Chemistry Paper 3 Questions and Answers - Cekenas Mock Exams 2022

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  1. You are provided with the following 
    Sodium hydroxide solution A
    0.1M HCl labelled B 
    An alkanoic acid labelled C 
    You are required to 
    1. Standardize solution A 
    2. Determine the mole ratio of reaction between sodium hydroxide and the alkanoic acid 
    3. Calculate the molarity of solution C 
    4. Determine the molar enthalpy of neutralisation of the alkanoic acid and sodium hydroxide
      Using the pipette, place 25cm3 of solution A into a 250ml volumetric flask .Add distilled water as you shake up to the 250ml mark .Label the solution formed as D.
      Fill the burette with solution B .Rinse the pipette and use it to transfer 25cm3 of solution D into a conical flask. Add 3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator and carry out titration .Repeat the procedure twice to obtain concordant values .Record the results below
        1 2 3
      Final burette reading (cm3)      
      Initial burette reading (cm3)      
      Volume of solution B used (cm3)      
      1. Determine the average titre volume (1mk)
      2. Calculate the number of moles of 
        1. HCl that reacted (1mk)
        2. NaOH in the 25cm3 of solution D ( 1/2mk)
        3. Molarity of NaOH solution A (1mk)
      3. PROCEDURE 2
        Rinse the burette and fill it with solution C .Run 16cm3 of solution C into a 100ml plastic beaker .Using a thermometer measure its temperature and record it in the table 2 below as initial .Add 4cm3 of solution A using a syringe .Stir with the thermometer immediately and note the highest temperature reached .Record it in the table as final temperature .Repeat the procedure with other volumes of A and C as shown in the table and complete it . Rinse the beaker and the thermometer after each experiment 
        Volume of solution (cm3) 16 12 8 6 4 2
        Volume of solution A (cm3) 4 8 12 14 16 18
        Final temperature (ºC)            
        Initial temperature (ºC)            
        Change in temperature            
      4. On the grid below, plot the graph of change in temperature against volume of sodium hydroxide solution A (3mks)
      5. From your graph determine,
        1. The volume of sodium hydroxide solution A required to neutralize the alkanoic acid (1/2mk) 
        2. Highest change in temperature DT   (1/2mk)
      6. Determine the volume of the alkanoic acid solution C, used in the neutralization (1/2mk)
      7. Calculate the;
        1. Concentration of the alkanoic acid solution C, given that the ratio of volume of alkali to the volume of acid is also the mole ratio(2mks)
        2. Molar enthalpy of neutralisation of  the acid by sodium hydroxide(2mks)
          (C=4.2J/g/k, density of solution =1g/cm3)
  2. You are provided with solid P .Carry out the following tests and write your observations and inferences in the spaces provided 
    1. Place all the solid P in a boiling tube .Add about 10cm3 of distilled water and shake the mixture thoroughly .Filter the mixture into another boiling tube .Retain the filtrate for use in the test 2 (b) below and dry the residue using a filter paper 
      1. Transfer about half of the residue in a dry test tube .Heat the residue strongly and test any gas produced using a burning splint
        Observations Inferences
      2. Place the rest of the residue in a dry test tube .Add 2cm3 of 2M hydrochloric acid .Retain the mixture for test (iii) below                                             
        Observations Inferences
      3. To the solution formed in (ii) above, add aqueous ammonia drop wise till in excess 
        Observations Inferences
      1. To above 2cm3 of the filtrate obtained in a) above add aqueous ammonia  drop wise until in excess
        Observations Inferences
      2. To about 2cm3 of the filtrate, add about 2cm3 of 2M hydrochloric acid
        Observations Inferences
      3. To 2cm3 of filtrate add two drops of barium nitrate solution(2mks)
        Observations Inferences
  3. You are provided with solid E carry out the following test and record your observations and inferences in the spaces provided  
    1. Place about one half of solid E in a dry test tube .Retain the other half for use in (b) below .Add all of the absolute ethanol provided to solid E in a test tube shake the mixture
      Divide the mixture formed into two portions
      1. Determine the pH of the first portions
        Observations Inferences
      2. To the second portion, add about one half of sodium hydrogen carbonate provided 
        Observations Inferences
    2. Place the remaining solid E in a boiling tube 10cm3 of distilled water and shake. Boil the mixture and divide it into 3 portions while still warm 
      1. To the first portion add the remaining sodium hydrogen 
        Observations Inferences
      2. The second portion add three drops of acidified K2Cr207 (1mks)
        Observations Inferences
      3. To the third portion add 5 drops of Bromine water(1mk)
        Observations Inferences


  • Solution A-120cm3
  • Solution C -60cm3
  • 5cm3 of absolute ethanol
  • About 0.5gms NaHC3
  • About 0.2g solid E
  • About 1g  solid P
  • Pipette
  • Pipette filler
  • 250ml volumetric flask 
  • Means of labelling 
  • Burette
  • Filter funnel 
  • Conical flasks – 2pcs 
  • 100 ml plastic beaker 
  • Thermometer
  • 20ml syringe
  • Boiling tube -2pcs 
  • Filter paper -2pcs 
  • 6 test tubes in a rack 
  • Wooden splint
  • Distilled water in wash bottle
  • Metallic spatula 
  • Test tube holder

Access to;

  • Phenolphthalein indicator
  • Source of heat 
  • 2M NH3
  • 2M HCl
  • Ba(NO3)2
  • Universal indicator and pH chart

Preparation of solutions 

  • Solution A -0.8 M NaOH 
  • Solution C -1M H2SO4
  • Solid P –mixture of ZnCO3 and ZnSO4 in the ratio 2:1
  • Solid E is 0.2 grams Maleic acid 


      1. HCl that reacted    (1mk)
        = correct answer A
      2. iNaOH in the 25cm3 of solution D( 1/2MK)
        Correct answer (i) above 
      3. Molarity of NaOH solution A (1MK)
        Ans in (ii) → 25cm3
        ?  = 250cm3
        = Ans B
        Ans B x 1000
        = correct ans
    4. LA =1/2 
      Scale =1/2
      1. (To be read from the correct graph)
      2. (To be read from a correct graph)
    6. 20 –Ans in (i) above 
      1. vol of NaOH ;Acid
         2     :1
        Moles of sodium hydroxide 
        Ans in (e) (ii) above x Ans in b(iii)
         =ans in c
        Moles of acid = Ans C/2
        Ans C x 1000
              Ans in F
         =Correct answer
      2. Heat change for reaction 20 x 4.2 x Ans in e (ii) above
        = Correct answer (K) in joules
        Moles of acid = Ans in (F) above x correct Ans in g (i) above 
        = Ans M
        =Correct Ans K /Ans M = - Correct Ans J/mole
    Observations Inferences
    a)i)Effervescence ,burning splint extinguished
    Residue, yellow hot white when cold
    ii)Effervescence/ bubbles of a colourless gas
    iii)White precipitate soluble in excess
    b)i) White precipitate soluble in excess
    ii) No effervescence
    No white precipitate
    iii) White precipitate
    CO32-, SO32- absent
    Pb2+ Ag+ absent

  3. Observations Inferences
    ii)No effervescence/bubbles
    ii)Orange colours of H+/ K2Cr2O7 changes to green
    iii)Yellow bromine water decolourises/ changes to colourless
    RCOOH/ /H3O+/H+ Absent
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