English Paper 2 Questions and Answers - Mang'u Mock 2020 Exam

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ENGLISH
PAPER 2
TIME: 2 HOURS.

Instructions To Candidates

  • Answer all the questions in the question paper 
  1. COMPREHENSION.
    Read the following passage then answer the questions that follow. 
    It is unfortunate that both the young and old have fallen prey to the drug menace. Hundreds of our fellow countrymen have died in this triangle. Others continue to wither in silence. What was initially meant for medicinal purposes bas been turned into a slaughterhouse. Drug and substance abuse is a puzzle that has not yet got the right answer; not even from the government's investigative bodies.
    There are various psychological factors that may lead to drug abuse. These are the factors that may easily predispose one to drug abuse. A major factor is mood disorders that may be characterized by depression. Some persons turn to drug abuse when they experience depression, in a bid to escape from reality. Such people have the distorted notion that repetitive use of certain drugs will relieve them from stressors.
    Too much anxiety is another factor. When some people experience deep anticipation, they become apprehensive and insecure. This makes some turn to drugs as a remedy to the anxiety What such people do not understand is the fact that drugs add more to this anxiety thus making one crave for more and more in a bid to get rid of the increasing anxiety In addition, mental disorders such as schizophrenia may lead to drug abuse. Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder which makes a person experience distortion of reality and disturbance of thought hence resulting in withdrawal from ordinary social contact. Such a person may turn to drug abuse to compensate for the social disconnection.
    Finally, personality disorders such as low self esteem may lead to drug abuse, A human being is a social being who expects to be treated with dignity. However, when one is made to feel inferior, or generally think themselves inferior, they are bound to have a low self esteem. Such a person may either be easily influenced to take drugs or turn to drugs as a way of escaping from reality.
    What then should we do to ensure the sound of this silent killer falls silent? Why continue to watch in silence? Why not take responsibility and actively shout a big 'no!' to this menace? How many more people must lose themselves to this monster?

    Adapted from I Refuse to wait' : John Kabucua, 2012 Questions
    1. Give this passage a suitable title (1mk)
    2. Why does the writerrefer to the drug menace as a puzzle? (2mks)
    3. It is unfortunate that both the young and old have fallen prey to the drug menace (Rewrite, adding a question tag (1mk)
    4. Make notes on the psychological factors that may lead to drug abuse according to the writer(4mks)
    5. What is the attitude of the writer towards drug abuse?(4mks)
    6. A human being is a social being who expects others to treat them with dignity. (Begin Being..........)(1mk)
    7. Explain the significance of the rhetorical questions in the last paragraph (2mks)
    8. Explain the meaning of the following words and phrases as used in the passage(4mks)
      1. Fallen prey
      2. Predispose
      3. Crave
      4. Sound of this silent killer
    9. Suggest any two ways of dealing with the drug menace
  2. EXCERPT(25 MARKS)
    "You are mad!” Resian screamed at him. “You are stark mad if you think I am your wife. I can only be your wife over my dead body. Yes, you and my father can kill me and carry my dead body to your palatial home.”
    He was stunned by those harsh words. He winced as if he had been struck. The already harsh line of his mouth tightened and he stood tense for a moment. Then he relaxed and watched her mockingly. “You can never escape Resian,” he repeated quietly, smiling. The very normality of his voice as he spoke those monstrous words was most shocking and disturbing to her. “Whether you scream your heart out, or jump into the deep sea, Resian, you are mine. You are my wife from now hence forth!”
    "I want to go now," Resian announced angrily, shuddering with disgust and terror. You want to go?” he asked, the contemptuous quiet of his voice a menace by itself. Go! You want to be persuaded, coaxed, and pampered to marry Oloisudori Loomkiyaa? Sorry I will not do that! If you want to go, please yourself. You may opt to go, but when you are mine, you will do as I please. No one plays games with Oloisudori. Ask your father, he will tell you."
    "Stop it! Stop it!” Resian screamed excruciatingly pained by the disdainful remark of Oloisudori. Putting her hands over her ears, she made a dash for the door. He made no effort to stop her she flung it open and turned to glare at him with tearful eyes.
    “You are mad!” she screamed again sobbingly. "You are stark mad! You hear me? You are nothing but ol-ushuushi." She walked away and she did so, she heard his soft laughter behind her.

    Questions
    1. Put the excerpt in its immediate context. (6 marks)
    2. How is Oloisudori portrayed in this excerpt.(4 marks)
    3. Describe the feeling of Resian in this excerpt.(3 marks)
    4. From elsewhere in the novel, explain other crimes that are practiced by Oloisudori.(3 marks)
    5. Explain the use of Irony in this excerpt?(3 marks)
    6. “You are my wife from now hence forth.” Rewrite in the reported speech.(1 mark)
    7. Explain the meaning of the following words.(4 marks)
      1. Pampered -
      2. Disgust -
      3. Mad -
      4. Palatial -
  3. POERTY
    Read the following oral poem and answer the questions that follow

    After a brief struggle I got my
    Self a job
    My food was meat and banana
    Flour
    A hundred cents a month and soon I had
    some money.

    Soon afterwards I bought myself
    A beautiful girl
    My heart was telling me this
    Was a fortune,
    So, heart you were deceiving
    Me and I believed you.

    On a Saturday morning as I was
    Leaving work;
    I was thinking I was being
    Awaited at home
    But on arrival I couldn't find my bride.

    Nor was she in her parent's
    Home
    I ran fast to a river valley;
    What I saw gave me a shock
    There was my wife conversing
    With her lovers

    I sat and silently wept
    I realized there was no luck
    In this world
    People are not trustworthy and
    Will never be
    Girls are not trustworthy and
    Will never be!

    Questions
    1. Place this song in its appropriate genre(2mks)
    2. State and illustrate two functions of this song(2mks)
    3. What evidence is there to show that this is an oral poem? Give two illustrated features.(4mks)
    4. Explain what this poem reveals about human relationships(4mks)
    5. What is the singer's attitude towards his subject (s) in the song?
    6. Give any two character traits of the singer.(4mks)
    7. Identify the use of enjambment in the poem (1mk)
  4. GRAMMAR
    1. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of the word in brackets (3mks)
      1. John's poor _____________(pronounce) of English words was a source of embarrassment.
      2. Candidates are warned against _____________(person) when they are sitting for national examinations
      3. I was surprised that she had not _____________(seek) the doctor's advice before taking the drugs.
    2. Rewrite the following sentences as instructed (3mks)
      1. She started singing at 7.00am. She is still singing. Now it is 9.00 am
        (combine using an appropriate tense form)
      2. They split up over forty-years ago, the Beatles are still incredibly popular
        (rewrite beginning ) Despite....
      3. We don't go to the town very often.
        (Begin: Rarely .............)
    3. Rewrite and explain the meaning of the idiomatic expressions used in the following sentences.(2mks)
      1. The initiates were encouraged to take heart before the surgeon arrived. Major Ndirangu made history when he organized a modernized circumcision ritual using the traditional approach.
    4. Without changing the word order, rewrite the following sentence putting punctuation marks at different positions to give two different meanings(2mks)
      1. My mother said Kimeu is a born orator.
    5. Change the following sentences from personal to impersonal(2mks)
      1. I find it interesting to watch wild animals
      2. They decided to abandon the plan
    6. Replace the underline word or words in each of the following sentences with the appropriate phrasal verb.(3mks)
      1. The board refused to honour my request
      2. The employer was disappointed by the lazy workers
      3. Their relationship ended when they cheated on each other

MARKING SCHEME

  1. COMPREHENSION
    QUESTIONS
    1. Give this passage a suitable title.
      • The drug menacel/The silent killer
        (Accept any other suitable title)
    2. Why does the writer refer to the drug menace as a puzzle
      • No person or investigative body has provided a solution to the problem of drug and substance abuse.
    3. Rewrite, adding a question tag.
      • It is unfortunate that both the young and old have fallen prey to the drug menace, isn't it?
        (No mark if candidate does not rewrite sentence)
    4. Makes notes of psychological factors that may lead to drug abuse according to the writer.
      • Mood disorders
      • Anxiety
      • Mental disorders eg schizophrenia
      • Personality disorders
        (Penalize by 50% for wrong format
    5. What is the attitude of the writer towards drug abuse?
      • Hateful disliking - says that what was initially meant for medicinal purposes has been turned to a slaughter house.
      • He also refers to drugs as a silent killer, shows he does not like the idea of drug abuse.
    6. A human being is a social being who expects others to treat them with dignity (Begin: Being .....)
      • Being a social being, a human being expects others to treat them with dignity.
      • Explain the significance of the rhetorical questions in the last paragraph.
      • Provoke the thinking of the reader
      • Intensify the gravity of the situation hence prompting action
      • Show how disapproving the reader is of drug abuse that must be done to stop it
    7. Explain meaning of words and phrases as used in the passage.
      • Fallen prey-Become victims
      • Predispose - Make one vulnerable
      • Crave- Want more and more
      • Sound if this silent killer - the fatal perspective of drug abuse.
    8. Suggest any two ways of dealing with the drug menace
      • Educating the youth on harmful effects of drugs
      • Having programmes that put potential drug abusers busy
      • Avoid predisposing factors e.g peer influence
  2. EXCERPT
    1. The excerpt in its immediate context
      • Before the excerpt Oloisudori informs Resian of the benefits she will get for marrying him. Resian gets very annoyed and speechless. Resian leams that her father has already received dowry for her marriage to Oloisudori. He reports to her that their fate is sealed. After the excerpt, Resian runs blindly knocking a chair and table and disappears past Oloisudori's driver. She is raving mad with indignation she becomes very disappointed with her father
    2. How is Oloisudori portrayed in this excerpt?
      • Contemptuous - "he asked the contemptuous quiet of his voice a menace by itself Proud - he feels superior and egocentric. "No one plays games with Oloisudori. Ask your father he will tell you. (Award for any other relevant answer mark for the character trait (1 mark for explanation)
    3. Deseribe the feeling of Resian in this excerpt 
      • Resian is feeling disappointed and desperate of her father's action of receiving dowry with the aim of sealing her marriage with Oloisudori she feels really betrayed
    4. Explain other crimes that are practiced by Oloisadori
      • Extortionguist, assassinations, shadowy, businesses, sexual immorality, robber smuggler and poacher (award any 3;
    5. Explain with illustrations from the text) the use of irony in this excerpt
      • It is ironical that Olekaelo has already picked dowry from Oloisudori and as never bothered to inform Resian
    6. Re-write in reported speech 
      • He told her that she was his wife from then hence forth
    7. Explain the meaning of the following words
      • Pampered-be made feel as comfortable as possible/ spoilt. -
      • Disgust - strong loathe
      • Mad- insane -
      • Palatial-grand/ like a palace
  3. POETRY
  4. GRAMMAR
    1. Complete following sentences using the correct form of the word in brackets
      1. John's poor pronunciation (pronounce) of English words was a source of embarrassment.
      2. Candidates are warned against impersonation (person) when they are sitting for national examinations
      3. I was surprised that she had not sought (seek) the doctor's advice before taking the drugs.
    2. Rewrite following sentences as instructed
      1. She started signing at 7.00am. She is still singing. Now it is 9.00am
        (Combine using an appropriate tense form)
        • She started singing at 7.300am and now it is 9.00m and she is still singing.
      2. They split up over forty-year ago, the Beatles are still incredibly popular
        (rewrite beginning, despite ...)
        • Despite the Beatles splitting/their splitting the fact that they split up over forty years ago, the Beatles are still incredibly popular.
      3. We don't go to the town very often. Begin:Rarely......
        • Rarely do we go to the town 
    3. Rewrite and explain the meaning of the idiomatic expressions used in the following sentences.
      1. The initiates were encouraged to take heart before the surgeon arrived.
      2. Major Ndirangu made history when he organized a modernized circumcision ritual using the traditional approach
        • Take heart - be positive especially after a discouragement.
        • Made history-Did an important thing that was written in history.
    4. Without changing the word order, rewrite the following sentence putting punctuation marks at different positions to give two different meaning
      1. My mother said Kimeu is a born orator .
        • "My mother" said Kimeu, "is a born orator"
        • My mother said, "Kimeu is a born orator"
    5. Change the sentences from personal to impersonal
      1. I find it interesting to watch wild animals.
        • It is interesting to watch wild animals.
      2. They decided to abandon the plan
        • It was decided that plan be abandoned
    6. Replace underlined word or words in each of the following sentences with the appropriate phrasal verb.
      1. The boare refused to honour my request. - Turned down
      2. The employer was disappointed by the lazy workers - Let down
      3. Their relationship ended when they cheated on each other - broke up

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