Science - Class 8 Schemes of Work Term 3 2023

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SCIENCE SCHEMES OF WORK
STANDARD 8, 2023

TERM 1

WEEK

LESSON

TOPIC

SUB TOPIC

OBJECTIVES

T/L ACTIVITIES

T/L RESOURCES

T/L AIDS

REMARKS

1

Opening and Revisions

 

2

1 - 5

HUMAN BODY

Reproduction in human beings.

Excretory system

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. Explain fertilization in human beings.
  2. Discuss the development of the foetus.
  3. Describe the process of birth.
  4. Identify the main excretory organs and their waste products.
  • Defining production.
  • Explaining fertilization.
  • Describing the process of birth.
  • Identifying excretory organs

Primary science standard 8 pg  1 – 15

Quick reading science 1 - 8

Charts

photos

 

3

1 – 5

HEALTH EDUCATION

Sexually transmitted infections.

Control of HIV/AIDS

By the end of the topic the learner should be able to:

  1. Explain the meaning of sexually transmitted infections.
  2. Give examples of sexually transmitted infections.
  3. Describe causes and prevention of some sexually transmitted infections.
  • State meaning of STIs
  • Stating signs of various STIs
  • Stating control measures of HIV and AIDS.

Primary science standard 8 pg  20 – 30

Quick reading science 8 - 21

Hospital

chart

 

4

1 - 5

PLANTS

Adaptation of plants

Crop diseases.

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. Explain how plants are adapted to their environment.
  2. Identify signs of unhealthy crops
  3. State effects of crop disease.
  • Identifying different adaptations features on plants.
  • Recognize unhealthy crops

Primary science standard 8 pg  31 – 46

Quick reading science 22 - 33

Different plants e.g. maize, beans, acacia.

 

5

1 – 5

ANIMALS

Livestock parasites

Human intestinal worms

By the end of the lesson  the learner should be able to:

  1. Name some internal and external parasites.
  2. State the effects of parasites on livestock
  3. Control some livestock parasites.
  4. Control some human intestinal worms.
  • Observing several parasites.
  • Stating effects of parasites.
  • Tell the control measures.

Primary science standard 8 pg  47 – 58

Quick reading science 33 - 41

External parasites eg ticks

 

6

1 – 5

ENVIRONMENT

Meaning of environment.

Components of the environment.

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. State the meaning of the environment.
  2. Name the major components of the environment.
  • Defining the environment
  • Nature walk
  • Identifying the component of the environment

Primary science standard 8 pg  59 – 79

Quick reading science 61 - 76

plants

Soil

animals

 

7

 

Mid term and mid term exams

8

1 – 5

WATER

Water pollution.

Effects of water pollution.

Water conservation

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. State how water gets polluted.
  2. Describe effects of water pollution.
  3. Identifying ways of controlling water pollution.
  • Demonstrate how water is polluted.
  • State effects of water pollution.
  • How to conserve water.

Primary science standard 8 pg  80 – 89

Quick reading science 77 - 81

Water

Paper

Jeri cans

 

9

1 – 5

SOIL

Comparison of soil

Soil pollution.

By the end of the topic the learner should be able to:

  1. Investigate the composition of soil
  2. Explain the composition of soil.
  • Investigate the composition of soil.
  • Name the components of soil.

Primary science standard 8 pg  89 - 92

Quick reading science 84 - 89

Soil

containers

 

10

1 – 5

FOOD AND NUTRITION

Food groups

Balanced diet

Nutritional requirements for special groups

 

The learner should be able to:

  1. Identify the three basic food groups
  2. Classify locally available foods in the three food groups.
  3. Describe the term balanced diet.
  • Stating the food groups
  • Classifying food
  • Describing a balanced diet.

Primary science standard 8 pg  93 - 102

Quick reading science 90 - 96

Foods e.g. bananas and oranges

 

11

1 – 5

ENERGY

Light

Heat meaning of energy

Transformation of energy.

The learner should be able to:

  1. Describe the importance of proper lighting of a house.
  2. Identify the sources of light.
  • State the importance of lighting a house.
  • Investigate energy transfer.

Primary science standard 8 pg  103 – 109

Quick reading science 97 - 180

Battery cells

Electric wire

bulbs

 

12

1 – 5

MAKING WORK EASIER

Simple machines

The learner should be able to:

  1. Investigate how inclined planes make work easier.
  2. Investigate how single fixed pulleys make work easier.
  • Listening
  • Inclined planes
  • Stating uses of single fixed pulleys

Primary science standard 8 pg  110 – 121

Quick reading science 100 - 105

Flag post

Ladder

 

13

Revisions and preparations for End Term Exams

14

 

End Term Exams and Closing

TERM 2

WK

LESSON

TOPIC/SUB TOPIC

OBJECTIVES

T/L ACTIVITIES

T/L AIDS

REFERENCES

REMARKS

1

Opening and Revisions

 

2

1 – 5

PLANTS

Adaptation of plants to their environment.

Dry areas

Wet areas.

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. Explain how plants are adapted to their environment.
  2. Identify the differences between plants growing in the different environment.
  3. State special features that help the plants survive in their environment.
  • Classify plants into green and non green plants.
  • Explanation.
  • Identify the differences between plants growing in different environment.
  • Go outside and collect plants.
  • Give assignment.

Realia

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 32 – 37

Understanding science book 8 pg 17 – 20 by longhorn.

 

3

1 – 5

PLANTS

Signs of unhealthy crops.

Crop diseases

Effects of crop diseases.

The learner should be able to:

  1. Explain different crop diseases.
  2. Identify signs of unhealthy crops.
  3. State effects of crop diseases.
  • Observe diseased crops.
  • Explanation.
  • Write short notes.
  • Preparing a write up showing signs of unhealthy crops.

Realia

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 37 – 43 by klb

Understanding science book 8 pg 21 - 23

 

4

1 – 5

ANIMALS

The learner should be able to:

  1. Explain how animals are adapted to their environment.
  2. Identify the adaptation of beaks in birds to feeding.
  3. State different ways of movement of animals.
  • Explanation.
  • Observe how herbivores teeth are adapted to feeding.
  • Stating the ways in which animals move.
  • Drawing beaks.

Charts

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 48 - 51

Understanding science book 8 pg 24 - 28

 

5

1 – 5

ANIMALS

Signs of poor health in livestock.

Effects of livestock diseases.

The learner must be able to:

  1. Explain signs of poor health in livestock.
  2. Identify signs of poor health in livestock.
  3. State the effects of poor health.
  • Perform an experiment.
  • Observe livestock for signs of poor health.
  • Stating
  • Explain signs of poor health.

Local environment.

 

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 64 - 66

Understanding science book 8 pg 35 - 38

 

6

1 – 5

WATER

Differences between hard and soft water.

Disadvantages of hard water.

Softening hard water by boiling

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. State the difference between soft and hard water.
  2. Investigate disadvantages of Hard water.
  3. Soften hard water by boiling
  • Investigate the difference between hard and soft water.
  • Soften hard water by boiling.
  • Explaining.
  • Write short notes

Investigate the differences between hard and soft water..

Soften hard water by Boiling.

Explaining

Write short notes.

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 75 - 82

Understanding science book 8 pg 35 - 38

 

7

1 – 5

ENVIRONMENT.

Meaning of soil pollution.

Effects of soil pollution on plants and animals

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. Explain meaning of soil pollution.
  2. Describe effects of soil pollution on the environment.
  3. Observe living things found in the soil.
  • Define soil pollution.
  • Describe effects of soil pollution.
  • Observe things found in the soil.
  • Write short notes.

Local environment.

Chart

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 85 - 88

Understanding science book 8 pg 40 - 41

 

8

1 – 5

ENVIRONMENT.

Meaning of soil conservation.

Soil conservation methods.

The learner should be able to:

  1. Explain the meaning of soil conservation.
  2. Describe soil conservation measures. Practice soil conservation
  • Define soil conservation.
  • Explain soil conservation methods.
  • Observe how waste is managed at home.

Local environment.

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 98 - 105

Understanding science book 8 pg 44 - 47

 

9

1 – 5

ENVIRONMENT.

Ways in which air is polluted.

Effects of air pollution.

Ways of controlling air pollution.

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. State effects of air pollution.
  2. Identify ways in which air pollution can be controlled.

 

  • Discuss air pollution.
  • Explain effects of air pollution.
  • Discuss ways of controlling air pollution.
  • Define terms like gabions, inorganic refuse, incinerator.

Local environment

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 98 - 105

Understanding science book 8 pg 44 - 47

 

10

1 - 5

FOODS AND NUTRITION.

Nutrition for pregnant and lactating mothers.

Nutrition for mothers

Nutrition for

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. Identify nutritional requirement for special groups. Draw foods given to lactating
  • Define nutrition.
  • Discuss nutrition for pregnant and lactating mothers.
  • Identify nutritional requirements for special groups.

Vegetables, fruits, beans, bones.

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 113 - 118

Understanding science book 8 pg 48 - 52

 

11

1 – 5

PLANTS

 

Adaptation of plants to their environment.

Dry areas

Wet areas

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. Explain how plants are adapted to their environment.
  2. Identify the differences between plants growing in the different environment.
  3. State special features that help the plants survive in their environment.
  • Classify plants into green and non green plants.
  • Explanation.
  • Identify the differences between plants growing in different environment.
  • Go outside and collect plants.
  • Give assignment.

Realia

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 32 – 37

Understanding science book 8 pg 17 – 20 by longhorn.

12

1 – 5

PLANTS

.

Signs of unhealthy crops.

Crop diseases

Effects of crop Disease

The learner should be able to:

  1. Explain different crop diseases.
  2. Identify signs of unhealthy crops.
  3. State effects of crop diseases.
  • Observe diseased crops.
  • Explanation.
  • Write short notes.
  • Preparing a write up showing signs of unhealthy crops.

Realia

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 37 – 43 by klb

Understanding science book 8 pg 21 - 23

13

Revisions and Preparations for End Term Exams

14

End Term 11 Exams and Closing

 

                   

 TERM 3

WK

LESSON

TOPIC

SUB TOPIC

OBJECTIVES

T/L ACTIVITIES

T/L AIDS

REFERENCES

REMARKS

1

Opening and Revisions

 

2

1 – 5

ANIMALS

 

The learner should be able to:

  1. Explain how animals are adapted to their environment.
  2. Identify the adaptation of beaks in birds to feeding.
  3. State different ways of movement of animals.
  • Explanation.
  • Observe how herbivores teeth are adapted to feeding.
  • Stating the ways in which animals move.
  • Drawing beaks.

Charts

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 48 - 51

Understanding science book 8 pg 24 - 28

 

3

1 – 5

ANIMALS

 

Signs of poor health in livestock.

Effects of livestock diseases

The learner must be able to:

  1. Explain signs of poor health in livestock.
  2. Identify signs of poor health in livestock.
  3. State the effects of poor health.
  • Perform an experiment.
  • Observe livestock for signs of poor health.
  • Stating
  • Explain signs of poor health.

Local environment.

 

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 64 - 66

Understanding science book 8 pg 35 - 38

 

4

1 – 5

WATER

 

Differences between hard and soft water.

Disadvantages of hard water.

Softening hard water by boiling

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. State the difference between soft and hard water.
  2. Investigate disadvantages of Hard water.
  3. Soften hard water by boiling
  • Investigate the difference between hard and soft water.
  • Soften hard water by boiling.
  • Explaining.
  • Write short notes

Investigate the differences between hard and soft water..

Soften hard water by Boiling.

Explaining

Write short notes.

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 75 - 82

Understanding science book 8 pg 35 - 38

 

5

1 – 5

ENVIRONMENT.

 

Meaning of soil pollution.

Effects of soil pollution on plants and animals

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. Explain meaning of soil pollution.
  2. Describe effects of soil pollution on the environment.
  3. Observe living things found in the soil.
  • Define soil pollution.
  • Describe effects of soil pollution.
  • Observe things found in the soil.
  • Write short notes.

Local environment.

Chart

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 85 - 88

Understanding science book 8 pg 40 - 41

 

6

1 – 5

ENVIRONMENT.

Meaning of soil conservation.

Soil conservation methods.

 

The learner should be able to:

  1. Explain the meaning of soil conservation.
  2. Describe soil conservation measures. Practice soil conservation
  • Define soil conservation.
  • Explain soil conservation methods.
  • Observe how waste is managed at home.

Local environment.

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 98 - 105

Understanding science book 8 pg 44 - 47

 

7

1 – 5

ENVIRONMENT.

Ways in which air is polluted.

Effects of air pollution.

Ways of controlling air pollution.

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. State effects of air pollution.
  2. Identify ways in which air pollution can be controlled.

 

  • Discuss air pollution.
  • Explain effects of air pollution.
  • Discuss ways of controlling air pollution.
  • Define terms like gabions, inorganic refuse, incinerator.

Local environment

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 98 - 105

Understanding science book 8 pg 44 - 47

 

8

1 - 5

FOODS AND NUTRITION.

Nutrition for pregnant and lactating mothers.

Nutrition for mothers

Nutrition for

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

  1. Identify nutritional requirement for special groups. Draw foods given to lactating mothers.
  2. Name some of the nutrients found in those foods.
  • Define nutrition.
  • Discuss nutrition for pregnant and lactating mothers.
  • Identify nutritional requirements for special groups.
  • Drawing
  • Write short notes.

Vegetables, fruits, beans, bones.

Primary science pupils book 8 pg 113 - 118

Understanding science book 8 pg 48 - 52

 

9

End Term Exams and Closing

 

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