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Instructions to candidates

  • Answers to all questions must be written in the spaces provided in this booklet.
  • This paper consists of nine printed pages.
  • Candidates should check to ascertain that all pages are printed as indicated and that no questions are missing.
  • Candidates should answer all the questions in English
    You are the manager in Jungu Kuu Fruits Company. You suddenly learn that one of your employees in your company has passed on in a fatal road accident.
    1. Write a memo to inform all the other employees of the news and remind them to contribute funds towards giving the deceased a good send off. (12 mks)
    2. Write a condolence note to the spouse of the deceased. (8mks)
  2. CLOZE TEST (10 marks)
    Read the passage below and fill in each blank space with the most appropriate word.

    Cigarette smoking is one of the major causes of death (1)…………………………….   adults and teenagers both in developed and developing countries. Unfortunately, very little has been done to educate these product (2)………………………………………………….. on the dangers of smoking. Smoking has adverse (3)………………………. especially if one smokes more than one pack a day, or has smoked for a long time. The full extent of smoking on one’s body (4)………………………….. from person to person, since it depends on the person’s vulnerability to the chemical in the cigarette or tobacco smoke. The effects also vary depending (5)………………….……. the number of cigarette sticks a person smokes (6)…………………..…… day, the age when the person started to smoke and the number of years the person has (7)……………….. smoking. Recent studies further indicate (8)……………………….. every year hundreds of thousands of people from all corners of the world die from medical complications caused by smoking. Apart from causing death, cigarette smoking is(9)…………………………….…… by a couple of complications, which include: a rise in a person’s blood pressure, heart rate, decrease in a person’s blood flow to body extremities like the finger and toes, dizziness ,nausea, watery eyes, hyper acidity, loss (10)……….. ……. taste, smell and loss of appetite.
  3. ORAL SKILLS (30 Marks)
    1. Read the following oral poem and answer the questions that follow. (10 mks)

      There was a little man
      There was a little man
      And he had a little gun
      And his bullets were made of Lead, Lead, and Lead
      He went to the brook
      And he saw a little duck
      And he shot it right through the head, head, and head.

      He carried it home
      To his old wife, Juan
      And lit her fire to make, make, make
      To roast the little duck
      He had shot in the brook
      And he’d gone and fetched her the drake, drake, drake.

      The drake was swimming with his curly tail,
      The old man made his mark, mark, mark
      He fired his shot
      But he fired too soon,
      And the drake flew away with a quack, quack, quack.
      1. Identify and illustrate how rhythm has been achieved in this oral poem                              (3 marks)
      2. Imagine you are performing this poem to learners who are visually impaired. Explain three ways in which you would ensure that they get the message effectively. (3 marks)
      3. If you are performing this poem, to an audience, in which ways would you enliven your presentation?    (4 marks)
    2. Identify the silent letters in the following words        (3 marks)
      1. Baguette
      2. Poignant
      3. Succumb
    3. Pick the odd one out according to the pronunciation of the underlined letters.                 (4marks)
      1. Sachet       researcher             machete                      machine
      2. Fundamental       Pulley            Mundane                Bungalow
      3. Aunt             August                Author                        Authority
      4. Salt,               insult                sum                              Luck    
    4. State whether you would end with a rising or falling intonation against each of the following sentences               (3marks)
      1. What an awesome sight!
      2. I have a riddle, are you ready to take it?
      3.  Are you going to the meeting?
    5. You are attending a debate club in your neighboring school. When a student from your school takes the podium, you notice that he/she is afraid. Write down two indicators that would tell you that the student is anxious and suggest how to overcome them.       (4 marks)
    6. During the prize giving day, you have been asked to present a narrative to the guests. State any three ways in which you would make your story interesting.            (3 marks)
    7. The school’s dining hall roof has been destroyed and is under renovation following a heavy downpour. Students have been requested to take their meals in a makeshift structure as construction is being completed. On two occasions, form four students have been pushing, jostling and edging out form ones as they demand to be considered in the first eating shift. As a dining hall captain, you are called to arbitrate the case. As a good negotiator, what three aspects would you consider as you try to reach an agreement?    (3 marks)


    1. -Must be a memo
      -Format (4 mks)
      -the name of the institution
      -the term internal memo
      -name of the person the memo is being sent
      -name of the person (title) sending out the memo
      -date the memo is written
      -reference number of the memo
      -sender’s signature
    2. content
      -information about the demise of the colleague through fatal accident when it occurred (2 mks)
      -information on collection of funds to support funeral expenses and when the money should be handed in (2 mks)
    3. language accuracy
    4. Expect a condolence note, if not deduct up to 4mks
      -salutation (address must be present)
      -content-expression of your condolence
      -say something positive/what made the deceased memorable to you
      -express willingness to offer assistance towards burial expenses
      -closing tags
    5. language accuracy
    1. among
    2. users
    3. effects
    4. varies
    5. on
    6. per
    7. been
    8. that
    9. accompanied
    10. of
      1. Alliteration- he – had, through – the, man - made
      2. onomatopoeia-quack
      3. consonance- shot, it       (any 3x1)
      1. use of appropriate tonal variation
      2. dramatic pause
      3. be audible
    3. appropriate -gestures
      -body movements
      -facial expressions
      -stress the content words
      -appropriate tonal variation                                    
      (4x1, 2 verbal, 2 non verbal)
    4. 1.u
    5. ODD ONE OUT
      • researcher
      • pulley
      • aunt
      • salt
      • falling
      • rising
      • rising
      -trembling hands
      -beads of sweat on the forehead
      -stammering and trembling lips
      -avoiding eye contact with audience
      Shaky paper or reading material being held
      Show anxiety             (2x1) = 2mks
      How to overcome       (2x1) = 2mks 
      -taking a deep breath before presentation
      -organizing the presentation point in a logical manner
      -looking over the students instead of direct look
      -rehearsing well before presentation       (2x1)
    9. use of meaningful/appropriate
      -facial expressions
      -tonal variation
      -Use of mimicry
      -Involving the audience
      -Dressing appropriately             (3x1)
      • listen attentively to both sides
      • acknowledge/respect the students views and opinions
      • allow turn taking     (3x1)
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