Measurement I Questions and Answers - Physics Form 1 Topical Revision

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  1. State two factors that should be controlled in manufacturing a cylindrical container of uniform thickness, which should normally be in a standing position.
  2. A butcher has a beam balance and masses 0.5 kg and 2 kg. How would he measure 1.5 kg of meat on the balance at once?
  3. The number of molecules in 18cm3 of a liquid is 6 x 1023. Assuming that  the diameter of the molecules is equivalent to the side of a cube having the same length as the molecule. Determine the diameter of the molecule.
  4. Determine the density in kg/m3 of a solid whose mass is 40g and whose dimensions in cm are 30 x 4 x 3
  5. Record as accurately as possible the masses indicated by the pointer in figure A.
  6. The figure below shows the reading on a burette after 55 drops of a liquid have been used.
    burette q6
    If the initial reading was at 0cm mark, determine the volume of one drop. (2 marks)
  7. The figure below shows the change in volume of water in a measuring cylinder when an irregular solid is immersed in it.
    measuring cylinderq7
    Given that the mass of the solid is 567g, determine the density of the solid in gcm-3. (Give your answer correct to 2 decimal places.
  8. A thin wire was wound 30 times closely over a boiling tube.   The total length of the windings was found to be 9.3 mm.   Calculate the radius of the wire.
    1. Given that a kilogram of copper contains about 1025 atoms and that density  of copper is about 9000kg/m3. Estimate the diameter of the copper atom? 
    2. State the assumption made in (9a) above.
  10. A drop of oil of volume 1.0 x 10-3 spreads out on clean water surface to a film of area 10cm2. Calculate the thickness of the film.
  11. A small drop of oil has a volume of 5 x 10-8 m3. When it is put on the surface of some clean water, it forms a circular film of 0.1 m2 in area; 
    1. What is the size of a molecule of oil?
    2. State two assumptions you make in your calculations?
  12. The density of concentrated Sulphuric acid is 1.8gcm-3. Calculate the volume of 3.6kg of the acid.
  13. 1600 cm3 of fresh water of density 1 g/cm3 are mixed with 1400cm3 of seawater of density 1.25g/cm3. Determine the density of the mixture.
  14. The figure shows a measuring cylinder which contains water initially at level A. A solid mass 11g is immersed in the water, the level rises to B.
    Determine the density of the solid. (Give your answer to 1 decimal point)


  1. height, base area
  2. Put 0.5kg mass together with meat and balance them against the 2 kg.
  3. Volume of one molecule =   18  = 3x 10-23 cm
    X3 = 3x 10-23 cm3
    X = 3.11 x 10 -8 cm3
  4. d= m/v=40g/ 30 x 4 x 3cm3 = 0.1111 g/cm3
  5. 1.5 kg
  6. Vol. of 1 drop = (9/55) cm3 = 0.163cm3
  7. D= m/r =567/(150 - 80)
    = 576 − 80
  8. 4.1 × 10-8 M
    1. 4.06 × 10-10m
    2. That atoms are spherical and that mass is uniformly distributed on the atom and not in the nucleus.
  10. 0.001mm
    1. 5 x 10-7m
    2. - Atoms spherical
      -Mass uniformly distributed
  12. 2000 cm3
  13. 1.12 g/cm3
  14. Density = mass/volume
    Volume of solid = Level A - level B
                           = 7.4 − 4.6
                           = 2.8 cm3

    Density =   11    
                  2.8 cm3
    = 3.9 g/cm3
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