Time, Speed and Temperature

Worked Exercise

- An airplane took 4½ hours to fly from Cairo to Zambia. If it landed in Nairobi at Nairobi at 0215 h on Saturday, when did it take off from Cairo?
- Friday 2145 h
- Saturday 2245h
- Friday 2245h
- Saturday 2145 h

Working

The time the aeroplane took from midnight to 0215h of Saturday = 2h 15min

The difference (4h 30min – 2h 15min) is the time the aero plane took on Friday night.

Time on Friday night

h min

4 30

- 2 15

2 15

= 2h 15min before midnight

Time of takeoff from Cairo

h min

24 00

- 2 15

21 45 on Friday

The correct answer is A (Friday 2145 h)

- A train let Mombasa on Monday at 2125 h and took sixteen and half hours to reach

Kisauni. When did the train reach Kisumu?- Tuesday 1.55 a.m
- Tuesday 1.55 p.m
- Wednesday 1.55 p.m
- Monday 1:55 a.m

Working

Monday: from 2125h to midnight = 2400h - 2125h

= 2h 35min

Tuesday: Number of hours traveled from midnight

= 16h 30min - 2h 35 min

= 13h 55min

The train arrived at Kisumu on Tuesday at 1355h

This is the same as 1.55p.m

The correct answer is B (Tuesday 1.55pm)

- A meeting started at quarter to noon. If the meeting lasted for 2 h 35min, what time in 24-h clock system did the meeting end?
- 1320h
- 1420h
- 1310h
- 1410h

Working

The meeting started at 11.45

Add the meeting time

h min

11 45

+ 2 35

14 20

The meeting ended at 1420h

The correct answer is B (1420 h)

- A wall clock gains 3 seconds every one hour. The clock was set correct at 1pm on Tuesday. What time was it showing at 1pm on Friday on the following week?

Working

The number of days from Tuesday 1 pm to Friday 1pm the following week = 10days.

Number of hours = (24 x 10) = 240 hrs.

The clock gains 3 seconds after every hour in ten days.

240 x 3 = 720 seconds

Min =^{720}/_{60 }= 12 min

Hence it will show 1 p.m. + 12 min = 1.12 pm

In 24 h clock system

= 1312h

The correct answer is B (1312h) - A cyclist traveled from Nairobi to Nyeri for 4h 30min at a speed of 80km/h. He drove back to Nairobi taking 4 hours. What is his speed, in km/h?
- 90
- 72
- 80
- 100

Working

Distance = speed x time

= 80 x 4½

= 360 km

From Nyeri - Nairobi distance = 360km

Time taken = 4hrs

Therefore speed =^{ Distance}/_{Time}= 90km/h

The correct answer is A (90km/hr)

- A motorist crosses a bridge at a speed of 25m/s. What is his speed in km/hr?
- 80
- 90
- 60
- 30

Working

When working out this kind of question we use a relationship,

If 10 m/s = 36 km/h

25m/s = ?

= ( x 36) km/h

= 90 km/h

The correct answer is B (90km/h)

- The distance between Mombasa and Mtito Andei is 290km. A bus left Mombasa at 1035h and traveled to Mtito Andei at a speed of 50km/h. At what time did it arrive at Mtito Andei?
- 1623h
- 1523h
- 1423h
- 1723h

Working

Time =^{ Distance}/_{Speed}=^{290}/_{50}= 5^{4}/_{5}hours or 5h 48min

Arrival time = Departure time = Time taken + Time taken

h min

10 35

+5 48

16 23

The arrival time 1623 h

The correct answer is A (1623h)

- Kamau drove from town M to town N a distance of 150 km. He started at 9.30 am and arrived at town N at 11.00 am. He stayed in town for one hour and 50 minutes. He drove back reaching town M at 2.30pm. Calculate Kamau’s average speed for the whole journey.
- 90km/h
- 100km/h
- 60km/h
- 150 km/h

Working

Total distance from M to N and back

= 150 x 2

= 300 km

Total time taken

From 9.30 - 11.00 = 1 h 30 min

Time spent in town

= 1 h 50 min

Time taken from N to M

= 1430h – 1250h

= 1h 40min

Total time = 5 hours

Average speed =^{Total distance}/_{Total time taken}=(60km/h)

The correct answer is C (60km/h)

- The temperature of an object was 20º C below the freezing point. It was warmed until there was a rise of 40º in temperature. What is the reading in the thermometer?
- 60 Cº
- 40Cº
- 20Cº
- 20Cº

Working

Below freezing point means; - 20

Rose by 40º

Therefore - 20º + 40 = 20 C

The correct answer is C (20º C)

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