CRE Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Royal Exam Series Post Mock Trial Exams 2022

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C.R.E
PAPER 1

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  • Write your name and index number in the spaces provided above.
  • This paper consists of six questions.
  • Answer any five questions.
  • Candidates should answer the questions in English.


Questions 

  1.            
    1. Explain how the study of Christian Religious Education in secondary schools promotes national unity ( 5mks)
    2. Identify Four differences between the African concept of evil and biblical concept of sin (8mks).
    3. State seven ways in which human beings fail to carry out responsibilities given to them by God at creation
  2.      
    1. Explain how the early life of Moses prepared him for leadership. (7mks)
    2. Describe the breaking of the Sinai covenant by the Israelites (Exodus 32: 1- 35).(8mks)
    3. Outline five challenges faced by Christians while practicing their faith in Kenya. (5mks)
  3.           
    1. Identify seven failures of King Solomon (7mks).
    2. State seven functions of the temple in Jerusalem (7mks).
    3. Give six reasons why Christians build churches today (6mks).
  4.         
    1. State four similarities between traditional African seers and the Old Testament prophets? (8mks)
    2. Outline five teachings of prophet Amos on Remnant & restoration of the Israelite(5mks)
    3. Identify seven ways in which the church restores members who have fallen from their faith (7mks)
  5.        
    1. State seven factors that led Nehemiah to engage in prayer. (7mks)
    2. Outline the promises the Israelites made during the renewal of the covenant under Nehemiah. (6mks)
    3. What is the importance of prayer in the life of a Christian today? (7mks)
  6.           
    1. Give seven reasons why pre-marital pregnancies are rare in traditional African communities (7mks)
    2. How are initiates prepared for adult life in traditional African communities? (7mks)
    3. Why do some traditional African communities practice initiation rites today? (6mks)


Marking Scheme

  1.          
    1. Ways in which CRE promotes national unity
      • Teaches on moral values e.g. love, cooperation
      • Teaches on social equality of all races, tribes
      • Teaches on self-respect and respect of others
      • Teaches on need to respect our religion and those of others
      • Promotes our culture - to respect our culture and that of others/promotes cultural integration
      • Encourages respect to authority, laws of the country
      • Promotes international consciousness.
      • The subject is studied by students of different religious backgrounds
      • It teaches on equality of all human beings as God’s creation, hence the need to be united and have social equality.
      • It helps to foster social cohesion
        Any 5 x 1 = 5mks

    2. Four differences between African concept of evil and biblical concept of sin
      • Biblically there is eternal punishment for wrong doers while in African concept punishment is immediately in the physical world
      • Africans believe in collective punishment unlike in the bible that talks about individual punishment
      • Traditionally suffering is a result of doing evil while biblically it is not always true e.g. Job and Jesus
      • Traditionally African religion does not have an opportunity of a saviour which is provided for in the Bible through Jesus Christ
      • Biblically sinners go to hell and those who repent their sins go to heaven while traditionally the dead join the spirits. No heaven no hell
      • Biblically sin originate from the heart/ by nature one is a sinner while in traditional African society external forces are believed to cause evil
        Any 4x2mks= 8marks

    3. seven ways in which human beings fail to carry out responsibilities given to them by God (7mks )
      • By deciding to remain unmarried
      • By not worshipping Him/observing the Sabbath /resting
      • Not guarding the land from erosion/ not caring for the environment
      • Laziness/ not working
      • Through deforestation/clearing/not planting trees
      • Mining and excavation
      • Murder /capital punishment
      • Pollution of the environment
      • Through abortion
      • Through sexual immorality e.g. homosexuality /lesbianism
      • Through use of contraceptives/not procreating
      • Through cultivating on steep slopes
      • Through poaching
        (first 7x1=7 mks )

  2.       
    1. How the early life of Moses prepared him for leadership. (7mks)
      • He was brought up in the Pharaoh’s house and learnt leadership skills.
      • His experience as an Egyptian prince helped him to handle the Pharaoh.
      • His Egyptian education helped him in writing the Decalogue.
      • Having been brought up by his mother, he was familiar with the customs of the Jews, the people he was to lead.
      • His experiences in the desert hardened him to be bold and persevere during hardship in the desert.
      • He took care of the flock of his father-in-law which made him patient and keen.
      • His knowledge about God of Israel helped in teaching the Israelites about Yahweh and Monotheism.
      • He had a family which made him responsible.
        (any 7x1 = 7mks)

    2. The breaking of the Sinai covenant by the Israelites Ex 32: 1-35. (8mks)
      • When Moses delayed on the mountain the Israelites thought that he had abandoned them.
      • The people became impatient and restless and asked Aaron to make them a god who would lead them.
      • Aaron made a golden calf from the gold and silver which he received from the people.
      • They worshipped the golden calf and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings.
      • God was angry with the Israelites for worshiping the golden calf and wanted to destroy them.
      • God listened to Moses intercessions.
      • Moses came down the mountain with the stone tablets on which the Ten Commandments were written.
      • Moses was angry and threw down the ten tablets breaking them.
      • Moses pleaded with God not to destroy them.
      • Moses burnt the gold calf, grounded it to powder.
      • He scattered the powder upon the water and made the people drink it.
      • He then ordered the faithful Israelites to kill those who had broken the covenant.
        (any 8x1 = 8mks)

    3. Five challenges faced by Christians while practicing their faith in Kenya today. (5mks)
      • The emergency of splinter groups within the church.
      • Emergency of cults which practice ungodly activities.
      • Emphasis on materialism by the church.
      • Open conflict among leaders and church members.
      • Lack of role models among the leaders.
      • Moral decadence / permissiveness.
      • Negative effects of mass media or modern technology.
      • Discrimination in church.
      • Terrorist attacks. (any 5x1 = 5mks)

  3.        
    1. Identify seven failures of King Solomon (7mks).
      • He married women from many foreign countries, breaking the torah
      • He allowed the foreign women to worship their gods and built altars for them
      • Solomon himself worshipped idols e.g. Ashtarte the goddess of Sidon
      • Solomon loved himself more than he loved God because his palace took 13 years to complete while God’s temple took 7years.
      • He killed his half-brother Adonijah, on suspicion that he could rival him to the throne.
      • He enslaved the people and practiced forced labour ,to sustain his lavish lifestyle
      • He used foreign materials and designs in building the temple for God.
      • He sold a piece of Israel’s land adjoining Tyre to pay off his debts to Hiram king of Tyre
        7x1mk=7mks

    2. State seven functions of the temple in Jerusalem (7mks).
      • It was a Centre of worship for all the Israelites
      • It was a place where different sacrifices were offered to God
      • It symbolized God’s presence among the people because the ark of the covenant was kept there
      • It was a symbol of unity for the Israelites
      • Different religious festivals were conducted there
      • Important religious ceremonies e.g dedication of children and purification of mothers were conducted there
      • It was a residence for religious leaders
      • It was a business Centre. People would purchase animals and exchange currencies for offerings and sacrifices
      • It acted a a school of law for the religious leaders
      • It was a judicial court in Israel. The Sanhedrin used to have their sittings there and judge cases.
        First 7x1mk=7mks

    3. Give six reasons why Christians build churches today (6mks).
      • To symbolize God’s presence
      • As a sign of prestige/identity
      • To symbolize church growth numerically/geographically
      • It’s in line with Old Testament traditions
      • To celebrate religious functions/festivals
      • As a refuge place in times of danger
      • For worship
      • Used for meetings/gatherings of members
      • Used for receiving religious instructions/to preach/teach
        First 6x1mk=6mks

  4.                   
    1. State four similarities between traditional African seers and Old Testament prophets?
      • Both were mediators between God and the people.
      • They both warned people of impending dangers.
      • Both had supernatural experiences through dreams, visions and trances.
      • Both were people of high moral integrity.
      • Both could be consulted and they helped to settle disputes.
      • Both led people in performing religious rituals.
      • Both condemned social injustice. 4x2=8mrks

    2. Outline Five teachings of Prophet Amos on the Remnant and Restoration of the Israelites.
      • God would restore the dynasty of David after destruction.
      • God would bring the people of Israel back to their land.
      • The people would rebuild their cities so that the remnant of Edom can occupy them.
      • The land would be productive/ grapes would be in abundance/wine would be in plenty.
      • The people would grow food and harvest it.
      • The people of Israel would be peaceful and prosperous.
      • The Israelites would not be taken to exile again.
        (5x1=5marks)

    3. Identify Seven ways in which the church restores members who have fallen from the faith.
      • Encouraging them to repent/confess
      • Guiding and counselling them
      • Organizing for retreats.
      • Preaching to them.
      • Forgiving them/patient
      • Addressing the issues that led to their fall.
      • Praying for their conversion.
      • Inviting them to church
      • Giving material support
      • Visiting them in their homes
        (7x1 =7marks)

  5.          
    1. Outline the promises the Israelites made during the renewal of the covenant under Nehemiah
      • They promised to live according to Gods law, obey all his commands and requirements.
      • They would not intermarry with foreigners living in their land
      • They would keep the Sabbath day
      • Every seventh year, they would cancel debts
      • They would contribute annual temple expenses and ensure the house of God was not neglected
      • The would provide sacrifices and offerings for the temple and arrange for provision of wood for burnt offerings/ sacrifices
      • They would offer first fruit of their harvest, dedicate their first born sons and flocks as required by law
      • They would pay their tithes in accordance with the law
        Any 6x1= 6mks

    2. State seven factors that led Nehemiah to engage in prayer.
      • A feeling of compassion for the ruined state of Jerusalem city.
      • The need for favor from the king in order to return to Judah
      • The need for the rich to change their hearts so as not to exploit the poor.
      • To seek protection from God against his enemy.
      • The need to be strengthened following the plot to kill him.
      • To plead with God not to destroy the temple following its defilement by Tobiah.
      • To be given guidance to assign duties to the priests after their consecration.
      • The need to punish Sanballet for marrying a foreigner yet he was a priest.
        7x1=7mrks

    3. What is the importance of prayers in the life of a Christian today?
      • It enables one to gain power over temptation.
      • It enables one to give thanks to God.
      • It expresses once obedience before God.
      • Enables one to ask for protection.
      • One is able to intercede for others.
      • So as to praise/ glorify/ exalt God.
      • One is able to communicate with God.
      • In order to acknowledge God as the provider of everything.
      • One is able to communicate with God.
      • It expresses humility.
        7x1=7mrks

  6.          
    1. Give seven reasons why pre-marital pregnancies are rare in traditional African communities.
      • Boys and girls are taught to control their emotions/passion.
      • Free mixing of boys and girls is not allowed.
      • Heavy fines are imposed on young men who make girls pregnant before marriage.
      • Girls who become pregnant before marriage are punished.
      • Girls who are known to be of loose morals are married off to old men/to men who are despised.
      • Parents of children of low morals are ridiculed/mocked and this forces parents to keep a close eye on their children’s morals.
      • Young boys and girls got instructions on sex education from the older members of the community.
      • Virginity/chastity is highly valued / rewarded.
      • Those who become pregnant are discriminated against by their peers.
      • Sex offenders are punished.
        6 x 1 = 6 marks

    2. How are initiates prepared for adult life in traditional African communities?
      • They are made to endure pain in order to develop perseverance.
      • Assigned duties similar to those performed in adult life.
      • Given specific instructions to help them develop obedience/compliance/understanding.
      • Exposed to hardship in order to develop coping mechanisms.
      • Told about moral stories to help them develop deductive thinking.
      • Punished for disobedience to learn about consequences of such acts/reward for courage.
      • Are grouped into age-sets/groups to help them develop collective responsibility/skills.
      • Live in seclusion in order to develop independence/self-awareness.
      • They are taught gender roles/responsibilities.
      • Taught the history of the community to help them trace their ancestry.
        7 x 1 = 7 marks

    3. Why do some traditional African communities practice initiation rites today?
      • To uphold traditional values and customs/culture.
      • To provide an occupation for initiators/surgeons.
      • In order to please/appease ancestral spirits.
      • To ensure acceptability by those who have undergone the initiation rites/create a sense of belonging.
      • To prepare one for marriage.
      • To promote African languages through song and dance.
      • To create a new age-set.
      • In order to raise one’s social status.
      • Provide an opportunity for leadership.
      • In order to enable one to inherit property. 6 x 1 = 6 marks

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