PERSONAL WRITING - English Form 4 Functional Writing Notes

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  • A recipe is a set of steps that lead to a delicious food.
  • It is a set of directions that describes how to prepare a culinary dish.
  • With the recipe, one is unlikely to be involved in culinary disaster.
  • The common terms used in a recipe are:
    • Bake
    • Baste
    • Blend
    • Beat
    • Boil
    • Braise
    • Brine
    • Chop
    • Crush
    • Dip
    • Dissolve
    • Drawn
    • Pound
    • Mix
    • Stir
    • Spread

Format of a Recipe

  1. Title your recipe. For example,
    Fried Chicken Recipe
  2. Ingredient List. It is advisable to list the ingredients in the order of their use. This helps the reader to keep track of the ingredients that have been used. Give the quantity of each ingredient.

    4 whole chicken breasts
    ½ cup bread crumbs
  3. Method. How the meal is prepared is listed here. The steps should be easier to understand and follow. The steps are usually numbered.
  4. Service. List how many people to be served and what to serve with. For example,
    Serve with …… or
    Top with …..
  5. Preparation time




Sample Recipe



1 cup of white rice
2 cups of water
½ teaspoon salt
1 tablespoon oil

Preparation Time: 20 minutes


1. Rinse the rice in a strainer.
2. Bring the water to a boil.
3. Add the rice to boiled water.
4. Stir in the rice, salt and oil and bring it back to a gentle simmer.
5. Start checking the rice around 18 minutes.
6. Turn off the heat when the rice is tender.
7. Remove the lid and fluff the rice.


1. Serve when hot.
2. Serve with fried meat

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