Old Testament Prophesies about the Messiah Questions and Answers - Form 2 Topical CRE

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  1. Explain any six ways in which Jesus fulfilled the Old Testament prophesies about the coming of the messiah
  2. Explain how Jesus fulfilled the prophecy of prophet Isaiah about the Messiah.
  3. Explain how the Jewish leaders understood the term messiah
  4. Explain the concept of the Messiah in the New Testament.
  5. Identify eight ways in which Jesus fulfilled prophecies of the suffering servant of Yahweh according to Isaiah 53
  6. Explain how Jesus fulfilled Isaiah prophecy of the suffering servant.
    1. From St. Lukes Gospel, identify references which show Jesus as a fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy about the messiah
    2. Outline activities which the youth may involve in the church today
  8. Explain the Jewish concept of the Messiah
  9. Explain seven ways through which Jesus fulfils the Old Testament prophecies about the Messiah.
  10. Explain how the birth of Jesus fulfils the prophecies of Isaiah


  1. it was born from David’s lineage
    angel Gabriel repeated title used prophet Isaiah
    Jesus himself read aloud the scroll of prophets Isaiah
    Jesus was born in Bethlehem in the city of David
    Jesus was born of a virgin/young women according to prophet Isaiah (isa10:11)
    Jesus was a righteous ruler and a descendent of David according to Jeremiah(jer23:5-6)
  2. Prophet Isaiah prophesized about a young woman conceiving and bearing a son (Isaiah &:14). This was fulfilled when Mary a virgin conceived through the power of the Holy Spirit and bore a son Jesus
    Prophet Isaiah prophesized that he shall be called Emmanuel which means God with us. Jesus was born and called Emmanuel
    Isaiah prophesized about the righteous descendants who was to have supernatural titles such as wonderful counselor, mighty God, eternal father and prince of peace. This was fulfilled in the birth and life of Jesus Christ
    Isaiah outlined the character of the Messiah Isaiah 61:1-12 as having the spirit of God/ anointed by God/ sent to preach the good news to the poor/ bring liberty to the captives/ proclaim the year of favour from God. In Luke 4:16-18, Jesus said this has been fulfilled through himself
  3. Political leader
    Rule from Jerusalem
    Temporary Jews Kingdom
    Descendant of David
    After Elijah’s return
    Not associate with sinners – gentiles
    Uphold Judaism
    Miracle worker
    Cosmic signs
    Rich not poor
  4. The Jews expected a political messiah to liberate them against foreign rules
    The messiah would rule with justice and righteousness as promised by the prophets of the Old Testament
    Jesus is the promised messiah who came as a suffering servant
    Luke state that Jesus was a descendant of King David who was destined to rule forever
    Jesus was born of a virgin in the city of David, Bethlehem.
    The angel of the Lord assured the shepherds that Jesus was the saviour of the world
    Zachariah and Mary declare that the promised salvation had arrived through Jesus Christ.
    The prophet Simeon and prophetess Anna recognized baby Jesus as the promised messiah of Israel
    The disciples of Jesus recognized him as the Christ (messiah) of God
    Jesus declared that his kingdom was not of this world/he was not a political leader/he was a spiritual leader.
    Jesus referred to himself as the son of man as a sign of submission to suffering and death in accordance with the will of God.
    Jesus is portrayed by Luke as the messiah for all people not just for the Jews /Jesus as the saviour of all who believe in him, the poor, the rich, orphaned, Jews, gentiles, oppressed, young, and old.
  5. He bore the sins of human beings
    He submissively bore suffering and disgrace
    He was despised and rejected
    He was mocked and spat on
    He was perceived and wounded on his sides
    He was buried in a rich man’s tomb
    He was innocent yet treated as a criminal
    Through his wounds many have been healed
    Through him the everlasting Kingdom was established
    He has been exalted and now sits at the right hand of God
  6. He bore the sins of human beings
    He delivered humanity by dying on the cross
    He submissively bore suffering and disgrace
    He was despised and rejected
    He was mocked and spat on
    He was pierced and wounded in
    He was crucified with thieves
    He was innocent of sins and yet he was treated as acriminal
    He was born of a virgin woman
    He was of the lineage of David
    He established justice on earth
    He performed miracles 
  7. The Old Testament prophecies that the Messiah would be born in the lineage of David/Jesus came from the lineage of David Lk. 1 : 26 – 27.
    Nathan’s prophecy that God would make David’s descendant rule over Israel for ever/Angle Gabriel affirmed this to Marry during the annunciation. Lk. 1 : 32
    Isaiah’s prophecy of the virgin conception /Angel Gabriel’s message to Mary that she would conceive by the power of the Holy Spirit.
    Jesus was born in Bethlehem which was also the birth place of king David. Lk. 2 : 5.
    Jesus was hailed as Messiah descended from David by the blind beggar of Jericho. Lk. 18 : 38.
    Isaiah’s prophecy of a Messiah who would bring salvation Lk. 2 : 29 – 32,. Simeon referred to this in the temple.
    At the beginning of His ministry in Nazareth Jesus quoted from Isa. 61 : 1 – 2 to affirm that he was the Messiah.
    Jesus performed many miracles as prophesied in the Old Testament which shows that the Messianic age had come.
    Isaiah prophecy of the suffering servant is fulfilled through the passion and death of Jesus.
  8. The Messiah would be a political leader who would overthrow the Roman rule
    He would come from the lineage of David
    Would rule the world from Jerusalem
    Would come from a royal family
    Would lead Israel to political and economic prosperity
    Would come after the return of prophet Elijah
    Would perform miracles
    Would not associate with the poor, sinners and gentiles
    Would uphold Judaism/ law of Moses
  9. He was born of a virgin as prophesized by Isaiah
    Joseph the father of Jesus was a descendant of David
    The same titles which were given by prophet Isaiah to the messiah are repeated by angel Gabriel as he announces the birth of Jesus to Mary
    At Jesus’ birth his parents moved to Bethlehem the city of David and this fulfilled what prophet Micah had foretold (Micah 5:2)
    Jesus referred to the Old Testament when he first entered the synagogue on the Sabbath day, he read Isaiah 61:1-3
    The life, death and resurrection of Jesus are a clear fulfillment of what O.T prophets prophesized about him
    His shameful death on the cross is a fulfillment of Deutro Isaiah (Lk 23: 1-35)
    The resurrection of Jesus fulfilled the O.T prophecy that at the end of all the suffering he would be restored at God’s side
    Just as prophesized in O.T Jesus was rejected by his own people in Nazareth
    Jesus refers to himself as the son of man which indicates his submission to suffering according to God’s will (7x1=7 mks)
  10. Through education – basic education gives facts concerning skill such as decision making, creative thinking and interpersonal skills.
    Religious instruction – this inculcates skills that contribute to spiritual and moral well being.
    Observation – by observing behaviours or practical life experience of other individual acquires desirable skills.
    By practice – by deliberately putting into practice initiating desirable skills /doing what is learnt and internalizing the skills.
    Ass media – by reading newspapers, watching educative Tv programs, listening to radio one can acquire life skills.
    Personal experience – the economic, social and political experiences, a person goes through will consciously influence them to develop desirable skills. (6 x 1 = 6 mks)
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