Agriculture Paper 1 Questions - Kassu Jet Joint Mock Exams 2023

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  • Answer all the questions in section A and B.
  • Answer any two questions in section C.
  • Candidates should answer all the questions in English.


  1. List three branches of horticulture. (11/2mks)
    1. Give two factors that determine the depth of ploughing. (1mk)
    2. state two reasons for sub-soiling. (1mk)
  3. state three government policies that help to increase agricultural production. (11/2mks)
  4. Give four factors considered when designing crop rotational programme. (2mks)
  5. Differentiate between the following terms.
    1. Pricking out. (1/2mk)
    2. Thinning. (1/2mk)
  6. State three types of production functions. (11/2mks)
  7. Define Economic Injury Level (EIL) as used in pest management. (1mk)
  8. Name three varieties of dry beans. (11/2mks)
  9. State four advantages of communal land tenure system. (2mks)
  10. Name two types of metal pipes used to convey water in the farm. (1mk)
  11. State two conditions under which opportunity cost is said to be at zero. (1mk)
  12. Give two reasons for processing agricultural produce. (1mk)
  13. State two effects of excessive application of nitrogenous fertilizers on tomatoes (1mk)
  14. State two roles of calcium in the soil. (1mk)
  15. State four factors that determine the spacing of a crop. (2mks)
  16. Give four advantages of budding in crop production. (2mks)
  17. State three forms in which water exist in the soil. (11/2mks)
  18. State four importance of a good soil structure on crop production. (2mks)
  19. Name two types of labour records. (1mk)
  20. State three factors considered when siting a nursery bed. (11/2mks)


  1. The diagram below illustrates seed potato prepared for planting. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow:
    21 2
    1. Name the practice used in preparing the seed potato above for planting. (1mk)
    2. Describe the procedure followed in preparing seed potatoes for planting. (3mks)
  2. The table below shows PH values of different soil samples. Study it and answer the questions that follow.
    soil sample PH values
    S1 3
    S2 4
    S3 5
    S4 6
    S5 7
    S6 8
    S7 9
    S8 10

    1. Which soil sample has the highest acidity. (1mk)
    2. State two ways in which the PH values of samples can be lowered. (2mks)
    3. Which of the above soil samples is suitable of grow tea. (1mk)
    4. Explain what happens to the element phosphorus in soils with PH value below S4 (1mk)
  3. The illustration below shows a maize pest. Study and answer the questions that follow.
    23 1
    1. Identify the pest illustrated below. (1mk)
    2. Give the symptoms of infestation of the pest illustrated above (2mks)
    3. State two control measures. (2mks)
  4. Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow.
    1. Identify the method of drainage shown below. (1mk)
    2. Other than the method shown in (a) above, state two other methods used in drainage farm land. (1mk)
    3. Outline three reasons for draining farm land. (3mks)


    1. Explain eight factors that can encourage soil erosion. (8mks)
    2. Explain the ways farmers use to overcome risks and uncertainties in farming Business. (7mks)
    3. Describe harvesting of tea. (5mks)
    1. What Four factors influence the time and stage at which crops are harvested? (4mks)
    2. Outline five factors considered before deciding the method of irrigation crop production. (5mks)
    3. Give six pieces of information found in a breeding record. (6mks)
    4. List any five field management practices on crops. (5mks)
    1. Give four advantages of using Farm Yard Manure over fertilizer. (5mks)
    2. Describe eight cultural method of crop diseases control in the farm. (8mks)
    3. Explain seven factors that contribute to the competitive ability of weeds. (7mks)

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