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Describe the political organization of the Agikuyu during the pre-colonial period

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  • The family was the basic unit of the society headed by a man/ the father ii. They had a decentralized form of government headed by a council of elders iii. They had clans which were formed by several related families
  • Each clan was ruled by a council of elders known as ‘kiama’/ headed by a Muramati
  • They had a higher council of elders who acted as a court of appeal/ administered justice in the community/ settled disputes
  • They had an age-set system which comprised of boys who had undergone circumcision at the same time
  • They had warriors who defended the community against external attacks
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