KCSE 2011 Building Construction Paper 1 Questions with Marking Scheme

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BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 

SECTION A (40 marks)
Answer all the questions in this section.

  1.      
    1. Name two setting out equipment that are used for setting out corners of buildings.(1 mark)
    2. Name two types of foundations and state the type of soil in which each may be used.(2 marks)
  2.         
    1. State two reasons for discouraging the use of very fine aggregate in a concrete mix.(1 mark)
    2. Make a labelled elevational sketch of a three course honeycomb wall,(3 marks)
  3.       
    1. State four functions of oversite concrete.(2 marks)
    2. Differentiate between damp proof course and damp proof membrane with respect to moisture movement.(2 marks)
  4.      
    1.    
      1. Define the term scalfold.(1 mark)
      2. Name two types of scalfolds and state one example in each case.(2 marks)
    2. Outline four factors that will influence the positioning of a pit latrine on a site.(2 marks)
  5.       
    1. List two tools used for landscaping.(1 mark)
    2. Figure 1 shows a window sill. Name the parts labelled A, B and C, giving the function of each part.(3 marks)
      BuidCSE2011p1q5a
  6.      
    1.      
      1. State two items of safety wear worn on site.(1 mark)
      2. Give two types of inspection which are carried out before work commences in a trench 1.5 metres deep.(2 marks)
    2. Sketch a section of a roof to show the minimum lap of iron sheets at a purlin. -(2 marks)
  7.          
    1. Sketch two sections of timber skirtings showing the treatment given to the top edges.(2 marks)
    2. Give two reasons that determine the rating of bulbs to be fitted in a room.(2 marks)
  8. A kitchen floor is to receive a terrazzo finish. Describe the procedure of laying the floor finish.(3 marks)
  9. Outline two functions of each of the following roof truss members:
    1. rafter(2 marks)
    2. tie beam.(2 marks)
  10. Using a pair of compasses and a ruler only, construct a triangle whose base length AB 120mm, angle CAB = 60° and angle ABC = 45° hence inscribe a circle touching all the sides.(4 marks)

SECTION B (60 marks)
Answer question 11 and any other three questions from this section.
Candidates are advised to spend not more than 25 minutes on question 11

  1. Figure 2 shows orthographic views of a vase drawn in first angle projection. To a scale of 1:1, draw an isometric view of the vase with point X as the lowest point.(15 marks)
    BuidCSE2011p1q11
  2.      
    1. With the aid of sketches, outline two methods of anchoring the sole plate of a timber wall frame on a concrete floor bed.(11 marks)
    2. Using a sketch, explain how to construct a public footpath using concrete slabs.(4 marks)
  3.      
    1. With the aid of a labelled sketch, show the damp proofing details at a junction of a floor slab and an external wall.(6 marks)
    2. Sketch and label horizontal sections to show two methods of fixing a vertical timber cladding on a wall.(9 marks)
  4.       
    1. Sketch and label a vertical section through a cold water storage cistern.(9 marks
    2. With the aid of a labelled sketch, explain how a boning rod and a site rail are used to level a trench bottom.(6 marks)
  5.       
    1. Outline the procedure of:
      1. obtaining a representative sample of sand from a large heap;(5 marks)
      2. fixing trusses into position to form a roof.(4 marks)
    2. Sketch alternate plan courses to show the bonding details of a T-junction wall in English Bond.(6 marks)

MARKING SCHEME

  1.      
    1. Tools/equipment for setting out corners:
      1. site square
      2. builders square
      3. dumpy level
      4. theodolite
        (Any 2 x 1/2 = 1 mark)
    2. Types of foundations:
      Name of foundation Type of soil
      Natural
      Strip
      Pad
      Pile
      Raft
      (Any 2 x 1/2 = 1 mark)
      Rock
      Hard/firm soil
      Hard/firm soil
      Weak soil
      Peat, wet clay soil
      (Any 2 x 1/2 = 1 mark) 
  2.              
    1. Reasons for discouraging the use of fine aggregates:
      1. to reduce drying shrinkage
      2. to check against reduced strength
      3. to reduce the amount of cement used
        (Any 2 x 1/2 = 1 mark)
    2. Honey comb wall:
      BuildCS2011p1qa2b
      Spaces - 1/2 mark
      Correct bonding - 1/2 mark
      Labels Any 4 x 1/2 =2 marks
      Total = 3 marks
  3.          
    1. Functions of over site concrete:
      1. provide a firm base on which to lay floor finishes
      2. provide a level surface
      3. prevent growth of vegetation
      4. prevent ingress of moisture from soils below
      5. thermal insulation
      6. sound proofing
        (Any 4 x 1/2 = 2 marks) 
    2. Damp Proof Course (DPC) is used in a building to provide a barrier to the passage of moisture from an external source into the fabric of a building vertically/through the wall.
      Damp Proof Membrane (DPM) is used to prevent the passage of moisture from the lower part of ground to the upper surface of the floor. (2x 1 = 2 marks)
  4.         
    1. Scaffolds
      1. A scaffold is a temporary structure which is erected to provide access/enable the workers, materials and equipment get to heights which cannot be reached from the ground.
        (1 x 1 = 1 mark)
      2. Independent e.g. tower, trestle
        (types 2 x 1/2 = 1 mark)
      3. Dependent e.g. putlog, cantilever
        (example 2 x 1/2 = 1 mark)
        (Total = 3 marks)
    2. Four factors that will influence the positioning of a pit latrine on a site
      1. wind direction
      2. slope of land
      3. distance to wells
      4. Security to the users
        (4 x 1/2 = 2 marks)
  5.           
    1. Two tools used for landscaping
      1. jembe
      2. panga
      3. rake 
      4. fork
      5. Mattock
        (Any 2 x 1/2 = 1 mark)
    2. Function of parts of a window sill
      1. A - Joggel - for mixing window frames and water seals
      2. B - Slope - for shedding off water
      3. C - Throat - for dripping off water
        (Naming 3 x 1/2 = 1 1/2 marks)
        (Functions 3 x 1/2=1 1/2 marks)
  6.            
    1.          
      1. Items of safety wear worn on site:
        • helmet
        • overall 
        • overcoat/apron
        • boots
        • muffles
        • goggles
          (Any 2 x 1/2 = 1 marks)
      2. Types of inspection before work commences in a deep trench:
        • collapse of the trench sides
        • cracks on the trench sides
        • timber supports to the trench sides
        • water in the trench bottom
        • levelling
          (Any 2 x 1=2 marks)
    2.       
      BuildCS2011p1qa6b
      Sketch = 1 mark
      Lap 150 min =1/2
      Nail Position = 1/2
      (Total = 2 marks)
  7.          
    1. SKIRTINGS - treatment to edges
      BuildCS2011p1qa7a
      Sketching = 1 mark
      Naming =1 mark
      (2 marks)
    2. Reasons for determining rating of bulbs:
      1. function of the room
      2. decoration of the room
      3. size of the room
      4. size of openings in the room.
        (Any 2 x 1 = 2 marks)
  8. Procedure of laying terrazzo:
    1. prepare the background 
    2. lay the cement-sand screed
    3. lay the dividing strips
    4. mix, place and compact the terrazzo
    5. grind and clean the floor finish(3 marks)
  9. Functions of roof truss members:
    1. Rafters
      1. distribute loads from roof to load bearing walls
      2. provides the pitch for the roof
      3. holds other members together
        (Any 2 x l = 2 marks)
    2. Tie beam
      1. tying the truss
      2. fixing of brandering and ceiling
      3. supporting the water cistern
      4. supporting service pipes for water and electricity for
        (Any 2 x 1 = 2 marks)
  10.      
    BuildCS2011p1qa10   
    Construction
    Line AB = 120mm = 1/2 mk
    CAB = 60º = 1/2 mk
    CBA = 45º = 1/2 mk
    Point C = 1/2 mk
    Bisectors at A&B = 1 mk
    Inscribed circle = 1 mk 
    Total = 4 mks
  11.              
    1. 6 surfaces Any 6x2 = 3 marks
    2. Construction details
    3. Isometric
    4. Ellipse
      • major axis 2 offsets (2 x 1/2)
      • minor axis 2 offsets (2 x 1/2)
      • smooth curve of ellipses
    5. Taper on 4 edges
    6. Correct scale
    7. Outlines (boid)
    8. Lowest point 'X' =15 marks
      BuildCS2011p1qa11
  12.           
    1. Methods of anchoring the sole plate of a timber wall frame:
      1. using J-bolt
        BuildCS2011p1qa12ai
        • mark the position of the sole plate
        • cap the J-bolt in position during concreting
        • mark the position of bolt on the sole plate and drill
        • plug and fix sole plate with nuts
      2. using strap/hoop irons:
        BuildCS2011p1qa12aii
        • hoop irons are cost in site during the concreting stage
        • sole plate is positioned
        • hoop irons are stretched and nailed onto the sole plate
      3. using wooden plug:
        BuildCS2011p1qa12aiii
        • drill holes on the concrete bed to accommodate the wooden plugs
        • drive wooden plugs into the holes
        • position the sole plate and secure onto wooden plugs with nails or screws
          • Name - 1/2
            Sketch= 2 1/2
            Labels = 2 x 1/2=1
            Explanation = 3 x 1/2=1 1/2
            Total = 5 1/2
            Any 2 x 5 1/2 = (11 marks)
    2. Public Footpath
      BuildCS2011p1qa12b
      1. compact the levelled natural ground
      2. lay kerbs and drainage channel
      3. lay and compact sand bedding to required fall
      4. lay paving slabs
      5. fill joints with mortar
        • Sketch = 2 marks
          Explanation = 2 marks
          (Accept other appropriate sketches) = 4 marks
  13.          
    1. Damproofing details at function of floor slabs and external wall
      BuildCS2011p1qa13a
      • Sketch = 2 1/2
        Labels Any 4 x 1/2 = 2
        Damproofing - Correct DPC position = 1/2
        Correct DPM position = 1/2
        Overlap = 1/2
        Total = 6 marks
    2. Methods of providing vertical timber cladding
      1. Tongue and groove
        BuildCS2011p1qa13bi
      2. Using butt joint
        BuildCS2011p1qa13bii
      3. Using rebated joint
        BuildCS2011p1qa13biii
        • ANY TWO METHODS SKETCHED
          Mthod - 2 x 1/2 = 1 mark
          Sketch 2 x 2 - 4 marks
          Labels Any 4 x 2 x 2 = 4 marks
          Total 9 marks
  14.           
    •    
      BuildCS2011p1qa14a  
      • Sketching = 5 marks.
        Labelling Any 8x2 = 4 marks
        9 marks
    •        
      BuildCS2011p1qa14b   
      • Explanation
        1. Establish level at sight rail
        2. Establish level at sighting rod
        3. Use travelling rod to establish intermediate levels
      • Sketching = 3 marks
        Labels 3 x 1/2 = 1 1/2
        Explanation - 3 x 1/2 = 1 1/2
        Total = 6 marks
  15.            
    • Procedure of obtaining a representative sample of sand:
      1. select a large sample from a given heap and pour it on a flat surface
      2. divide the sample into four equal parts (quarters)
      3. select diametrically diagonally opposite quarters and reject the test
      4. mix and pour the selected sample to form a cone
      5. repeat the quartering procedure until a representative sample is obtained
        (5 marks)
    • Procedure of fixing trusses into position to form a roof:
      1. mark the position of the trusses
      2. place the trusses in the marked positions
      3. fix the end trusses plumb
      4. brace the trusses
      5. tie the strings for alignment in order to align the remaining trusses into position
      6. fix the intermediate trusses into position with appropriate braces as you maintain the plumpness (4 marks)
    •    
      BuildCS2011p1qa15c     
      PLAN COURSE 1     
      BuildCS2011p1qa15cii
      PLAN COURSE 2 

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