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Differentiate between fardh and Sunnah acts in Islam.

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  • There is only one obligatory fast in the month of Ramadhan while recommended fasts are many.
  • Avoiding obligatory fast without justifiable reason is blamewonhy and sinful while omitting Sunnah fast attracts no sins nor punishment from Allah.
  • A Muslim must compensate for missed fardh fast in form of Fidya or Qadha while there is no fidya or qadha for missed Sunnah fast.
  • Fasting in Ramadhan lapses for 29 - 30 consecutive days while it is recommended to fast a day and break the other in Sunnah fast.
  • Observance of the obligatory fast is done during the month of Ramadhan while Sunnah fasts are scattered throughout the other eleven months.
  • Fardh fast begins and ends with the sighting of the moon while Sunnah fast is not days or months specific.
  • End of obligatory fast is marked with the celebration of Eid-ul-fitr while Sunnah fast require no specific festival.
  • The prescription of fardh fast is expressly mentioned in the Quran while Sunnah fasts are modelled in the practice of the Prophet (p.b.u.h).
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