History Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Bungoma Diocese Mock Exams 2021/2022

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SECTION A. (25MKS)
ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION

  1. Identify two written sources of information on Kenyan History. (2mks)
  2. Name one aspects of history that you have studied. (1mks)
  3. Give the main reason for the migration of Eastern Bantus from Shungwaya. (1mk)
  4. Identify two functions of the warriors among the Bantu communities in pre-colonial period.(2mks)
  5. Identify one reason that can lead to revocation of citizenship by birth in Kenya. (1mk)
  6. State ways in which the nation accord and reconciliation Act 2008 affected the composition of Government in Kenya. (2mks)
  7. Identify two types of democracy. (2mks)
  8. Give two social factors that led to the scramble and partition of East Africa. (2mks)
  9. Give two methods which were used by the British to establish their rule in Kenya. (2mks)
  10. Give the name of the Wanga leader who collaborated with the British (1mk)
  11. Who was the British administrator in charge of the British Imperial East African Company (1mk)
  12. Give two objectives for establishing colonial health centres. (2mks)
  13. Identify the political party formed in 1960 to champion the interest of minority groups in Kenya. (2mks)
  14. Name the election body that organizes general elections in Kenya. (2mks)
  15. Give two types of elections held in Kenya. (2mks)
  16. Identify the main voting system used in Kenya during elections. (1mk)
  17. Who is the head of judiciary in Kenya. (1mk)

SECTION B;- (45MKS)
ANSWER ANY THREE QUESTIONS FROM THIS SECTION

  1.  
    1. Give five reasons for the migration of the Luo in Kenya during the 19th century. (5mks)
    2. Explain five effects of migration and settlement of the Luo into Kenya. (10mks)
  2.  
    1. State three reasons why Seyyid Said transferred his capital from Muscat to Zanzibar in 1840. (3mks)
    2. Explain six factors which contributed to the development of trade between the Kenyan Coast and the outside world in the 16th century. (12mks)
  3.  
    1. State three powers given to Imperial British East African Company by the British. (3mks)
    2. Explain the reason for an end to the Imperial British East Company rule in 1895. (12mks)
  4.  
    1. Give five early political organizations formed in Kenya upto 1935. (5mks)
    2. Explain the problems experienced by European settlers in Kenya. (10mks)

SECTION C:- 30MKS)
ANSWER ANY TWO QUESTIONS FROM THIS SECTION

  1.  
    1. Give three levels of conflicts that can be experienced in Kenya. (3mks)
    2. Explain six factors that promote National Unity in Kenya. (12mks)
  2.  
    1. State five Principles of Democracy. (5mks)
    2. Explain Kenya’s Constitutional Review process (10mks)
  3.  
    1. State five functions of returning officers in a general election in Kenya. (5mks)
    2. Explain five factors which can interfere with free and fair elections in Kenya. (10mks)


MARKING SCHEME

SEC A- (25MKS)

  1.  
    • Books
    • Archives
    • Journals
    • Novels
    • Paintings
    • Magazines
    • Diaries
    • Constitutions
    • Periodicals (2mks)
  2.  
    • social
    • Economic
    • Political (any 2x1= 2mks)
  3. attacks by the Oromo 1mk
  4.  
    • Defending the community
    • Conducting cattle raids (2mks)
  5.  
    • if proved that citizenship was acquired through fraud
    • If discovered that the person was older than 8 yrs. when found in Kenya
    • If the nationality or parentage of a person is known and reveals that this person was a citizen of another country (1x1=1mk)
  6.  
    • Formation of coalition government
    • Creation of prime Minister Office
    • Created the office of two deputy prime ministers (2x1= 2mks
  7.  
    • direct/pure
    • Indirect/representative (2x1=2 mks
  8.  
    • settling surplus population
    • Prestige
    • Abolition of slave trade (2x1=2 mks
  9.  
    • signing treaties
    • Military force
    • Construction of administration posts
    • Treachery
    • Use of missionaries (2x1=2mks
  10. Nabongo Mumia 1mk
  11. William MacKinnon 1mk
  12.  
    • Treating preventable diseases for Europeans
    • To provide medical services ( 2x1=2mks)
  13. Kenya African democratic union 1mk
  14. independent electoral and boundaries commission 1mk
  15.  
    • general
    • By elections
    • Party elections (2x1=2mks)
  16. Secret ballot 1mk
  17. Chief justice 1mk

SEC B( 45MKS)

  1.  
    1.  
      • population pressure
      • Pasture/water
      • External attacks
      • Internal conflicts
      • Natural calamities
      • Search for new fishing grounds
      • Pests and diseases
      • Adventure (any5x1=5mks)
    2.  
      • Displacement
      • Assimilation
      • Cultural interaction
      • Increased trading
      • Intermarriages
      • Population increase
      • Increased conflicts/warfare
      • Adoption of new economic activities (5x1=5mks)
  2.  
    1.  
      • Zanzibar was loyal
      • Good harbours
      • Good climate
      • Clean water
      • Fertile soils
      • Central location of Zanzibar (3x1= 3mks)
    2.  
      • Availability of trade items
      • High demand for trade items
      • Accessibility by sea
      • Presence of trade merchant
      • Moonson winds
      • Relative peace / stability
      • Technological advancement / Boat making.
        (Any 6x2 = 12mks)
  3.  
    1.  
      • To administer the area
      • To support slavery
      • To control trade
      • To counter Germany / French / Italians.
      • To collect taxes
        (Any 3x1 = 3)
    2.  
      • Insufficient capital
      • Resistance from Africans
      • East African land was too large to manage
      • No navigable rivers
      • Lack of coordination between company officers.
      • Scarcity of natural / knowledge.
        (Any 6x2 = 12mks)
  4.  
    1.  
      • East African Association
      • Kikuyu Central Association
      • Kavirondo Taxpayers and Welfare Association
      • Ukamba Members Association
      • Taita Hills Association
      • Coast African Association. Etc
        (Any 5x1 = 5mks)
    2.  
      • Attacks from Africans
      • Lack of labour
      • Lack of Capital
      • Poor transport network
      • Limited markets
      • Tropical diseases
      • Unpredictable natural conditions.
        (Any 5x2 = 10mks)

SEC C:- (30MKS)

  1.  
    1.  
      • Individual -v- Individual
      • Individual -v- State
      • Community -v- Community
      • State -v- State
      • Individual -v- Community
        (Any 3x1 = 3mks)
    2.  
      • Constitution
      • Education
      • Equal distribution of resources
      • National currency
      • National symbols
      • National language
      • National Philosophies
      • National days / events
      • Government Institutions.
        (Any 6x2 = 12mks)
  2.  
    1.  
      • Consent of the people
      • Equality
      • Peace
      • Rule of law
      • Competition
      • Free press
      • Transparent / Accountability
      • Multipartysm
      • Bills of rights
      • Free / Regular/Fair elections.
        (Any 5x1 = 5mks)
    2.  
      • Constituency forum
      • Constitutional forum (national)
      • Referendum
      • Goes to national Assembly
      • Re-convening the National Constitutional forum
      • Committee of experts
      • Promulgation
        (Any 5x2 = 10mks)
  3.  
    1.  
      • Receive nomination papers from candidates
      • Distribute election materials
      • Supervise voting / counting
      • Receive results
      • Tally / verify results / Announce winners
      • Tally presidential results.
        (Any 5x1 = 5mks)
    2.  
      • Rigging
      • Violence
      • Corruption
      • Use of government machinery
      • Bribery
      • Tribalism
      • Double voter registration
      • Intimidation of voters
      • Poor weather
      • Lack of adequate voter education. Etc.
        (Any 5x2 = 10mks)

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