KCSE 2016 Business Studies Paper 1 Questions with Marking Scheme

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  1. State four external factors that may negatively influence the operations of a business. (4 marks)
  2. Highlight four benefits of a business plan to an entrepreneur. (4 marks)
  3. State four ways in which a good filing system may facilitate the operations of an office. (4 marks)
  4. Highlight four activities that may be carried out in a stock exchange market. (4 marks)
  5. Outline four circumstances under which a co-operative society may be dissolved. (4 marks)
  6. Outline four methods that the government of Kenya uses to regulate business activities. (4 marks)
  7. State four ways in which a youthful population may be useful to an economy. (4 marks)
  8. Outline one circumstance under which each of the following telecommunication services may be used: (4 marks)
    1. Paging
    2. Facsimile (fax)
    3. Radio call
    4. Telex.
  9. The following transactions relate to Jelimo Stores:
    1. 10th October 2015 sold unused stationery for Sh 3,000 on credit to K. Likia.
    2. 23rd October 2015, bought a motor vehicle on credit from Onjwaria Motors for Sh 700,000.
      Required: Record the above transactions in the general Journal given below:(4 marks)
       Date Particulars  Folio  Dr.  Cr. 
      ........  ................  .......  ....  ....
      ........ ................. ........ ..... .....
      ........ ................. ........ ..... .....
  10. State four features of an insurable interest. (4 marks)
  11. State four features of a parastatal. (4 marks)
  12. The graph given below represents the demand and supply curves of milk:
    demand and supply curve
    State four effects of a shift of the demand curve to the right. (4 marks)
  13. Outline four functions of the World Bank. (4 marks)
  14. Outline four ways of reducing the level of unemployment in Kenya.(4mks)
  15. The following balances were extracted from the books of Highlife
    Item   Ksh
     Land and buildings  650,000
     Stock  470,000
     Bank overdraft  80,000
     Debtors  350,000
     10 year Bank Loan  500,000
     Creditors  220,000
     Cash   50,000
    Motor van 150,000
    Capital ?

    Required: Prepare the balance sheet of Highlife General Stores as at 31st (4 marks)
  16. Outline four circumstances in which the government may be involved in business. (4 marks)
  17. Identify the ledgers in which the following accounts are kept.(4mks)
    ACCOUNT  LEDGER 
     Pendo(debtor)  
     Machinery  
     Rent  
     Capital  
  18. The following diagram represents the circular flow of income in a two sector closed economy
    circular flow of income
    Identify two factors represented by each of the arrows labelled a and b. (4 marks)
  19. State four reasons for privatising public corporations. (4 marks)
  20. State four reasons for the increased use of cell phones in banking. (4 marks)
  21. List four sources of public finance. (4 marks)
  22. State two situations in which each of the following types of inflation may occur.
    1. Creeping inflation (2 marks)
    2. Hyperinflation (2 marks)
  23. Outline four factors that may make a producer to by-pass the wholesaler when distributing goods. (4 marks)
  24. Outline four goals of development to a country. (4 marks)
  25. Outline four characteristics of services. (4 mark)

MARKING SCHEME

  1. State four external factors that may negatively influence the operations of a business. (4 marks)
    • Unfair competition.
    • Inadequate technology.
    • Unstable political environment.
    • Unstable economic environment.
    • Unfavorable legal frameworks.
    • Unreliable supply systems.
    • Strong consumer bargaining power.
    • Poor physical facilities and infrastructure.
    • Low population level.
    • Insecurity
    • Unfavorable socio-cultural environment.
    • Natural calamities.

  2. Highlight four benefits of a business plan to an entrepreneur. (4 marks)
    • Facilitates acquisition of loans from financial institutions and other financiers
    • Provides guidance for opening new or expanding existing business/adaptability
    • It acts as a management tool for the business / monitoring tool/identifies strengths
    • It’s a tool for evaluating business performance
    • It lays the strategy to be used in marketing the products
    • It enhances the credibility of the business
    • It’s a motivational tool
    • To avoid mistakes
    • Proper allocation of resources
    • To determine how much resources are required e.g. labour, capital etc/source of capital
    • Will help to identify the nature and scope of the market.

  3. State four ways in which a good filing system may facilitate the operations of an office. (4 marks)
    • Easy retrieval of information.
    • Office is kept tidy.
    • Information is preserved for future reference.
    • Security of documents is ensured.
    • Facilitates quicker decision making.
    • Ensures confidentiality of information by restricting access by unauthorized people

  4. Highlight four activities that may be carried out in a stock exchange market. (4 marks)
    • Buying and selling of shares.
    • Mobilising savings for investment.
    • Listing of companies.
    • Issuing of new securities / raising capital.
    • Publication of statistical information.
    • Advising investors.

  5. Outline four circumstances under which a co-operative society may be dissolved. (4 marks)
    • By government order /change in the law.
    • Where the co-operative continuously make losses.
    • Where a stipulated majority of members agree to dissolve it .
    • By a court order.
    • Where the co-operative society has achieved objectives for which it was formed.

  6. Outline four methods that the government of Kenya uses to regulate business activities. (4 marks)
    • Licensing business activities
    • Setting of standards
    • Formulating of policies – enacting laws / legislation
    • Setting quotas
    • Enforcement of laws
    • Imposing total ban
    • Subsidizing businesses
    • Taxation
    • Price control

  7. State four ways in which a youthful population may be useful to an economy. (4 marks)
    • Less expenditure on social security and pension.
    • Wider market for goods meant for the youth like clothing.
    • Guaranteed continuous supply of labour.
    • Flexibility and adaptability to technological changes which improve production.
    • Faster growth of some sectors like the music, fashion and fast food industries.
    • Increased innovation due to their adventurous nature.

  8. Outline one circumstance under which each of the following telecommunication services may be used: (4 marks)
    1. Paging
      • When there is need to call a person to attend to an emergency in a specific location

    2. Facsimile (fax)
      • Where there is need to send a copy of a printed document urgently.

    3. Radio call
      • When there is need to give co-ordinated information through a central point

    4. Telex
      • Sending and receiving written messages

  9. The following transactions relate to Jelimo Stores:
    1. 10th October 2015 sold unused stationery for Sh 3,000 on credit to K. Likia.
    2. 23rd October 2015, bought a motor vehicle on credit from Onjwaria Motors for Sh 700,000.
      Required: Record the above transactions in the general Journal given below:(4 marks)
       Date Particulars  Folio  Dr.  Cr. 
      2015        
      Oct. 10 K Likia
      Stationery (sale of
      stationery on credit)
        3,000 3,000
      Oct. 23

      Motor Vehicle
      Onjwaria Motors
      (purchase of motor vehicle
      on credit)

         700,000  700,000
  10. State four features of an insurable interest. (4 marks)
    • Presence of property rights or interest
    • Potential insurable risk must be present
    • The property must have monetary value
    • The insurable risk must be legal
    • There must be the possibility of suffering financial loss in case of a risk happening

  11. State four features of a parastatal. (4 marks)
    • Provide essential services.
    • Not profit motivated.
    • Is formed by an Act of Parliament.
    • Is mainly funded by the government.
    • Is managed by government appointees.
    • Any surplus earned-is surrendered to the government.
    • Has limited liabilities. '
    • Attachment to a government ministry.
    • Can be dissolved only through an act of parliament

  12. The graph given below represents the demand and supply curves of milk:
    demand and supply curve
    State four effects of a shift of the demand curve to the right. (4 marks)
    • The price will increase
    • The quantity demanded will increase / demand will increase
    • The equilibrium quantity shifts to right / increases
    • The equilibrium price shifts upwards / increases
    • The equilibrium point shifts upwards / right

  13. Outline four functions of the World Bank. (4 marks)
    • Providing finances to reduce budgetary deficits
    • Provide loans for development projects.
    • Provide finance to correct and adverse balance of payments.
    • Provide technical expertise to support development

  14. Outline four ways of reducing the level of unemployment in Kenya.(4mks)
    • Diversification of the economy by encouraging the establishing of different industries /sectors to create employments opportunities
    • Transforming agricultural sector to curb rural urban migration to create more jobs and reduce unemployment)
    • Transforming education sector making graduates acquire relevant skills.
    • Establishing an employment policy by government to make it easy for people to get jobs/Accept e.gs of policy as mention
    • Lending /setting of a fund to assist unemployed to stat income generating activities/accept e.gs of funds as a mention
    • Exporting Labour by assisting unemployed people to acquire jobs abroad/countries with labour deficiency.
    • Encouraging the informal Jua Kali sector to promote self employment
    • Delocalization/ decentralization policy for balanced regional development/reduced rural urban irrigation
    • Population policy to control growth/have a labour force that the economy can absorb
    • To improve infrastructure in order to have suitable economic activities /accept egs of infrastructure as a rating.
    • Increase government expenditure to expand the size of the economy/ to finance development projects.
    • Effective use of natural resources to increase production activities
    • Income /wage policy to harmonize differences between regions/sectors
    • Attract (Local /foreign) investments through vision incentives/to grow the economy
    • Reviving collapsed industries/projects by injector, funds/selling them/increased production activities

  15. The following balances were extracted from the books of Highlife
    Item   Ksh
     Land and buildings  650,000
     Stock  470,000
     Bank overdraft  80,000
     Debtors  350,000
     10 year Bank Loan  500,000
     Creditors  220,000
     Cash   50,000
    Motor van 150,000
    Capital ?

    Required: Prepare the balance sheet of Highlife General Stores as at 31st (4 marks)
    balance sheet
  16. Outline four circumstances in which the government may be involved in business.
    • When a business venture requires investment of large sums of money which individual entrepreneurs may not provide.
    • When the goods or services to be provided are essential to the welfare of the citizens.
    • When there is need to protect citizens from exploitation by private entrepreneurs.
    • When the government desires to create employment for the citizens.
    • When the government needs to generate income through revenue collection.
    • When there is need to safeguard national security.
    • When the venture is strategic but provides low profits hence unattractive to private investors.
    • Where there are monopolies in the economy, the government gets involved in business to increase competition.
    • Where there is need to balance regional development.
    • To reduce foreign dominance in the economy.
    • Where there is need to attract foreign investment.

  17. Identify the ledgers in which the following accounts are kept.(4mks)
    ACCOUNT  LEDGER 
     Pendo(debtor)  
     Machinery  
     Rent  
     Capital  

    ACCOUNT  LEDGER 
     Pendo(debtor)  Sales/debtors
     Machinery General
     Rent  Nominal
     Capital  Private
  18. The following diagram represents the circular flow of income in a two sector closed economy
    circular flow of income
    Identify two factors represented by each of the arrows labelled a and b. (4 marks)
    1.  
      1. Payment for goods and services.
      2. Factor services / inputs / factors of production.
    2.  
      1. Payment for factor inputs,
      2. Goods and services.

  19. State four reasons for privatising public corporations. (4 marks)
    • To improve efficiency in their operations.
    • To generate revenue to the government through sale of shares and taxes.
    • To enhance competition.
    • To increase public participation in economic activities of the country.
    • To reduce government expenditure.
    • To comply with conditions set by development partners and international donor agencies.
    • To enable the government to concentrate on other state responsibilities.
    • To minimize political interference.

  20. State four reasons for the increased use of cell phones in banking. (4 marks)
    • Easy to transact / easy ownership
    • It saves on time since there is no traveling and queuing for the services.
    • The speed of transaction is fast / quick feedback.
    • It reduces paper- work by eliminating the need for physical files and other documentations.
    • The use of PIN enhances security
    • Increased ownership of mobile phones
    • Transactions can be conducted any time
    • Reduce transaction costs (travel and bank charges)
    • Easy access to transaction records
    • It is a requirement by service providers (utility bills)
    • Easy to obtain credit facilities e.g. M-Shwari loan

  21. List four sources of public finance. (4 marks)
    • Taxes
    • Licenses
    • Court fines
    • Donor aid
    • Fees
    • Treasury bonds and bills

  22. State two situations in which each of the following types of inflation may occur.
    1. Creeping inflation (2 marks)
      • When the general price levels rise gradually/ single digit over a period of time usually at single digit. Where the value of money tends to be stable over time the effects on the economy is not severe.

    2. Hyperinflation (2 marks)
      • Where the general price rise at high rate/ usually more than two digits. Where there is drastic loss in the value of money effect on the economy is very severe

  23. Outline four factors that may make a producer to by-pass the wholesaler when distributing goods. (4 marks)
    • Having own retail outlet.
    • Dealing in perishable goods like bread which require shorter channels.
    • Dealing in technical goods which require elaborate after sales services.
    • Consumers and retailers buying in large quantities.
    • Need to keep price of goods low.
    • Limited geographical spread of the market.
    • Government policy.
    • When the production is in small quantity.
    • Where the producer has enough storage facilities.
    • When goods are produced on order

  24. Outline four goals of development to a country. (4 marks)
    • Alleviation of poverty
    • Attainment of high and sustainable economic growth
    • Provision of adequate social amenities e.g. health
    • Diversification of the economy to reduce over-reliance on a few products
    • Alleviation of unemployment
    • Attainment of more equitable distribution of incomes
    • Enhancement / upholding of human freedom, rights and self esteem/democracy
    • Provision of security
    • Maintenance of political sustainability / good governance.
    • Attainment of food security for population
    • Alleviation of illiteracy
    • Elimination of harmful cultural practices
    • Improvement of infrastructure e.g. transport, communication, water

  25. Outline four characteristics of services. (4 mark)
    • Difficult standardize/ heterogeneous give to varying quality (over time)/ the quality cannot be uniform (from time to time) may be offered by sufficient people.
    • Service cannot be stored for future/ service is only consumed at the time it is being offered/service capacity cannot be stored.
    • Service cannot be touched/ it is intangible/ invisible can only be felt/experienced
    • Services cannot be separated from service properties the provider must directly offer the service to the user
    • Service is perishable service can only be enjoyed at the time the provider is available/ it expires after it is provided.
    • Services cannot be owned by the buyer/ ownership cannot be transferred as the buyer only pays for the experienceServices/ have utility to satisfy wants.
    • Services are mobile since they can be received/ provided at different places/locations

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