- Animal Feeds
- Methods of Grazing
They are classified into:
- Conserved feeds
- Commercial feeds
They are grasses and legumes that animals feed on directly.
They are classified into;
Pure stand ; only consist of either grass or legumes only
Mixed stand ; consists of both grass and legumes
Examples of grass include;
- Kikuyu grass
- Star grass
- Giant sataria
- Rhodes grass
There are 4 main legumes used as pasture, they include;
They are crops that are hervestered or cut then given to the animals. examples;
- Napier grass
- Guatemala grass
- Potato vines
- Maize stalks
- Sugar beet
They are animal feeds that are preserved in a special way to be used in future.
They are divided into two;
- It is cut and preserved by drying
- It is stored in bales
- It is harvested when it is about to flower. It is preserved by fermentation.
- It is stored when still green or in the succulent state.
- It is stored in silos
- The molasses is added to speed up fermentation.
- Rotational grazing
- Zero grazing
- Strip grazing
The animal is tied to a peg or post using a rope
The rope allows the animal to graze within a restricted area.
It is practised were few animals are kept
The land is divided into small areas known as paddocks using a permanent fence
A watering point is usually provided in each paddock.
The animals are enclosed in a small portion of the pasture using a temporary fence.
An electric fence is usually used.
It is also known as stall feeding
The animals are confined in a permanent structure (shed)
The shed should have feeding area, watering area, sleeping area and milking area.
It is a type of grazing where animals are allowed to graze
freely on large areas of land.