Agriculture Paper 2 Questions and Answers - Maranda High School Mock Exams 2023

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  •  Answer all the questions in section A and B.
  • Answer any two questions in the section 


Answer All the questions in this section

  1. Give two ways in crop rotation helps in weed control. (1mark)
  2. Differentiate mixed cropping and intercropping. (2marks)
  3.  Give four advantages of intensive farming system. (2marks)
  4. Name three practices that help to attain optimum crop population after planting. (1½marks)
  5. Give two reasons why tsetse fly control is considered a land reclamation process. (1mark) 
  6. Explain how leaching leads to loss of soil fertility. (1mark) 
  7. Outline four observable indicators of economic development of a nation. (2marks) 
  8. Give four methods of farming. (2marks)
  9. State four factors that should be considered when selecting a crop to grow in an area. (2marks)
  10. Identify four roles of calcium in crops. (2marks) 
  11. Give two benefits of using certified seeds. (1mark)
  12. Give four benefits of tissue culture in crop propagation. (2marks)
  13. Give two ways in which mulching helps in water conservation. (1mark)
  14.  Apart from tomatoes, name four examples of fruits and vegetables. (2 marks)
  15. Distinguish hardening and hardening off as applicable in crop production. (2marks)
  16. Give four ways of improving labor productivity in the farm. (2marks)
  17. What is production function? (1mark) 
  18. Suggest five symptoms of viral infection in crops. (2½marks)

(Answer ALL the questions in this section)

  1. The diagrams below illustrate field pest of maize. Study them and answer the question that follows.
    agripp1marandaimg1      agripp1marandaimg2
                                      A                                                                           B
    1.  Identify the pest labeled (2marks)
    2. Give one cultural method of controlling pest A (1 mark)
    3. Give the damage caused by the pest B (2marks) 
  2. Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow.
    1.  Name the structure above (1mark)
    2. Give two ways in which the above structure helps in soil and water conservation. (2marks)
    3. State two reasons why the above structure is not commonly used as a soil conservation method. (2marks) 
  3. Below is an illustration of crop propagation. Study it and answer the questions that follow.
    1. Identify the method of propagation above. (1mark) 
    2. Identify the parts labelled (2marks)
    3. Give two advantages of the propagation method. (2marks)
  4. The table below shows the format of a farm record. Study it and answer the questions that follow. 
     Date  Disease symptoms   Livestock affected   Drugs used  Cost of treatment   Remarks 
    1. Identify the record illustrated above. (1mark)
    2. State four uses of the record illustrated above. (4marks)

SECTION C (40 marks)

Answer any two questions from this section.

    1. Explain five causes of land fragmentation. (5marks)
    2. State five factors that can encourage soil erosion. (10marks)
    3. State any five methods of harvesting agroforestry trees. (5marks)
    1. State and explain four ways of classification of herbicides. (8marks)
    2. State and explain any six human factors that influence agriculture (12marks)
    1. Explain five ways in which a farmer can adjust to risk and uncertainties (10marks)
    2. Discuss any five factors that promote the rooting of cuttings. (10marks)


  1. Breech of birth is a presentation during parturition where the hind legs of a new born come out first. (1mk)

  2.  Description  Cattle  Pigs  Poultry
     Young from birth/ hatching to weaning  Calf  Piglet  
     Young female b4 first parturition  Heifer    Pullet 
     Mature male for breeding    boar  cock
    • To stimulate growth and production
    • To prevent disease attacks
    • To improve feeding habits (appetite). (Any 2 x ½ = 1mk)
  4. Implements used for secondary cultivation.
    • Disc harrow.
    • Spike toothed harrow.
    • Rotavator.
    • Ox- tine harrow
    • Chain harrow.
    • Zigzag harrow.
    • Sprung tine harrow. 4 x ½ =2mrks.
    • Avoid poisoning by chemicals or lead that may be in paints.
    • To discourage/avoid tainting of milk if shed is used immediately after painting
    • Discourage insects from inhabiting the shed 2 x ½=1m
  6. Uses of wind power of the farm
    1. Winnowing of crops
    2. Driving machines e.g. wind mill 2 x ½=1m
    • Oxytocin
    • Adrenaline 2 x ½=1m
    • Pin
    • Shoe
    • Head
    • Stem
    • Thumbscrew any 2 x1= 2m
    • Keeps birds busy scratching, hence reduce cannibalism
    • Gives comfort and warmth to the birds
    • Helps in drying droppings any 2 x1= 2m
    • Disinfect the teats
    • Apply milking salve on teats
    • Weigh the milk
    • Cooling the milk
    • Straining/ sieving the milk
    • Clean utensils 4 x ½ =2mrks
    • Mastitis
    • Milk fever 2x ½= 1mk
    • Checking the level of electrolyte and adding distilled water if plates are exposed.
    • Checking specific gravity using hydrometer and adjusting accordingly.
    • Cleaning the terminals if dirty. 
    • Recharging if the voltage is low. 4x ½ = 2mks
    • Age of the equipment
    • Wear and tear/use
    • Lack of maintenance practice
    • Exposure to weather/improper storage
    • Obsolescence/change in technology (Any 4 x ½ = 2mks)
    • Collect eggs regularly and frequently.
    • Make nests dark
    • Feed balanced diet.
    • Debeak perpetual egg eaters.
    • Supply green leaves to keep birds busy. Any 4x ½ =2mks
    • Anthrax
    • Black quarter/leg 2 x ½ = (1mk)
    • Vaccine
    • Blanthrax 1 x ½ = (½mks) Mark as a whole
    • Flushing the tubes under high pressure to it.
    • Greasing / oiling rotating parts in the pump
    • Storing it to dry upside down after thorough washing 3 x ½ = 1½mks
  17. Advantages of jersey
    • Hardly / withstand high temperatures
    • Needs less food
    • Excellent grazer on fairly poor pastures. ½ x 2 = 1mk
    • Makes a vertical cut into the soil ahead of the share to separate the furrow slice from unploughed land.
    • Cut any trash on the surface 2 x ½ = ( 1mk)
    • Sahiwal
    • Red poll
    • Simmental 
    • Brown Swiss 2 x ½ = 1mk
      • G-Liver fluke (Fasciola ssp)
      • H -Round worms (Ascaris ssp)
      • S -Tape worms (Taenia ssp) 3 x ½ =1½mks
    2. Internal/endoparasites. 1 x ½ = (½mk)
      • G – Liver fluke is found in the bile duct/ gall bladder / liver.
      • S -Tape worm are found attached on the wall of the small intestine.(2 x ½ = 1mk
      • Control of fresh water snail by physically killing them.
      • Control of fresh water snail by use of adding CuSo4 solution to stagnant water.
      • Draining swampy areas:
      • Burning swampy bushes during dry weather.
      • Avoid grazing affected animals near marshy or swampy areas.
      • Routine drenching with suitable. Anthelmintic.
      • Rear ducks which feed on snails. 3 x ½ = (1½mks)
    1. Wire guard ½mk
      • X – Cold/low temperatures thus making chicks move closer to the heat source. (1mk)
      • W – Draught/strong wind from one side which makes them to move to the opposite side. 2 x1= 2m
    Amount of maize = 15/25 x 200 = 120kg ½ m
    Amount of sunflower = 10/25 x 200 = 80kg = ½ mk
      1. Spark plugs
      2. Distributor/rotor
      3. Ignition coil 
      4. Battery 4 x ½ = 2mks
      1. Produce sparks required for ignition during power production at the combustion chamber
      2. Distribution of electrical energy in the correct order to the various spark plugs.
      3. Converts low voltage from the battery to high voltage current of 6000 colts required to provide a spark at the spark plugs.(3 x 1 = 3mks)
      • Remove carbon deposits on the spark plugs
      • Replace spark plugs whereas electrons are worn –out
      • Clean contact breaks
      • Replace condenser regularly
      • System should be kept dry
      • Ignition wires should all be insulated. (3mks)
      • Security : Located near homestead eg poultry house.
      • Accessibility: should be connected with roads for easy of transportation of inputs/outputs
      • Soil type – Should be well drained and unproductive
      • Drainage / Gradient: When there is free flow of water
      • Nearness to water sources eg. Vegetable nursery for easy irrigation
      • Social amenities: Homesteads to be near schools, hospitals and churches
      • Other infrastructure such as near roads and power lines
      • View of farm (panoramic)
      • Future expansion space to be left for future expansion (10 x 1 = 10mks)
    2. Advantage of fences
      • They mark boundaries
      • Keep off intruders / thieves
      • Control grazing/ facilitate rotational grazing
      • Prevent damage of crops by animals
      • Control breeding
      • Act as wind breaks
      • Control of pests and diseases by preventing entry of wild and sick animals
      • Live fences have aesthetic value
      • Provide livestock feeds, firewood, mulch and compost manure material
      • Add value to farms (5 x 1 = 5mks)
      • Cementing the posts
      • Inserting droppers between standard posts
      • Supporting the corner posts with struts and strainers
      • Tightening the wire strainers
      • Fixing braces to support the fencing posts (5 x 1 = 5mks)
    1. Parts of a cattle dip and their functions
      1. Holding yard/assembly yard/lead in pen/concrete floor - for holding animals before dipping
      2. Foot bath - 4 m long 25 cm deep
        • i.e. rough concrete floor
        • wash feet of animals
        • contains chemicals for controlling foot rot
      3. Lead in gang – narrow entrance
        • Allows animals to jump singly into the dip tank.
      4. The jump / leaf in ramp
        • Taken off point where the animal jump into the distance
      5. Dip tank / plunge dip
        • Deep water tank below the ground level
        • Contains acaricide
      6. Exit ramp
        • Stairs that lead to the drinking race
        • Allows animals to come out of the dip wash slowly
      7. Draining race / drip gang way
        • Has a sloping floor towards the dip tank
        • Allows dip wash to drain back to the dip tank
      8. Drying yard
        • Animals are restrained before being released.
      9. Silt trap outlet
        • Trap silt and dung as the dip wash floors back into the distance
      10. Dip tank shelter / roof
        • Above the dip tank
        • Lowers evaporation of dip wash
      11. Water tank / reservoir tank – for storing water
      12. Waste pit – dumping sediments from the dip tank
        Stating ½ x 12 = 6mks Function ½ x 12 = 6mks
    2. Three differences between a petrol engine and a diesel engine (accp table format)
      1. A petrol engine has a carburetor while a diesel engine has an injector pump
      2. In a petrol engine fuel and air first mix in the carburetor while in a diesel / engine they mix in the cylinder
      3. In petrol engine produces little smoke / complete combustion while a diesel engine produces a lot of smoke / incomplete combustion
      4. A petrol engine is relatively light and suited for light duties while a diesel is relatively heavy and suited for heavy duties 3 x 1 = 3mks
    3. Maintenance practices of a tractor battery
      • Level of electrolyte should be kept just above the plate topping is with distilled water.
      • Corroded terminals should be scrapped, cleared and smeared with grease
      • Should be tightly fixed in a box to avoid spillage and damage
      • Battery should be fitted / connected correctly
      • During long storage the battery should be emptied and kept upside down
      • Generator fan belt should always be functional to ensure the battery is always charged. Any 3 x 1 = 3mks
    4. Methods of attaching the tractor drawn implements
      • Through the draw bar
      • Through hydraulic system
      • Through power take off 2 x 1 = 2mks
    1. Clean and disinfect the far rowing pen
      • Wash / clean and disinfectant the sow.
      • Treat the sow against external parasites
      • Move the sow to a furrowing pen – 3 days before furrowing
      • Provide a creep area.
      • Provide clean bedding maternal
      • Provide bran for the sow after furrowing.
      • Ensure piglest are breathing.
      • Ensure piglets suckle colostrum
      • Disinfect umbilical cord of piglets.
      • Weigh piglets on day one to get birth weight
      • Dispose the after – birth
      • Dispose-off born still piglets on day 1 to attain birth weight.
        Stating ½ mk + Explaining ½ mk = 12mks.
      • Old age
      • Health of a boar
      • Serious injury of the boar
      • When daughters are used as replacement stock / to avoid inbreeding.
      • When boar is too fat and lazy.
      • Poor performance of offsprings
      • Lack of libido / infertile boar.
      • Bad temperament
        Stating ½ mk +Explaining ½ mk 8mks.
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