Read the passage below. It contains blank spaces numered 1-15. For each blank space, choose the best answer from the choices given.
The sky was geeting ___1___ by the mminutre and striong wind was ___2___ across the field. Soon drops of water were falling down from the overcast sky. The ___3___ scampered for shelter. Others asked the ___4___ to pospone hte match but the gentleman would hear ___5___ of it. He blew the ___6___ for the match to continue.
Peter did not ___7___ the rain at all. It was better than playing ___8___ the hot sun. He liked the ___9___of rain on his face and the cold sensation when it soaked through his football ___10___. His determination ___11___ be affected by anything even the rain.
His team had done a lot of ___12___ and was hoping to win the tournament. It had been two years___13___ they last won the Inter-Constituency Football Cup. Last year, in the game against Rockingham, their team had___14___ by just one goal. They had to turn the tide this time ___15___.
In questions 16 to 18. choose the best sentence that means the same as the one underlined.
In questions 19 and 20, choose the best alternative to complete the sentence
In questions 21 and 22. choose the sentence that is grammatically correct.
In questions 23 to 25. choose the alternative that means the same as the underline words
Read the passage below and then answer questions 26-38
Nyambura had looked forward to the cruise, a time to relax and recharge her store of energy. It was the first time that she was on a holiday alone. Her family member and friends were unable to obtain leave from their jobs. She remembered their farewell kisses as they bid her goodbye at Collyer Quay where she had boarded the passenger liner. She was greatly impressed. The ship was a beauty to behold! There were many facilities to keep holiday makers entertained and actively occupied. The swimming pool, the gymnasium, the billiard and other games rooms as well as the theatre on board were very well managed. Activities were drawn up for the next three days.
The scenery around the ship was captivation for the few hours after the voyage began Besides the rising and falling tides and the diminishing islands, there wasn't anything appealing. The captain and the crew were very hospitable and professional. They spoke many languages and made everybody feel at ease. The captain was a real charmer. He had a deep sense of humour that endeared him to all of us. He had a deep accent that gave away his British origin.
The days began early with a work out session at the gymnasium. The intense two-hour session in the early morning always left Nyambura gasping for breath. She realised how unfit her body was. However, the activities got easier as her body and mind got used to the routine. The instructors were so fit that they effortlessly did the work-out activities that some passengers could not manage.
Meals were specially prepared. Foods from all over the world were on offer. The passengers had an opportunity to sample delicacies from diverse cultures. Sea food, vegetarian, native and exotic foods were served. Nyambura ate in moderation in fear of stomach upsets and reactions. While she enjoyed some, she had a hard time with sea food. The cruise took the passengers to destinations located on distant islands. The people they encountered were friendly. Nyambura was able to buy souvenirs and took as a many photographs as possible to capture the memories, gift her colleagues at work and show off to her friends and family.
Three days flew past like a day. She couldn't believe the end had come. Tears welled in her eyes wishing she had the ability to turn back the wheels of time. It was a pity that Nyambura's holiday ended that way. She would be on the cruise again the following year.
Read the passage below and then answer questions 39-50.
Water is one of the most vital natural resources for life on Earth. The availability and quality of water determines not only where people can live,
but also their quality of life. It is not enough to have plenty of fresh water if it is not available when and where it is needed. Only five per cent of the world's water is deemed fit for consumption and this ngure is shrinking by the day. Thus, it must be treated as a limited and precious resource
Without water, all human activities would be affected and come to a standstill. Water is essential for commercial use which includes fresh water for motels, hotels, restaurants, office buildings, other commercial facilities and civilian and military institutions. Domestic water use would be for drinking, food preparation, bathing, washing, flushing toilets, and watering lawns and gardens. The other uses would be for industries such as power generations and for agriculture.
The availability of water cannot be separated from development. In fact, there cannot be development without a reliable supply of water. Water must be in sufficient supply for an area to develop and continue developing. In the twenty-first century, the demand to water has to be managed more effectively within the available supply instead of simply building more dams. More needs to be done like adopting water saving technologies, recycling of water and water harvesting.
The demand for water increases year by year as the human population grows bigger. However, the supply of clean, useable water does not. Instead, it shrinks due to pollution, deforestation and global warming. If a balance is not obtained, our sources of water will diminish very fast.
There are several ways in which an individual can save this precious commodity. When washing dishes or hands, don't let the water run while rinsing. Run your washing . machine and dishwasher only when they are full and you could save 1 000 gallons of water. Minimize evaporation by watering plants early in the morning when the temperature is cooler. Replacing the traditional shower head with a water-saving one could save about a gallon of water each time.
It is said that one can survive a week without food, but only a few days without water. Since water is the source of all life, it is time great importance is placed to conserve it.
Fill in blank spaces numbered 1-15 in the passage below with the most appropriate alternative.
Gender discrimination 1 the African woman 2 not only very widespread 3 deeply entrenched 4 African Societies. 5 factors combine to disadvantage 6 African woman. 7 , we have an outdated 8 that the woman is naturally 9 , secondly, many negative culturally 9 , secondly, many negative cultural 10 like female genitai mutilation, bride 11 and other terms of discrimination. Thirdly, the abject 12 and ignorance in 13 African communities deny the African woman the means, the knowledge and power to 14 positive decisions in 15 life.
|3||also then||but also||and so||if then|
|13||few||a few||a little||many|
For questions 16-17, choose the alternative which means the same as the underlined word
For questions 19 - 20, choose the correct question tags.
In questions 21 - 23. choose the corrects word to fill in the blank spaces.
For questions 24 - 25, choose the word that least fits in the group.
Read the passage below and then answer questions 26 - 38.
There once lived a wealthy man who was noble in his society. He was regarded in high esteem and always had a place of honour in the village council. The man employed a servant to work in his vast estate.
The servant was a dutiful person that the master found no fault in him. He too was a determined person and was ready to better himself. He detested a life of servitude and resolved to make himself a respectable person like his master. He enrolled in evening classes the moment his duties were done. The master neither encouraged nor supported the servant's endeavour to better himself. All he cared for was that the duties were carried out to the latter.
The servant acquired vast knowledge in different fields. One day, he approached his master and hinted to him on better ways of improving the farm yields. “Who are you to tell me how to run my farm?" his master exploded out at him. “But we have been farming using the same methods year in year out with some dismal yields," the servant tried to convince his master.
"Listen!" shouted his boss! “I make rules here and you have to abide by them! Those night studies are making you stubborn and thick headed.” Saying this, he dismissed his servant with anger.
The servant continued carrying on the work using the old methods. He studied with dint every night and finally sat for his examinations. He passed well with credentials and was lucky to find a good paying job with a big company.
His master sadly dismissed him wishing him luck wherever he went. The former servant worked for some years with the company and then opened his own firm. He had risen from obscirity to a manager in his own Blue Chip Company.
Meanwhile, his old master had sunk into debts. He had been asked to pay a huge amount of money and his prestigious farm and property were in danger of being auctioned. He was desperate to find remedy to the situation and save his family from hard times. He found himself knocking at the office of his former servant.
Read the passage below and then use it to answer questions 39-50.
The human body is so far the most interesting yet complicated of other animal bodies. It is considered the most perfect creation of nature. It is therefore the most studied by the largest group of related professionals from psychologists, physiologists, physiotherapists, neurosurgeons and more.
These people always find something new in their fields be it biological or physical and they remain to be interesting for knowledge and studies as well. Did you know that 15 percent of people in the world are left-handed or that infants blink only once or twice a min while adults' average blinks are around ten, and fingernails grow nearly four times faster than toe nails?
Such findings continue to spring up day in day out to normally helpful in times of epidemics or rare circumstances of infections or diseasea. The following are some random findings about important features of the body. The skin is the largest organ making up the body, covering about 12 percent of the body weight, while the small intestine is the largest internal organ and is four times taller than an average human height.
However, the most important part of the human body is the control mechanism-the brain. The brain weighs atleast two percent of the body weight and consumes 30 percent of the oxygen we breath.
Write an interesting composition from the following beginning
My parents told me to look after our home when they left that morning. After sometime, I got attracted to some noise on the road. I decided to go and find out what was happening..........
Question 1 - 5: Read the conversation below and answer questions
Adasa: I think malaria is a very dangerous disease.
Masha: Yes, it is. It is a killer disease. But I think typhoid is worse.
Adasa: What about AIDS: I think it's the worst disease.
Masha: I agree with you. AIDs has killed very many people. We should do our best to keep it away from us.
Question 6 - 13: Read the passage below and answer questions
Little children eat or drink anything that comes across their paths. Without any doubts, you have come across them eating bananas which have flies or are rotten, All these are caused by grown ups. Many grown ups store poisons, paraffin and different varieties of soaps where children could reach them easily. On getting these items, the grown ups are not aware that the children have taken
these bad items.
If in a house there are children below five yers, the following precautions should be taken label all containers with soaps, perfumes and poison to ensure that the labelled tins are out of children's reach. All bottles should be kept on top of cupboards or any other place whose height is beyond the reach of children
There are those parents who store poison in food containers. This is dangerous. When these innocent children come across them, they believe it's food. They end up swallowing poison or chewing morsels of fungicide and the end result is death.
Question 14 - 22: Read the text below and fill in with the correct answers
The long ___ 14___ day had at last 15 to attend the graduation. Everyone__16____ eager. ____17____ The young pupils lined ____18____ excitedly. Each had something to ____19____, it seemed ____20____ were eager to see their parents___ 21____ to ____22____ the very important day.
Questions 23 - 30: Complete the following similes.
For question 25 - 26. Fill in the spaces with the correct possessive pronouns.
Identify adverb of time in the following sentences
For questions 29 - 30. Choose the correct short form of the underlined words
Write an interesting composition about.
Read the passage below. It contains blank spaces numbered 1-15. For each blank space, choose the best alternative from the choices given.
Communication is one of the 1 aspects of life of all living organisms, especially human beings. There is 2 a constant need for people to generate, organise and pass information from one party to 3 .
Be it business communication or regular social interactions, transfer of information 4 different sources ensures harmony and understanding of the expectations, 5 the appropriate course of action. Through smart phones and computers, people 6 pass messages and receive feedback. Such advanced technologies have had significant influences of communication in its 7
Over the past period, technology 8 the methods that human beings use to communicate. 9 there were telegraphs that paved the way for telephones. Currently, the internet, cell phones and emails are at the 10 of the most preferred methods of communication, 11 the widespread use of technology in communication, the society and business 12 embraced the methods of passing information, 13 have emerged in line with technology. The introduction of portable cellular phones in the 14 of communication has enabled people to remain connected with each other 15 receiving voice calls and sending messages amongst the communicating parties.
|1||more significant||most significance||most significant||many significant|
|5||owing to||as well as||but also||not only|
|8||has altered||have altered||had altered||has altering|
For questions 16 and 17 choose the best alternative to fill the gaps
For questions 20 and 21, choose the statement that correctly completes the given sentence.
For questions 22 and 23, change the given sentences into reported speech.
For questions 24 and 25, choose the sentence that is grammatically correct.
Read the passage below and then answer questions 20 to 38.
Once upon a time, there was a beautiful girl named Cinderella. She lived with her wicked stepmom and two step-sisters. They treated Cinderella very badly. One day, they were invited for a grand party in the king's palace. But Cinderella's step mother would not let her go. Cinderella was made to sew new party gowns for her stepmother and stepsisters and curl their hair. They then went to the party/ leaving Cinderella alone at home.
Cinderella felt very sad and began to cry. Suddenly, a fairy godmother appeared to her and said, "Don't cry, Cinderella! I will send you to the party " But Cinderella was sad. She said, "I don't have a gown to wear for the party.” The fairy godmother then touched Cinderella's rags and changed them into a beautiful new gown. She also touched Cinderella's feet with the magic hand. Alas! She had beautiful glass slippers! "How will I go to the grand party?" Asked Cinderella. The fairy godmother found six mice playing near a pumpkin, in the kitchen. She touched them with her magic hand and the mice became four shiny black horses and two coachmen and the pumpkin turned into a golden coach.
Cinderella was overjoyed and set off for the party in the coach drawn by the black horses. Before leaving, the fairy godmother said, “Cinderella, the magic will only last until midnight. You must reach home by then." When Cinderella entered the palace, everybody was struck by her beauty. Nobody, not even Cinderella's stepmother or stepsisters, knew who she was in her pretty clothes and shoes. The handsome prince also saw her and fell in love with Cinderella. He went to her and asked, "Do you want to dance?" And Cinderella said, "Yes." The prince danced with her all night and nobody recognized the beautiful dancer. Cinderella was so happy dancing with the prince that she almost forgot what the fairy grandmother said.
At the last moment. Cinderella remembered her fairy godmother's word and she rushed to go home. "Oh! I must go!” She cried and ran out of the palace. One of her glass slippers came off but Cinderella did not turn back for it. She reached home just as the clock struck twelve. Her coach turned back into a pumpkin, the horses into mice and her fine gown into rags. Her stepmother and stepsisters reached home shortly after that. They were talking about the beautiful lady who had been dancing with the prince.
The prince had fallen in love with Cinderella and wanted to find out who the beautiful girl was, but he did not even know her name. He found the glass slipper that had come off Cinderella's foot as she ran home. The prince said, “I will find her. The lady whose foot fits this slipper will be the one I will marry." The next day, the prince and his servants took the glass slipper and went to all the homes in the kingdom. They wanted to find the lady whose feet would fit in the slipper. All the women in the kingdom tried the slipper but it would not fit any of them. Cinderella's stepsisters also tried to squeeze their feet and pushed hard into the slipper, but the servants were afraid the slipper would break. Cinderella's stepmother would not let her try the slipper on, but the prince saw her and said, “Let her also try the slipper!” The slipper fit her perfectly. The prince recognized her from the rest. He married Cinderella and together they lived happily ever after.
Read the passage below and then answer questions 39 to 50.
Africa has the highest incidence rates of child labour, However, there is a difference between the definition of child labour in African communities and the western environments. When children work in Africa, mostly in family farm., they are doing so as part of training for their future and aiding family income. In the western sense, this is viewed as harmful and exploitative but that is not the case because the type of work children do matches their age and their environment. Cases of exploitative or harmful work are there, but they are also everywhere including the developed world.
Child labour in Africa is generally defined based on two factors: the type of work and the minimum appropriate age of work. If a child is involved in an activity that is harmful to his or her physical and mental development, then that is child labour. That is, any work that is mentally, physically, socially morally dangerous and harmful to children, and interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. The appropriate age depends on the effects of the work on the physical health and mental development of children.
Although poverty is the primary cause of child labour in Africa, a broad range of factors ranging from structural, geographic, demographic and cultural factors also simultaneously influence whether children work or not. In addition to poverty, lack of resources, credit constraints and parental attitudes towards education are also associated with child labour. The agricultural sector is the largest employer of children in Africa although there is also a vast majority of employed family workers who are also children.
In general, hazardous work as a result of child labour can have immediate and long-term impacts on the safety and health of children. This may include injury, ill-health, disability and even death. Children are especially vulnerable to hazards because they are still developing physically and mentally. they are less aware of risks than adults and therefore more likely to be hurt. Exposing children to dangerous work or physical stress may have physical and psychological impacts which may only begin to appear at a later stage in their lives.
To prevent child labour, there is need to bring in laws that make it illegal for children to work until they reach a certain age. This makes it easier to combat the culture of child labour. Efforts should also be made by various governments to reduce poverty in families by creating more job opportunities. This will support families hence they do not need to send their children out to work. There is also, in addition, the need educate children. Education widens children's perspectives and shows them that they have so many options in life than simply to labour at arduous, low paid jobs from childhood into old age.
You have 40 minutes to write your composition. Below is the beginning of a story. Complete it in your own words, making it us interesting as you can
The hall was well-arranged. Everybody had taken their seats as we eagerly waited for the arrival of the guest-of-honour....
Read the passage below. It contains blank spaces numbered 1 to 15. For each blank space, choose the best alternative from the choices given.
Every day we come 1 situations which makes us sacrifice. We sacrifice our time, peace of mind , money , comfort and 2 our property. We give these to our relatives, friends and all those 3 we have interacted with, including the old, the sick, the needy and the 4 in the society. What makes us happy is that in the 5 , we leave such people 6 than they were before. Our hearts 7 with satisfaction when they say a 8 'Thank you'.
9 , how much have you or are you ready to sacrifice for yourself? Some people do 10 little to improve themselves. take a look at this: You went to school but your 11 in pre-primary , primary and high school was paid by your parents. they paid for your college too and 12 , you got a job soon after. How much have you paid for 13 yourself to a higher level? Some have 14 much. They have sponsored themselves to go higher than their parents left them. This is what we all 15 to do.
For question 16 and 17, choose the alternative that can best replace the underlined word.
in the questions 18 and 20, choose the alternative that best fills the blank space.
In questions 21 to 23, choose the sentence that means the same as the underlined word
In questions 24 and 25 choose the sentence which is correctly punctuated.
Read the passage below and answer questions 26 to 38
Daudi looked for his friends excitedly. He had made a discovery he believed would interest them. Just in the neighbouring farms, he had come across a squirrel. It looked big and good to eat but then he knew he needed miracles to catch it. Many others had tired but only a handful were successful though he was sure with the brains they had, if combined, they could easily catch not just one but even four in a day. Each of them would carry a whole carcass home although the 'feast' would wait for three or so days.
It was approaching three o'clock when he managed to assembled his 'soldiers' as he expected, they were excited. Naum said he knew how to make good traps and it would take him only minutes to do so. Tope, on the other hand, was good at tracking and so they were upbeat as they went through the hedge to Kauma's cassava farm. Tope reminded them that if they caught the four, they could inform Kauma and he would definitely reward them. However, Daudi hoped they would not be suspected of stealing the crop. The boys laid their traps at the entrance of the holes. They did not know whether the squirrels were in or out so they had only one option: to lie still and wait. The waiting period would depend on factors beyond their ability.
In the next fifteen minutes or so, they saw a woman approaching the farm. She had a medium-sized reed basket and a short panga, the type used for harvesting cassava tubers. She looked left and right then crouched as she approached the farm. All the boys identified her positively: Teresa, the talkative woman who lived alone. creeping like a lizard, she went up near the centre of the farm. she was actually near the boys but out of earshot. She could not hear Naum describing her as the biggest squirrel they'd ever seen. She embarked on her business with skill and speed.
A squirrel appeared as if from nowhere. it stood on its hind legs and looked at the woman. She picked up a stone, threw it at the creature and it swiftly shuttled towards the hedge. Another one followed and seemed to be hasty. Its head went right into the trap and was unlucky to get caught as the boys silently gave one another a 'high-five' for the achievement. However, Teresa saw it!
The next activities happened faster than they expected. As the boys silenced themselves to see how Teresa would handle the situation, they heard shuffling and when they turned their heads, they almost stopped breathing. Kauma, the least expected person by both parties, appeared. he was accompanied by two young men and for the first time we, the trappers, felt really trapped.!
In a matter of minutes , they were all out of the farm. The boys explained when and what had brought them into the farm. As they narrated how they had seen Teresa do all that she did, Kauma started smiling but when it reached where she went for the trapped squirrel, he laughed out loudly and everybody else except her, joined in. he was a kind man for he ordered us to be given our squirrel as he released Teresa unconditionally. He let her take the tubers she had harvested.
Read the passage below and the answer questions 39 to 50.
Are you always saying 'Yes' to people whom you believe you should not? This is a bad habit many of us suffer from though for a good reason. Many adults find themselves in this situation because of how they were raised.
We were taught how to be polite and that came with always doing what we were told. Refusal to do so was seen as a backtalk and lack of discipline by parents, teachers and those in authority.
Saying NO can be hard when you do not want to upset others, be a source of disappointment or just happen to be a people pleaser. Sometimes, you are scared of saying 'NO' for fear of feeling guilty afterwards, more so if you are in a position to help and have no valid reason to say "NO".
A research study carried out by a social psychologist, in examining people's influence over others came to the conclusion that many people agree to do things they would prefer not to do to avoid the considerable discomfort of saying NO. Out of that, you find yourself being overwhelmed and unhappy because you said you would go for an event you did not want to attend or took up more work assignments when you are up in the neck with any deadlines.
As valid as these fears may be, you need to mark deeply and fully understand why you need to say NO and for what reasons. Sometimes you just do not want to do it and it is time to say NO.
Allow you say NO without lying which is usually the default for most of us matters, Be polite, firm and say you are not able to do whatever it is. You can follow up with responses like. "Let me get back to you." or "Let me think about it first then i'll get back to you."
Learning to say NO is a huge favour to yourself. It will lessen your stress and pressure. Likewise, it will, it will enable you to do things you genuinely love and care about.
Below is the beginning of a story. Write and complete it in your own words making it as interesting as possible
The night was calm and still. all seemed fine. I was however awakened by joyful ullulations and .....
TASK 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING
LISTENING AND SPEAKING
Answer questions orally
TASK 2: READING ALOUD
All the farm animals woke up The cock crowed early in the morning. All the farm animals woke up. They were going to have a party. Each animal prepared some food. The horse cooked rice. The nanny goat roasted They were going to have a party. Each animals prep, cooked rice. The cow and the bull baked a cream cake. The nanny goat roasted the meat. The ram was lazy. He pretended to be sick. The food was ready by midday.The duck and the crake set the table. The billy goat brought in crates of soda. The animals sat down to eat. Just then the ram walked in. "any one who did not prepare food will nnot eat" said the donkey. The ram was sorry. He said he would wash all the dishes after the meal. The animals agreed to forgive him.
TASK 3: GRAMMAR
Write the comparative form of the words below
Fill in the blanks using the words below
some, many, any, much
Complete the following sentences using 'alot', 'alot of' or 'enough'.
Write the contracted form of these words
Write the plurals
Write these words correctly
TASK 4: COMPREHENSION
Read the passage below and answer the questions that follows.
Mrs Sakuda asked the learners in grade four North to talk about thier classroom. Wanjiru put up her hand. She said, "Our classroom has four windows and one door. There are two big tables and one small table on the side. There are two cupboards. There is one clock at the front and three big charts on the wall. The charts make your classroom beautiful".
Patel was the second to speak. He said, "Our class has ten boys and five girls. Six leaners sit at a table. Other learners like our classroom. They say it is the neatest classroom in the school.
TASK 5: WRITING
Write an interesiing composition about:
A WEDDING CEREMONY
Read the following conversation and then answer questions 1 to 3.
Kadzo: Hello Katana. How was the competition? Mkala told me that you met your match.
Katana: Hello Kadzo. Yeah, Mkala is right. I used to think I am the best runner in this county until I met one Kobole from Makongeni.
Kadzo: Well, I think Mr. Maloba will have to do something extra in his coaching, else, it may get stiffer and stiffer.
Katana: We have time. The best thing is that I was the second after Kobole. The first three are to represent the region nationally.
Kadzo: I wish you all the best as you plan to train for the same. I shall encourage Mr. Maloba to try new coaching methods on you.
Katana: Thank you so much Kadzo. I am looking forward to emerging the best nationally.
Read the passage and then answer questions 6 to 2.
The schools were closed and everyone else was at home. One Monday morning, we were going to our farm with my two siblings. On our way, we came by a crowd of people by the road very busy watching something we did not know. Immediately we saw them. we ran as fast as our thin legs could carry us so as to see what was going on.
On reaching that spot, we were astonished to find out that on the ground, lay a young man who was badly beaten by an angry mob. My youngest sister could not hold back her curiosity "What happened to him?" She asked one old woman.
"The young man snatched one lady's handbag and in the process of running away with it, an angry mob caught up with him and did all this to him," the old woman explained.
Read the passage and then answer questions 10 to 12.
Our city, Bumaye, spent a harsh period of eight months without proper supply of water. During that period, everyone in the city had a hard time. Some even had to travel over very long distances to get a drop. Livestock was no better. Beautiful plantations along the highways had to die oft. However, the residents never gave up. They prayed and prayed for another six months. There was no sign of rain. Many of them gave up and let Him do His will. At the beginning of the seventh month, God listened to His people. There were dark clouds up there. Soon, the problem was over.
Read the passage and then answer questions 5 to 1.
There are many possible reasons why you may be fat. Some people are fat because of the way their glands work in their bodies. Other people are fat because of eating too much of the wrong foods. Some foods which fatten when eaten include cakes, biscuits, chocolates, crisps and many others.
A healthy body requires a diet of four main groups which contain proteins, carbohydrates. vitamins and minerals every day. There is proteins in legumes, milk, flesh and eggs. It is difficult to give the best advice on becoming slim. A doctor who knows a person's medical history is the best. The doctor is the one who is able to decide what factors have caused a person to be overweight. He advices which diet to take and which exercises to do.
Read the passage below. It contains blank spaces numbered 16 to 20. For each blank space, select the best alternative from the choices given
The education sector in our country 16 that every child must attend school since education is the key to success. While in school, learners are expected to work 17 so as to 18 and succeed in life. However, some learners are extremely lazy. They never want to scratch their heads but instead, they become 19 on others who are smarter for almost everything including answering their 20 oral questions.
For questions 21 to 23. choose the alternative that best completes the sentences.
For question 24, choose the sentence that is correctly punctuated.
For questions 25 to 27 choose the opposite of the underlined words.
For questions 28 to 30, choose the best word from the alternatives to fill the blank spaces.
Read the following conversation and then answer questions 1 to 5.
Mother: Come here my son. Bring your books with you books with you. I'd like us to check the arrangement of your work in every learning area. Come on, take the books out.
Son: Of late, I have been arranging my work neatly. Our class teacher, Miss Tari, told all of us the importance of doing so.
Mother: Please open your Mathematics exercise books, both class work and homework as I check English.
Son: Here, can't you see? This is how our Mathematics teacher wants us to arrange our work. Isn't it neat, mama?
Mother: Wow! I am very proud of both you and your teachers. All the work looks well arranged, neat, marked and corrections done. Indeed, you deserve a present from me, son! Come on let us go to the supermarket. I can't wait to get you a gift.
Read the passage and then answer questions 6 to 9.
Otieno was playing with his younger sister outside the house. Their mother had told them not to kick the ball hard because it could hurt someone or break a window pane. Otieno kicked the ball to his sister. She kicked it back to him. After some time, Otieno decided to kick the ball hard to see whether his sister could catch it. His sister dived to catch the ball but missed it. The ball broke one of the window panes of the house. Otieno's mother was very angry with the children. She took away the ball and told them that they would not play with it again.
Read the passage and then answer questions 10 to 12.
Trees are always exciting to look at. Many people like their homes surrounded by trees. Many hotels are located in areas with many trees. When you look at a tree, what you see first is the bark that protects the tree trunk and branches. The bark at the bottom is old, rough and cracked. At the top, the bark is young and smooth.
The tallest tree alive today is over 360 feet high! It is a coast redwood growing in California in the USA. There is enough wood in its trunk to build over 300 houses! The other half is underground. These are the roots pushing their way through the thick earth. They can spread out through the soil as far the tree is high.
All people, young and old, should try to make the world beautiful by planting trees. Since the trees are already growing, we should take care of them.
Read the passage and then answer questions 13 to 15.
I hardly slept that night. I kept on thinking about the following day. We were to have a school trip to Amboseli National Park. Those who had paid for the trip were lucky. They would see many wild animals like zebras, elephants, gazelles, buffaloes and giraffes among others. My parents had made the payment and I would accompany the other pupils.
We were to travel by bus. The bus arrived very early in the morning. The class teacher read the list as we boarded the bus. I selected a seat next to the window where I would enjoy looking outside as we travelled.
Read the passage below. It contains blank spaces numbered 16 to 20. For each blank space, select the best alternative from the choices given.
Of all the learning areas, I like Mathematics more. It is my ___16___ because I never have difficulty with it and always get good marks in tests. I suppose I am ___17___ to be born with a clear-thinking brain. The wonderful thing about Mathematics is that besides the ___18___
there's nothing else to remember. Every step in solving a ___19___ is done logically. Unlike in some other learning areas, remembering dates and other facts is hard compared with the ease and ___20___of Mathematics reasoning
For questions 21 to 23, choose the correct question tags to complete the sentences.
For questions 24 to 27, choose the correct order of adjectives to fill in the blank spaces
In questions 28 to 30, select the best alternative to fill in the blank spaces.
Question 1 to 5: READING COMPREHENSION
Read the conversation below and answer questions 1 - 5
Serian: Naeku, did you hear the loud sound from the power saw yesterday morning?
Naeku: Yes, I did. The sound was very unpleasant. I also heard loud sound from a plane that was landing in the afternoon.
Serian: Where was the loud music that I heard at night coming from?
Naeku: It was from the new music store that was being opened. The loud music was very
irritating. I was unable to sleep.
Serian: There are many activities that cause sound pollution in our locality. We must find ways of protecting ourselves from effects of this pollution.
Naeku: Sure. We must do something about this.
Question 6 to 10: Read the passage below and answer questions
One day, the Hare made fun of the slow Tortoise. The Tortoise quietly replied that if the Hare would run a race with him, he would prove that he was not slow. The race bagan and the Hare quickly leaped ahead at a great pace. He was soon so far in front that he decided to have a little sleep.
Plodding steadily on, the Tortoise presently passod straight on. After a time, The Hare awoke and reached on. When he reached the winning post however, he found that the Tortoise had already arrived. Slow but sure wins the race.
Questions 11 to 15: Read the passage below and answer questions that follows
The mobile phone has become closer to us than our closest friends or even our partners. Without a phone, we feel incomplete, Although there are many uses of the mobile phone, the phone also has many disadvantages. We have become very lazy. A phone call is enough to pass a message.
Many people do not care whether they hurt or excite you. They feel they have saved time. We have become too busy even to chat with a friend. A phone is easier for us than visiting the friend.
We also have doctors who consult and treat patients on the phone. If it is right? I do not think so. The results are wrong prescriptions that can lead to prolonged illness or even death. It is through phone messages or calls that many people have suffered the loss of a loved one. Many people have had family break ups due to use of mobile phones. Is it worth the effort to buy and keep a phone?
The crime rate went up immediately the mobile phone was introduced. Many people were able to make quick money from stolen phones. Many pick pockets have also lost their lives while trying to steal mobile phones. Children in school have not been left out. The mobile phone has led many pupils into trouble. Some pupils have been tempted to use phones in the national examinations to pass answers. This has brought the pupils a lot of trouble. Some pupils have already been arrested and their exam results cancelled. This is big loss to the pupils and their parents.
Question 16 to 20: Reading the passage and then fill in the blank spaces numbered 16 - 20 correctly
One day, Tom 16 going to school. 17 met a stranger 18 demanded to greet hi. Tom 19 know what to do. He shouted 20 for help.
Question 21 to 22: GRAMMAR
Add a correct question tag.
For questions 23 to 26. Select the best word to fill the gaps
Identify the adjectives in these sentences
For question 29 - 30. Complete the collective nouns
Complete the story below.
When I woke up that morning, the day looked good. I did my preparation very quickly ..................................................................
COMPOSITION / INSHA MARKING SCHEME
Accuracy (16 marks)
Fluency (16 marks)
Imagination (8 marks)
NB: Please teachers are requested to scrutinize this marking scheme before use, it is worth
Read the following conversation and then answer questions 1 to 5
Mambo: Hello Lenchiro. Where are you going? It is still break time.
Lenchiro: Hello Mambo. I am taking this book back to the library. I was just finishing the last page. It is one of the most interesting story books I have ever read.
Mambo: What was the book all about?
Lenchiro: It was about a boy, Kodawa, who was addicted to drugs and substance abuse. The boy dropped out of school and joined the bad boys in town.
Mambo: Oh my! Why did poor Kodawa decide to do that?
Lenchiro: It was because his new friends in town persuaded him to do so. They also threatened to chase him from their group if he refused to comply.
Mambo: I also think that idleness contributes to indulgence in drugs and substance abuse. The boys must have been idle.
Lenchiro: Exactly. But the good thing is that Kodawa was taken back to their village, Mchangabaridi, where he reformed and resumed school.
Mambo: Wow! Thank God he did.
Read the passage and then answer questions 6 to 2.
A journey by train is interesting as well as educative. Such a very important event happened in Samira's life. Last week she went on her first train journey. She travelled with her family to Voi where her uncle lived. They left home at dawn and went to the SGR terminus. After purchasing a ticket, they got into the train. Suddenly, the train blew its whistle and started the journey. It seemed to Samira that the trees, houses and stations all went hurriedly back to Nairobi. She was very excited. She really enjoyed her first journey.
Read the passage and then answer questions 10 to 12.
Technology refers to the use of tools, machines, materials, techniques and sources of power to make work easier and more productive While Science is more concerned with how and why things happen, technology deals with making things happen.Technology has brought about efficiency and quality in the manufacturing sector. Technological advancement has reduced the risk involved in manufacturing enterprises. A lot of improvement has been seen in health facilities. Technology therefore should be here to stay.
Read the passage and then answer questions 13 to 15.
Wild animals live in the forest. Some of them are kept in national parks and game reserves. There are very many types of wild animals. Some are big, some are small. Some small animals include the hare and the squirrel. Some big animals include the elephant and the buffalo. The animal with the longest neck is called giraffe. It gets its food from the top of most trees. Cheetah is the fastest animal. It runs faster than any other animal. Wild animals must be protected because our country gets money through them.
Read the passage below. It contains blank spaces numbered 16 to 20, For each blank space, select the best alternative from the choices given.
Industrialisation means _16_ things for people to buy. These things are always made or manufactured in large buldings called _17_ Such industries are flour, cloth and soap industries. Here are three names you should _18_ : raw materials, products and labourers. A _19_ is used for making a thing. The thing which is made is called the product. Therefore, cloth is the product of the raw material called _20_
For questions 21 to 23, choose the past tense of the given sentences.
In questions 24 to 26, select the correctly punctuated sentences.
For questions 27 to 30, complete the sentences with the correct adverbs.