The Passion, Death and Resurrection of Jesus Questions and Answers - Form 2 Topical CRE

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    1. State eight teachings of Jesus on the way to salvation.
    2. Describe the crucifixion of Jesus.  
    3. Give four lessons Christians learn from the actions of Pilate during the  trial of Jesus.
    1. Explain why Elijah was  uncompromising in his attitude to Baal worship
    2. What problems were faced by Prophet Elijah in Israel?
    3. State six reasons why Christians should fight against the spread of devil worship in the society.
    1. Explain five conditions which led to the Babylonian exile
    2. What problems did the Israelites experience during the Babylonian exile
    3. State five difficulties Christian go through as they serve God
    1. Give reasons why it was difficult for the disciples to believe that Jesus had resurrected   
    2. State ways in which Christians live according to Jesus’ will as they await the second coming   
    1. Identify the areas of conflict between Jesus and Jewish religious leaders
    2. State ways in which disciples of Jesus showed their support to his ministry
    3. Identify the obstacles faced by Christian leaders as they do their work
    1. Describe what happened to Jesus from the time of his arrest to his death on the cross Luke 22: 47- Lk 23:48
    2. Give five reasons why it was difficult for the disciples to believe that Jesus had resurrected
    3. Outline the importance of resurrection of Jesus to Christians today
  7. How did the resurrected Christ reveal himself to his followers?
    1. Describe the events that took place when Jesus was put on the cross Lk 23:33-46
    2. Give five reasons why Jesus was sentenced to death by Pilate and yet he was innocent
    3. What is the importance of Jesus death to Christians today
    1. Outline four reasons why Jesus used bread and wine during the last supper.           
    2. Identify lessons Christians learn from the crucifixion of Jesus.          
    1. Describe the arrest of Jesus as narrated in Luke 22:47-53     
    2. Give six reasons why the disciples of Jesus were reluctant to listen to the holy women’s testimony concerning the resurrection of Jesus Christ.  
    3. Identify six factors which hinder the people from accepting the call to salvation.
  11. In what ways does the church prepare Christians for the second coming of Jesus
  12. Explain five reasons why the resurrection of Jesus is important to Christians.


    1. To forsake sinful life and follow Jesus
      One has to repent his/her sins and ask for forgiveness from God
      To have childlike qualities e.g. dependence/curiosity/humility/trust e.t.c.
      Being obedient to the commandments of God
      It requires self denial and renouncing of one’s family for the sake of the Kingdom
      It involves giving back everything that was acquired though fraud as Zacheus did
      It needs total change of heart
      Using one’s God given abilities for the good of the Kingdom
      One should be determined to receive salvation as Zacheous did (8x1=8mks)
    2. Jesus was crucified at Calvary between two criminals
      One of the criminals hanging there mocked Jesus by asking Him to save Himself and them
      The second criminal defended Jesus and asked Him to remember him in his Kingdom
      Jesus assured him that He will be with him in Paradise
      The soldiers also mocked Jesus by offering Him cheap wine and asked Him to save Himself
      Darkness covered the whole land and the temple curtain was cut into two
      As Jesus died He committed His spirit into the hands of God
      The centurion who witnessed His death approved Jess to be innocent and all the multitude who had assembled there went home beating their breasts (8x1=8mks)
    3. Jesus was innocent / did not deserve death
      Christians should not be intimidated/influenced by others to do/say what they know is wrong
      Should do what is pleasing to God and not what pleases human beings
      Should strive for fairness regardless of the cost
      Should be careful in judging/accusing others/passing judgement on others
      Should give guidance
      Jesus is the messiah / son of God
    1. He believed that only Yahweh was the Israelites God
      By worshipping Baal, people had broken the covenant law
      As the people worshipped Baal, they failed to recognize Yahweh as God and the Lord of everything
      The worship of Baal led to the killing of Yahweh’s prophets
      A lot of suffering had resulted from Baal worship
      Elijah had strong faith in God
      By condemning Baal worship, Elijah knew that he could put away the foreign ideology that Ahab was trying to bring in his rules
      Elijah believed that the people might turn to the covenant of faith
      Being a prophet, Elijah was against Baalism because it was his vocation(Any 7= 7x1=7mks
    2. Elijah’s life was threatened by Izebel who swore to kill him
      Elijah suffered fear and had to flee to the wilderness
      Elijah was discouraged when it seemed that he was not achieving much
      Elijah got depressed and prayed for death
      Elijah suffered loneliness as he was the only remaining prophet of Yahweh
      At times Elijah lacked basic requirements such as food and water
      He was accused falsely by King Ahab as the troublemaker of Israel
      Sometime he doubted God (Any 7=7x1=7mks)
    3. Devil worship is against God’s commandments and Christians have a duty to fight it
      Because it advocates for human destruction
      It advocates for materialism as the guiding factor to man’s success
      Devil worship lead s to lack of faith and reliance on God
      Rituals involved in devil worship are dehumanizing
      Christians fight devil worship to warn people of God’s judgment if they do not turn back to him
      It instills fear on God’s people
    1. Babylonians had become powerful and had defeated Egypt
      The Israelites had forsaken the covenant way of life/commands of God
      They had broken their relationship with God e.g. worshipped idols.
      Intermarriages with foreigners
      Israelites refused to listen to Prophets
      They also persecuted the prophets of Yahweh
      The Israelites failed to repent of their sins
      They had weak leaders who failed to return people to the covenant way of life(5x2=10mks)
    2. They lacked adequate food/famines
      They suffered from various diseases and ailments
      They lost their identity
      They found it hard to adopt to a new environment
      They had to keep/follow the Babylonian officials
      They lived in fear of the Babylonian officials
      They were turned to refugees
      Their religious loyalty to God was undermined
      They lacked places of worship
      There were false prophets (Any5x1=5mks)
    3. Temptation from worldly/devil pleasure
      Face opposition/persecution/oppression due to their faith
      Communication barriers
      Challenges form other religions
      Bad examples set by leaders discourage them
      Challenges from science and technology
      Disagreement /division within the Church
      False teachings/Prophet who contradict Christian teachings (Any 5x1=5mks)
    1. Disciples of Jesus has witnessed his death and burial hence they knew he had gone forever.
      The report about the resurrection of Jesus was first reported by women who were highly despised in Israel.
      Disciples expected a triumphant political Messiah, not one that would die.
      The disciple lacked faith kin the teaching and sharing that Jesus had with them.
      There was conflict message and information about the resurrection of Jesus. He appeared to the disciples differently hence different reports.
      The tomb was heavily guarded by the Roman soldiers and a big rock was placed in door war of the tomb. Jesus would not pass all those without being noticed.
      The influence from their historical background about resurrection where Sadducees did not believe in resurrection of the dead.
      Disciples were ignorant of the divine nature of Jesus. (8 x 1= 8 mk)
    2. Avoiding sins.
      Living under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
      Leading prayerful lives.
      Doing charitable works.
      Discouraging false prophets who keep on cheating them.
      Patiently looking for signs of end time.
      Giving hope to others by preaching the Good News to them. (6 x 1 = 6 mks)
    1. Sabbath observance: Jesus healed on the Sabbath while Jewish leaders taught no work should be done on the Sabbath.
      Jesus mixed freely with sinners e.g. tax collectors, Gentiles and unclean people.
      He exposed hypocrisy of Jewish religious leaders openly.
      Jesus’ disciples were not fasting like those of John the Baptist.
      His divine authority, Pharisees felt it blasphemous when he claimed to forgive sins.
      His claim to be Messiah.
      His claim that he can destroy the temple and build it in three days.
      His claim that the first will be the last and last be the first in the kingdom of God.
    2. They left their families and followed him.
      They accepted his teachings/obeyed him.
      They invited him to their homes e.g. Levi and Peter.
      Accompanied him in his work.
      Addressed him as rabbi/teacher.
      Took care of his mother.
      Peter cried when he remembered he had denied Jesus.
      They were present when he was crucified on the cross.
      Were happy when he resurrected.
      Helped him to spread Good News e.g. mission of the 12 disciples. (7 x 1 = 7 mk)
    3. Political interference with church work.
      Corruption in the society.
      Immorality among the church members.
      Factionalism among church members.
      Struggle for leadership among members.
      Death/sickness/family problems among the members.
      Hypocrisy of some of the members.
      Increasing numbers of atheists.
      Modern styles of living.
    1. Luke 2l: 47, 47- Lk 23:48.
      Disciples took swords and wanted to resist but Jesus told them not to fights.
      Jesus was taken to the house of the high priests.
      Peter denied Jesus three times.
      Jesus was mocked and beaten.
      Jesus was brought to the council (Sanhedrin).
      Jesus was taken before Pilate who found him innocent.
      Jesus was taken to Herod who ordered him to be taken back to Pilate.
      Pilate released Barnabas on the insistence of the Jewish (crowd).
      Jesus carried the cross on which he was to be crucified.
      Jesus was crucified between two thieves.
      At 12 o’clock the sun stopped shinning and darkness covered the whole country.
      The curtain hanging in the temple torn into two.
      Jesus cried “Father in your hands I place my spirit” and then died.
    2. They had witnessed his death and burial.
      Report about resurrection was brought by women who were despised.
      Disciple expected a political messiah and not suffering messiah.
      The tomb was blocked by heavy rock.
      They were ignorant of the divine nature of Jesus.
      The influence of the historical background.
    3. Christians who have faith are assured of overcoming physical death
      Christian ore given hope of eternal life.
      Christians start living new life.
      The Christians receive the Holy Spirit.
      Through the resurrection Christians are given new power to conquer sin and death.
      New understanding of who Jesus was and his messianic mission w as brought out.
  7. He appeared to disciple in a room in the absence of Thomas.
    He appeared to Peter Lk 24:34
    He appeared to two disciples on their road to Emmaus 24:13-24
    He appeared to the eleven in Jerusalem in Bethany before His ascension Lk 24: 50 53
    He appeared to Mary Gadalene Mary the mother of Jesus Lk 24:1-12
    1. Two thieves were crucified alongside Jesus.
      They crucified Jesus at the place called the Skull.
      Lots were casts to divide Jesus’ garments.
      People stood by watching.
      Rulers scoffed at him saying “He saved others. Let Him save himself …”
      Soldiers mocked Him and offered Him vinegar.
      An inscription was put over His head “This is the King of the Jews.”
      One of the criminals teased Him to save Himself.
      the other thief resolved the former confirming that Jesus is Lord and innocent.
      Jesus answered the thief of his entry into Heaven on the same night.
      At the sixth hour there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.
      The suns’ light failed.
      The curtains in the temple tore into two.
      Jesus offered the last loud cry “Father into thy hands I commit my spirit.”
      Having said so he breathed the last.
    2. He was afraid of a Jewish revolt.
      He did not want to be disloyal to the Roman Emperor after learning that Jesus had been accused of treason
      He feared loosing his job.
      It was in order so that the prophecies would be fulfilled.
      Pilate was a weak character and an opportunist who acted as the spur of the moment.
    3. Through His death Christians are forgiven their sins / reconciles with Him.
      It demonstrates God’s love for human beings.
      Christians have a personal relationship with God.
      It enables Christians to face death with courage.
      Through His death, salvation / eternal life is availed to all people.
      He has become their everlasting high priest interceding for them.
      It strengthens faith of Christians.
    1. Unleavened bread was used during the celebration of the Jewish Passover
      Both bread and wine were a common food among the Jews
      Jesus wanted to give bread and wine new meaning and used them as symbols
      Bread represented his body to be broken for the forgiveness of sin
      Wine represented his blood to be shed for the salvation of human beings
      He was enacting his teaching that he believed eternal life
      Jesus wanted to give the Jewish Passover a new meaning
      Sharing of bread and wine is a sign of fellowship which is a characteristic of messianic
    2. Christians should prepare for the coming of God’s judgement
      They should forgive others as Jesus did
      They should be ready to suffer and be rejected for the sake of the gospel
      They should repent to their sins
      They should have faith in God
      They should be ready to witness the lordship of God
    1. Jesus was arrested at olives in the evening while with his disciples
      He was arrested by a team led by Judas Iscariot
      The team included the chief priest, temple official, Roman soldiers
      Judas moved forward and kissed Jesus.
      Jesus asked “are you betraying the son of man with a kiss”
      The team was heavily armed
      One of the disciples struck the ear of the chief priest’s servant
      Jesus quickly ordered for peace/stopped resistance
      He touched the ear of the servant and it got healed
      He asked why they had come with pangas and yet he was always with them
      They arrested and took him to the house of the chief priest.
    2. Women were looked down upon in the Jewish community/seen as gossipers
      The disciples had witnessed Jesus death and burial.
      Jesus had not appeared to them therefore they thought it was a lie
      It had never happened before/it was an extra ordinary event
      They had little faith/weak faith in Jesus as the messiah
      They were still in a state of shock having lost their master
      There was conflicting information about resurrection
      They knew the tomb was heavily guarded
    3. Lack of faith
      Due to education/scientific knowledge
      Opposition from cults/satanic movements
      Beliefs in materialism/self reliance
      Fear of persecution
      Existence of other religious beliefs
      Inadequate role models
  11. the church leadership calls people to repentance
    the church baptizes the converts
    the church preaches the gospel about Jesus Christ
    the church organizes crusades
    the church evangelizes the masses who later convert to Christians
    the church has initiated ecumenism to create peace and harmony amongst Christians
    the church reaches out to may through the mass and print media
    the church gives alms to the needy and poor Christians i.e. gives charitable services
  12. It is the foundation of the Christian faith and hope without which their believe would be useless
    Christian faith would be in vain if Jesus had not resurrected
    Through the resurrection, Christians have confidence and hope because the one they believe in has been exalted and sits at the right hand of God Almighty
    Through the resurrection , Christians are given the hope of eternal life
    The resurrection of Jesus led to the coming of the Holy Spirit who help Christians to live according to the teachings of Christ, preach the gospel and speak boldly against evils in the society
    The resurrection gives meaning to Baptism in that one dies in sin and is raised with Christ to new life
    The resurrection confirms the divinity of Jesus as true (son of God, the messiah)
    The resurrection gives Christians courage to face death because they have hope of resurrecting at his second return
    The resurrection acts as a unifying factor for all Christians in the world
    It is remembered by Christians during the celebration of holy Eucharist

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