KCSE 2014 Chemistry Paper 3 Questions with Marking Scheme

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  1. You are provided with:
    1. solution J containing copper (II) ions
    2. solution K, 0.1 M sodium thiosulphate
    3. aqueous potassium iodide, solution L
    4. starch indicator, solution M

      You are required to determine the:

    5. concentration of copper (II) ions in solution J
    6. enthalpy change of reaction between copper (II) ions and hydroxide ions.


    1. Using a pipette and a pipette filler, place 25.0 cm3 of solution J in a 250 ml volumetric flask. Add distilled water to make upto the mark. Label this as solution J2. Retain solution J for use in procedure II.

    2.  Place soluton K in a burette. Using a clean pipette and pipette filler, place 25.0 cm3 of solution J2 in a 250 ml conical flask. Add 10cm3 of potassium iodide, solution L. Shake well, then add 2 cm3 of starch indicator, solution M. Titrate until a blue-black colour appears and continue titrating until the blue-black colour just disappears.
      Record you readings in Table 1 below. 

    3. Repeat step (b) two more times and complete Table 1. (3 marks)

      chemistry kcse 2014

      Calculate the:
      1. average volume of solution K used. (1 mark)
      2. moles of sodium thiosulphate used; (2 mark)
      3. concentration in moles per litre of copper (II) ions in solution J given that the number of moles of copper (II) ions in 25.0 cm3 of solution J2 are the same as the moles of sodium thiosulphate used. (2 1/2 marks)

    1. Using a clean burette, place 5.0 cm3 of solution N into each of the six (6) test-tubes.

    2. Using an 100 ml measuring cylinder, place 20 cm3 of solution J in a 100 ml plastic beaker. Measure the temperature of solution J and record in Table 2 below.

    3. To solution J in the beaker, add sodium hydroxide, solution N from one of the test-tubes. Stir the mixture with the thermometer and record in Table 2, the maximum temperature reached. Continue with step (d) IMMEDIATELY.

    4. Add the sodium hydroxide, solution N from another test-tube to the mixture obtained in (c) above, stir and record the maximum temperature reached in Table 2. Continue adding the sodium hydroxide, solution N from each of the other four test-tubes, stirring the mixture and recording the maximum temperature each time and complete Table 2.

      chemistry kcse 2014

      1. On the grid provided, plot a graph of temperature (vertical axis) against volume of sodium hydroxide solution N added. (3 marks)

        chemistry kcse 2014

      2. Using the graph, determine the:
        1. volume of sodium hydroxide, solution N that reacted completely with 20 cm3 of solution J; (2 marks)
        2. temperature change, ΔT, for the reaction: (1 mark)

      3. Enthalpy of the reaction per mole of copper (II) ions. (Heat capacity = 4.2 J g-1k-1, density of the mixture = 1.0 gcm-3) (3 marks)

  2. You are provided with substance P. Carry out the tests below and write your observations and inferences in the spaces provided.

    1. Describe the appearance of substance P. (1 mark)

    2. Place about one-third of substance P in a dry test-tube and heat it strongly.
      observations(1 mk) | Inferences(1mk)

    3. Place the remaining amount of substance P in a boiling tube. Add about 10 cm3 of distilled water and shake well. Retain the mixture for tests in (d) below.
      observations(1 mk) | Inferences(1mk)

    4. Use about 2 cm3 portions of the mixture obtained in (c) for tests (i) to (iii) below.

      1. Add two to three drops of aqueous barium nitrate to the mixture.
        observations(1 mk) | Inferences(1mk)

      2. Add five drops of dilute nitric (V) acid to the mixture.
        observations(1 mk) | Inferences(1mk)

      3. Add to the mixture aqueous sodium hydroxide dropwise until in excess.
        observations(1 mk) | Inferences(1mk)

    5. Give the formula of the cation and anion present in substance P.
      Cation ......................................... (1/2 mark)
      Anion .......................................... (1/2 mark)

  3. You are provided with an organic substance Q. Carry out the following tests and write your observations and inferences in the spaces provided.
    1. Place about one-third of substance Q on a metallic spatula and ignite it with a Bunsen burner flame. 
      observations(1 mk) | Inferences(1mk)

    2. Place the remaining amount of substance Q in a boiling tube and add 10 cm3 of distilled water. Heat the mixture and allow it to boil for about 30 seconds. Divide the mixture while still hot into two portions.
      1. To the first portion, add solid sodium hydrogen carbonate provided. 
        observations(1 mk) | Inferences(1mk)

      2. To the portion, add two or three drops of acidified potassium manganate (VII).
        observations(1 mk) | Inferences(1mk) 


  1. Table 1    (PROCEDURE I) 
       I  II  III
    Final burette reading  41.20  19.20  38.00 
    Initial burette reading 22.00 0.10 19.00
    Volume of solution K used (cm3) 19.20 19.10 19.00
    1. Average  = 19.2 + 19.1+ 19.0 = 19.10 cm (3 marks)
    2. Moles of Sodium thiosulphate = 19.1 × 0.1
      = 0.00191 (1)
      Therefore: Moles of Copper ions in 25 cm3 = 0.00191
      Moles in 250 cm3 = 0.00191 × 10
      = 0.0191 (1)
      Concentration of Copper ions =0.0191 × 1000  (1)
      = 0.764 M (1/2)
  2. Table 2           (PROCEDURE II)
    Volume of NaOH added (cm3) 10  15  20  25  30
    Maximum Temperature (°C) 22.5 24.5  26.5  27.0  27.0 26.5 26.0

    1.  Graph
      2a djagutdga(3 marks)
      1. 13.0 ± 0.2
        1 mark for working
        1 mark for value
      2. ▵T = 5.2°C ± 0.1
        1 mark 
    3. ▵H = 33 × 5.2 × 4.2
      = 720.72 J (1)
      Moles of Cu2+ = 20 × 0.764
      = 0.01528 (1/2)
      1 mole = 720.721  (1)
                    0 01528
      = -47.2 KJMol-1 (1/2)
  3.  QUESTION 2
    1. White crystalline substance. (1 mark) 
    2. Observations                               
      Colourless liquid condenses on the cool parts of T-Tube leaving behind a white solid(1 mark)
      Hydrated salt or salt contains water of crystallisation(1 mark)
    3. Observations    
      Solid dissolves to form colourless solution.(1 mark)
      P is soluble in water No coloured ions(1 mark)
      1. Observations  
        White PPt formed (1 mark)
        SO42-, SO32- or CO32- present  (2 marks)
      2. Observations 
        No effervescence or no bubbles (1 mark)
        SO42-, present or SO32- or CO32- absent (1 mark)
      3. Observations 
        White PPt (1 mark)
        Mg2+ present (1 mark)
    5. Cation =  Mg2+ or Magnesium ions (1/2 )
      anion  = SO42- or Sulphate ions (1/2)
  4. QUESTION 3                
    1. Observations 
      Burns with a yellow sooty flame or luminous flame. (1 mark)
      3a jgfaytfda
      Organic compound with high C:H ration
      aromatic compound, long chain organic compound. (1 mark)
      1. Observations 
        Efferescence observed (1 mark)
        Has a - COOH group or carboxylic/alkanoic acid. (1 mark)
      2. Observations 
        Decolourised(1 mark)
        could be  an alcohol or has  
        3b ajgfduya(1 mark)
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