Monday, 10 July 2023 06:19

Social Studies & Religious Education Questions and Answers - Class 8 End Term Exams Term 2 2023 Set 1

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Study the map of Beso area and use it to answer questions 1 to 7.

  1. The highest part of Beso area is in the
    1. central region.
    2. game park.
    3. west.
    4. east.
  2. The main reason why Beso area has a high population is that the area has
    1. adequate rainfall.
    2. good roads.
    3. several trading centres.
    4. gently sloping land.
  3. A forest reserve was established in Beso area mainly to
    1. provide timber in the area.
    2. make the landscape beautiful.
    3. provide shade to tea bushes.
    4. preserve water catchment areas.
  4. Which one of the following offices in the area covered by the map issues trading licences?
    1. Chief's office.
    2. County commissioner's.
    3. County office.
    4. Governor's office.
  5. Tea is grown in the central part of Beso area because
    1. there are cool and wet conditions.
    2. there are good roads to transport tea.
    3. rivers provide water for irrigation.
    4. the area is hilly.
  6. Which one of the following economic activities is not carried out in Beso area?
    1. Trading
    2. Lumbering
    3. Tourism
    4. Transport
  7. The administrative head of Beso area is 
    1. an assistant county commissioner.
    2. a county commissioner.
    3. a governor.
    4. a chief.
  8. Before the coming of Europeans, decisions among the San people were made through
    1. consensus.
    2. chiefs.
    3. council of elders.
    4. kings.
  9. Which one of the following is a responsibility of children in a family?
    1. Providing land to build a family house.
    2. Providing security in the family.
    3. Taking care of family property.
    4. Providing basic needs.
  10. Which one of the following traditional weather observation methods indicates the approach of a wet season?
    1. Grass turning brown.
    2. Appearance of locusts.
    3. Absence of dew on the grass.
    4. Growing of new leaves on plants.
  11. The Agiriama people were defeated by the British mainly because
    1. the Agiriama used inferior weapons. 
    2. the British had a large army.
    3. Agiriama leaders were arrested.
    4. other communities did not support the Agiriama.
  12. Large urban centres in Germany are densely populated because
    1. rural areas are dry.
    2. most people are educated.
    3. many people work in towns.
    4. most families are small.
  13. Which one of the following groups is made up of communities that migrated from Bahr -el-Ghazal region?
    1. Abagusii, Abakuria, Abaluhyia.
    2. Taita, Pokomo, Mijikenda.
    3. Maasai, Iteso, Karamajong.
    4. Luo, Acholi, Dinka.
  14. Most settlement schemes in Kenya are found in the highland regions because 
    1. the areas have good roads.
    2. the areas had been taken by white settlers.
    3. the areas receive high rainfall.
    4. cash crops are grown in the areas.
  15. A school motto is important because it 
    1. guides learners to achieve school aims.
    2. outlines school rules.
    3. allocates time for school activities.
    4. shows direction to a school.
  16. The diagram below represents a marine fishing method.
    The fishing method shown above is 
    1. trawling.
    2. net drifting.
    3. purse seining.
    4. long lining.
  17. Which one of the following pre-historic sites is found in Uganda?
    1. Fort Ternan.
    2. Merowe
    3. Lalibela.
    4. Ishango.
  18. Which one of the following groups is made up of Bantu communities found in Central Africa?
    1. Baganda, Basoga, Batoro.
    2. Zulu, Venda, Xhosa.
    3. Balunda, Chewa, Lozi.
    4. Chagga, Hehe, Nyamwezi.
  19. Age groups in traditional African communities are made up of people 
    1. who have a common ancestor.
    2. who speak the same language.
    3. initiated about the same time. 
    4. who live in the same area.
  20. The government of Botswana helps pastoral communities in the country through
    1. giving them loans to buy cattle.
    2. drilling boreholes in pastoral areas.
    3. irrigating pasture in grazing areas. 
    4. giving pastoralists animal feeds.
  21. In Kenya human rights can be abused in the following ways except
    1. arresting suspected criminals. 
    2. dispersing peaceful demonstrations. 
    3. beating suspected criminals.
    4. engaging children in hard labour.
  22. The political party that led Ghana to independence was
    1. United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC).
    2. Northern Peoples Party (NPP).
    3. African National Congress (ANC). 
    4. Convention Peoples Party (CPP).
  23. Three of the following factors may lead to slow population growth in a country. Which one may not?
    1. Practice of family planning methods.
    2. Late marriages.
    3. Practice of polygamy.
    4. Decrease in food production.
  24. Practice of shifting cultivation has decreased due to
    1. decrease in rainfall.
    2. decrease in soil fertility.
    3. inadequate farming equipment.
    4. increase in population.
  25. The natural forests along the coast in Kenya are preserved mainly because they
    1. have rare indigenous trees.
    2. are sources of rivers.
    3. provide timber for export.
    4. produce pulp for paper making.
  26. Which one of the following statements about assembling industries in Kenya is true? They
    1. mainly use imported materials.
    2. are found in rural areas.
    3. employ most people.
    4. mainly produce goods for export.
  27. The judicial system in Kenya is headed by the
    1. President.
    2. Chief justice.
    3. Attorney General.
    4. Speaker.
  28. Which one of the following is not a function of a clan?
    1. Maintaining clan traditions.
    2. Allocating land to clan members. 
    3. Settling disputes among members.
    4. Getting marriage partners for members.
  29. Most mountains on the floor of the Rift Valley were formed through
    1. faulting.
    2. erosion.
    3. volcanicity.
    4. folding.
  30. The Bantu people migrated from the Congo Basin mainly due to
    1. search for better farming lands.
    2. attacks by the Galla people.
    3. low rainfall in the area.
    4. search for better grazing lands.
  31. The main forms of transport used to distribute petroleum products in Kenya are pipeline and
    1. water.
    2. air
    3. railway.
    4. road.

Use the map of Kenya below to answer questions 32 to 35.


  1. Which one of the following statements about the communities that used the route marked Z during migration is false? They 
    1. practised fishing.
    2. were escaping from Galla raids. 
    3. settled around lake Victoria.
    4. spoke a Nilotic language.
  2. The method used to extract the mineral mined at the place marked T is
    1. opencast
    2. scooping.
    3. dredging.
    4. evaporation.
  3. Three of the following statements about the town marked S are true. Which one is not? It
    1. started as a colonial post.
    2. is Kenya's main seaport.
    3. was visited by early visitors. 
    4. has a petroleum refinery industry.
  4. The lake marked M is lake
    1. Nakuru.
    2. Baringo
    3. Elementaita.
    4. Naivasha
  5. Three of the following are problems facing dairy farming in Kenya. Which one is not?
    1. Delays in transporting mil.
    2. Inadequate pasture in the dry season.
    3. Poor prices for milk to farmers. 
    4. Inadequate labour in dairy farms. 
  6. The colonial policy used by the French to administer Senegal was
    1. direct rule.
    2. assimilation
    3. indirect rule.
    4. paternalism.
  7. Which one of the following dams was mainly constructed to store water for irrigation?
    1. Aswan High Dam.
    2. Akosombo Dam.
    3. Masinga Dam.
    4. Kariba Dam.
  8. Which one of the following factors may undermine peace in urban centres?
    1. Competition for pasture.
    2. High rates of unemployment. 
    3. Differences in cultural practices.
    4. High levels of illiteracy.
  9. The main benefit of Jua Kali industries is that they
    1. produce goods for export.
    2. make use of idle lands.
    3. provide employment.
    4. make use of imported raw materials. 
  10. Who among the following prominent African leaders was not a founder member of the Organization of African Unity (OAU)?
    1. Leopold Sedar Senghor.
    2. Gamal Abdel Nasser.
    3. Haile Selassie.
    4. Nelson Mandela.
  11. Which one of the following rivers is correctly matched with the water body where it drains into?
    1. River Omo - Indian Ocean
    2. River Nzoia - Lake Victoria
    3. River Nile - Lake Turkana
    4. River Zambezi - Mediterranean Sea
  12. The two countries connected by the Trans African Highway are
    1. South Africa and Egypt.
    2. Nigeria and Algeria.
    3. Benin and Morocco.
    4. Kenya and Nigeria.
  13. A similarity in the population of Kenya and India is that in both countries,
    1. most people live in rural areas.
    2. there are more males than females.
    3. life expectancy is over 80 years. 
    4. families are mainly small.
  14. The title of the traditional leader of the Maasai people in the pre-colonial period was
    1. Nabongo.
    2. Laibon.
    3. Orkoiyot.
    4. Sakawa.
  15. The headquaters of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) are in
    1. Arusha in Tanzania.
    2. Lusaka in Zambia.
    3. Pretoria in South Africa.
    4. Gaborone in Botswana.
  16. Flower farmers in Kenya are able to grow them throughout the years because they 
    1. are grown in greenhouses.
    2. are grown in high rainfall areas.
    3. are in great demand.
    4. have a ready market.
  17. Which one of the following is the most effective method of ensuring discipline among pupils in a school?
    1. Punishing pupils who misbehave.
    2. Making rules for pupils to follow.
    3. Promoting dialogue.
    4. Sending away indisciplined pupils. 
  18. Three of the following are principles of democracy. Which one is not?
    1. People elect leaders of their choice.
    2. Citizens are involved in decision making.
    3. There is respect for human rights.
    4. Citizens are exempted from taxes.
  19. The amount of water vapour in the air is measured using
    1. a barometer.
    2. a hygrometer. 
    3. an anemometer
    4. a thermometer.
  20. A contribution of Julius Nyerere in promoting peace in Eastern Africa was that he
    1. chaired peace talks in Burundi. 
    2. promoted the use of Kiswahili. 
    3. established Ujamaa Villages. 
    4. supported liberation movements.
  21. Which one of the following factors does not influence the climate of a place?
    1. Relief
    2. Altitude
    3. Longitude
    4. Latitude
  22. Rural to rural migration in Kenya is mainly caused by
    1. retirement from employment.
    2. search for trade goods.
    3. search for employment.
    4. search for better farming land.
  23. Oxbow lakes are formed through
    1. deposition.
    2. erosion.
    3. faulting.
    4. volcanicity.
  24. Farmers in the highland regions of Kenya grow tea in small farms because of
    1. scarcity of labour.
    2. scarcity of tea factories.
    3. scarcity of farming land.
    4. high cost of growing tea in large farms.
  25. The main tourist attraction in the islands of Mauritius is
    1. snow-capped mountains.
    2. coastal beaches.
    3. pyramids.
    4. pre-historic sites.
  26. When the Nandi people resisted British colonial rule in Kenya, they were led by
    1. Koitalel arap Samoei.
    2. Mukite wa Nameme.
    3. Waiyaki wa Hinga.
    4. Mekatilili wa Menza.
  27. Which one of the following groups is made up of the most important imports in Eastern Africa?
    1. Fertilizers and livestock.
    2. Petroleum and machinery.
    3. Textiles and canned foods.
    4. Flowers and tea.
  28. In Kenya, implementation of government policies is done by the
    1. executive.
    2. judiciary.
    3. legislature.
    4. senate.
  29. A foreigner is allowed to register as a Kenyan citizen if the person has continuously lived in Kenya for
    1. two years.
    2. four years.
    3. seven years. 
    4. five years.


  1. Which one of the following statements describes why human beings are special in God's creation? They were
    1. placed in the garden of Eden.
    2. the last to be created.
    3. created from the soil.
    4. created in the image of God.
  2. The main reason why God saved Noah and his family from the flood was that Noah
    1. was an old man.
    2. lived a holy life.
    3. accepted to build the ark.
    4. was a priest.
  3. At which one of the following places did Jacob see a staircase of angels in a dream?
    1. Moreh
    2. Peniel
    3. Shechem
    4. Bethel
  4. Which one of the following was a reason why the Israelites ate unleavened bread before they left Egypt?
    1. There was no yeast in Egypt.
    2. They were celebrating the Passover.
    3. They were in a hurry to leave Egypt.
    4. They wanted to remember their suffering.
  5. Which one of the following commandments did the Israelites break when Aaron made a golden bull calf?
    1. "Worship no other god but me" 
    2. "Do not accuse anyone falsely"
    3. "Do not commit murder"
    4. "Keep the Sabbath day Holy"
  6. Who among the following women was a judge in Israel?
    1. Ruth
    2. Naomi
    3. Deborah
    4. Miriam
  7. Which one of the following was done by Samuel when he was the king of Israel? He
    1. consulted a Median.
    2. took Naboth's vineyard.
    3. took the wife of Uriah.
    4. built a temple in Jerusalem.
  8. Naboth was stoned to death mainly because
    1. false accusations were brought against him.
    2. Jezebel hated him.
    3. he had refused to sell his vineyard to Ahab.
    4. he had committed adultery.
  9. The triumphant entry of Jesus to Jerusalem riding on a donkey had been prophesied by
    1. Micah
    2. Zechariah.
    3. Hosea
    4. Joel.
  10. Which one of the following was done by the wisemen when they saw baby Jesus? They
    1. went to tell Herod.
    2. gave Him clothes.
    3. asked Jesus' parents questions. 
    4. presented gifts to Him.
  11. Who among the following people described Jesus as the light of the Gentiles during the presentation?
    1. Simeon.
    2. Zechariah
    3. Anna
    4. Elizabeth
  12. When some soldiers went to John the Baptist, he advised them to
    1. respect the Jewish law.
    2. observe the Sabbath.
    3. be contented with their pay.
    4. obey the Roman rulers.
  13. When Jesus changed water into wine, He had gone to Cana to
    1. visit His relatives.
    2. preach in the synagogue.
    3. attend the Passover feast.
    4. attend a wedding.
  14. The main lesson Christians learn from the miracle of healing of the Roman Centurion's servant is that Jesus is
    1. a universal Saviour.
    2. our father
    3. a healer.
    4. all knowing.
  15. Which one of the following parables did Jesus teach while seated in a boat
    1. The mustard seed.
    2. The sower.
    3. The ten young women.
    4. The widow and the judge.
  16. The people who took Jesus to the high priest accused Him of
    1. mixing with sinners.
    2. refusing to pay taxes.
    3. claiming to destroy the temple.
    4. working on a Sabbath.
  17. On the day Jesus resurrected, He first met and spoke to
    1. Mary Magdalene.
    2. Salome.
    3. Joanna.
    4. Cleopas.
  18. On the day of Pentecost, the disciples were in a locked room because they were
    1. waiting for the Holy Spirit.
    2. afraid of the Jews.
    3. praying and singing.
    4. sleeping.
  19. Which one of the following miracles was performed by Peter in Lydda? He
    1. raised Tabitha.
    2. healed a lame beggar. 
    3. raised Eutychus. 
    4. healed Aeneas.
  20. Who among the following believers was chosen by the disciples as a deacon?
    1. Paul
    2. Barnabbas
    3. Phillip
    4. Matthias
  21. Which one of the following is a fruit of the Holy Spirit?
    1. Faith
    2. Wisdom
    3. Healing
    4. Love
  22. Who among the following specialists in traditional African Communities leads people in offering sacrifices?
    1. Diviners
    2. Priest
    3. Herbalist
    4. Rainmaker
  23. People share resources in traditional African communities in order to
    1. use surplus resources.
    2. be recognized in the society.
    3. show concern for others.
    4. be rewarded.
  24. A common practice during marriage in both Christianity and traditional African communities is
    1. blessing the couple.
    2. offering sacrifices.
    3. exchanging vows.
    4. eating sacrificial meals.
  25. Blood that is shed during initiation in traditional African communities indicates 
    1. that the initiate are brave.
    2. the value of responsibility.
    3. a change from childhood.
    4. union with ancestors.
  26. Peter hides in the toilet when other pupils are cleaning their classrooms. The best action for you to take is to
    1. report him to the teacher on duty.
    2. get another pupil to work for him.
    3. tell him to work with other pupils.
    4. report to his parents.
  27. The element of prayer when a person prays for his needs is
    1. confession.
    2. adoration.
    3. Petition.
    4. Intercession.
  28. In Kenya, the church has established health facilities in order to
    1. provide free treatment.
    2. create jobs in the country.
    3. get money to build churches.
    4. promote good health among people.
  29. Christian youth can spend their free time serving the community by
    1. attending birthday parties.
    2. cleaning market streets.
    3. singing in the church choir.
    4. playing football.
  30. Thika School for the Blind was started by
    1. Salvation Army Church.
    2. Catholic Church.
    3. Methodist Church.
    4. African Inland Church.


  1. Muslims are commanded over two pillars in surah Bayyina, as they usually follow each other in the Holy Qur'an. Which ones? 
    1. Perform prayers and give out zakat.
    2. Fear Allah and the day of judgement.
    3. Fast swaum and go for Hajj.
    4. Respect Allah and do good to parents.
  2. Allah (s.w) created man in the best mould and then reduced him to the lowest of low, as stated in surah Tiin. This could be due to his
    1. forgetfulness.
    2. weakness.
    3. immorality.
    4. mortality.
  3. What was the prophet reminded to do in surah Dhuha with the many favours that Allah (s.w) blessed Him with?
    1. To make others rich.
    2. To do good with them.
    3. Distribute them to the needy.
    4. Take them out.
  4. The historical event that makes Lailatul Qadr better than 1 000 months is the
    1. descending of angels.
    2. revelation of the Holy Qur'an.
    3. prevailing of peace until fajr.
    4. way Ruh accompanies other angels.
  5. Which among the following forms of ikhlas is the subject matter in surah Ahad?
    1. Reliance on Allah.
    2. Fear of Allah.
    3. Omnipresence of Allah.
    4. Monotheism of Allah.
  6. The prophet (p.b.u.h) said that _____________________pinches the mind and you do not want people to know about it.
    1. virtue act.
    2. vice act.
    3. doubtful act.
    4. strange act.
  7. The following people fall in the trap of those facilitating bribe except the one who
    1. receives it
    2. mediates it.
    3. hates it.
    4. writes its contract.
  8. In which pillar of swalah is Tashahhud recited? In
    1. sujud.
    2. julus.
    3. qiyam.
    4. rukuu.
  9. The two parts of the body dusted during Tayammum are
    1. nose and ears.
    2. feet and head.
    3. neck and chest.
    4. face and arms.
  10. Which of the following fardh salaats have no sunna baadiya after them?
    1. Dhuhr and Maghrib.
    2. Maghrib and Isha.
    3. Fajr and Asr.
    4. Isha and Fajr.
  11. Which one of the following is a condition for fasting? One must be
    1. a praying Muslim. 
    2. a free citizen.
    3. in good health condition.
    4. a Muslim.
  12. Which act in Taraweh sunna prayer makes it to be called "Taraweh"?
    1. There is a pause after every two rakaats.
    2. It is only performed once in a year.
    3. It is performed during the fasting month. 
    4. It is performed by reciting the whole Qur'an.
  13. All the following ibaadaats in Hajj are performed seven times except
    1. sa'y.
    2. twawaf.
    3. ram-yul jimaar.
    4. drinking from zamzam.
  14. Muslims who arrive in Makka for Hajj ibaada utter acceptance recitation called 
    1. talbia.
    2. tahniq. 
    3. takbir. 
    4. tash-kur.
  15. Which of the following is not a pillar included in salaat janaza?
    1. A niyyat
    2. Qiyan
    3. Sujuud
    4. Surah Fatiha
  16. The imam leading a congregation in salaat janaza for a dead woman should stand around the _________________ of the body.
    1. head
    2. feet
    3. waist
    4. chest
  17. Muslims who do not practise the five daily salaats are
    1. breaking the religion.\
    2. joining half the religion.
    3. not together with others.
    4. not true Muslims.
  18. Which type of wisdom shall a Muslim apply in a situation where he is required to think on his own before acting?
    1. Ijma
    2. Qiyas. 
    3. Qur'an. 
    4. Hadith.
  19. The measure of water that cannot be dirtified hence remains clean for ablution is called
    1. Nisab. 
    2. Qiratuu.
    3. Shibr.
    4. Qulatein. 
  20. All the rituals performed for the dead are in the Islamic sharia classified as
    1. Sunna Muaqada.
    2. Fardh kifaya.
    3. Mustahabbu.
    4. Fardh Ain.
  21. Which among the following dates of the month is a yaumul abyath?
    1. 1st
    2. 10th
    3. 27th
    4. 15th
  22. On which day of the week are Muslim deeds written by angels Raqib and Atid and raised to the Arsh of Allah? On
    1. Monday.
    2. Thursday.
    3. Saturday.
    4. Friday.
  23. Which one of the following is the most pleasing act before Allah?
    1. Giving out salaams among Muslims.
    2. Having self control
    3. Kindness in what we do.
    4. Swalah in correct time.
  24. Why should a Muslim judge hear from both sides of difference?
    1. For him to advise and give a warning.
    2. To have an accurate punishment.
    3. To administer revenge.
    4. To give justice.
  25. It is true to say that nabii Yusuf went to prison because of
    1. raping Potiphar's wife.
    2. explaining the meanings of his drearms.
    3. the fitna of Potiphar's wife.
    4. worshipping idols.
  26. All the following things were instrumental in the spread of Islam along the coast except
    1. Islamic culture. 
    2. trade.
    3. intermarriage.
    4. Portugal rule.
  27. According to the belief in Islam on “ihsan”, Allah (s.w) is___________________________ everyone wherever he or she is.
    1. providing for
    2. guiding
    3. hearing
    4. seeing
  28. The main reason why Allah (s.w) prohibited Muslims to use intoxicants is because they
    1. destroy the body health.
    2. have social effects.
    3. lead to other evils.
    4. are handworks of sheitwan.
  29. The main reason why Allah (s.w) commanded the rich to pay zakat is to protect the poor from
    1. shame.
    2. suffering.
    3. begging.
    4. gambling.
  30. In which of the following places do the Muslims on Hajj ibaadah perform the rite of sacrificing animals? At
    1. Muzdalifa.
    2. Minna.
    3. Aqaba.
    4. Arafa.



  1. A
  2. A
  3. D
  4. C
  5. A
  6. B
  7. B
  8. A
  9. C
  10. D
  11. A
  12. C
  13. D
  14. B
  15. A
  16. B
  17. D
  18. C
  19. C
  20. B
  21. A
  22. D
  23. C
  24. D
  25. A
  26. A
  27. B
  28. D
  29. C
  30. A
  31. D
  32. B
  33. C
  34. A
  35. B
  36. D
  37. B
  38. A
  39. B
  40. C
  41. D
  42. B
  43. D
  44. A
  45. B
  46. D
  47. A
  48. C
  49. D
  50. B
  51. A
  52. C
  53. D
  54. A
  55. C
  56. B
  57. A
  58. B
  59. A
  60. C


  1. D
  2. B
  3. D
  4. C
  5. A
  6. C
  7. A
  8. C
  9. B
  10. D
  11. A
  12. C
  13. D
  14. A
  15. B
  16. C
  17. A
  18. B
  19. D
  20. C
  21. D
  22. B
  23. C
  24. A
  25. D
  26. C
  27. C
  28. D
  29. B
  30. A


  1. A
  2. C
  3. D
  4. B
  5. D
  6. B
  7. C
  8. B
  9. D
  10. C
  11. A
  12. B
  13. D
  14. A
  15. C
  16. D
  17. A
  18. B
  19. D
  20. D
  21. D
  22. C
  23. B
  24. A
  25. C
  26. B
  27. D
  28. D
  29. B
  30. B
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