## Physics Paper 2 Kenya High Post Mock Exams 2020 - Questions and Answers

INSTRUCTIONS

• This paper consists of two sections A and B.
• Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.
• All working must be clearly shown.
• Mathematical tables and electronic calculators may be used.

SECTION A (25 Marks)
Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.

1. Locate the position of the image of the object placed in front of a plane mirror shown below. (2 mks)
2. Show the magnetic field pattern of the current carrying conductors shown below. (2 mks)
3. State two factors that determine the strength of an electromagnet. (2 mks)
4. State two advantages of using a convex mirror as a driving mirror. (2 mks)
5. State two factors that affects the resistivity of an electrical conductor. (2 mks)
6. The figure below shows a wave in progress.

Determine the
1. Amplitude (1 mark)
2. Frequency (2 marks)
7. The figure below shows light travelling from less dense to more dense medium.
1. Show the direction of the refracted ray. (1 mark)
2. If the refractive index of the more dense medium is 1.4, calculate the angle of refraction. (3 marks)
8. A current ,I, flowing through a wire of resistance ,R, is increased by seven times. Determine the factor by which the rate of heat production was increased. (3 marks)
9. The wavelength of a radio wave is 1km. Determine its frequency if the speed in 3 x 108ms-1 (2 marks
10. State two uses of gold leaf electroscope. (2 marks)
11. Give a reason why soft iron is used as a core of the coil of an electric bell. (1 mark)
12. State two differences between pinhole camera and the human eye. (2 marks)
13. State two types of waves. (2 marks)

SECTION B (55 MARKS)

1.
1. Define the following terms.
1. Capacitor (1 mark)
2. Capacitance (1 mark)
2. Three capacitors are connected to a 10v battery.

Calculate:
1. the effective capacitance (3 marks)
2. the total charge (3 marks)
3. State three factors that determine the capacitance of a capacitor. (3 marks)
2.
1. Define a resistor. (1 mark)
2. The figure below shows three resistors connected to 12v supply of internal resistance of 0.2Ω.

Calculate
1. the effective resistance. (3 marks)
2. the total current in the circuit. (2 marks)
3. the current through the 4Ω resistance. (3 marks)
3. If the current flows for 2 minutes calculate the total energy dissiparted. (2 marks)
4. State two applications of resistors in real life situation. (2 marks)
3.
1. Explain briefly how a material acquires a positive charge. (3 marks)
2. A steel pin is placed on the cap of a highly charge electroscope.

State and explain the observation that will be made on the gold leaf. (2 marks)
3. State a reason why a candle flame is blown away when a highly charged metal is brought close to it.  (2 marks)
4. Explain briefly why it is not advisable to take shelter on a tree when it is raining. (2 marks)
5. State two dangers of electrostatic charges. (2 marks)
4.
1. State two methods of magnetisation. (2 marks)
2. Why is repulsion the surest way of identifying a magnet. (2 marks)
3. Complete the diagram below to show the magnetic field patterns. (2 marks)
4.
1. The figure below in a U-shaped iron core. Indicate the polarity at X and Y. (2 marks)
2. State two applications of such an electromagnet. (2 marks)
5.
1. A pin is placed at the bottom of a beaker containing a transparent liquid. When viewed from the top the pin appears nearer the surface than it actually is. Explain the observation. (2 marks)
2. The table below shows the results obtained from such an experiment.
 Apparent depth (cm) 2.21 3.68 5.15 6.62 8.09 Real depth cm 3 5 7 9 11
Plot a graph of real depth against apparent depth. (5 marks)

## MARKING SCHEME

1.
2.
3.
1. No. of turns
2. Amount of current Max 2
3. slope of core
4.
1. Wide view
2. Gives upright image
5.
1. Length
2. Cross sectional area
6.
1. 2/100 = 0.02m
2. F = 1/T = 1/8HZ
7.
1.
2. Sin 30° = 1.4
Sin r°
r = 21.4°
8. P = VI
= I/R
= 7 x 7 = 49 times
9. V = FΩ
300000000 = f x 1000
f = 3 x 105HZ
10.
• Compare charges
• Detect charge
11. Easily magnetised& demagnetized
12.
• Camera does not have iris to control amount of light as in the eye.
• Pinhole no lens while eye as a lens
13.
• Progressive
• Mechanical
14.
1.
1. A device to store charge
2. Ability of a capacitor to store charge.
2.
1. Series 1/c = 1/4 + 1/5 = 5 + 4 = 9/20
20
Parallel c = 20/9 + 3 = 20 + 9 = 29/9μf
9
= 3.2 x 10-6F
2. Q = cv
= 29/9 x 10-6 x 10
= 32.2 x 10-5C.
3.
• Type of dielectric material
• Overlapping cross sectional area
• Distance between the plates
15.
1. That which opposes the flow of electrical current.
2.
1. Parallel ⇔1/R = 1/3 + 1/4
= 4 +3 = 7/12
12
R = 12/7
Series 12/7 + 2 = 12 + 14
7
= 3.86Ω
2. V = 1R
⇔ 12 = I x 3.86
I = 12/3.86A
3. Through 4Ω resistor
= 3/7 of total
= 3/7 x V/R
= 3/7 x 12 x 7 A
= 1.38A
3. E = Pt = VIt
= 12 x 1.38 x 2 x 60J
= 1987.2J
4.
• Heater coils
• Bulb filament
16.
1. After rubbing two different material, one losses electrons leaving it with majority protons which are positively charged thus acquires positive charge.
2. Leaf collapses
• Sharp regions are good charge dischargers leaving the electroscope with no charge.
3. Burning candles makes the air near it charged thus repelled by the charge on the metal.
4. When lightening strikes the tree acts like an arrestor and body near it is affected.
5.
• Can cause fire
• can kill if not arrested
17.
1.
• Electrical
• Induction
• Storing
2. Because magnetic material are attracted by magnets and even unlike poles of a magnet.
3.
4.
1. X - North
Y - South
2.
• Electric bell
• Microphones / speaker
18.
1. Light from dense liquid to less dense air is refracted away thus lifting the object.
2.

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