of pressure in fluids. (2 marks)
3. The figure below shows an iron bar being magnetized with a magnet.

1. Identify the magnetization method being used.                                                          (1 mark)
2. Name the polarities X and Y of the resulting magnet.                                                      (2 marks)
4. The diagram below shows a steel rod AB inside a solenoid.

1. What is the name of the above method of magnetization?                                          (1 mark)
2. Give the polarities of ends A and B when the switch is put on.                                (2 marks)
5.
1. A battery is rated 70AH, giving a practical example, explain the meaning of the rating?    (1 mark)
2. A certain battery drives a current of 2A in a circuit for 1 hour. Calculate the quantity of charge in the circuit?  (2 marks)
6. A uniform 90cm rod AB is balanced at its center of gravity, weight Y, 1N and 2N are hung 20cm, 65cm and 85cm respectively from A. Calculate the force Y? (3 marks)
7. The diagram below shows a simple Voltaic cell. The flow of current is represented by i.  Identify:

1. The Zinc rod (1 mark)
2. The Copper rod (1mark)
8.
1.
1. Define moment and state its SI Units. (2 mks)
2. Calculate the moment of the force about the fulcrum when a pet toy of mass 10kg is at a distance of 1.2m from the fulcrum. (2 mks)
2. A uniform metre rule of mass 75g is pivoted freely at the Ocm mark.  What force F, applied  vertically upwards at the 50cm mark is needed to maintain the rule horizontally? (3 mks)
9. Using a ray diagram, locate the images formed in the figure below. (4 marks)
10. The magnetic field between the poles of two permanent bar magnets is shown below. The neutral point is marked X

1. Explain what is meant by a neutral point? (1 mark)
2. Identify the poles marked A, B, C and D. (2 marks)
3. Which is the stronger pole? B or C. (1 mark)
4. Give a reason to your answer in (c) above. (1 mark)
5. The two magnets were prepared by a student in a college. Suggest two different methods by which she could have prepared the two magnets. (2 marks)
6. Draw the magnetic domains in magnet AB showing clearly the north and south poles. (2 marks)
7.
1. State one difference between the magnetic properties of steel and iron. (2 marks)
2. Given the two materials state which you would use to make: (2 marks)
1. An electromagnet
2. A compass needle.
11. In an experiment to determine the size of an oil molecule, clean water was placed in a large basin and then left over several minutes without any disturbance. Lycopodium powder was carefully spread on the water surface. A drop of oil was then taken from a container using a fine wire. Its diameter was measured using a millimeter scale with the aid of a hand lens and was found to be 0.35mm. The oil drop was carefully transferred onto the water surface where it spread to form a circular patch of diameter 14cm.
1. Explain briefly why:
1. It was important to use clean water for this experiment. (1 marks)
2. The water was held in a large basin. (1 mark)
3. The water was left undisturbed for several minutes. (1 mark)
4. Lycopodium powder was spread over the surface of the water. (1 marks)
2. Use the measurements obtained to determine:
1. The volume of oil. (3 marks)
2. The area of the oil patch. (3 marks)
3. The approximate diameter of an oil molecule. (3 marks)
4. The approximate volume of an oil molecule in mm3 (correct to 3 significant figures) (3 marks)
5. The number of oil molecules in the oil drop. (correct to 3 significant figures)
Take π=  22⁄7 (3 marks)

## MARKING SCHEME

1.
1. Reading  = 6.9 + (0.01×4)
= 6.94 cm
Diameter = 6.94-0.22
= 6.72 cm
2.
• it can measure internal dimension
• it can measure depth of blind holes
2. Pressure exerted at one point of a liquid is transmitted equally to all other parts of enclosed liquid.
3.
1. single stroke method
2.
• X- south
• Y - North
4.
1. Electrical method
2.
• A – North
• B - South
5.
1. 70AH rating of the battery is a measure of its energy storage capacity, indicating how much charge it can deliver over a certain period of time  meaning that it can deliver a current of 1 Ampere for 70 hours, or a current of 2 Amperes for 35 hours, or any other combination that results in a total charge transfer of 70 Ah.
2. Quantity of charge = I × t

Quantity of charge = 2 A × 1 hour
Quantity of charge = 2 Ah
So the quantity of charge in the circuit is 2 Ah.

6. The clockwise moment about the center of gravity due to the 1 N weight is: (1 N) × (0.2 m) = 0.2 Nm

The counterclockwise moment due to the 2 N weight is: (2 N) × (0.65 m) = 1.3 Nm
And the counterclockwise moment due to the 3 N weight is: (3 N) × (0.85 m) = 2.55 Nm
So, the net moment about the center of gravity is:
0.2 Nm − 1.3 Nm − 2.55 Nm = −3.65 Nm
And therefore, the force Y is equal to:
F = −net moment / distance from A = −3.65 Nm   = −7.3 N
0.5m
So, the force Y is −7.3 N.

7.
1. B
2. A
8.
1.
1. The moment of al force is defined as the product of the force (F) and the perpendicular distance(d) between the point of support and the line of action of the force.
2. Moment = Force x distance
= 10 x 10 x 1.2
= 120Nm
2.

Clockwise moments = Anticlockwise moment
0.75N x 0.5m = F x 0.1
0.375 = 0.1F
F = 0.375 = 3.75N
0.1
9.
10.
1. Neutral point is a point within the magnetic field where the effect of magnetism cannot be felt.
2.
• A – North
• B – South
• C – South
• D – North
3. C is stronger
4. The magnetic field lines in C are closer than B
5.
• Stroking method
• Electrical method
6.
7.
1. Steel is a hard magnetic material while iron is a soft magnetic material
2.
1. Iron
2. Steel
11.
1.
1. clean water has got a stronger surface tension
2. to provide enough area for maximum spreading of the oil.
3. If it had not settled the drop wont spread by force of gravity, other forces will be a factor.
4. to make the boundary between the oil and water visible. - for clarity.
2.
1. Volume  =  4/3 × 22/7 ×(0.35/2)3
=  0.0225 mm3
2. Area = 22/7 × (14/2)2 × 100 mm2
= 154cm2
3. Diameter = 0.0225 mm3
154
= 1.54 × 10−4mm
= 1.54 × 10−7m
4. Volume = 4/3 × 22/7 ×(0.000154)3
2
= 1.77 × 10−12 mm3
5. No. of molecules =     0.0225
1.77×10−12
= 1.27 1010  molecules

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