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Explain five predisposing factors of mastitis disease in dairy farming.

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  1. Age 
    • old animals are likely to be infected than young ones.
  2. Stage of lactation
    • animals are likely to suffer at the beginning and at the end of lactation
  3. Udder attachment 
    • animals with large pendulus loosely hanging udder and long teats are more susceptible to mastitis
  4. Incomplete milking
    • When milk left in teat canal it acts as culture medium for bacteria
  5. Mechanical injuries
    • wounds on teats/udder allow micro-organism entry into the udder.
  6. Poor sanitation,
    • increases multiplication of the bacteria causing mastitis
  7. Poor milking techniques
    • may result in mechanical injury of the teats, sphinster muscles of the teats 
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