Agriculture Paper 1 Questions - Kapsabet Boys Post Mock 2023 Exams

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• The paper consists of three sections A , B and C.
• Answer all questions in section A and B in the spaces provided
• Answer any two questions from section C 



Answer all questions in the spaces provided

    1. Differentiate the meaning of scarcity and choice. (1 mark)
    2. Explain how the house hold and firm are both producers and consumers. (2 marks)
  2. Give four reasons for inverting soil slices during primary cultivation. (2 marks)
  3. Name two vegetative parts that can be used to propagate sisal. (1 mark)
  4. List four factors that would determine the stage at which a crop is harvested. (2 marks)
  5. State two ways in which crop rotation controls weeds. (1 mark)
  6. Give two factors which characterize small scale farming. (1 mark)
  7. State two ways of controlling damping off disease on vegetable seedlings in a nursery.(1 mark)
  8. State four factors that affect the quality of farm-yard manure. (2 marks)
  9. State three information contained in a purchase order. (1½ marks)
  10. Give three reasons for early seedbed preparation. (1½ marks)
  11. Give three factors that should be considered when choosing the type of labour to use on the farm.
    (1½ marks)
  12. Give two reasons for imposing quarantine on imported planting materials. (1 mark)
  13. State four factors for success of settlement schemes that Kenyan government started as a result of the success of the Million Acre Scheme. (2 marks)
  14. Name one weed for each case, which has the following effect on cattle:
    1. poisoning; (½ mark)
    2. Tainting milk when eaten before milking. (½ mark)
  15. Apart from training and extension services, state four other agricultural support services the Kenyan government provides to a maize farmer. (2 marks)
  16. State three factors influencing the rate of soil erosion on the land. (1½ marks)
  17. Outline three possible causes of land fragmentation. (3 marks)
  18. State two advantages of tillage in weed control. (1 mark)
  19. State the following laws;
    1. Diminishing returns. (1 mark)
    2. Principle of substitution. (1 mark)

Answer all questions in the spaces provided

  1. The following information was obtained from Upendo Farm inventory on 1st January 2013.
    Layers 80000
    beef cattle 240000
    Beans in store 40000
    Cash at hand 150000
    Land 550000
    Machinery 250000
    Buildings 310000
    Calves 75000

    On the same day the farm recorded the following.



    Wages payable


    Interest payable


    Bank loan


    Milk sales on credit


    Chicken sales on credit 


    Cash in bank


    Purchase of fertilizer on credit


    Taxes payable


    Using the information provided prepare a balance sheet for Upendo Farm. (6 marks)
    1. Below is a graph representing the law of diminishing returns?
      21 2
      1. Explain what would happen in each of the zones marked I, II and III in relationship to maize output. (3 marks)
      2. Which is the rational zone among the three zones? ( ½ mark)
    1. Identify the type of terrace represented in the illustration below
      22 3
      Type of terrace …………………………………………………………………….. {½ mark}
    2. Outline two ways in which the above terrace controls soil erosion {2 marks}
    3. Give one disadvantage of this type of terrace {1 mark}
    4. Distinguish between debris slide and debris fall. (2 marks)
    5. State two uses of micro-catchments. (1 mark)
  4. Study the Photographs below and then answer the questions that follow.
    23 2
    1. On the diagram identify each of the photographs. (1½ marks)
    2.  Classify the pests above according to their mouth parts. (1½ marks)
    3. Give two harmful effects of pests. (1 mark) 

Answer any 2 questions from this section on foolscaps provided

    1. State and explain the factors determining the number of secondary cultivation carried out on the farm. (10 marks)
    2. Explain the importance of budgeting in a farm business. (10 marks)
    1. Describe the procedure and precautions of harvesting pyrethrum. (10 marks)
    2. Describe the process of land adjudication and registration. (10 marks)
    1. Outline the effects of late defoliation in pasture utilization. (6 marks)
    2. Describe multiple pruning in coffee. (4 marks)
    3. Describe the agents of weathering. (10 marks)
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