Tuesday, 11 July 2023 14:02

Social Studies & Religious Education Questions and Answers - Class 8 Mid Term 2 Exams 2023 Set 5

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Study the map of Dhiru Area to answer questions 1-7

  1. What is the approximate length of the tarmac road in Dhiru area?
    1. 25km
    2. 21km
    3. 18km
    4. 11.5km
  2. The murram road in Dhiru area is most likely used to transport
    1. stones
    2. fish
    3. timber
    4. coffee
  3. The head of Dhiru area is most likely to be a
    1. chief
    2. County Commissioner
    3. governor
    4. District Officer
  4. Which one of the following economic activities is not carried out in Dhiru area?
    1. Fishing
    2. Mining
    3. Trading
    4. Pastrolism
  5. The main source of water in Dhiru area is
    1. river
    2. lake
    3. boreholes
    4. rainfall
  6. River Shalla in Dhiru area flows from
    1.  North West
    2. North East
    3. South West
    4. South East
  7. Which one of the following is not a service found in Sola town?
    1. Health services
    2.  Education services
    3. Religion services
    4. Recreational services
  8. During the colonial period the development of transport systems was aimed at
    1. creating jobs for Africans
    2. facilitating movement of goods
    3. promoting African nationalists activities
    4. encouraging cultural interaction among communities
  9. Which one of the following statements is true of the Wanyamwezi chiefs during the pre-colonial period?
    1. They were appointed by a council of elders
    2. They were from the maternal clan
    3. They were not hereditary
    4. They were succeeded by their daughters
  10. Below are characteristics of a climate experienced in Africa:
    1. It is experienced between latitude 20° and 39° South
    2. It has hot and wet summers
    3. The rainfall ranges between 400 and 1200mm per annum
    4. The annual temperatures are about 20°C
      The climatic region described above is
      1. tropical
      2. temperate
      3. mediterranean
      4. equatorial

Use the map of Kenya to answer questions 11-14

  1. The hydro electric power station at the place marked A is
    1. Owen falls
    2. Turkwel
    3. Masinga
    4. Sondu-Miriu
  2. The main function of the town marked B
    1. mining
    2.  industrial
    3. tourism
    4. administrative
  3. The game park found at the place marked C is
    1. Ruma
    2. Maasai Mara
    3. Ndere island
    4. Saiwa island
  4. The physical feature at the place marked D is a
    1. crater lake
    2. swamp
    3. mountain
    4. rift valley
  5. Below are statements about a political association in Kenya during the colonial period:
    1. It opposed the imposition of hut tax
    2. It opposed European interference with African culture.
    3. It advocated for the establishment of independent schools
    4. It protected against the Kipande system
      The organisation described above was
      1. Young Kikuyu Association
      2. Ukamba Members Association
      3. Kikuyu Central Association
      4. Taita Hills Association
  6. The Wanyamwezi of Central Tanganyika were ruled by chiefs during the pre-colonial
    period. The title of a chief was
    1. Mugabe
    2. Ntemi
    3. Wanyamphala
    4. Wanyikulu
  7. Which one of the following has been an achievement of African socialism in Kenya?
    1. Equitable distribution of resources
    2. Elimination of illiteracy in the country
    3. Increased participation of people in development project
    4. Reduction of the gap between the rich and the poor
  8. Below are some sources of national government revenue. Which one of the groups earns highest?
    1. Customs and excise loans
    2. Sales of government properties Court fines
    3. Income tax Value added tax
    4. Grants and Aids Sales of licences
  9. Which one of the following is associated with the British rule in Kenya?
    1. Powers of traditional rulers were reduced
    2. African were reduced as DC's
    3. The governor was elected by white settlers
    4. Africans were represented in the Legco
  10. Which one of the following is not a responsibility of the local authorities of Kenya?
    1. Providing social services
    2. Issuing trade licences
    3. Allocation land for development
    4. Issuing permits for meeting in towns
  11. Three of the following are rights of spouses in marriage. Which one is not?
    1. Right to unfaithfulness
    2. Right to be loved
    3. Right to decision making
    4. Right to ownership of property
  12. The following are sparsely populated areas of Africa except
    1. the Sahel region
    2. Miombo woodlands
    3. the Nile valley
    4. Lambwe valley
  13. Which one of the following is the main function of a school?
    1. To assist learners develop positive rules
    2. To foster the development of national unity
    3. To assist learners develop their talents
    4. To prepare the youth for the world of work
  14. Which one of the following statement best explains why the Kenya highlands have a high population density?
    1. The area has deep, rich volcanic soils
    2. The region receives high and reliable rainfall
    3. There is a well developed transport network
    4. The area has a concentration of industries

Use the map of Eastern Africa below to answer questions 25-29

  1. The mineral extracted from the place marked P is
    1. copper
    2. soda ash
    3. gold
    4. silver
  2. The mountain range marked Q was formed through
    1. faulting
    2. erosional activities
    3. folding
    4. volcanic activities
  3. The vegetation found in the area marked R consist of
    1. forests
    2. scrubs
    3. papyrus and reeds
    4. health and moorland
  4. Which one of the following statements is true of the country marked S?
    1. It is a major exporter of coffee
    2. It has a well developed railway network
    3. It is mainly inhabited by Cushites
    4. It is the headquarters of the IGAD
  5. Which one of the following is the main reason why the river at point marked T is difficult for navigation?
    1. It has a plenty of floating vegetation
    2. The river is flowing through a swampy area
    3. Low volume of water at sometime in the year
    4. It has several waterfalls and cataracts.
  6. Which one of the following factors least contributed to the settlement of Asians in Eastern Africa after building of the Kenya- Uganda railway?
    1. Over population in the country.
    2. Availability of business opportunities in East Africa
    3. They were not allowed to return to their country
    4. They were required to build more railways
  7. Which one of the following countries is not a member of United Nations?
    1. Britain
    2. France
    3. Taiwan
    4. Russia
  8. In Kenya parliamentary sessions are chaired by
    1. the leader of government business
    2. the speaker
    3. the leader of opposition in parliament
    4. the sergent at arms
  9. Below are some problems of rapid population growth in Kenya:
    1. Land fragmentation
    2. Scarcity of land
    3. Development of slums
    4. High dependency
    5. Food shortage
      Which combination of the above problems are commonly felt in the rural areas?
      1. i, ii, v
      2. i, ii, iii
      3. iii, iv, v
      4. i, ii, iv
  10. Below are some methods of soil conservation:
    1. Crop farming
    2. Crop rotation
    3. Cover cropping
    4. Contour ploughing
    5. Strip farming
      Which combination of the above conservation methods would be used to control splash erosion?
      1. i, ii, iii
      2. i, ii,
      3. i, iii, v
      4. i, ii, iv
  11. The imposition of colonial rule in Africa was mainly facilitated by
    1. activities of European missionaries
    2. military superiorith of the Europeans
    3. lack of unity around African community
    4. riverly among African leaders
  12. Which one of the following is not a role of political parties in democracy?
    1. To assist in development activities
    2. To oppose the failures of the ruling party
    3. To encourage wananchi to vote
    4. To keep the government alert
  13. Below are some problems facing wildlife in Kenya:
    1. Attack by poachers
    2. Drought
    3. Fires
    4. Inadequate capital
    5. Litter in the park
      Which combination of the above problems can be solved with the assistance of the community?
      1. i, iii, iv
      2. i, iii, v
      3. i. ii, ii, v
      4. ii, iii, v
  14. The picture below is of a weather measuring instrument.
    The instrument above is used to measure
    1. wind movement
    2. strength of wind
    3. speed of wind
    4. amount of wind
  15. Which one of the following factors least promoted European settlers farming in Kenya?
    1. Availability of unoccupied land
    2. Presence of Kenya-Uganda railway
    3. Unavailability of cash crop
    4. Suppot offered by the colonial administration
  16. Which one of the following statements explains why Nelson Mandela is considered to be great son of Africa?
    1. He served for only one term as president
    2. He retired as president of South Africa
    3. He spent most of his time fighting for his people
    4. He is the mediator of peace in the continent
  17. Major Hassan Kamau has been suspected to have been involved in a bank robbery. To which one of the following courts would he be taken for trial?
    1. Court of appeal
    2. Court martial
    3. High court
    4. Kadhis court
  18. Three of the following are ways in which citizen of Kenya may participate in their government. Which one is not?
    1. Paying their taxes
    2. Obeying the laws of the land
    3. Protecting the environment
    4. Owning properties
  19. Below are some of the processes during the holding of national elections:
    1. Educating of voters
    2. Identifying of polling stations
    3. Registration of candidates
    4. Checking of voters registers
    5. Buying of election materials
      Which is the correct order in which the above activities shall be carried out?
      1. i, ii, iii, iv, v
      2. iii, iv, i, v, ii
      3. ii, iii, iv, v, i
      4. iii, iv, v, i, ii
  20. Which one of the following is not a benefit of National unity?
    1. People live in harmony
    2. People easily share resources
    3. People interact easily
    4. People have religious differences
  21. Below are some of the human rights contained in the bill of rights?
    1. Freedom of thought
    2. Freedom of expression
    3. Right to privacy
    4. Right to liberty
    5. Freedom of movement
      Which combination of the above rights consists of civil rights?
      1. i, ii, iii
      2. ii, iii, iv
      3. i, iv, v
      4. iii, iv, v
  22. Which group of the African countries are members of both COMESA and SADC?
    1. Seychelles, Mauritius, Lesotho
    2. Madagascar, Swaziland, Lesotho
    3. Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Namibia
    4. DR Congo, Botswana, Zambia
  23. Which one of the following is the main quality of marriage?
    1. Love
    2. Faithfulness
    3. Tolerance
    4. Respect
  24. Three of the following factors explain the slow rate of development of railway transport in Africa. Which one does not?
    1. It is not a popular means of transport
    2. It is expensive to build
    3. It is expensive to transport bulky goods
    4. The railways have different gauges
  25. Which one of the following was not one of the reasons why Europeans powers scrambled for Africa?
    1. The African chiefs asked them to come and give them protection
    2. They wanted a source of raw materials
    3. They wanted to settle a surplus population
    4. The European powers wanted to show their power
  26. Which one of the following is the main reason why the government encouraged the setting up of jua kali industries?
    1. Make sure of waste iron materials
    2. Production of cheap goods
    3. Creation of job opportunities
    4. They require little space
  27. Which one of the following lakes of Kenya receives the least of tourists?
    1. Naivasha
    2. Baringo
    3. Magadi
    4. Bogoria
  28. Why does the government need foreign currency yet it has its own currency?
    1. To pay for exports
    2. To pay foreign workers
    3. To pay for imports
    4. To keep in the bank
  29. Three of the following are reasons why first Aid is administered to victims of accidents. Which one is not?
    1. To save life accidents.
    2. To reduce pain
    3. To show kindness
    4. To promote recovery
  30. Which one of the following was not a festival among African communities?
    1. Harvest
    2. Birth
    3. Initiation
    4. Drama
  31. In traditional Africanl societies messages of an attack by another community was passed on to the people by
    1. beating drums
    2. sending smoke signals
    3. blowing a cow's horn
    4. sending messengers
  32. Olduvai Gorge is an important pre-historic site in
    1. Kenya
    2. Sudan
    3. Ethiopia
    4. Tanzania
  33. Which one of the following UN agencies has its headquarters in Nairobi?
    1. UNESCO
    2. UNHCR
    3. UNEP
    4. UNDP
  34. Three of the following are duties of the Njuri Njeke council of the Ameru. Which one is not?
    1. They settle disputes among the members
    2. They punish people who break moral laws
    3. They perform religious rituals
    4. They select family heads
  35. Below are African nationalists in the struggle of Kenya's independence. Who among them was nominated to Legco during the colonial period?
    1. Eliud Mathu
    2. B.A Ohanga
    3. Joseph Murumbi
    4. Tom Mboya
  36. Three of the following are causes of conflict in families. Which one is not?
    1. Lack of education
    2. Lack of respect
    3. Lack of money
    4. Lack of trust



  1. According to the Genesis story of creation God created water creatures and birds on the day.
    1. second
    2. third
    3. fourth
    4. fifth
  2. Who among the following was Samuel's step mother?
    1. Rebecca
    2. Sarah
    3. Penninah
    4. Hannah
  3. The following are statements that prophet Isaiah used to describe Jesus. Which one is not?
    1. Lamb of God
    2. Wonderful counsellor
    3. Prince of peace
    4. Mighty God
  4. Which of the following books of the Old testament is a historic book?
    1. Deutronomy
    2. Psalm
    3. Leviticus
    4. Ezra
  5. Who among the following people annointed David as the second king of Israel?
    1. Zaddock
    2. Nathan
    3. Samuel
    4. Saul
  6. God called Moses when he was living in
    1. Midian
    2. Horan
    3. Ur
    4. Egypt
  7. On which of the following mountains did Elijah the prophet of God put the prophets of Baal to a contest?
    1. Mt. Moriah
    2. Mt. Nebo
    3. Mt. carmel
    4. Mt. Horeb
  8. Which of the following was the main lesson that the people of Israel learnt about God from the ten plagues?
    1. God dislikes idolatry
    2. God hates proud leaders
    3. God is the creator
    4. God is loving and kind
  9. God is described in very many.words. The name omnipresent means God is
    1. great
    2. powerful
    3. everywhere
    4. everything
  10. Who among the following leaders did the Holy Spirit manifest upon and enabled him to conquer enemies with only 300 soliders?
    1. Joshua
    2. Gideon
    3. Saul
    4. David
  11. Which of the following couples were the parents of John the baptist?
    1. Isaac and Rebecca
    2. Hannah and Elikanah
    3. Abraham and Sarah
    4. Elizabeth and Zachariah
  12. Which of the following Christian occassion is correctly matched with its celebration?
    1. Good Friday - The death of Jesus
    2. Easter Monday - The day of arrest of Jesus
    3. Advent - The birth of Jesus
    4. Pentecost - Ascencion of Jesus
  13. Who among the following disciples informed Jesus that there was a boy with two fish and five loaves during the feedingof the five thousand people?
    1. Peter
    2. John
    3. Philip
    4. Andrew
  14. Jesus appeared to Cheophas and his friends when they were on their way to
    1. Nazareth
    2. Jericho
    3. Galilee
    4. Emmaus
  15. The disciples of Jesus were given the authority to go and do all the following except
    1. preach
    2. punish sinners
    3. drive away demons
    4. heal the sick
  16. In which town did Jesus raise the widow's son?
    1. Cana
    2. Nazareth
    3. Nain
    4. Bethlehem
  17. Which of the following was the main reason why Paul was called by God?
    1. To preach the word of God to the Gentiles
    2. To stop pesecuting christians
    3. To go to Damascus
    4. To heal the sick
  18. On the day of pentecost the Holy spirit came down in form of
    1. clouds
    2. smoke
    3. fire
    4. dove
  19. Which of the following titles was given to Jesus by John the Baptist?
    1. The mighty king
    2. The lamb of God
    3. Bread of life
    4. Wonderful counselor
  20. Which of the following acts were performed by elders in traditional Africa communities during worship?
    1. Serving the holy communion
    2. Baptising members
    3. Reciting the creed
    4. Sacrificing animals
  21. Which of the following activities was practised in traditional African communities so that the dead could share with the living?
    1. Building shrines
    2. Pouring libation
    3. Naming
    4. Initiation
  22. Which of the following ways of worship is common to both Christianity and traditional African religion?
    1. Reciting prayers
    2. Baptising believers
    3. Making sacrifices
    4. Reading the bible
  23. Which of the following practices in traditional African society was mainly conducted by the priest?
    1. Naming children
    2. Punishing criminals
    3. Circumcision
    4. Offering sacrifices
  24. Which of the following is the best explanation as to why some people were wealthy in traditional African societies? They were
    1. wise
    2. blessed by God
    3. generous
    4. hardworking
  25. Carol was sent by her mother to buy 1kg meat at a nearby butchery. The butcher gave him more change than was necessary. As a Christian he should
    1. go to another butchery and buy another meat for an elderly woman
    2. take the money to church
    3. buy a gift for her sel
    4. return the extra balance to the butcher
  26. Muthoni took lunch belonging to Mueni and ate it. As a Christian, Mueni should
    1. tell Muthoni never to do it again
    2. ask Muthoni to pay it
    3. announce it to the whole class
    4. report the matter to the class prefect
  27. Which of the following is the best way to use leisure time after completing examinations?
    1. Visit a relative
    2. Listen to music
    3. Go for holiday in the beaches,
    4. Visit the sick and elderly
  28. Moraa a class seven pupil at Keroka Academy finds two boys from class four fighting on their way home. As a Christian, Moraa should
    1. leave them and report the matter to the headteacher the following day
    2. separate them and ask them to go to their homes
    3. scream and call for help
    4. ignore them
  29. In the Apostle's Creed the Catholic church refers to
    1. the holy christians
    2. the holy catholic church
    3. the Everlasting church
    4. the universal church
  30. The main work of the clergy is to
    1. build churches
    2. punish sinners
    3. preach the gospel
    4. collect church funds



  1. Which one of the following Surahs asks Muslims never to delay the five daily prayers?
    1. Al-Maun
    2. Fatiha
    3. A-tiin
    4. Ikhlas
  2. The main message of Surah Al-Takaathur is
    1. the last day
    2. oneness of Allah
    3. importance of time.
    4. evil of searching for wealth
  3. The Quranic verse “Fa-innama alyusri yusraa" is found in Surah
    1. Humaza
    2. Fiyl
    3. Bayyina
    4. Inshirrah
  4. In which of the following Surahs is man said to be created in the best form?
    1. Tiin
    2. Al-Asr
    3. Al-Qariah
    4. Al-Kaafiruun
  5. Which pair of Surahs are referred to as "Muwathatain"?
    1. Al-Ikhlas and Al-Nasr
    2. Al-Alaq and Al-Lahab
    3. Al-Falq and Annaas
    4. Annas and Al-Ikhlas
  6. The prophet (p.b.u.h) said. "Worship Allah as you see Him. If you don't see Him, He sees you." This hadith is on
    1. Tawheed
    2. Ihsaan
    3. Taqwa
    4. Iman
  7. According to the teaching of the prophet (p.b.u.h), the person exempted to fast during the month of Ramadhan may be
    1. the traveller
    2. the poor
    3. the orphan
    4. the God-fearing
  8. Which among the following statements is true about the Jumaa prayer?
    1. It must have two hotuba
    2. It should have a maximum of 40 people
    3. It is not only performed on Friday
    4. It doesn't have 'Iqaama'
  9. When performing Tayammum, which two parts of the body are involved?
    1. Mouth and legs
    2. Face and arms
    3. Ears and hands
    4. Forehead and arms
  10. One of the pillars of Islam is used when one is embracing Islam
    1. Hajj
    2. Salaat
    3. Zakat
    4. Shahada
  11. When praying for the dead, the prayer for the prophet (p.b.u.h) is said after_____ Takbiir
    1. fourth
    2. third
    3. second
    4. first
  12. Which of the following is the best way of caring for the people infected with HIV/ AIDS?
    1. Keep their status a secret
    2. Pray for them
    3. Encourage them to live positively
    4. Provide them with food
  13. The following are recipients of Zakah. Which one is not?
    1. Poor, debtor, wayfarer
    2. Poor, needy, collectors
    3. Orphan, widow, sick
    4. Slaves, needy, poor
  14. Children in schools are encouraged to observe punctuality because it
    1. makes them avoid punishment
    2. trains one to be responsible
    3. gives them enough time to play
    4. promotes better performance in exams
  15. One of the attributes of Allah is "Al- Razaq". This means
    1. the giver
    2. the creator
    3. the designer
    4. the provider
  16. Among the angels of Allah, Angel Ridhwan is assigned duties including being in charge of
    1. paradise
    2. rain
    3. hell fire
    4. revelation
  17. The Caliph who compiled the Holy Quran was
    1. Abubakar Assidiq
    2. Uthman bin Affan
    3. Ali bin Abu Talib
    4. Umar bin Khattab
  18. "Ash-Hurul-Hurum" as used in islam refers to
    1. Islamic calendar
    2. fasting months
    3. sacred months
    4. birthdays
  19. The best way to attract people to Islam is by
    1. being role models
    2. inviting them to the mosque
    3. competing them to embrace Islam
    4. welcoming them to Islamic ceremonies
  20. On his way to school, Hussein a grade one pupil meets his grandfather. Hussein should greet him by saying
    1. Assalam Alaykum
    2. Shikamoo
    3. Swubah-ul-Kheri
    4. good morning
  21. The following are places of worship. Which onc suits Hindus?
    1. Synagogue
    2. Mosque
    3. Church
    4. Temple
  22. Which one of the following principles is practiced will reduce the spread of COVID 19?
    1. Feasting
    2. Distancing closely
    3. Sanitising
    4. Sharing beddings
  23. 12th Rabiul Awwal is an important date of Musim. Why is it?
    1. Marks Eidul Fitr
    2. Marks the birth of prophet Mohammad
    3. Marks the birth of prophet's father
    4. Marks the day of Hijra
  24. The best way a Muslim can show appreciations for blessings from Allah is by
    1. visiting the sick
    2. visiting the graves
    3. watching football
    4. attending miladun-Nabi
  25. The reason why the battle of Uhud was lost is because
    1. the Muslims disobeyed prophet Muhammad's orders
    2. the Quraish were too many
    3. Muslims were weak
    4. some Muslims surrendered
  26. Who was the foster mother of prophet Mohammad (S.A.W)?
    1. Amina
    2. Aisha
    3. Khadija
    4. Halima
  27. The Muslims fast on the day of 10th Dhul-Hijja. Which important event takes place on this day?
    1. Throwing stones at Jamarat
    2. Running between Safar and Marwa
    3. Standing at Arafa field
    4. Reading of Quran the whole day
  28. The following are not reasons learnt from the story of Nur except
    1.  Muslims should exercise virtue of forgiveness
    2. Muslims should take care of their blood relations only
    3. Muslims should cooperate with each other in religious matters
    4. Muslims should remain steadfast in their religion despite hardships
  29. Which one of the following faradh prayers has the shortest period within which it should be performed?
    1. Isha
    2. Fajr
    3. Dhuhur
    4. Maghrib
  30. The Caliph who wrote the treaty of Hudaibiya was
    1. Ali bin Abu Talib
    2. Uthman bin Affan
    3. Abubakar Assidiq
    4. Umar bin Khattab



  1. C
  2. A
  3. C
  4. D
  5. C
  6. A
  7. D
  8. B
  9. A
  10. C
  11. C
  12. A
  13. B
  14. C
  15. A
  16. B
  17. C
  18. C
  19. D
  20. D
  21. A
  22. C
  23. C
  24. B
  25. B
  26. A
  27. C
  28. C
  29. D
  30. A
  31. C
  32. B
  33. A
  34. C
  35. A
  36. B
  37. B
  38. B
  39. B
  40. C
  41. B
  42. D
  43. C
  44. D
  45. C
  46. C
  47. A
  48. C
  49. A
  50. C
  51. B
  52. C
  53. C
  54. D
  55. A
  56. D
  57. B
  58. D
  59. A
  60. A


  1. D
  2. C
  3. A
  4. D
  5. C
  6. A
  7. C
  8. C
  9. C
  10. B
  11. D
  12. A
  13. D
  14. D
  15. B
  16. C
  17. A
  18. C
  19. B
  20. D
  21. B
  22. C
  23. D
  24. D
  25. D
  26. A
  27. D
  28. B
  29. D
  30. C


  1. B
  2. D
  3. B
  4. A
  5. A
  6. A
  7. A
  8. A
  9. B
  10. D
  11. B
  12. D
  13. C
  14. B
  15. C
  16. C
  17. A
  18. A
  19. A
  20. A
  21. D
  22. C
  23. A
  24. A
  25. A
  26. D
  27. B
  28. B
  29. C
  30. C
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Download Social Studies & Religious Education Questions and Answers - Class 8 Mid Term 2 Exams 2023 Set 5.

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