Read the passage below. It contains blank spaces numbered 1-15. For each blank space, choose the best alternative from the choices given.
Communication is one of the 1 aspects of life of all living organisms, especially human beings. There is 2 a constant need for people to generate, organise and pass information from one party to 3 .
Be it business communication or regular social interactions, transfer of information 4 different sources ensures harmony and understanding of the expectations, 5 the appropriate course of action. Through smart phones and computers, people 6 pass messages and receive feedback. Such advanced technologies have had significant influences of communication in its 7
Over the past period, technology 8 the methods that human beings use to communicate. 9 there were telegraphs that paved the way for telephones. Currently, the internet, cell phones and emails are at the 10 of the most preferred methods of communication, 11 the widespread use of technology in communication, the society and business 12 embraced the methods of passing information, 13 have emerged in line with technology. The introduction of portable cellular phones in the 14 of communication has enabled people to remain connected with each other 15 receiving voice calls and sending messages amongst the communicating parties.
|1||more significant||most significance||most significant||many significant|
|5||owing to||as well as||but also||not only|
|8||has altered||have altered||had altered||has altering|
For questions 16 and 17 choose the best alternative to fill the gaps
- The stranger was a ___________ boy
- young, handsome, American
- handsome, young, American
- young , American, handsome
- handsome, American, young
- He bought a _________________ table.
- small, wooden, rectangular
- rectangular, small, wooden
- wooden, small, rectangular
- small, rectangular, wooden
- The state of no progress was caused by poor management.
- stand back
- stand out
- stand off
- stand over
- The gang attacked the villagers at the crack of dawn.
- set on
- set off
- set up
- set in
For questions 20 and 21, choose the statement that correctly completes the given sentence.
- It was such an interesting party; For questions 18 and 19, choose the
- and no one was willing to leave soon alternative that corectly replaces the
- that no one was willing to leave soon underlined part of the sentence.
- so no one was willing to leave soon
- even no one was willing to leave soon
- I would rather be late;
- or miss the occasion
- but miss the occasion
- nor miss the occasion
- than miss the occasion
For questions 22 and 23, change the given sentences into reported speech.
- "My brother will be admitted today,” Grace said.
- Grace said that her brother will be admitted that day
- Grace said that her brother will be admitted
- Grace said that her brother would be admitted that day
- Grace said that her brother would be admitted today
- The teacher told the pupils, “You can excel only if you study hard.”
- The teacher told the pupils that they can excel only if they study hard
- The teacher told the pupils that they could excel only if they studied hard, C.
- The teacher told the pupils that they would excel only if they studied hard.
- The teacher told the pupils that they will excel if they studied hard
For questions 24 and 25, choose the sentence that is grammatically correct.
- Most people prefer coffee to juice
- We have been waiting for them since the last two hours
- If I were rich, I could assist the poor. ·
- There is very less sugar left in the pot
- The girl whom book got lost cried
- There was a conflict among the two rival groups
- Eliud was very happy to win the race
- Besides basketball, Mary plays football
Read the passage below and then answer questions 20 to 38.
Once upon a time, there was a beautiful girl named Cinderella. She lived with her wicked stepmom and two step-sisters. They treated Cinderella very badly. One day, they were invited for a grand party in the king's palace. But Cinderella's step mother would not let her go. Cinderella was made to sew new party gowns for her stepmother and stepsisters and curl their hair. They then went to the party/ leaving Cinderella alone at home.
Cinderella felt very sad and began to cry. Suddenly, a fairy godmother appeared to her and said, "Don't cry, Cinderella! I will send you to the party " But Cinderella was sad. She said, "I don't have a gown to wear for the party.” The fairy godmother then touched Cinderella's rags and changed them into a beautiful new gown. She also touched Cinderella's feet with the magic hand. Alas! She had beautiful glass slippers! "How will I go to the grand party?" Asked Cinderella. The fairy godmother found six mice playing near a pumpkin, in the kitchen. She touched them with her magic hand and the mice became four shiny black horses and two coachmen and the pumpkin turned into a golden coach.
Cinderella was overjoyed and set off for the party in the coach drawn by the black horses. Before leaving, the fairy godmother said, “Cinderella, the magic will only last until midnight. You must reach home by then." When Cinderella entered the palace, everybody was struck by her beauty. Nobody, not even Cinderella's stepmother or stepsisters, knew who she was in her pretty clothes and shoes. The handsome prince also saw her and fell in love with Cinderella. He went to her and asked, "Do you want to dance?" And Cinderella said, "Yes." The prince danced with her all night and nobody recognized the beautiful dancer. Cinderella was so happy dancing with the prince that she almost forgot what the fairy grandmother said.
At the last moment. Cinderella remembered her fairy godmother's word and she rushed to go home. "Oh! I must go!” She cried and ran out of the palace. One of her glass slippers came off but Cinderella did not turn back for it. She reached home just as the clock struck twelve. Her coach turned back into a pumpkin, the horses into mice and her fine gown into rags. Her stepmother and stepsisters reached home shortly after that. They were talking about the beautiful lady who had been dancing with the prince.
The prince had fallen in love with Cinderella and wanted to find out who the beautiful girl was, but he did not even know her name. He found the glass slipper that had come off Cinderella's foot as she ran home. The prince said, “I will find her. The lady whose foot fits this slipper will be the one I will marry." The next day, the prince and his servants took the glass slipper and went to all the homes in the kingdom. They wanted to find the lady whose feet would fit in the slipper. All the women in the kingdom tried the slipper but it would not fit any of them. Cinderella's stepsisters also tried to squeeze their feet and pushed hard into the slipper, but the servants were afraid the slipper would break. Cinderella's stepmother would not let her try the slipper on, but the prince saw her and said, “Let her also try the slipper!” The slipper fit her perfectly. The prince recognized her from the rest. He married Cinderella and together they lived happily ever after.
- Which one of the following statements is false according to the first paragraph?
- Cinderella's relationship with her stepmother and stepsisters was not cordial
- Cinderella joyfully accompanied her stepmother and stepsisters to the grand party
- Cinderella was a very charming girl
- Cinderella prepared her stepmother and stepsister for the grand party
- Why would Cinderella's stepmother not let her go to the king's palace?
- She would be ashamed of herself
- She had many errands to run at home
- The king would not be pleased
- She was jealous of her
- Which one of the following was not a magic performed by the fairy godmother according to the second paragraph?
- Changing Cinderella's hair into a long fluffy wig
- Changing Cinderella's old clothes into a beautiful new gown
- Making Cinderella have glass slippers by touching her feet with the magic hand
- Changing the six mice into horses and two coachmen
- What condition did the fairy godmother give Cinderella for the magic?
- That she must dance with the prince
- That she must pay her after the party
- That she must be back home by the mid of the night
- That she must not interact with her stepmother and stepsisters
- Which one of the following statements is not true according to the passage?
- Cinderella was pleased by the fairy godmother's help
- Cinderella's charm left everyone at the palace in awe
- Cinderella's relatives did not recognise her at the party
- The prince married Cinderella on the night of the great party
- Cinderella almost forgot what the fairy godmother had said because;
- she was carried away by the dance with the prince
- she was threatened by her stepmother
- the prince did not want her to leave the palace
- everybody at the party was struck by her beauty
- When Cinderella recalled her fairy godmother's words
- she wept uncontrollably
- she quickly ran home
- he opted to be ignorant
- she threw off her glass slippers
- It is not true to say that where Cinderella reached home;
- it was exactly at midnight
- her coach turned back into a pumpkin
- her fine gown turned back into torn clothes
- her stepmother and stepsisters had reached home long ago.
- What pre-occupied the minds of Cinderella's stepmother and stepsisters after the party?
- The realisation that the young lady that danced with the prince was Cinderella
- The fact that the prince did not even recognise them
- The thought of the young woman who had been dancing with the prince
- The meals that they ate at the king's palace
- After the grand party, the prince had the challenge of;
- taking the glass slipper to Cinderella
- explaining to his parents that she wanted to marry Cinderella
- visiting Cinderella's home and seeing her parents
- finding out who was the beautiful lady she danced with was
- According to the fifth paragraph, the prince's intention of visiting all the houses in the kingdom was to;
- thank the members for gracing the great party
- find out the lady whose feet fit in the glass slipper
- give material help to the poor in the kingdom palace
- know Cinderella's stepmother's homestead
- When Cinderella's stepsister's tried on the slipper,
- it did not fit any of them
- the prince was pleased with them
- the prince chose one of them for marriage
- the servants encouraged the prince to love them
- The moral lesson we learn from this passage is' that;
- we should not attend parties at night
- we should always try to be smart and charming
- we should depend on magic for success in life
- we should not be jealous of others
Read the passage below and then answer questions 39 to 50.
Africa has the highest incidence rates of child labour, However, there is a difference between the definition of child labour in African communities and the western environments. When children work in Africa, mostly in family farm., they are doing so as part of training for their future and aiding family income. In the western sense, this is viewed as harmful and exploitative but that is not the case because the type of work children do matches their age and their environment. Cases of exploitative or harmful work are there, but they are also everywhere including the developed world.
Child labour in Africa is generally defined based on two factors: the type of work and the minimum appropriate age of work. If a child is involved in an activity that is harmful to his or her physical and mental development, then that is child labour. That is, any work that is mentally, physically, socially morally dangerous and harmful to children, and interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. The appropriate age depends on the effects of the work on the physical health and mental development of children.
Although poverty is the primary cause of child labour in Africa, a broad range of factors ranging from structural, geographic, demographic and cultural factors also simultaneously influence whether children work or not. In addition to poverty, lack of resources, credit constraints and parental attitudes towards education are also associated with child labour. The agricultural sector is the largest employer of children in Africa although there is also a vast majority of employed family workers who are also children.
In general, hazardous work as a result of child labour can have immediate and long-term impacts on the safety and health of children. This may include injury, ill-health, disability and even death. Children are especially vulnerable to hazards because they are still developing physically and mentally. they are less aware of risks than adults and therefore more likely to be hurt. Exposing children to dangerous work or physical stress may have physical and psychological impacts which may only begin to appear at a later stage in their lives.
To prevent child labour, there is need to bring in laws that make it illegal for children to work until they reach a certain age. This makes it easier to combat the culture of child labour. Efforts should also be made by various governments to reduce poverty in families by creating more job opportunities. This will support families hence they do not need to send their children out to work. There is also, in addition, the need educate children. Education widens children's perspectives and shows them that they have so many options in life than simply to labour at arduous, low paid jobs from childhood into old age.
- According to the first paragraph, the writer says that in Africa;
- there are the lowest rate of child labour globally
- children do not work at all
- children work as part of training for their future
- working in family farms is really exploitative and harmful
- The writer feels that the idea of African children working in family farms is not exploitative because;
- there has never been cases of child labour in Africa
- the type of work they do matches their age and environment
- the developed world is more exploitative to children than in Africa
- exploitative work among children is common everywhere around the world
- According to the second paragraph, all the following may be considered as child labour apart from;
- allowing a child humble time to attend school
- involving a child in an activity that is harmful to his or her physical development
- depriving child an opportunity to attend school through work
- making a child combine school attendance with excessive long and heavy work
- The least age for each work that a child does depends on;
- the benefits that the child derives from the work
- whether the child attends school or not
- the effects of work on the child's physical and mental health
- the amount of the money that the child is paid
- According to the passage, we can conclude that;
- poverty is the only cause of child labour in Africa
- other than poverty there are some other causes of child labour in Africa
- cases of child labour are only found in Africa
- the agricultural sector is the only employer of children in Africa
- Harzadous work affects the child's;
- safety and help
- development and schooling
- growth and environment
- schooling and employment
- According to the fourth paragraph, children are at great risks to hazards because;
- they are aware of the risk that come with work
- the impact of work on children only begins to appear at a later stage in life
- they work in different environments from the adults
- they have not yet fully developed physically and mentally
- The word combat as used in the passage means the same as;
- Which one of the following is not a measure that can be taken to curb child labour according to the passage?
- Coming up with laws that illegalise work in children until they reach a certain age
- Government stepping into creating more job opportunities
- Embracing the culture of child labour among families
- Availing education opportunities to children
- According to the passage, governments can help to reduce poverty in families by;
- creating more employment opportunities
- providing poor families with basic needs
- educating families on child labour
- jailing families that involve children in child labour
- The writer suggests that educating children;
- helps them year for meaningful wages
- expands their perspective about the options in life
- helps them have endurance in work
- enables them do the same work from childhood to adulthood
- Choose the most appropriate title for this passage.
- Combating poverty in families
- The importance of educating children
- Creation of employment opportunities globally
- The causes, effects and solution to child labour
You have 40 minutes to write your composition. Below is the beginning of a story. Complete it in your own words, making it us interesting as you can
The hall was well-arranged. Everybody had taken their seats as we eagerly waited for the arrival of the guest-of-honour....