KCSE 2011 Art and Design Paper 1 Questions and Marking Scheme

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ART AND DESIGN (442)
Art and Design Paper 1 (442/1)

SECTION A (20 marks)
Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.

  1.    
    1. Study the illustration below.
      ArtCS2011q1a
      1. Name the most outstanding element portrayed.(1 mark)
      2. Explain how the element has been used to create the forms.(1 mark)
    2. Establish one physical limitation experienced when modelling with kaolin and how it is overcome.(2 marks)
    3. What is "Emphasis as used in Art and Design?(1 mark)
    4. In reference to fabric decoration, explain what is meant by the following terms:
      1. motif (1 mark)
      2. pattern (1 mark)
      3. print(1 mark)
    5.            
      1. Give the terms used for primary and secondary clays.(2 marks)
      2. Explain what is meant by the term "wedging" in clay work. (1 mark)
    6. State two outstanding characteristics of a collage made using found objects.(2 marks) 
    7. Study the illustration below.
      ArtCS2011q1g
      Explain how the principles of balance, rhythm and movement has been created in the arrangement.(2 marks)
    8. State two factors that determine the choice of wood for carving.(2 marks)
    9. Explain why it is important to melt wax in a double container when working on a batik.(1 mark)
    10. Giving an example for each, distinguish between chromatic and achromatic colours.(2 marks)

SECTION B (25 marks)
Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.

  1. Study the picture below.
    ArtCS2011q2
    1. Identify the type of texture portrayed in the picture.(1 mark)
    2. State four roles of texture conveyed in the picture.(4 marks)
  2.       
    1. In the space provided below, make a sketch to illustrate "waisting" in the process of weaving.(4 marks)
    2. State the cause of the defect.(1 mark)
  3.          
    ArtCS2011q4 
    Using the typeface of the letter above, construct the word JOT in the same style in the space provided below.(5 mark)
  4. The illustration below represents a pendant made using a sheet metal.
    ArtCS2011q5
    Outline five basic steps used in creating the pendant.(5 marks)
  5. In the space provided below, make a quick sketch in pencil of: "A cat at rest".(5 marks)

SECTION C (15 marks)
Answer any one question in this section.
Write your answer in the space provided after question 9.

  1. The illustration below represents a type of a poster.
    ArtCS2011q7
    1. Name the type of poster and explain its function.(2 marks)
    2. Stating four reasons, explain why the poster is effective for the product.(8 marks)
    3. Describe the process of producing the poster using lino block.(5 marks)
  2. A greenware bowl is to be decorated with a floral motif using slip in-laying technique.
    1. Name the most essential material and two tools to be used in the process.(3 marks)
    2. Describe the procedure of decorating the bowl.(12 marks)
  3. The illustrations A and B below represent an Art and Design technique.
    ArtCS2011q9
    1. Identify the technique.(1 mark)
    2. Describe the process of producing a design using the technique.(10 marks)
    3. Outline four steps to be followed when mounting the work using the matt method.(4 marks)

MARKING SCHEME

  1.    
    1.      
      1. Value(1 mark)
      2. By counter balancing dark and light areas / by use of light and desk shades / by shading.(1 mark)
    2.        
      1. low plasticity / elasticity(1 mark)
      2. by adding clay with high plasticity.(1 mark)
    3. A principle of Art and Design which makes an element or object stand out in the work.(1 mark)
    4.            
      1. Motif - a single unit / design in a pattern.(1 mark)
      2. Pattern - an arrangement / repetition of lines, shapes or colours in a design.(1 mark)
      3. Print - an image made by a printing block or other object covered with ink or paint and then pressed on a flat surface or a stencil.(1 mark)
    5.       
      1. Residual (1 mark)
        Sedimentary(1 mark)
      2. Cutting, pounding and kneading clay to mix it and remove air bubbles until it has a smooth and even texture ready for use.(1 mark)
    6.       
      1. Textural effect created by the different materials.
      2. 3-dimensional effect.
        One mark each 1 x 2 (2 marks)
    7.       
      1. Variety of shapes and lines are used in both sides of the upright pole to create asymmetrical balance.(1 mark)
      2. Progressive repetition and alternation of different shapes and lines create rhythm and movement.(1 mark)
    8.        
      1. Shape of wood in relation to the subject matter.(1 mark)
      2. Appropriate wood suitable for the carving technique.(1 mark)
    9.       
      1. Control temperature of the wax.
      2. Safety precaution to ensure wax doesn't catch fire.
        Any 1 mark = 1 mark
    10.       
      1. Chromatic colours are those with hues e.g. red, blue, yellow etc. (1 mark)
      2. Achromatic colours are those without hues e.g. white, black, grey etc.(1 mark)
  2.            
    1. Simulated / visual texture.
    2.              
      1. Defines forms in the picture.
      2. Creates rhythm and movement.
      3. Enhances aesthetic appeal (beauty)
      4. Creates depth and distance/3D effect
        Each 1 mark x 4 = (4 marks)
        Total = 5 marks
  3.            
    1. Waist
      ArtCS2011qa3a
      Warps 1 mark
      Weft 1 mark
      Waisting 2 marks
      (4 marks)
      (1 mark)
      Total = 5 marks
    2. Tight tension of the wefts or loose warps,
  4. Correct typeface 2 marks
    ArtCS2011qa4
    Accuracy 1 mark
    Spacing 1 mark
    Neatness 1 mark
    Total = (5 marks)
  5.                     
    1. Measure the size of the pendant to be made.
    2. Cut the two pieces, one for the pendant and another small one for the loop.
    3. Bend the small piece to create a loop.
    4. Finish the edges of the two pieces.
    5. Join the two pieces to create a loop for the wire to pass through.
      Each 1 mark x 5 = (5 marks)
  6. A cat at rest
    ArtCS2011qa6
    Interpretation - 1 mark
    Form/structure - 2 marks
    Pose/posture - 1 mark
    Mood/expression (restfulness) - 1 mark
    Total = (5 marks)
  7.        
    1. Poster type
      -Advertisement / commercial poster.(1 mark)
      Function of the type of poster
      - Advertisement / markets the product.(1 mark)
    2. Effectiveness of the poster
      1. Relevance - It is relevant to the product.
      2. Legibility - text and illustrations legible.
      3. Impact - eye catching / attractive
      4. Identifies the product - for washing.
      5. Highlights the quality of the product - clear white / clean cloths
      6. Explains the product - a soap
      7. Simplicity and clearity - forms clear and simple.
      8. Advertises - martets the product.
        Any 4 2 x 4 = (8 marks)
    3. Process
      1. Transfer the image and cut the negative areas of the lino block.
      2. Cut out the negative areas.
      3. Rolling ink on a glass pane and apply onto the block by rolling.
      4. Press the block onto the surface to be printed.
      5. Remove the block and leave to dry.
        1 mark each 1 x 5 = (5 marks)
        Total = 15 marks
  8.         
    1. Materials
      Different coloured clay slips / oxides.(1 mark)
      Tools, sharp cutting tool e.g. knife, blades, syringe / slip trailers.
      One mark each 1 x 2 (2 marks) 695
    2. Process
      1. Draw / plan / design the floral design.
      2. Transfer the design onto the clay article.
      3. Using a sharp tool cut (incise) and scoop out clay from parts to be in layed.
      4. Prepare coloured slip according to the design.
      5. Fill the scooped areas with the slip according to the design using a syringe / slip trailer.
      6. When the in laid slip hardens scrap off any that is protruding above the surface.
        Two marks each 2 x 6 = 12 marks
        Total = 15 marks
  9.          
    1. Technique: Screen printing(1 mark)
    2. Process:
      1. Draw / plan / sketch the design.
      2. Transfer the design onto a suitable paper.
      3. Cut out the design to create a stencil.
      4. Attach the stencil onto the underside of the screen using masking tape.
      5. Lay out the surface to be printed on a flat even surface.
      6. Place the screen on the surface to be printer
      7. our ink along the far edge of the screen.
      8. Using a squeeze firmly and quickly spread the ink by pulling the squeeze towards you maintaining a constant downward pressure.
      9. Lift up one end of the screen carefully while supporting it and remove the print.
      10. Leave it to dry.
        One mark each 1 x 10 =(10 marks)
        Total = (15 marks)
    3. Mounting:
      1. Trim the print
      2. Cut out the mounting paper / board to size.
      3. Measure and mark the area for fixing the print.
      4. Carefully fix the print within the marked area.
        One mark for each 1 x 4 = (4 marks)
        Total = 15 marks 

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