Monday, 21 November 2022 11:21

Science (Understanding) - Class 8 Schemes of Work Term 1 2023

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SCIENCE SCHEMES OF WORK FOR STD 8 TERM ONE  -2022

WK

LES

TOPIC

SUB TOPIC

OBJECTIVES

LEARNING  ACTIVITIES

T /L AIDS

REFERENCE

RMKS

1

-

REVISION

General

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to give correct answers to revisions questions in preparation for std. eight  work

Asking and answering oral/written questions

  • Past exam papers.
  • Chalk board
  • Revision materials
  • Content covered in previous class

 

2

1

HUMAN BODY

Reproduction in human beings

Fertilization in human beings

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to Explain fertilization in human beings

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Oral questions

Drawings in ppls text book

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8 pg 1 Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

2

 

 

 

 

HUMAN BODY

Foetal development

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to Describe the development of foetus in human beings

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Demonstration
  • Drawing
  • Paper bag
  • Water doll
  • String

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 3. Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

3

HUMAN BODY

Functions of the placenta, umbilical cord and amniotic fluid

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to identify and list functions of placenta, umbilical cord and amniotic fluid

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Group work
  • Drawing

Diagram in ppls  text book

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 5  Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

4

 

 

 

HUMAN BODY

Process of birth

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to Describe the process of birth in human beings

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Note Taking               
  • Balloon
  • Doll
  • Pictures and illustrations on chalkboard

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 6, Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

5

HUMAN BODY

REVISION

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able  to answer given written questions correctly to reinforce covered content

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Oral questions

chalkboard

 

Ppls book pg. 16

 

3

1

 

 

HUMAN BODY

Excretory organs

 

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to identify the main excretory organs

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Note Taking

 

Diagram in ppls textbook

 

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 9. Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

2

HUMAN BODY

Excretory organs

skin

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to, identify the main functions of the skin

and its waste products

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • drawing
  • Note making

Drawings in ppls text book

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 10. Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

3

HUMAN BODY

Lungs

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  identify and list functions of lungs

and its waste products

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion

 

Diagram in ppls textbook

 

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 13. Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

4

HUMAN BODY

kidneys

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  identify the functions of the kidney and its waste products

 

  • Discussion
  • Explanation
  • Discussion

 

Diagram in ppls textbook

 

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  14   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

 

5

HUMAN BODY

REVISION

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to write correct answers to given fill in – the-blank  test.

Answering written questions

Revision exercise in ppls text bk

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  16   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

4

1

HEALTH EDUCATION

Sexual transmitted infections STIs

Ø  syphilis

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to explain the meaning of STIs  give examples of STI’s

Describe cause, signs, symptoms and prevention of syphilis

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Asking and answering questions

Diagrams in pupils text book

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  18   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

2

HEALTH EDUCATION

Gonorrhea

Cause/prevention

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to describe  cause signs, symptoms and prevention of gonorrhea

 

  • Discussion
  • Discussion
  • note making

 

Diagrams in pupils text book

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 20    Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

3

HEALTH EDUCATION

Chancroid

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to describe cause signs, symptoms and prevention of chancroid.

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Group work

Diagrams in pupils text book

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  21   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

4

HEALTH EDUCATION

HIV/AIDS

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to identify control measures of HIV/AIDS   

  • Explanation
  • Asking and answering questions

Pictures in ppls text book

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 23    Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

5

HEALTH EDUCATION

REVISION

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  recall content covered in the week.

Writing

 

Revision exercise in ppls text bk

Ppls bk pg. 30

 

5

1

PLANTS

Adaptation of plants

-Dry areas

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to explain how plants are adapted to their environment-(dry areas)

  • Explanation
  • Discussion

 

Drawings in ppls text book

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  32   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

2

PLANTS

Adaptation of plants  --Wet areas

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to explain how plants are adapted to their environment-(wet  areas)

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Group work

 

Local environment

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  36   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

3

PLANTS

Crop diseases

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  pupil identify and list signs of unhealthy crops.

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Oral questions

Crops in the school compound

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 39    Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

4

PLANTS

Crop diseases

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  further identify and list signs of unhealthy crops.

  • Explanation
  • Discussion

 

 

Local environment

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  40   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

5

PLANTS

Effects of crop diseases

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  state effects of crop diseases

  • Discussion
  • Explanation

 Local environment

Ppls bk. pg. 42

 

6

-

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT

GENERAL

BY the end of the lesson the learner should be able to give correct answers to given test items to reinforce retention of content.

  • Asking and answering questions.
  • Tests and quizzes
  • Exercises
  • mid - term exams

-Revision materials

-Covered content

 

7

HALF TERM

 

8

1

ANIMALS

Adaptation in animals- feeding habits – herbivores.

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able  to explain how herbivores are adapted to their environment

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion

Drawings

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 45    Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

2

ANIMALS

Carnivores

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to explain how carnivores are adapt  to their environment

  • Explanation
  • Discussion

Diagram in ppls text book

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  48   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

3

ANIMALS

 

 

 

Adaptations in animals-feeding habits-omnivores.

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to list signs of crop diseases

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Oral questions

Digram in ppls text book

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  50   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

4

ANIMALS

Ill-health in livestock

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to identify and list signs of ill-health in livestock

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Oral questions

Animals from the locality

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  59   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

5

ANIMALS

Adaptation of beaks-grain eaters

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to   explain the adaptation of grain eaters to their environment.

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion

 

  • Models
  • Pictures in pupils text book

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  52   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

9

1

ANIMALS

Adaptation of beaks-filter feeders.

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to pupil be able to explain the adaptation of filter feeders to their environment

 

Explanation

Discussion

 

Picture cutouts

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  53   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

2

ANIMALS

Adaptations-flesh eaters

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  able to explain the adaptation of flesh eaters

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion

Picture cutouts

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  53   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

3

ANIMALS

Adaptation of

beaks- nectar feeders

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to identify and list adaptations to the feeding habits of nectar feeders

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Oral questions

Crops in the school compound

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  54   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

4

ANIMALS

Adaptation of

beaks- nectar feeders

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to identify and list adaptations to the feeding habits of nectar feeders

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Oral questions

Crops in the school compound

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 54    Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

5

ANIMALS

REVISION

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able toPupil be able to answer questions correctly

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Oral questions

Revision exercise in ppls text bk

Ppls bk 8 pg. 55

 

10

1

ANIMALS

Adaptation to movement-flying

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to able to explain how animals are adapted to their environment by flying

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Group work
  • Charts
  • Pictures in pupils text bk

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg   55  Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

2

ANIMALS

Adaptations to movement by swimming-

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to explain the adaptations of animals that swim.

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Group work
  • Charts
  • Drawings

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  57   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

3

ANIMALS

Adaptation to movement-hoping and leaping

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to explain how animals are adapted to their movement by hopping and leaping

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Group work

Explanation

 

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  58  Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

4

 

 

ANIMALS

Effects/signs of ill-health to livestock.

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  state and list effects of ill-health to livestock

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Writing

Picture cut -outs

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  59   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

 

5

ANIMALS

Effects/signs of ill-health to livestock.

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  state and list effects of ill-health to livestock

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Writing

Picture cutouts

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 61    Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

11

1

WATER

Soft and hard water

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to state the difference between hard and soft water

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Oral questions
  • Salty water
  • Rainy water
  • Soap and basin

- Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg     Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.64

 

2

WATER

Softening hard water

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to investigate softening of hard water by boiling

 

  • Experimentation
  • Oral questions
  • Jiko
  • Sufuria
  • Salty water

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg   65  Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

3

WATER

Disadvantages of hard water

 

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  pupil be able to investigate the disadvantages of hard water

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Group work
  • Water
  • Buckets , basins, salt

 

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  66   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

4

 

WATER

Disadvantages of hard water

 

 

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to investigate the disadvantages of hard water

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Group work
  • Experiment
  • Water
  • Buckets , basins, salt

 

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg   67  Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

4

 

WATER

Disadvantages of hard water

 

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to investigate the disadvantages of hard water

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Group work
  • Experiment
  • Water
  • Buckets , basins, salt

 

- Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 68    Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

 

 

 5

WATER

REVISION

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to answer questions correctly to reinforce covered content

Writing

 

Revision exercise in ppls text bk

Ppls bk 8 pg. 70

 

12

1

ENVIRONMENT

Effects of pollution on environment; plants, small animals e.g. bacteria

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  identify and list effects of soil pollution on plants

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Oral questions

Local environment

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  73   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

2

ENVIRONMENT

Effects of pollution on environment-on animals

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to describe effects of soil pollution on animals

 

  • Discussion
  • Explanation
  • Group work

Picture cutouts

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 74    Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

3

ENVIRONMENT

Conservation of soil

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to explain the meaning of soil conservation and describe conservation methods

 

  • Writing
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Group work

Local environment

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  74   Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

4

ENVIRONMENT

Methods of conserving soil

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to describe some of the conservation methods of soil

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Local environment

Local environment

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg   75  Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

 

 5

ENVIRONMENT

REVISION

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be demonstrate knowledge of covered content.

Writing

 

Revision exercise in ppls text bk

Ppls book pg 73-74

 

13

-

REVISIONS

General

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to recall content covered in the term in preparation for end term exam

 

  • Asking and answering questions.
  • Tests and quizzes

Past exam papers

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 1-75    Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

14

END TERM ONE EXAMS, MARKING, ANALYSING AND RECORDING EXAM RESULTS

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