Science (Understanding Science) - Class 8 Schemes of Work Term 2 2023

Rate this item
(0 votes)

STD 8 SCIENCE SCHEMES OF WORK TERM 2023

WEEK

LESSON

TOPIC

SUB-TOPIC

OBJECTIVES

T/L ACTIVITIES

T/L AIDS

REFERENCE

RMKS

1

1

ENVIRONMENT

  • soil pollution
  • Effects of soil pollution

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

1. Explain meaning of soil pollution.

2. Describe effects of soil pollution on animals

  • Revision
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Writing
  • Real soil samples
  • clay
  • loam
  • sand

Karaka J. et al (2005) Understanding science ppls bk. 8pg 1  Nairobi: Longhorn Pub.

 

 

2

‘’

Soil conservation

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

1. Explain meaning of soil conservation.

2. Describe soil conservation methods

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Writing
  • Question-answer
  • Real soil samples
  • Pictures
  • Diagrams

Und. Sci p pls 8  pg 75

 

 

 

3

‘’

Air pollution

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

1.Practice soil conservation

2. Describe how air gets polluted

 

  • Revision
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Writing
  • A chart showing causes of air pollution

Und. Sci ppls bk 8 pg 80

 

 

4

‘’

Effects of air pollution

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

State effects of air pollution

 

  • Revision
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Writing
  • Text books
  • Pictures

Und. Scipplsbk 8 bkpg 82

 

 

5

‘’

Ways of controlling air pollution

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

Identify ways in which air pollution can be controlled

 

  • Revision
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Writing
  • Ques-ans
  • Text books
  • Pictures

Und. Sci ppls 8  pg 83

 

2

1

FOOD AND NUTRITION

  • Nutrition for special groups
  • pregnant mother
  • lactating mother

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

Identify nutritional requirement for special groups.

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • naming
  • Writing
  • Real food samples
  • Pictures

Und. Sci ppls bk 8 bk 87

 

 

2

‘’

  • Nutrition for infants
  • Value of breast milk

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

1.Identify nutritional requirements for special groups.

2. Describe value of breast milk (advantages)

  • Revision
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Writing
  • Ques-ans
  • Real food samples
  • Pictures

Und. Scipplsbk 8 bkpg 89

 

 

3

‘’

Nutrition for people with HIV/AIDS

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

Identify nutritional requirements for special groups

 

  • Revision
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Asking and answering oral questions
  • food samples
  • Pictures

Und. Sci ppls bk 8 pg 90

 

 

4

 

 

 

FOOD POISONING

  • Causes of food poisoning

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

1.Name Causes of food poisoning

 

 

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Writing
  • food samples
  • Pictures

Und. Sci ppls  8 pg 90

 

 

5

 

Ways of preventing food poisoning

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

-State ways of preventing food poisoning

‘’

  • Chalkboard

Und. Sci ppls 8 pg 93

 

3

1

Revision test

Written exercise

By the end of the period the learners should be able to give correct answers to the given test items to demonstrate retention of content on Food and nutrition

 

  • Attempting written questions
  • Revision exercise 6

Und. Sci.ppls bk 8 pg 85

 

 

2

ENERGY

Meaning

  • Types of energy

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

1. Explain what energy is

2. Describe different types of energy

 

  • Defining
  • Discussion
  • describing types of energy
  • chart showing types of energy

Und. Sci ppls bk 8 Pg 96

 

 

3

 

 

 

,,

Different types of energy

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

1.Describe different types of energy

         -chemical energy

          -Heat energy

           -light energy

  • Revision
  • Defining
  • Discussion
  • observation
  • note taking
  • Chart showing types of energy

Und. Sc ppls bk 8 pg 96

 

 

4

,,

Different types of energy

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

1.Describe different types of energy

      -Electric energy

       -Magnetic energy

        -Sound energy

 

  • Discussion
  • observation
  • note taking n

 

  • Chart showing types of energy

Und. Sci ppls bk 8 pg 100

 

 

5

ENERGY

Transformation of energy in electric circuit

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

·         Describe transformations of energy

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Experimentation
  • Observing
  • Naming
  • Real material eg cells,bulbs.wires

Und. Sci ppls bk 8 pg 103

 

4

1

ENERGY

Energy transformation in food.  

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

-          Describe transformation of energy.

 

  • Explanation
  • experimentation
  • Discussion
  • observation
  • note taking
  • Chart showing energy  transformations in food. 

Und. Sci ppls  8 bkpg 104

 

 

2

,,

Energy  transformation in burning fuels  

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

-          Describe  transformation of energy  in   burning fuels

  • Explanation
  • experimentation
  • Discussion
  • observation

 

  • Real  fuelseg. firewood, kerosene.
  • charts showing changes. 

Und. Sci ppls bk 8 pg 105

 

 

3

,,

Energy transformation in a radio.

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

-          Describe transformation of energy 

  • Explanation
  • experimentation
  • Discussion
  • observation
  • Real radio
  • Charts showing changes

Und. Sci ppls  8 bkpg 106

 

 

4

,,

Simple  electromagnet

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

-          Describe transformation of energy. 

  • Explanation
  • experimentation
  • Discussion
  • observation
  • Real material eg. cells, wires, bulbs, nailsetc

Und. Sci ppls bk 8 pg 107

 

 

5

Revision test

Written exercise

By the end of the period the learners should be able to give correct answers to the given test items to demonstrate retention of content on energy

 

  • Attempting written questions
  • Revision exercise 6

Und. Sci.ppls bk 8 pg 107

 

5

1

Energy

Methods of conserving energy

  • Using energy sparingly

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

-          State  methods of conserving energy by using energy sparingly

  • Revision
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Writing.
  • Chart  showing methods of conserving energy.

Und. Sci ppls  8  pg 108

 

 

2

,,

  • using energy efficient devices

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

-          state methods of conserving  energy by using energy –efficient devices

  • Revision
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Writing 

 

  • Chart  showing methods of conserving energy.

Und. Sci. ppls bk 8 pg 109

 

 

3

 

,,

  • using renewable energy

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

-          state methods of conserving  energy by using renewable energy

  • Revision
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Writing 

 

  • Chart  showing methods of conserving energy.

Und. Sci ppls k 8 pg 111

 

 

4

MAKING WORK EASIER

Simple machines

Inclined planes

  • ladder

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

-          Investigate how inclined planes make work easier.

  • Explanation
  • experimentation
  • measuring
  • recording
  • Metre rule
  • Vertical stand
  • Weight
  • Screws
  • ladder
  • tamp.

Und. Sci ppls  8 bkpg 116

 

 

5

‘’

  • stair case
  • road winding up a hill

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to: Investigate how inclined planes make work easier.

  • Explanation
  • experimentation
  • observation
  • discussion

 

  • Pictures and illustrations

Und. Sci ppls  8 bk  119

 

 

 

6

1

MAKING WORK EASIER

PULLEYS

  • meaning
  • simple machines

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

1.       investigate how single fixed pulley make work easier

 

  • Explanation
  • experimentation
  • observation
  • discussion
  • recording

 

  • pulleys from the scie. kit

Und. Sci pplsbk 8 pg

 

 

2

MAKING WORK EASIER

single fixed pulley  

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to:

1)       investigate how single  fixed pulley makes  work easier

2)       state advantages and uses of single fixed pulley  

  • Explanation
  • experimentation
  • observation
  • discussion
  • recording
  • stating
  • Single fixed pulley on a  Flag post

Und. Sci ppls 8  pg  124

 

 

3

 

single fixed pulley  

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to: state advantages and uses of single fixed pulley  

 

  • Explanation
  • experimentation
  • observation
  • discussion
  • single fixed pulley

 

 

 

4

MAKING WORK EASIER

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to: raise a flag using a single fixed pulley to raise a flag

 

  • Explanation
  • experimentation
  • observation
  • discussion
  • Flag,, flag post rope, single fixed pulley

Und. Sci ppls 8  pg  124

 

 

5

Revision test

Written exercise

By the end of the period the learners should be able to give correct answers to the given test items to demonstrate retention of content on making work easier

  • Attempting written questions
  • Revision exercise 6

Und. Sci.ppls bk 8 pg 85

 

7

1

HUMAN BODY

(Revision)

Reproduction in human beings

  • Fertilization in human beings

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to Explain fertilization in human beings

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Oral questions
  • Drawings in ppls text book

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 1 

1

2

 

 

 

 

,,

Foetal development

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to Describe the development of foetus in human beings

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Demonstration
  • Drawing
  • Paper bag
  • Water doll
  • String

 Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 3.

2

 

 

 

 

3

,,

Functions of the placenta, umbilical cord and amniotic fluid

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to identify and list functions of placenta, umbilical cord and amniotic fluid

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Group work
  • Drawing
  • Diagram in ppls  text book

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 5 

3

4

 

 

 

,,

Process of birth

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to Describe the process of birth in human beings

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Note Taking        
  • Balloon
  • Doll
  • Pictures and illustrations on chalkboard

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 6,

4

 

 

 

5

,,

REVISION

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able  to answer given written questions correctly to reinforce covered content

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Oral questions
  • chalkboard

 

Ppls book pg. 16

5

8

1

HUMAN BODY

(Revision)

Excretory organs

 

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to identify the main excretory organs

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Note  Taking

 

  • Diagram in ppls textbook

 

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 9.

 

2

,,

Excretory organs

skin

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to, identify the main functions of the skin

and its waste products

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • drawing
  • Note  making
  • Drawings in ppls text book

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 10

 

3

,,

Lungs

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  identify and list functions of lungs

and its waste products

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion

 

  • Diagram in ppls textbook

 

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 13.

 

4

,,

kidneys

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  identify the functions of the kidney and its waste products

 

  • Discussion
  • Explanation
  • Discussion

 

  • Diagram in ppls textbook

 

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  14  

 

5

,,

REVISION

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to write correct  answers to given fill in – the-blank  test.

  • Answering written questions
  • Revision exercise in ppls text bk

 Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  16  

 

9

1

HEALTH EDUCATION

(Revision)

Sexual transmitted infections STIs

  • syphilis

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to explain the meaning of STIs  give examples of STI’s

-Describe cause, signs, symptoms and prevention of syphilis

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Asking and answering questions
  • Diagrams in pupils text book

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  18  

 

2

,,

Gonorrhea

Cause/prevention

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to describe  cause signs, symptoms and prevention of gonorrhea

 

  • Discussion
  • Discussion
  • note making

 

  • Diagrams in pupils text book

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 20    .

 

3

,,

Chancroid

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to describe cause signs, symptoms and prevention of chancroid.

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Group work
  • Diagrams in pupils text book

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  21   .

 

4

,,

HIV/AIDS

 

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to identify control measures of HIV/AIDS   

  • Explanation
  • Asking and answering questions
  • Pictures in ppls text book

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg

 

5

,,

REVISION

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  recall content covered in the week.

  • Writing

 

  •  Revision exercise in ppls text bk

Ppls bk pg. 30

 

10

1

PLANTS

(Revision)

Adaptation of plants

  • Dry areas

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to explain how plants are adapted to their environment-(dry areas)

  • Explanation
  • Discussion

 

  • Drawings in ppls text book

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  32  

 

2

,,

Adaptation of plants 

  • Wet areas

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to explain how plants are adapted to their environment-(wet  areas)

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Group work

 

  • Local environment

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 

 

3

,,

Crop diseases

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  pupil identify and list signs of unhealthy crops.

 

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Oral questions
  • Crops in the school compound

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg 39   

 

4

,,

Crop diseases

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  further identify and list signs of unhealthy crops.

  • Explanation
  • Discussion

 

 

  • Local environment

Understanding science ppls bk. 8  pg  40  

 

5

,,

Effects of crop diseases

By the end of the lesson the learner should be able to  state effects of crop diseases

  • Discussion
  • Explanation
  •  Local environment

Ppls bk. pg. 42

 

11

End term exams

Read 187 times Last modified on Wednesday, 23 November 2022 09:02

Leave a comment

Make sure you enter all the required information, indicated by an asterisk (*). HTML code is not allowed.