Wednesday, 15 March 2023 06:10

Social Studies & Religious Education Questions and Answers - Class 8 Opener Exams Term 1 2023 Set 4

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Use the map of Safa area to answer questions 1-7.

  1. Flowers are transported to Joli town for export by 
    1. air
    2. railway
    3. water
    4. road.
  2. The most senior administrator of Safa area is
    1. county commissioner
    2. governor
    3. chief
    4. county representaive.
  3. Which one of the following factors mainly influenced the setting up of the milk factory?
    1. Nearness to a dairy farm.
    2. Nearness to market.
    3. Nearness to a road.
    4. Availability of space.
  4. The main contribution of the forest in the Western part of Safa area is that it
    1. is a tourist attraction site
    2. protects the sources of rivers
    3.  is a source of timber
    4. attracts rainfall in the area
  5. The main economic activity carried out in Safa area is
    1. trading
    2. farming
    3. fishing
    4.  lumbering.
  6. The climate of the area covered by the map can be described as
    1. cool and dry
    2. hot and dry
    3. cool and wet
    4. hot and wet..
  7. Land in Safa area generally rises from
    1. North West to South East.
    2. South West to North East.
    3. South East to North West.
    4. North East to South West.
  8. The main reason why the River and Lake Nilotes dispersed from the Pubungu Pakwach area was
    1. drought
    2.  famine
    3. overpopulation
    4. epidermics
  9. Below are statements about marriage system.
    1. Polygamy is allowed
    2. It is conducted by a religious leader
    3. A man can marry only one wife
    4. A marriage certificate is issued
    5. It is conducted in a government office
      Which one of the following combinations consist of statements that are correct about a Christian marriage?
      1. ii, iii, iv
      2.  i, iv, v
      3.  iii, iv, v
      4. ii, iv, v
  10. Africans in Ghana used peaceful means to attain independence because
    1. Africans had strong leaders
    2. Africans had formed political parties
    3. most Africans were educated
    4.  the colony did not attract many settlers.
  11. Which one of the following groups of countries consist of those crossed by the Great North Road?
    1. Zambia, Tanzania, Ethiopia.
    2. Congo, Angola, Namibia.
    3. Kenya, Uganda, Gabon.
    4. Nigeria, Niger, Algeria.
  12. South Africa is able to produce many manufactured goods because
    1. the goods are in great demand
    2. there is availability of cheap labour
    3. the country has variety of minerals
    4. the country experiences high rainfall.
  13. Below are characteristics of a vegetation zone in Africa
    1. There are scattered dry shrubs
    2. Cacti and euphorbia plants are common
    3. There are dry turfs of grass
      The vegetation zone described above is
      1. mediterranean vegetation
      2. semi-desert vegetation
      3. tropical vegetation
      4. temperate vegetation.
  14. When the Mandinka people of West Africa resisted French colonial rule they were led by
    1. Samouri Toure
    2. King Lewanika 
    3. Chief Mkwawa
    4. Kabaka Mwanga.
  15. Below are conditions for growing a certain crop
    1. Protection from strong winds
    2. Well drained fertile soils
    3. High rainfall
    4. High temperature between 24°c and 27°c
      The conditions listed above favour the growing of
      1. wheat
      2. cotton
      3. cocoa
      4. maize

Use the diagram below to answer question 16

  1. The type of rainfall shown above is experienced in the following areas except
    1. Southern Uganda
    2. Lake Victoria basin
    3. Coastal lowlands of Kenya
    4. Central Tanzania.
  2. Which one of the following groups is made up of Voltaic speakers of West Africa?
    1. Susu, Mande, Soninke.
    2. Wolof, Fulani, Tukolor.
    3. Igbo, Yoruba, Ewe.
    4. Dagomba, Bergu, Gurba.
  3. Which pair consists of elements of a map only?
    1. Key, vegetation.
    2. Shape, compass.
    3. Title, frame.
    4. Relief, drainage.
  4. Large commercial poultry farming is carried out near urban centres due to
    1. availability of electricity
    2. availability of cheap labour
    3. nearness to market for poultry products
    4. nearness to source of water.
  5. Residual mountains are formed through
    1. erosion
    2. faulting
    3.  folding
    4. volcanicity.
  6. Which one of the following statements about European colonial rule in Belgian Congo is correct?
    1. Africans were encouraged to assimilate.
    2. Africans were forced to work in rubberfarms.
    3. Europeans used indirect rule.
    4. Europeans allowed African chiefs to rule.
  7.  Which one of the following duties is performed by a head teacher in a school?
    1. Appointing the deputy headteacher.
    2. Chairing Board of Management.
    3. Allocating funds to a school.
    4. Keeping school records.
  8. Improvement in modern methods of communication has mainly led to
    1. migration of people to towns
    2. increase in trading activities
    3. expansion of urban centres
    4. expansion of infrastructure.
  9. Three of the following are ways in which communities interacted in the past. Which one was not?
    1. Games
    2. War.
    3. Marriage.
    4. Trading.
  10. Which one of the following was a contribution of Nelson Mandela? He
    1. led South Africa to independence
    2. made South Africa a one-party state
    3. led South Africa to the first all racial elections
    4. was a founder member of African Union.
  11. Lake Tana in Ethiopia and lake Itasy in Madagascar were formed when
    1. water collected inside faults
    2. water collected inside craters
    3. parts of the earth sunk
    4. flowing magma blocked rivers.
  12. The Fulani people of West Africa are able to graze their livestock over large areas because 
    1. there is plenty of grass
    2. they live in sparsely populated areas
    3.  they keep large herds of livestock
    4.  they use horses to scout for pasture.
  13. Which one of the following factors may lead to conflicts in the society? -
    1. Use of indigenous languages.
    2. Intermarriage among communities.
    3. Unequal distribution of national resources.
    4. Movement of people to towns.

Use the map of Eastern Africa below to answer questions 29 to 32

  1.  Which one of the following groups of communities used the route marked S during the migration period?
    1. Abagusii, Abakuria, Abaluhyia.
    2. Yao, Hehe, Makonde.
    3. Ngoni, Chagga, Nyamwezi.
    4. Agikuyu, Aembu, Ameru.
  2. The main export crop of the country marked Z is
    1. sisal
    2. sugarcane
    3. coffee
    4. cotton.
  3. Natural vegetation in the shaded area marked X consist of
    1.  tall elephant grass
    2. dense evergreen forests
    3. papyrus reeds
    4. short dry shrubs
  4. Three of the following statements about the town marked T are true. Which one is not?
    1. It started as an Arab trading centre.
    2. It is located in a rich agricultural area.
    3. It is a county headquarter.
    4. It lies along the Trans African Highway.
  5. Below are statemens about a type of democracy practised in the society.
    1. Decisions are made through general agreement
    2. People are involved in decision making
    3. People negotiate over issues
      The type of democracy described above is
      1. representative democracy
      2. nominal democracy
      3. participatory democracy
      4. direct democracy.
  6. Which one of the following game parks is correctly matched with the country where it is found?
    Game park              Country
    1. Selous     -            South Africa
    2. Huango     -            Zimbabwe
    3. Kruger       -           Sudan.
    4. Dinder        -         Tanzania.
  7. Which one of the following was a negative effect of colonization?
    1. Establishment of industries.
    2. Introduction of cash crops.
    3. Introduction of modern healthcare.
    4. Alienation of African land.
  8. The Ngoni people were forced to move from South Africa by
    1. Galla
    2. Zulu 
    3. Arabs
    4. Bemba.
  9. Three of the following are contributions of a community to the development of a school. Which one is not?
    1. Donating land to expand school facilities.
    2. Providing workers to a school.
    3. Preparing the school routine.
    4. Providing resource persons to a school.
  10. Which one of the following was an achievement of the Organization of African Unity (OAU)?
    1. It supported countries fighting for independence.
    2. It established a common trading currency in Africa.
    3. It promoted the use of a common language.
    4.  It constructed roads in member countries.
  11. Which one of the following rivers end in the form of an estuary?
    1. River Omo.
    2. River Niger.
    3. River Rufiji.
    4. River Congo.
  12. Kelvin is a British national working in Kenya. He can apply for a Kenyan citizenship if he
    1. marries a Kenyan citizen
    2. owns property in Kenya
    3. has lived in Kenya continuously for 7years
    4. vies for an elective seat.
  13. Dairy farming in Kenya is mainly favoured by
    1. cool and wet highland conditions
    2. availability of market for milk
    3. presence of milk factories in farming areas
    4. availability of good roads to transport milk.
  14. The diagram below shows the formation of a mountain
    Which one of the following mountains in Eastern Africa was formed through the above process?
    1. Mount Ruwenzori.
    2. Pare highlands.
    3. Usambara mountains.
    4. Mount Longonot.
  15. Which one of the following groups is made up of River and Lake Nilotes found in Eastern Africa?
    1. Sebei, Pokot, Kalenjin.
    2. Dinka, Luo, Acholi.
    3. Samburu, Turkana, Jie.
    4. Gabbra, Oromo, Burji.
  16. The Mandinka people of West Africa resisted French colonial rule because
    1. they wanted to remain independent
    2. the French stopped them from trading.
    3. they had a strong leader
    4. they had a well trained army.
  17. The main product of the planted forests of Swaziland is
    1. firewood
    2. pulp
    3. fruits
    4. herbal medicine.
  18. Which one of the following is a function of clan elders in traditional African communities?
    1. Leading people to war.
    2. Foretelling future events.
    3. Allocating land to members.
    4. Preparing medicine from plants.
  19. Below are descriptions of an early visitor to Eastern Africa
    1. He visited Kabaka Mutesa 1 of Buganda
    2.  He explored areas along River Lualaba
    3. He met David Livingstone
      The person described above is
      1. John Speke
      2. Ludwig Krapf
      3. Johanne Rebman.
      4. Henry Morton Stanley.
  20. African socialism was introduced in Kenya after independence in order to
    1. settle landless Africans
    2. promote single party rule
    3. promote political and economic development
    4. reward Africans who fought for independence.
  21. The main reason why cultural artefacts are conserved in museums is to
    1. preserve the history of communities
    2. sell them to people who visit themuseums
    3. attract tourists to the country
    4. create jobs in the country
  22. Which one of the following plateaus is correctly matched with the country where it is found?
        Plateau                           Country
    1. Bie                -             Nigeria
    2. Fouta Djalon   -           Guinea
    3. Jos                  -            Sudan
    4. Teiga               -             Angola
  23. Three of the following are effects of industries on the environment. Which one is not?
    1. Destruction of natural forests.
    2. Emission of smoke to the atmosphere.
    3. Settlement of people around industries.
    4. Dumping of waste in rivers.
  24. Which one of the following minerals is correctly matched with the method used in extracting it from the ground?
            Mineral                 Method
    1.  Soda ash              Evaporation
    2. Copper                   Dredging
    3. Salt                         Open cast
    4. Gold                        Deep shaft 
  25. Nabongo Mumia collaborated with the British in Kenya because
    1. he wanted protection from the Nandi
    2. he wanted to trade with the British
    3. he 'wanted the British to build school
    4. he wanted to adopt European way oflife.
  26. The settlement of Arabs along the East Coast of Africa led to
    1. partition of East Africa
    2. introduction of pastoral farming
    3. decline in slave trade
    4. spread of Islam in Eastern Africa.
  27. The effect of the Benguela currents on the South West Coast of Africa is that it has led to
    1. growth of dense vegetation along the Coast
    2. heavy rainfall along the Coast
    3. dry,conditions along the Coast
    4. increase of temperature along the Coast.
  28. Who among the following prominent African leaders was not a founder member of the Organization of African Unity (OAU)?
    1. Gamal Abdel Nasser.
    2. Nelson Mandela.
    3.  Leopold Sedar Senghor
    4. Haile Sellasie.
  29. Which one of the following is a responsibility of the government to its citizens?
    1. Protecting them and their property.
    2. Establishing places of worship.
    3. Forming political parties for citizens.
    4. Campaigning for candidates during elections.
  30. A Kenyan citizen qualifies to vote if the person
    1.  is able to read
    2. is a member of a political party
    3. is a registered voter
    4. lives in the constituency he is voting.
  31. The head of a county executive committee is
    1. a county commissioner
    2. a senatcr
    3.  a county assembly speaker
    4. a governor.
  32. Three of the following statements about a county government are true. Which one is not?
    1.  It is headed by a speaker
    2. It is headed by an elected leaders
    3.  It implements projects in a county
    4.  It has appointed members.



  1. Which one of the following things did God create on the fourth day?
    1. Moon.
    2. Sky.
    3. Dry land.
    4. Sea creatures.
  2. Who among the following people was a son of Noah?
    1. Seth.
    2. Shem.
    3. Lamech.
    4. Enoch.
  3. Abraham obeyed God when he was living in Haran by
    1.  taking Lot with him
    2. accepting to sacrifice Isaac
    3. getting a wife for Isaac
    4. moving to an unknown land.
  4.  Moses was not willing to go back to Egypt from Midian because.
    1. he was afraid of the king of Egypt
    2. his family was in Midian
    3. the Israelites did not know him
    4. he was not a good speaker.
  5. When the Israelites crossed the Red sea they worshipped God by
    1. singing songs
    2. offering sacrifices
    3. reciting the commandments
    4. fasting.
  6. Who among the following women was a judge in Israel?
    1. Ruth.
    2. Naomi.
    3. Deborah.
    4. Hannah.
  7. Which one of the following was done by David when he was the king of Israel?
    1. He killed Goliath.
    2. He built a temple in Jerusalem.
    3. He made Jerusalem the capital.
    4. He made the covenant box.
  8. King Ahab offended God when he
    1. took Uriah's wife
    2. took Naboth's vineyard
    3. planned the murder of Uriah
    4. consulted a Median.
  9. Who among the following prophets said that Jesus would be born in the town of Bethlehem?
    1. Jeremiah.
    2. Hosea.
    3. Micah.
    4. Isaiah.
  10. Which one of the following events took place when Jesus was born?
    1. An angel spoke to some shepherds.
    2. Darkness covered the earth.
    3. There was an earthquake.
    4. The curtain in the temple was born. 
  11.  When John the baptist met Jesus he called him the
    1. king of the Jews
    2.  redeemer of Jerusalem
    3.  light to the gentiles
    4. lamb of God.
  12.  Which one of the following events took place when Jesus was fasting in the wilderness?
    1.  He changed water into wine.
    2. He was anointed by a sinful woman.
    3. The devil tempted him.
    4. He healed a paralyzed man.
  13. Which one of the following was a teaching of Jesus during the sermon on the mount? 
    1. 'I am the way the truth and life'
    2.  'Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you'
    3. 'Who is the greatest?'
    4. 'Happy are those who believe without seeing'
  14. Which one of the following miracles was performed by Jesus in Capernaum?
    1. Healing a paralyzed man.
    2. Raising a widow's son.
    3. Changing water into wine.
    4. Calming a storm.
  15. A lesson that Christians learn from the parable of the lost son is to be
    1. humble
    2. patience
    3. repentant
    4. generous.
  16. When Jesus was arrested he was praying at
    1.  the Garden of Gethsemane
    2.  the temple in Jerusalem
    3. the home of Zacchaeus
    4. the home of Lazarus.
  17.  Peter denied Jesus because
    1. Jesus had predicted that
    2.  it was at night
    3. he was afraid of the crowd
    4. he was not known to the high priest.
  18. The disciples were filled with the Holy Spirit when they were praying in
    1. Jericho
    2. Bethlehem
    3. Emmaus
    4. Jerusalem.
  19. Who among the following believers was chosen as a deacon?
    1. Ananias.
    2. Philip.
    3. Saul.
    4.  Barnabbas.
  20. Tabitha of Joppa showed kindness by
    1. making clothes for widows
    2. giving food to strangers
    3. washing clothes for the elderly
    4.  feeding orphans.
  21. Which one of the following groups of books are gospels?
    1. Ezra, Esther, Job.
    2. Mark, Luke, John.
    3. Romans, Ephesians, Jude.
    4. Revelation, Exodus, Isaiah.
  22. In traditional African communities children are named after ancestors in order to
    1. please the parents
    2. make the children grow healthy
    3.  avoid calamites
    4.  keep the ancestors remembered.
  23. The work of priests in traditional African communities is to
    1. lead people in offering sacrifices
    2. predict future events
    3. prepare libations
    4. prepare medicine from plants. 
  24. In traditional African communities children are taught moral values by
    1.  peers
    2. warriors
    3. priests
    4. parents.
  25. The main reason for marriage in traditional African communities is to
    1. get companionship
    2. get children
    3. become famous
    4. get wealth.
  26. Amos prays for her sick mother. This element of prayer is
    1. adoration
    2. petition
    3. confession
    4. intercession.
  27. Christians are encouraged to conserve the environment mainly because
    1. they get food from the environment
    2.  they are paid to do so
    3. God has commanded them to do so
    4.  they become known.
  28. The best way in which parents can teach their children good behaviour is by
    1. punishing children who misbehave
    2. rewarding their children
    3. setting good examples
    4. taking their children to church.
  29. Christians preach against abortion mainly because
    1.  it is destruction of life
    2. it is a waste of money
    3.  it makes people to be disrespected
    4. it is a waste of time.
  30. The church has established schools in Kenya in order to
    1. offer free education
    2. create jobs in the country
    3. get money to build churches
    4. promote literacy in the country.



  1. Which prophet of Allah was given Taurat?
    1. Issa.
    2. Ibrahim.
    3. Musa.
    4. Daud.
  2. The angel of Allah who brought wahy to the prophets was called
    1. Jibril.
    2. Mikail.
    3. Izrafil.
    4. Ridhan.
  3. Which of the following salat does not have rukuu and ujud?
    1. Witr.
    2. Janazah.
    3. Taraweh.
    4. Tahajud.
  4. Which one is not a sacred month?
    1. Rabiul Awwal.
    2. Muharram.
    3. Rajab.
    4. Dhul Qaadah.
  5.  In which month is swalatul tarawih said?
    1. Rajab.
    2. Shawal,
    3. Muharram.
    4. Ramadhan.
  6. Which one is not a forbidden animal in Islam?
    1. The strangled animal.
    2.  The carcasses.
    3. The animal killed by hunting.
    4. The animal killed by horns.
  7. Hiding goods in order to get more profits is called
    1. ghush.
    2. hoarding.
    3.  usury.
    4. ribaa.
  8. Which rite below is not Umrah?
    1. Running between swafa and marwa.
    2. Sleeping at mina and muzdalifa.
    3. Wearing ihraam.
    4. Clipping the hair.
  9. The prophet said that whoever is not thankful to people is not thankful to
    1. angels.
    2. the prophets.
    3. Allah.
    4. himself.
  10.  In shawwal, it is sunnah to fast
    1. any six days.
    2. the whole month.
    3. the first six days.
    4. the last six days.
  11. Which of the following is not among the places that were declared safe when makkah was conquered
    1. People's own houses.
    2. The house of Abu Sufyan.
    3. The holy Kaabah.
    4. The house of Ikrimah.
  12. Surah Al-Alaq emphasizes on
    1. brotherhood.
    2. peace.
    3. knowledge.
    4. last day.
  13. Which one happened in the battle of Badr?
    1. The Quraish who taught muslims how to read were forgiven.
    2. Dead bodies of the Quraish were mutilated.
    3. The prophet punished Suhail who insulted him.
    4. Ony those who paid ransom were forgiven.
  14. Which one is not a pillar of Iman?
    1. Belief in His angels.
    2. Belief in paradise.
    3. Belief in His books.
    4. Belief in Allah.
  15. Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) gave His farewell speech on the
    1. 6th Dhul Hijjah.
    2. 9th Dhul Hijjah.
    3. 10th Dhul Hijjah.
    4. 5th Dhul Hijjah.
  16. HIV is not spread through
    1. sexual intercourse.
    2. sharing cutting tools.
    3. blood transfusion.
    4. shaking hands with infected person.
  17. Who accompanied Musa to Firaun?
    1. Harun (A.S)
    2. His wife.
    3. Al-Khidr.
    4. Shuaib(A.S)
  18. In surah Tiyn, Allah swears by the following except
    1. Baitul mugaddas.
    2. Olive tree.
    3. Mount Sinai.
    4. Fig tree.
  19. Who among the following is exempted from fasting?
    1. The wealthy.
    2. Men in wet dreams.
    3. People in Janabah.
    4. Women in Nijas.
  20.  Which attribute of Allah means the provider?
    1. Ar-Raham
    2.  As-Salam.
    3. Ar.Razaq.
    4. Ar-Rahim.
  21. Muhammad (SAW) was appointed the messenger of Allah at the age of
    1. 25years.
    2. 40years.
    3. 30 years.
    4. 63 years.
  22.  Which surah of Qur'an is referred to as the mother of Qur'an?
    1.  Alaq.
    2. Fatiha.
    3.  Ikhlas.
    4. Nas.
  23. Salat performed for a dead muslim before burial is known as
    1.  Janazah.
    2. Kusuf.
    3. Tahajud.
    4.  Dhuha.
  24.  "Read in the name of your lord, who created" This is a verse from surah
    1. Fatiha. 
    2. Alaq
    3.  Ikhlas.
    4. An-Nas.
  25. The special prayer performed during the eclipse of the moon is called
    1. dhuha.
    2. kusuf
    3. Istiskai
    4. khusuf
  26. The fifth pillar of Islam is
    1. hajj.
    2. saum.
    3. kalima.
    4. salat.
  27. Who among the following prophets of Allah made the blind to see?
    1. Musa.
    2.  Ibrahim.
    3. Shuaib.
    4.  Issa.
  28.  During the journey of Isra wal-miraj, the prophet was given command for muslims to 
    1.  go for hajj.
    2. pray five times.
    3. fast during Ramadhan.
    4. give zakat.
  29. Complete the hadith. "Ritual purity is a sign of
    1. goodness
    2. faith
    3. prayers
    4. Islam
  30. Lady Khadija was older than the prophet by
    1. 20years. 
    2. 10years.
    3. 15years.
    4. 40years.


  1. D
  2. A
  3. A
  4. B
  5. B
  6. C
  7. D
  8. C
  9. A
  10. D
  11. A
  12. C
  13. B
  14. A
  15. C
  16. D
  17. D
  18. C
  19. C
  20. A
  21. B
  22. D
  23. B
  24. A
  25. C
  26. D
  27. B
  28. C
  29. B
  30. C
  31. D
  32. A
  33. C
  34. A
  35. D
  36. A
  37. C
  38. A
  39. D
  40. C
  41. A
  42. D
  43. B
  44. A
  45. B
  46. C
  47. D
  48. C
  49. A
  50. B
  51. C
  52. D
  53. A
  54. D
  55. C
  56. B
  57. A
  58. C
  59. D
  60. A


  1. A
  2. B
  3. D
  4. D
  5. A
  6. C
  7. C
  8. B
  9. C
  10. A
  11. D
  12. C
  13. B
  14. A
  15. C
  16. A
  17. C
  18. D
  19. B
  20. A
  21. B
  22. D
  23. A
  24. D
  25. B
  26. D
  27. C
  28. C
  29. A
  30. D


  1. C
  2. A
  3. B
  4. A
  5. D
  6. C
  7. B
  8. B
  9. C
  10. A
  11. D
  12. C
  13. A
  14. B
  15. B
  16. D
  17. A
  18. A
  19. D
  20. C
  21. B
  22. B
  23. A
  24. B
  25. D
  26. A
  27. D
  28. N
  29. B
  30. A


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