Physics Paper 3 Questions and Answers with Confidentials - Royal Exam Series Post Mock Trial Exams 2022

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PHYSICS 
PAPER 3
PRACTICAL

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  • Answer all questions in the spaces provided.
  • You are supposed to spend the first 15 minutes of the 2½ hours allowed for this paper reading the whole paper carefully before commencing your work.
  • Marks will be given for clear records of observations actually made, their suitability, accuracy and the use made of them.
  • Candidates are advised to record their observations as soon as they are made.
  • All working must be clearly shown where necessary.
  • Mathematical tables and silent electronic calculators may be used.
  • This paper consists of 8 printed pages. Candidates are advised to check that all pages are printed as indicated and no questions are missing.


Questions

QUESTION ONE
This question has two parts A and B. Answer all the parts

PART A
You are provided with the following:

  • A metre rule
  • Two identical 100g masses (labelled A and B)
  • Liquid L in 250ml beaker, full.
  • Three pieces of thread, each 30cm long.
  • Stand with clamps
  • Tissue paper.
  • Vernier calipers

    Proceed as follows:
    1. Take one 100g mass and measure the diameter d and height h using the Vernier calipers
      d=………………………………..m
      h=………………………………..m (1mark)
    2. Determine the volume V given that 2h
      V…………………………………………m3 (1mark)
    3. Using a stand and one piece of thread, suspend the metre rule in air such that it balances horizontally. Record the position of the centre of gravity. G.
      G = ___________________________________________ cm (1mark)
      NOTE: The metre rule should remain suspended at this point throughout the experiment.
    4. Set up the apparatus as shown in Figure 1 below;
      PhycPstMp3Q1d
      • Suspend the mass A at a distance x = 30cm and completely immerse it in liquid L without touching the sides of the beaker.
      • Hang mass B and adjust its position such that the rule is balanced and measure the distance d cm. Tabulate your results in table 1 below;
        x(cm) 30 35 40
        d(cm)      
         d/x      
    5. Determine the weight F of one of the masses A or B in air. Given that
      g= 10N/Kg and A =B (2marks)
      Weight F in air =…………………………………… (1mark) 
    6. Using the principle of moments, determine the apparent weight P of A when completely immersed in liquid L.
      Apparent weight P = …………………….. (2marks)
    7. Find the upthrust U on A when completely immersed. (1marks)
      Upthrust; U =……………….
    8. Determine the density of liquid L, given that; (1mark)
      ρ= Un/v where n= 0.1Kg/N

PART B
You are provided with the following apparatus:

  • Resistance wire fitted on a millimeter scale labeled MN
  • Switch
  • Voltmeter
  • Ammeter
  • Two dry cells in a cell holder
  • Six connecting wires
  • Micrometer screw gauge
    1. Set –up the apparatus as shown in the Figure 2 below;
      PhycPstMp3Q1Bi
    2. Remove the crocodile clip from the resistance wire MN and close the switch. Record the voltmeter reading V0.
      V0 = …………………………………. (1mark)
    3. Attach the Jockey to the resistance wire such that l = 50cm
    4. Record the voltmeter and ammeter readings as V1 and Z respectively
      V1 =…………………………………....... (1mark)
      Z =……………………………………… (1mark)
    5. Determine the value of X given that X= v1/z(1mark)
    6. Use the equation below to determine the value of k , where m = 2.549Ω (2marks)
           V1     = mx + k
      V0 - V1      5
    7. Measure the diameter d of the of the wire on the millimeter scale using the micrometer screw gauge
      d = …………………………mm =……………………………….m (2marks)
    8. Determine the resistivity ꝭ of the wire used in this experiment given that (2marks)
      X= ꝭl/A

QUESTION TWO
You are provided with the following apparatus

  • A glass prism
  • A plain sheet of paper
  • A soft board
  • 4 optical pins
  •  4 paper pins
    Proceed as follows
    1.        
      1.  Firmly fix the plain sheet of paper on the soft board using the thumb pins and place the prism near the centre of the paper. Trace the outline of the prism using a pencil.
      2. Remove the prism from the outline and label the vertices of the outline AB and C as shown in Fig. 3a
        PhycPstMp3Q2ii
        Measure Angle LMN and length Ɩ
        Angle LMN…………………………… (1mark)
        Length Ɩ ………………………………… (1mark)
      3.  On the side ML mark a point and draw a normal. Measure an angle T of 60° from the surface and draw a line along this angle as show in Figure 3b
        PhycPstMp3Q2iii
      4. Replace the prism on the outline and fix pins P1 and P2 on the 60° line at a distance of 3cm from each other. View the images of the pins P1 and P2 through side MN and fix P3 and P4 so that all the pins appear on one line.
      5. Remove the prism and draw a line to pass through the holes made by pins P3 and P4.extend the line into the outline as shown in figure 3b.Also extend the 60° line so that the two lines cross each other. Determine angle D and record it in the table below
    2. Repeat the procedure and complete the table below (6marks)
      Angle T(º)  60º 50º 40º 30º 20º
      Angle D(º)          
      Angle Iº(90º-T)          
    3. Determine the average value Dm of D (1mark)
    4. On the grid provided plot a graph of Angle D (y-axis) against Angle I (5marks)
    5. Use your graph to determine the lowest value Hmin of angle D
      Hmin…………………………………. (1mark)
    6. Determine the value of I° when D° is 41° (2mark)
    7. Determine the constant K for the glass prism from the formula (3marks)
      PhycPstMp3Q2g


Confidential

Each candidate should have the following:

  • A metre rule
  • Two identical 100g masses (labelled A and B)
  • Liquid L , paraffin in 250ml beaker, full.
  • Three pieces of thread, each 30cm long.
  •  Stand with clamps
  • Tissue paper.
  • Vernier calipers (To be shared)
  •  Resistance wire fitted on a millimeter scale labeled MN,( Nichrome wire G=32mm)
  • Switch
  • Voltmeter (0-5V)
  • Ammeter (0-2.5A)
  •  Two dry cells in a cell holder
  • 8 connecting wires ,atleast 4 with crocodile clips
  • Micrometer screw gauge (To be shared)
  • A glass prism
  • A plain sheet of paper
  • A soft board
  • 4 optical pins
  • 4 paper pins


Marking Scheme

QUESTION ONE
This question has two parts A and B. Answer all the parts

PART A
You are provided with the following:

  • A metre rule
  • Two identical 100g masses (labelled A and B)
  • Liquid L in 250ml beaker, full.
  • Three pieces of thread, each 30cm long.
  • Stand with clamps
  • Tissue paper.
  • Vernier calipers

    Proceed as follows:
    1. Take one 100g mass and measure the diameter d and height h using the Vernier calipers
      d=0.0m
      h=0.0m (1mark)


    2. Determine the volume V given that 2h
      V - Exact or 4s.f m3 (1mark)

    3. Using a stand and one piece of thread, suspend the metre rule in air such that it balances horizontally. Record the position of the centre of gravity. G.
       50.0 ± 1

      NOTE: The metre rule should remain suspended at this point throughout the experiment.
    4. Set up the apparatus as shown in Figure 1 below;
      PhycPstMp3Q1d
      • Suspend the mass A at a distance x = 30cm and completely immerse it in liquid L without touching the sides of the beaker.
      • Hang mass B and adjust its position such that the rule is balanced and measure the distance d cm. Tabulate your results in table 1 below;
        x(cm) 30 35 40
        d(cm) 26.0 31.0 35.0
         d/x      
        (± 0.5)

    5. Determine the weight F of one of the masses A or B in air. Given that
      g= 10N/Kg and A =B (2marks)
      Weight F in air = 1N
      (ignore unit but penalize fully for wrong unit)
    6. Using the principle of moments, determine the apparent weight P of A when completely immersed in liquid L.
      1 x d = W x corresponding value of x
      1 x 26 = w x 30

      Apparent weight P = 0.8667

    7. Find the upthrust U on A when completely immersed. (1marks)
      Upthrust; U = Answer @ e

    8. Determine the density of liquid L, given that; (1mark)
      ρ= Un/v where n= 0.1Kg/N
      Answer @ g x 0.1
         Answer @ b
      =Exact or 4 s.f

PART B
You are provided with the following apparatus:

  • Resistance wire fitted on a millimeter scale labeled MN
  • Switch
  • Voltmeter
  • Ammeter
  • Two dry cells in a cell holder
  • Six connecting wires
  • Micrometer screw gauge
    1. Set –up the apparatus as shown in the Figure 2 below;
      PhycPstMp3Q1Bi
    2. Remove the crocodile clip from the resistance wire MN and close the switch. Record the voltmeter reading V0.
      V0 =  3.00 ± 0.20 1 d.p

    3. Attach the Jockey to the resistance wire such that l = 50cm
    4. Record the voltmeter and ammeter readings as V1 and Z respectively
      V1 = 2.70 ± 0.20 1 dp
      Z = 0.17 ± 0.05 2 dp

    5. Determine the value of X given that X= v1/z(1mark)
      Correct substitution
      Evaluation - ignore unit , penalize fully if wrong

    6. Use the equation below to determine the value of k , where m = 2.549Ω (2marks)
           V1     = mx + k
      V0 - V1       5
      Correct substitution
      Evaluation


    7. Measure the diameter d of the of the wire on the millimeter scale using the micrometer screw gauge
      d =   0.31 ± 0.03
      mm = 5dp or 1d.p in std form
    8. Determine the resistivity ꝭ of the wire used in this experiment given that (2marks)
      X= ꝭl/A
      Correct substitution

QUESTION TWO
You are provided with the following apparatus

  • A glass prism
  • A plain sheet of paper
  • A soft board
  • 4 optical pins
  •  4 paper pins
    Proceed as follows
    1.        
      1.  Firmly fix the plain sheet of paper on the soft board using the thumb pins and place the prism near the centre of the paper. Trace the outline of the prism using a pencil.
      2. Remove the prism from the outline and label the vertices of the outline AB and C as shown in Fig. 3a
        PhycPstMp3Q2ii
        Measure Angle LMN and length Ɩ
        Angle LMN 60º ± 1
        Length Ɩ  3.8 ± 0.2 1d.p (cm)
      3.  On the side ML mark a point and draw a normal. Measure an angle T of 60° from the surface and draw a line along this angle as show in Figure 3b
        PhycPstMp3Q2iii
      4. Replace the prism on the outline and fix pins P1 and P2 on the 60° line at a distance of 3cm from each other. View the images of the pins P1 and P2 through side MN and fix P3 and P4 so that all the pins appear on one line.
      5. Remove the prism and draw a line to pass through the holes made by pins P3 and P4.extend the line into the outline as shown in figure 3b.Also extend the 60° line so that the two lines cross each other. Determine angle D and record it in the table below
    2. Repeat the procedure and complete the table below (6marks)
      Angle T(º)  60º 50º 40º 30º 20º
      Angle D(º) 47 40 39  41  44
      Angle Iº(90º-T)          

      Exact subtraction (all correct)

    3. Determine the average value Dm of D (1mark)
      Value of D at 60º + Value of D at 50º + .....+ Value of D at 20º
                                     5
    4. On the grid provided plot a graph of Angle D (y-axis) against Angle I (5marks)
      PhycPstMp3Qa2d
    5. Use your graph to determine the lowest value Hmin of angle D
      Hmin  Indicated or shown on graph even if the min graph has not scored the marks for line

    6. Determine the value of I° when D° is 41° (2mark)
      As above for (e)
    7. Determine the constant K for the glass prism from the formula (3marks)
      PhycPstMp3Q2g
      Ignore units but penalise fully wrong units at accuracy mark
      Correct substitution
      Evaluation
      Accuracy ( 1.5 ± 0.1)
      3 points required to qualify a mark for curve, with allowance of 1 small square.
       

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