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| Largest particles
Spreads easily when dry
Has poorest capillarity
Cracks when dry
| Makes shortest ribbons
Sticks when wet
Retains a lot of water
Has best drainage
Soma vifungu vifuatavyo. Vina nafasi 1 mpaka 15. Kwa kila nafasi, umepewa majibu manne. Chagua jibu lifaalo zaidi kati ya yale uliyopewa.
Ili kuwa na jamii ___1___kila mmoja wetu anahitajika___2___, ___3___mstari wa mbele katika kuzungumza tu___4___ pia katika matendo yetu. Inaeleweka na kila mtu kuwa___5___ya mja hunena muungwana ni vitendo. Ni___6___letu kuhakikisha kuwa jamii yetu___7___. Hili linawezekana tu iwapo tutakuwa___8___katika kila tulitendalo. Kwa mfano, hatuwezi tukatarajia kuwa na jamii yenye bidii iwapo sisi ndisi___9___ Hilo haliwezekani.
Baada ya___10___ na darasa la nane, niliamua kudurusu zaidi ili nifaulu. Sikutaka kuvuta mkia ___11___, ___12___kuhusu aina___13___maneno kama vile nomino, vitenzi na vielezi ambavyo pia huitwa ___14___ . Kuna vielezi vingi___15___ polepole, upesi, nyumbani na sokoni.
Kutoka swali la 16 - 30, chagua jibu sahihi kulingana na maagizo.
Soma taarifa ifuatayo kisha ujibu maswali 31-40.
Siku moja, mume na mke wakiwa wamekaa pamoja, mume alimwambia mke wake, "Mke wangu nimewakumbuka sana ndugu zangu (kaka zangu, dada zangu na hata baba na mama) tujumuike pamoja na kula pamoja. Kesho nitawaalika ili tufurahie nao katika chakula cha mchana, itabidi uandae chakula kwa ajili yao."
Mke alijibu kwa unyonge, “Sawa, Mungu akipenda."
Asubuhi ya siku iliyofuata, mume alitoka kwenda katika shughuli yake lakini baada ya saa kadhaa alirejea nyumbani. Alimsaili mke wake, “Mke wangu, umeandaa chakula cha mchna kwa ajili ya wageni? Baada ya saa moja watakuwa wameshafika." Mke alijibu, "La. Sijapika madhali ndugu zako sio wageni hapa. Watakula chochote wakipatacho." Mumewe alimwambia kuwa Mungu amsamehe. Alitaka kujua kwa nini mkewe aliyasema hayo ilhali alikuwa amemweleza kuhusu wageni tangu siku iliyotangulia. Aliuliza kwa nini mke wake hakumwambia kuwa asingepika ilihali wazazi wake wangewasili baada ya muda mfupi.
Basi mume ilimbidi aondoke pale nyumbani ili aibu isimfunike na kumzamisha. Baada ya dakika kadhaa, mlano ulibishwa. Mke alienda kuufubgua mlango. Alipigwa na butwaa alipokuta kuwa wageni waliokuja ni wazazi wake: baba yale, mama yake, dada zake pamoja na kaka zake. Alishtuka nusura azimie. Hata hivyo, aliwakaribisha ndani.
Baba yake alimwuliza alikokuwa mume wake. Mke alimjibu kwamba alikuwa ametoka dakika chache zilizopita. Baba alimwambia "Mumeo jana alitupa taarifa kuwa leo anatualika hapa tuje kula pamoja chakula cha mchana. Sasa vipi yeye ameondoka? Tendo hili si la busara." Mwanamke yule alishangaa kwa taarifa hiyo. Alianza kufikicha mikono yake huku akipigapiga mguu chini kwa kuchanganyikiwa. Ilimbidi aingie ndani na kumpigia mume wake simu. Alimwambia, "Kwa nini hukuniambia kuwa wazazi wangu ndio wanaokuja?"
Mume alimjibu, "Wazazi wangu na wazazi wako wote ni kitu kimoja, hawana tofauti."
Mke alimwambia mumewe, “Leta chakula huku. Chakula kilichokuwepo ni kichache. Hakitawatosheleza."
Mume alimjibu, "Mimi nipo mbali na hao si wageni. Watakula chochote kilichopo namna wewe ulivyokuwa ukitaka kuwalisha wazazi wangu." Mke alibabaika sana. Mikono yake ilitetemeka huku akimwomba mumewe msamaha. Aliwaelezea wazazi wake yote yaliyojiri. Nao waliamuru kuwa wazazi wa mume watafutiwe siku ya kuwatembelea wana wao ili waandaliwe mlo.
Soma taarifa ifuatayo kisha ujibu maswali 41 - 50.
Wakenya zaidi ya elfu kumi na tano walihusika katika ajali za barabarani mwaka jana. Kati yao elfu tatu na mia nne walifariki huku wengine zaidi ya elfu sita mia sita wakipata majeraha mabaya. Jambo la kuhuzunisha mno. Hata hivyo, imebainika kuwa huenda magari yaliua watu wengi zaidi mwaka jana kuliko idadi hiyo iliyotolewa na Mamlaka ya Usalama wa Barabarani. Utafiti umekuwa ukifanywa kila uchao. Wanasayansi sasa wanasema kuwa moshi unaotolewa na magari yanayotumia mafuta ya dizeli huenda unachangia katika ongezeko la vifo vinavyosababishwa na hora ya mapofu (nimonia).
Watafiti kutoka chuo kikuu kimoja walibaini kwamba hewa iliyochafuliwa na moshi wa mafuta ya dizeli inaweka watu katika hatari ya kupatwa na maradhi ambayo ni hatari ya nimonia. Aidha, utafiti huo unasema kuwa watu wanaopumua hewa iliyo na moshi wa mafuta ya dizeli wanakuwa na uwezekano mkubwa wa kupatwa na nimonia ambayo husababishwa na bakhteria wanaojulikana kama 'Streptococcus pneumonia.
Bakhteria hao ndio husababisha maradhi ya nimonia na homa ya uti wa mgongo. Magonjwa haya huchangia kwa kiasi kikubwa vifo vya watoto wachanga walio chini ya miaka mitano. Kadhalika, husababisha vifo vya maelfu ya watu wazima kote duniani. Takwimu zilizotolewa zinaonyesha kuwa tangu mwaka wa elfu mbili kumi na tano, maradhi ya nimonia yamekuwa yakiongoza kwa kusababisha idadi kubwa ya vifo humu nchini. Licha ya hayo, kulingana na ripoti kuhusu hali ya kiuchumi ya mwaka wa elfu mbili, kumi na nane iliyotolewa na Shirika la Takwimu Nchini, waliouawa na maradhi ya nimonia ni karibu mara nne kuliko waliofariki kutokana na ukimwi.
Ugonjwa wa nimonia uliua watu elfu ishirini na moja, mia mbili tisini na watano na elfu ishirini na mbili, mia nne sabini na watatu katika mwaka wa elfu mbili kumi na sita na elfu mbili kumi na tano mtawalio. Ni wazi kama mchana kuwa magonjwa mengine yaliyoangamiza idadi kubwa mwaka wa elfu mbili kumi na saba ni malaria ulioua watu elfu kumi na saba, mia tano hamsini na watu elfu kumi na sita, mia tisa hamsini na watatu.
Mnamo mwaka wa elfu mbili na kumi na nane, watu milioni moja na elfu mia nne walienda hospitalini kutibiwa nimonia na mwaka uliotangulia wa elfu mbili, kumi na saba, watu milioni moja na elfu kumi na saba. Watu milioni moja na elfu mia mbili waliitafuta matibabu ya nimonia katika hospitali kote nchini. Takwimu za wizara ya afya zinaoonyeha kuwa watoto elfu mia saba hutibiwa maradhi ya nimonia kila mwaka. Licha ya takwimu hizo zilizotelewa, jambo la kusikitisha ni kwamba karibu asilimia ishirini na tano hufariki kwa sababu huchelewa kupelekwa hospitalini wanapougua maradhi hayo.
Ripoti iliyotolewa na shirika moja lisilo la serikali mnamo mwaka wa elfu mbili kumi na saba, ilionyesha kuwa vipimo visivyotoa matokeo sahihi na uhaba wa dawa za kukabiliana na bakhteria ni miongoni mwa sabab zinazochangia katika ongezeko la vifo vinavyotokana na nimonia. Wanasayansi waliohojiwa walisema kuwa ugonjwa huo ukigunduliwa mapema unatibika kwa dawa inayouzwa kwa shilingi mia mbili. Isitoshe chanjo ya kukabiliana na maradhi ya nimonia ilianza kutumika humu nchini mnamo mwaka wa elfu mbili, kumi na moja kwa watoto wa kati ya umri wa wiki sita na kumi na nne.
Lakini takwimu zilionyesha kuwa zaidi ya watoto elfu mia nne na kumi na nane wa umri wa miczi kumi na miwili na ishirini na mitatu hawakupewa chanjo hiyo mnamo mwaka wa elfu mbilli kumi na saba. Vifo vilivyotokana na nimonia huenda vikaendelea kushuhudiwa humu nchini kwani takwimu zinaonyesha kuwa kiwango cha mafuta ya dizeli yanayotumiwa humu nchini kinaongezeka kila mwaka.
Read the passage below. It contains blank spaces numbered 1-15. For each blank space choose the BEST answer for the choices given.
It was twenty minutes to ___1___ in the afternoon and I was eager to ___2___ home. I wanted to tell my mother___3 ___, ___4___ play we had ___5___ in my drama festival.
Just as I was preparing to 6 the classroom, our class teacher came___7___the room looking very ___8___ and suddenly the whole room became___9___still. I then ___10___ that she was looking at me ___11___ She walked ___12___. me, "Andrew, come with me for a moment, I need to tell you something."
Everyone turned and looked at me. I ___13____ anything wrong, and___14____imagine what she wanted and there was this total silence as if something terrible had happened, and everyone knew____15____ me. I followed her obediently and when we were outside, she smiled and said, “There's nothing to worry about. I was just acting." I felt so relieved.
For questions 16-18 choose the correct alternative
For question 19 choose the sentence which means the same as the one given.
For question 20 choose the sentence which is grammatically correct.
For questions 21-23 choose the best alternative
For question 24 choose the word which means almost the same as the underlined word
For question 25 choose the best alternative
Read the passage below carefully and then answer questions 26-38
One day, we landed on an island, and while my companions were gathering flowers and fruits, I took my wine and provisions and made a good meal near a stream between two high trees. Then I fell asleep and when I awoke the ship had gone.
I climbed to the top of a lofty tree to see if I could discover anything hopeful, and looked landward, I saw something white at a great distance, so I descended from the tree and made my way towards it. As I drew nearer, I thought it to be a huge white dome, and when I touched it, I found it was so smooth that there was no climbing to the top.
It was almost sunset. The air suddenly grew dark as if a huge cloud had come over the sun. I was surprised, but then I saw the cloud simply by a bird of monstrous size. I then remembered hearing sailors speak of a miraculous bird called the Roc and concluded that the great dome must be in reality its egg.
The bird alighted and sat over the egg and I noticed that its leg was as thick as the trunk of a tree. I tied myself securely to it with mu turban in the hope that when the Roc flew away the next morning, it would carry me with her out of this desert island. Fortunately, the bird was not aware of my presence.
My plan succeeded because at dawn, the Roc flew away but it went to such a height that I could not see the earth and when it descended it came down so rapidly that I almost lost my senses. I then immediately untied the knot that bound me to its leg. Scarcely had I donc so when the Roc picked up a large serpent and flew away with
I then found myself in a very deep valley surrounded by very high mountains which were too steep for me to climb. As I walked along the valley, I saw that it was strewn with diamonds some of which were very large. But then I saw a great number of serpents. When it was daylight, they disappeared in caves so as to be free from the Roc. It was then I left my place still trembling and walked for a long time on diamonds without feeling the least desire to possess the. After a time, I fell asleep as I had not slept at all the previous night.
Read the passage below and then answer questions 39-50.
Obesity is defined as the excessive accumulation of body fat. Obesity is becoming a problem in the wealthy countries. It is most common among the middle aged but childhood obesity is also on the increase. Obesity occurs when the energy taken in exceeds the energy used.
The main and most obvious symptom of obesity is being overweight. Severe obesity may lead to difficulty in moving about and tiredness. It certainly reduces the life-span of the individual
Recent evidence suggests that overfeeding of infants and young children may lead to production of increased amounts of fats in the body. This makes the individual have a higher chance of becoming obese in adulthood.
Obese people are at a higher risk of suffering from the following diseases: heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, back problems and athritis. These diseases may in turn result in early death or disability, Consequently, it is important to prevent obesity so as to live long healthy life. Prevention is better than cure. Treating obesity is difficult, therefore, it is easier to prevent it. The following are the various ways of preventing obesity. First, we should eat meals that contain plenty of fibre and not too much fat or sugar. These are meals with vegetables and legumes. We should also ensure that the snacks we take are not rich in fat. We should also avoid alcohol, do regular exercises and eat only what is enough for our body. This way, we will kick obesity out of our lives.
|Amount in lItres||____||73||____||78||80||76|
The following are musical instruments
Pitch – the highness or lowness of sound. The combination of varied pitches produces a melody e.g pitch pipe
Melody – should be done keenly as it is difficult to correct once mastered. Use melodies or songs familiar for the start.
Dynamics – relates to the volume of sound. This can either be loud or soft. Dynamics influence the expressiveness in a performance.
Beat /Pulse – regular through of music. The following activity helps in identifying beat.
Tempo – refers to pace or sped of music.
Activities such as clapping, tapping, marching can be use when teaching about tempo
Responses to tempo are communicated through by running, walking jogging, or skipping.
Mood- this involves feeling about the songs, whether happy or sad
Form – is the structure or shape of piece of music, it is dictated by the melody. The rhythms and repetition on the piece
It is always shown with letters such as //A// OT //B// or //AB//
Grade 5 focuses on //ab//. The part is always the stanza while the B part represents the chorus.
Recorder fingering chart
THE STAFF- this is a set of five parallel line and four spaces on which music is written.
The lines and spaces are named using the seven letters of the English alphabets A,B,C,D,E,F, and G.
Naming is made possible using clef. The treble or G clef is used to establish the pitches of the staff
Music for the descant recorder is written on the staff using the treble Or G clef.
Fingering notes is illustrated below
NEW NOTES C AND D
Dance - a form of art involving rhythmic movement’s f the body in response to music
It is an expression of norms, values, belief, attitudes and customs of the community.
In traditional African society dances are for specific groups of the performance e.g. boys, girls, boys and girls, young women and
Categories of participants
This involves styles of dress or clothes worn by the participants in dance performance. Roles of costumes in dance performance include:
Are accessories, articles or items used to add beauty or decorate the appearance of the participants in dance.
In some communities’ beadwork is an integral part of making ornament, beads used in making ornaments can vary in shape, size and colour. The ornaments include.
Is a succession of sound with long, short or equal duration. It is the pattern of the music in a given time. It can exist without a rhythm.
The long and short the French rhythm names are used to create different rhythms and represented by different matching symbol. These musical symbol are the musical notes.
|French rythm name||Length of sound|
|Taa||1 long sound|
|Ta-te||2 long sounds|
|Taa-aa||2 long sounds|
|Taa-aa-aa-aa||4 long sounds|
|French rythm name||Note symbol||Note name||Length of sound||Number of beats|
|Taa||Crochet||1 long sound||1 beat|
|Ta-te||Quavers||2 long sounds||½ a beat for each quaver|
|Taa-aa||Minim||2 long sounds||2 beats|
|Taa-aa-aa-aa||Semibreve||4 long sounds||4 beats|
Words have their natural speeches style which dictates whether to be given either along or a short beat. Syllables in words can be stressed while others are not.
The stressed syllables occurs as strong beats while the unstressed syllables as week beats.
The beats are divided into groups of two beats, three beats or four beats
Is a sequence of pleasant sounds that makes up musical phrase
It is a tune that sound nice or pleasant to the ears
An understanding of high and low sounds is essential in identifying melodic variations within a song. Variation to simple melodies can be created by
It is a good way of understanding and recognizing pitch. These are gestures used to indicate pitch in sol –fa.
When using hand gestures to guide the pitch of the ‘’doh’ is movable (it is not fixed)
Hand signs showing sol-fa syllables
Hand signs showing sol-fa syllables
Repertoire - This is a wide collection of songs. It varies in language, events or occasions and activities relevant to the learners.
There are various categories of songs to be learnt in Grade 5
The criteria for choosing songs should include
Guidelines of Performing the EACA
Occasions during which the EACA is performed
Skills and concepts to be developed in singing
Accuracy in pitch, rhythm and words should be observed while singing the various types of songs.
Learners should observe the natural speech rhythm of the words of the songs which define the rhythmic pattern of the songs
There are indicators to show that learners are ready to sing in parts, they include:
Folk songs serve the following roles
ASPECT OF FOLK SONGS
Roles of a soloist in a folk song
PERFORMANCE ETIQUETTE DURING FOLK SONGS
Window mounting using conventional and unconventional surfaces.
Skills required to exhibit include:
Book jacket - is a removable cover made of paper used to protect the cover of a book A book jacket contains the following:
Measuring and cutting the book jacket
Making the applique and attaching to the book cover
which includes: background, image quality, center of interest viewpoint, 3 views perspective lightning.
Focus is very important in photography. A focused image is sharp and clear. It involves adjusting the camera lens and the distance from the subject, that is the object being photographed. In digital cameras this can be done automatically
refers to what is behind the main subject being photographed.
Choose a background that will make the subject stand out
tell where the background is standing out Image quality - refers to the sharpness and the brightness of a photograph.
Make sure your photograph is well focused, hold your camera firmly to avoid shaking. Take time until the image looks clear on the screen.
Centre of interest - is the most outstanding part or object in a photograph.
Choose one center of interest where possible. This should be the main subject in the picture.
No centre of interest
Clear Centre of interest
Viewpoint - in photography or point of view is the position of the camera in relation to that of the subject being photographed.
There are three most common points of seeing objects. These are
When the camera is at the same level with what is being photographed. This is called Eye level.
When the camera is above what is being photographed. This is called Bird’s eye view.
The camera can be below what is being photographed and that is called Worm’s eye view.
Lighting - lighting is important in photography as you cannot see without light.
One should consider the following when taking your photographs.
Use the procedure below to start.
Procedure of weaving a mat
Making a pencil case using the thonging technique
There two methods that can be used to decorate the pencil case:
To decorate the pot use the method below.
Some common softwood that can be used to carve wooden sticks include; cypress, pine, podo, grevillea and cedar.
How to carve wooden stick or ladle
Use the following procedure to carve cooking stick or ladle
Decorating a wooden cooking stick
A variety of techniques can be used to decorate the cooking sticks. They include: