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Functions of Liver

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  • Detoxification: The liver is responsible for removing harmful substances from the blood, such as drugs, alcohol, and metabolic waste products. The liver converts these substances into forms that can be safely excreted from the body.
  • Metabolism: The liver plays a crucial role in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. It helps regulate blood sugar levels, stores excess glucose as glycogen, and converts it back into glucose when needed.
  • Bile Production: The liver produces bile, a yellow-green fluid that helps to digest fat in the small intestine. Bile also helps to absorb vitamins and minerals, such as vitamins A, D, E, and K.
  • Blood Processing: The liver plays a vital role in the regulation of blood clotting and the production of several blood-clotting factors. It also helps to remove waste products from the blood and produce important proteins, such as albumin.
  • Cholesterol Synthesis: The liver is responsible for producing cholesterol, a substance that is important for building cell membranes and producing hormones. The liver also helps to regulate the levels of cholesterol in the blood.
  • Vitamin Storage: The liver stores vitamins and minerals, such as iron, vitamin B12, and copper, which are released into the blood as needed.
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