Biology Paper 3 Questions and Answers - Mumias West Pre Mocks 2022

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QUESTIONS

  1. Study the photograph below and answer the questions that follow.
    1
    1. State two organ systems in which the two organs in the photograph above are found. (2mks)
    2. Label on the photograph the following structures. (4mks)
      1. Bronchi
      2. Left ventricle
      3. septum
      4. trachea
    3. State one feature of the following structures identified in( b) above and give the importance of the features. (4mks)
      Structure Feature Importance
      Left ventricle    
      Trachea    
    4. Use an arrow to show the flow of carbon (iv) oxide molecule thorough the chambers of the heart towards the lungs. (1mk)
    5. State one observable features of lungs in the photograph above that suits them to their function. (1mks)
  2. You are provided with the following. Solution P, Q and Z.
    1.            
      1. Put 2 cm3 of solution P into two test tubes labeled A and B. Add three drops of iodine solution into test tube A. Observe and record. (1 mark)
      2. To test tube B, add an equal amount of Benedict’s solution. Heat to boil. Record your observation. (1 mark)
      3. From the results in (a) (i) and (ii), identify solution P. (1 mark)
      4. Put 2cm3 of solution Z into a clean test tube labeled C. Add equal volume of Benedict’s solution. Heat to boil. Record your observation (1 mark)
      5. Open the visking tubing provided and tie one end tightly, Pour solution P into the visking tubing and add 1cm3 of the solution R. Tie the other end of the visking tubing and ensure there is no leakage at both ends. Pour solution Z into a clean beaker till it is half full. Immerse visking tube in the solution Z in the beaker. Allow it to stand for 30 minutes. After 30 minutes, take 2cm3 of solution Z from the beaker into a clean test tube labeled D. Add equal amount of Benedict’s solution. Heat to boil. Record your observation. (1 mark)
      6. Account for the observation made in (v) above. (3 marks)
      7. What is the identity of solution R? (1 mark)
      8. State one factor that can affect the process demonstrated in 2a (v) above (1 mark)
    2. Use the reagents provided to test for the food substance in solution Q.
      Food substance procedure observation conclusion
             
      (4mks)
  3. The photograph below shows specimen L. You are also provided with other two specimens labeled k and M. Study them then answer questions that follow:
    2
    1. Identify the specimens. (3mks)
    2. State two adaptive characteristic features of the specimen L. (2mks)
    3. State two observable differences between specimen L and M. (2mks)
    4.         
      1. Draw and label the anterior parts of specimen K. (3mks)
      2. State ways by which specimen K is adapted to its functions. (2mks)
      3. Name the bone that articulates with specimen K at the:
        Proximal end (1mk)
        Distal end (1mk)

CONFIDENTIAL
EACH CANDIDATE SHOULD BE PROVIDED WITH THE FOLLOWING ITEMS;
SOLUTION P 20ml STARCH SOLUTION
SOLUTION R 2ml DIASTASE ENZYME
SOLUTION Z 60ml WATER
SOLUTION Q 3ml EGG WHITE
THREAD
VISIKING TUBING
100 ML BEAKER
STOP WATCH
5 TEST TUBES
5 LABELS
10ml MEASURING CYLINDER

HAVE ACCESS TO;
IODINE SOLUTION
BENEDICT`S SOLUTION
SOURCE OF HEAT
SPECIMEN K-THORACIC BONE
SPECIMEN M- LUMBAR BONE
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
COPPER (II) SULPHATE



MARKING SCHEME

  1. Study the photograph below and answer the questions that follow.
    1. State two organ systems in which the two organs in the photograph above are found. (2mks)
      Respiratory system
      Circulatory system
    2. Label on the photograph the following structures. (4mks)
      1. Bronchi
      2. Left ventricle
      3. septum
      4. Trachea
        on the diagram
    3. State one feature of the following structures identified in( b) above and give the importance of the features. (4mks)
      Structure Feature Importance
      Left ventricle Left ventricle Thick muscles Generate pressure to pumb over along distance in the body
      Trachea Trachea Rings of cartilage prevent trachea from collapsing
    4. Use an arrow to show the flow of carbon (iv) oxide molecule thorough the chambers of the heart towards the lungs. (1mk)
      On the diagram
    5. State one observable features of lungs in the photograph above that suits them to their function. (1mks)
      Bronchi have cartilage to prevent them from collapsing
      Highly branched bronchioles to enhanceventilation
  2. You are provided with the following. Solution P, Q and Z. 
    1.          
      1. Put 2 cm3 of solution P into two test tubes labeled A and B. Add three drops of iodine solution into test tube A. Observe and record. (1 mark)
        Blue black colour is observed
      2. To test tube B, add an equal amount of Benedict’s solution. Heat to boil. Record your observation. (1 mark)
        Blue colour of benedicts solutionpersists
      3. From the results in (a) (i) and (ii), identify solution P. (1 mark)
        starch
      4. Put 2cm3 of solution Z into a clean test tube labeled C. Add equal volume of Benedict’s solution. Heat to boil. Record your observation . (1 mark)
        Blue black coloure persists
      5. Open the visking tubing provided and tie one end tie one end tightly, Pour solution P into the visking tubing and add 1cm3 of the solution R. Tie the other end of the visking tubing and ensure there is no leakage at both ends. Pour solution Z into a clean beaker till it is half full. Immerse visking tube in the solution Z in the beaker. Allow it to stand for 30 minutes. After 30 minutes, take 2cm3 of solution Z from the beaker into a clean test tube labeled D. Add equal amount of Benedict’s solution. Heat to boil. Record your observation. (1 mark)
        Solution changes from blue to green to yellow to orange
      6. Account for the observation made in (v) above. (3 marks)
        Starch is hydrolysed to glucose by enzyme diastase.glucose molecule are small enough to diffuse through the small pores of the visking tube and when heated with benedict`s solution it changes to orange.
      7. What is the identity of solution R? (1 mark)
        Enzyme/ diastase
      8. State one factor that can affect the process demonstrated in 3a (v) above (1 mark)
        Suitable temperature
    2. Use the reagents provided to test for the food substance in solution Q.
      Food substance procedure observation conclusion
      proteins To 2ml of solution Q add equal amounts of sodium hydroxide then add copper II sulphate drop by drop Purple colour observed  Proteins present 
      (4mks)
  3. The photograph below shows specimen L. You are also provided with other two specimens labeled k and M. Study them then answer questions that follow:
    Photograph L.
    1. Identify the specimens. (3mks)
      K - Thoracic
      L - Axis
      M - lumbar
    2. State two adaptive characteristic features of the bone L. (2mks)
      Has an odontoid process that fits into the neural canal of the atlas and allows for rotational movements of the head.
      Has a broad neural spine for attachment of neck muscles.
      Has a neural canal for passage of spinal cord
      Has a neural arch that protects the spinal cord
    3. State two observable differences between bones L and M. (2mks)
      Bone L Bone M
      Has short transverse processes Large,well-developed transverse processes
      Has an odontoid process Lacks odontoid process
    4.      
      1. Draw and label the anterior parts of specimen K. (3mks)
        3
      2. State ways by which specimen K is adapted to its functions. (2mks)
        Has a long neural spine to increase surface area for attachment of muscles.
        Has tuber facets to articulate with ribs
        Has a large centrum to supper more height
      3. Name the bone that articulates with specimen K at the:
        Proximal end (1mk)
        Scapula
        Distal end (1mk)
        Radius and Ulna bone

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