KCSE 2012 Metalwork Paper 1 with Marking Scheme

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SECTION A (40 marks)

Answer all the questions in this section.

  1.  
    1. State one reason for teaching metalwork at secondary school level.   (1 mark)
    2. List four components of a business plan.  (2 marks)
  2.  
    1. State four safety precautions to be observed when using bench shears in a workshop.   (2 marks)
    2. Explain the importance of technical drawing in metalwork industry.    (1 mark)
  3.  
    1.  
      1. Sketch and label an odd-leg calipers.
      2. State two uses of an odd-leg calipers.    (3 marks) 
    2. State five uses of the square head of a combination set.   (2½ marks)
  4.  
    1. Name three types of snips used in sheet metal and state the use of each.   (3 marks)
    2.  
      1. State four specifications to be considered when purchasing a rivet. (2 marks)
      2. Sketch a bifurcated rivet and state one use of the rivet.   (1 mark)
  5.  
    1. For each of the following items, name the material used and state one property of the material:
      1. ball pein hammer head;  (1 mark)
      2. twist drill bit;   (1 mark)
      3. body of an aircraft.    (1 mark)
    2. List five methods of finishing metal articles.  (2½ marks)
  6.  
    1. Explain the term "file cut".   (1 mark)
    2. Name and sketch two types of file cuts.   (2 marks)
  7.  
    1. State two disadvantages of cooling a brazed joint rapidly.  (2 marks)
    2. Explain the reason for tempering a cutting tool and outline the procedure of tempering.   (3 marks)
  8.  
    1. Explain one advantage of a forged bole over a drilled hole.    (1 mark)
    2. Use a sketch to show the effect on the grain structure of a forged hole and a drilled hole.   (2 marks)
  9. Use labelled sketches to show the following operations on a lathe machine:
    1. parallel turning;   (1½ marks) 
    2. facing off.  (1½ marks)
  10. Explain each of the following terms as applied in arc welding: 
    1. scratching;  (1 marks)
    2. tapping; (1 marks)
    3. freezing (1 marks)

SECTION B (60 marks)

Answer question 11 and any other three questions from this section. Candidates are advised to spend
not more than 25 minutes on question 11.

  1. Figure 1 shows a truncated pipe of diameter 24 mm. Draw the development of part B.   (15 marks)
    KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Q11
    (Use A3 paper provided)
  2. Figure 2 shows an arc welding set-up.
    KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Q12
    1.  
      1. Name the parts labelled A, B, C, D, E and F. (3 marks) 
      2. State the function of each of the following parts:  B, C, D (3 marks)
    2. With reference to arc welding;
      1. Define the term bead;  (1 marks)
      2. Outline the procedure of starting a bead.  (5 marks)
    3. Use sketches to show the following defects in arc welding and state one cause of each.    (3 marks)
      1. undercut;
      2. porosity.
  3. Figure 3 shows a drawing of a lathe machine.
    KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Q13
    1. Name the parts labelled A, B, C, D, E and F and state one function of each part.    (9 marks)
    2. State and explain four factors which determine the rate of material removal when turning on a lathe.  (6 marks)
  4. With the aid of sketches, outline the steps followed in making a grooved seam joint of an open cylinder and name two tools used in each case.    (15 marks)
  5.  
    1. State four possible causes for each of the following:
      1. drill bit breakage;  (2 marks)
      2. weak riveted joint.   (2 marks)
    2. Figure 4 shows a working drawing of an engineer's trysquare drawn in first angle projection.
      KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Q15b
      Given the cutting list below, outline the procedure of making the trysquare.
       PART   NO. OFF   LENGTH (mm)   WIDTH (mm)   THICKNESS (mm)   MATERIAL 
       Stock (B)     2          63        22         4.5    BDMS
       Blade (A)     1          95         70         1.5    BDMS 
       Rivets    3         14.5         -       Φ3    BDMS

      (11 marks)


MARKING SCHEME

SECTION A

  1.  
    1. Reasons for teaching metalwork Secondary school level.
      1. To equip learners with knowledge, skills and attitudes relevant to the field to enable them pursue further training. 
      2. To enable the graduate student enter into gainful self or salaried employment after training,
        Any 1x1 = 1 mark
    2. Components of a business plan..
      • Executive summary
      • Marketing
      • Management and organizational
      • Production/ operation
      • Financial plan/ budget
        Any correct 4 x ½ = 2 marks
  2.  
    1. Safety precautions to be observed when using bench shears:
      • Always return hand to its normal position so as not to obstruct workshop users.
      • Use to cut the recommended size of materials.
      • The shears should be firmly fixed onto the bench.
      • The jaws of the shears should be sharp enough. 
        4 x ½ = 2 marks
    2. Importance of technical drawing in metalwork industry
      • To enable the design and fabrication of articles.
      • To enable people in the industry interpret existing drawings.
        Any 1 x 1 = 1 mark 
  3.  
    1.  
      1. Odd-leg callipers
        KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 3a
        Sketch - 1 mark
        Labelling any 2 x ½ = 1 mark
      2. Uses of odd-leg callipers
        • Scribing parallel lines
        • Locating centres
          2 x ½ = 1 mark
           Total = 3 marks
    2. Uses of square head of a combination set.
      • Marking lines square to an edge. 
      • Testing for squareness.
      • Marking out and checking depths.
      • Marking of 45°
      • Checking for 45°
      • Checking the flatness of a workpiece using its spirit level.
        5 x ½ = 2½ mark
  4.  
    1. Types of snips and their use:
      • Straight type - used for cutting straight edges
      • Curved type - used for cutting internal curves
      • Universal type - used for cutting almost any shape.
        Types - 1½marks
        Uses - 1½ marks
        Total = 3 marks
    2.  
      1. Specifications to be considered when purchasing a rivet
        1. shark diameter
        2. shark length
        3. material used 
        4. type of head
          4 x ½ = 2 marks
      2. Sketch a bifurcated rivet.
        KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 4bUsed for leather work
        Sketch - ½ mark
        Use - ½mark
        Total = 1 mark
  5.  
    1. Materials used for: 
      1. ball pein hammer - medium carbon steel (M.C.S)
                                      Property - it is tough 
      2. twist drill bit - high carbon steel (H.C.S)
                             Property - it is hard and resists wear
      3. Body of aircraft - Aluminium alloy
                                  Property - it is light, strong and non-corrosive.
        Naming material - 3 x ½ = 1½
        Property - 3 x ½ = 1½
           Total = 3 marks
    2. Methods of finishing metal articles 
      1. brush painting
      2. spray painting
      3. bluing 
      4. oil blacking
      5. laquering
      6. etching 
      7. planishing
        Any 5 x ½ = 2½ marks
  6.  
    1. File cut means the formation of the teeth of a file.     (1 mark)
    2. Types of file cuts
      KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 6b
      Naming any 2 x +½ = 1 mark
      Sketching any 2 x ½ = 1 mark
      (other types not shown to be accepted) Total = 2 marks
  7.  
    1. Disadvantages of cooling a brazed joint rapidly:
      • The joint ends up being weak
      • Scaling is caused
      • The joint may crack
      • There is interference with the grain structure.
        Any 2 x 1 = 2 marks
    2. Reasons for tempering a cutting tool is to remove brittleness/ excessive hardness and increase toughness.
      (1 mark)
      Procedure for tempering:
      • Clean the work piece
      • Heat the tool away from the cutting edge/point
      • Observe the tempering colour while heating
      • Quench appropriately
        4 x ½ = 2 marks
  8.  
    1. Advantage of a forged hole over a drilled one. The grain flow strengthens the hole structure.  1x1 = 1 mark
    2.  
      KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 8
  9. Operations on a lathe machine
    1. Parallel turning
      KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 9a
      3 x ½= 1½ marks
    2. Facing
      KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 9b
  10. Terms of arc-welding
    1. Scratching is a method of striking an arc by scratching 
    2. Tapping is a method of starting an arc where the electrode is brought down until it is in contact with the metal to be welded.
    3. Freezing is the tendency of the electrode to stick on the metal being welded.
      1x 3 = 3 marks

SECTION B

  1. Figure shows a truncated pipe of diameter 24 mm.
    KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 11
                                                ACCEPT ALTERNATIVE OPENING POINT
  2.  
    1.  
      1. Naming parts labelled
        A - metal core
        B - Flux/electrode covering
        C - Gaseous shield
        D - Slag
        E - Globules of molten core wire
        F - Parent metal
        6 x ½ = 3 marks
      2. B-The flux has the following functions:
        1. enable the are to be struck and maintained easily.
        2. floats the impurities out of the molten metal to form the slag.
        3. provides iron powder to increase the rate of depositing.
        4. it forms a layer that makes the joint to cool slowly.
          Any 1x l = 1 mark 
      3. C-The gaseous shield has the following functions:
        1. it helps protect the weld. 
        2. it slows down the cooling of the joint.
          Any I x 1 = 1 mark 
      4. D-The slag is the uniformly deposited molten electrode which forms the joint for decorative purposes.
        (1 mark)
    2.  
      1. The term bead refers to the pattern formed in the welding process.   1x1 = 1 mark 
      2.  
        1. Prepare the plate to be welded 
        2. Draw the required path of the bead with a piece of chalk
        3. Position the work ready for welding - earth the workpiece 
        4. Select the correct electrode. 
        5. Set the correct welding current. 
        6. Add the electrode slanting at an angle of 75° in the direction of travel.
        7. Wear protective gear. 
        8. Strike the arc. 
        9. Momentarily raise the electrode after establishing the are. 
        10. Lower the electrode to the correct are length. 
        11. Start building up the desired bead.
          10 x ½ = 5 marks
    3. Defects in arc welding
      1. Undercut
        KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 12ci Figure 6
        Causes:
        • Use of excessive current  Sketch - 1 mark
        • Improper angle of electrode to the base metal.    Any 1 cause - ½ mark
      2. Porosity
        KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 12cii   Figure 7
        Causes
        • Excessive moisture in the electrode or joint.
        • High rate of metal freezing.
        • Oil, paint or rust on the surface of the base metal.
        • Improper arc length, current or manipulation.
          Sketch - 1 mark
          Any 1 cause -½mark
                            1½ marks
  3.  
    1. A  Head stock - carries the driving mechanism
      B  Headstock spindle - hold the chuck or live centres
      C  Bed - supports the carriage and tailstock
      D  Dead centre - supports the tailstock
      E  Tail stock - for feeding the drills
                          for securing the work
      F  Tool post - holds the cutting tool
                          correct name 6 x½ = 3
                         correct function 6 x 1 = 6
                                                Total = 9 marks
    2. TYPE OF FINISH - Fine finish will require slight cut.
                                Rough finish will require deep cut.
      HARDNESS/SOFTNESS - Soft material require deep cut.
                                         - Hard materials slight cut.
      TOOL - ANGLE - round nosed up for heavy cut pointed tip for light cut.
      MACHINE STABILITY. Stable allows deep cut unstable for light cut.
      RIGIDITY OF CUTTING TOOL - Rigid for deep cut, unrigid for light cut.
      Stating any 4 x ½ = 2 marks
      Explaining any 4 x 1 = 4 marks
                                         6 marks
  4. Steps followed in making a grooved seam joint of an open cylinder
                 Steps                                            Sketch                Tools used
    1. Mark out seam allowances                 KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 14i               - Try square 
                                                                                          - Steel rule allowances
                                                                                          - Scriber
    2. Bend the flaps                                  KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 14ii              - Folding bars 
                                                                                          - Mallet
    3. Fold both sides to same size             KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 14iii     - Anvil 
                                                                                          - Mallet
    4. Hook the ends and tighten the joint   KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 14iv       - mallet 
                                                                                           - anvil/stake
    5. Close down or groove the joint           KCSE 2012 MW PP1 Ans 14v   - Hammer
                                                                                           - Stake
                                                                                           - Groover
      Steps well outlined = 5 marks
      Sketches 5 x 1 = 5 marks
      Tools 5 x 2 x ½ = 5 marks
                     Total = 15 marks
  5.  
    1.  
      1. Causes of drill breakages
        • too high feed rate.
        • speed too high
        • incorrect alignment.
        • drill jamming in the hole.
        • workpiece not properly clamped.
          4 x ½ = 2 marks
      2. Causes of weak riveted joint
        • too short rivet head allowance
        • too large hole diameter
        • gap between plates/failure to deburr close plates.
        • misaligned holes.
        • too long rivet allowance.
          4 x ½ = 2 marks
    2.  
      1. Stock
        • file datum edges
        • mark out rivet holes
        • centre punch holes position
        • debur
          4 x ½ = 2 marks
      2. Blade
        • file datum edges
        • mark out profile
        • cut out profile
        • file profile to size
        • mark out blade hole
        • centre punch hole
        • drill hole
        • mark out stock position (6 mm)
          8 x ½ = 4 marks
      3. Assembling the parts
        • align and clamp the two parts together.
        • drill through and put the rivers in the holes.
        • drill the remaining rivet holes.
        • countersink the holes.
        • deburr the plates/parts.
        • insert rivets and close plates.
        • rivet to fill the countersunk holes.
        • file all surfaces to size.
        • mark and cut out notch.
        • finish with emery cloth.
          10 x ½ = 5 marks

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